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L 1852, Chap. 282-An act defining the exemptions from taxation on

public buildings in the city of New York, Section 1. Buildings for public worship, schoolhouses, etc., exempt. The exemption from taxation of every building for public worship, and every schoolhouse or other seminary of learning, under the provisions of subdivision three of section four, title cne, chapter thirteen of part first of the revised statutes, of amendments thereof, shall not apply to any such building or premises in the city of New York, unless the same shall be exclusively used for such purposes, and exclusively the property of a religious society, or of the New York public school society.

[1 Hun, 446; 20 Hun, 298; 58 Hun, 593; 99 N. Y. 458; 93 N. Y. 196; 104 N. Y. 581; 44 Hun, 102.

L. 1889, Chap. 462- An act to amend chapter four hundred and sixty six of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, entitled “An act to exempt property, real and personal, of the Society of the New York Hospital from taxation, and to repeal section four of chapter two hundred and fifty-seven of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two.

Section 1. Section one of chapter four hundreů and sixty-six of the laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-five is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

§ 1. The portion of the property, real and perscnal, cf the Society, of the New York Hospital, a charitable corpo aton, now owned or hereafter acquired by it and wherever situated, from which no income is derived, shall be exempt from taxation so lung as the same shall be used exclusively for the puposes for which said society was chartered.

§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

Laws 1883, ch. 191. Section 1. Any religious, educational, bible, missionary, tract, literary, scientific, benevolent or charitable corporation organized for the enior cement of laws relating to children or animals, or for hospital, infirmary, or other than business purposes, may take and hold, in its own right, or in trust for any purpose comprised in the objects of its incorporation, property cot exceeding in value three million dollars, or the yearly income derived from which shall not exceed two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, notwithstanding the provisions of any special or gencral act heretofore passed or certificate of incorporation affecting such corporations. In conrputing the value of such property no increase in value arising otherwise than from improvements made thereon, shall be taken into account. The personal estate of such corporations shall be exempt from taxa. tion, and the provisions of chapter four hundred and eighty-three of the laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-five, entitled “An uct to tax gifts, legacies and collateral inheritances in certain cases," and the acts amendatory thereof, shall not apply thereto, nor to any gifts to any such corporation by grant, bequest or otherwise; provided, however, that this provision shall not apply to any moneyed or stock corporation deriving an income or profit from the capital or otherwise, or to any corporation which has the right to make dividends or to distribute profits or assets au.ong its lacubers. (Thus amended by L. 1890, chaps. 497 and 553.)

§ 2. This act shall not affect the right of any such corporation to take and hold property exceeding in value the amount specified in sectior, one of this act, provided such right is conferred upon such corporation by special statute; nor affect any statute by which its real estate is exempt from taxation. Thus amended by L. 1890, chaps. 497 and 533.)

§ 3. This act shall take effect immediately. [Note. See Gen. Corp. Law, $ 12, superseding all of the provisions of this chapter except such as relate to taxation.]

Laws 1893, ch. 498. Section 1. Exemption of property of certain non-business corporations.— The real property of a corporation or association organized exclusively for the moral and mental improvement of men and women or for religious, charitable, missionary, hospital, educational, patriotic, historical or cemetery purposes, or for two or more of such purposes, and used exclusively for carrying out thereupon one or more of such purposes shall be exempt from taxation, But no such corporation or association shall be entitled to any such exemption, if any officer, member or employe thereof shal), receive or may be lawfully entitled to receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereo?, except reasonable compensation for services in effecting one or more of such purposes, or as proper beneficiaries of its strictly charitable purposes; or if the organization thereof, for any of such avowed purposes, be a guise or pretense for directly or indirectly making any other pecuniary profit for such corporation or association or for any of its members or employes, or if it be not in good faith organized or conducted exclusively for one or more such purposes. The real property of any such corporation or association entitled to such exemption held by it exclusively for one or more of such purposes, and from which no rents, profits or income are derived, shall be so exempt, though not in actual use therefor, by reason of the absence of suitable buildings or improvements thereon, if the construction of such tuildings or improvements is in progress, or is in good faith contemplated by such corporation or association. The real property of any such corporation not so used exclusively for carrying out thereupon one or more of such purposes, but leased or otherwise used for other purposes, shall not be so exempt; but if a portion only of any lot or building of any such corporation or association is used exclusively for carrying out thereupon one or mora of such purposes of any such corporation or association, then such lot or building shall be so exempt only to the extent of the value of the portion so used, and the remaining portion of such iot or building to the extent of the value of such remaining portion shall be subject to taxation. l'roperty held by an officer of a religious denomination, shall be entitled to the same exemp. tions, subject to the same conditions and exceptions as property held by a religious corporation.

& 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

Acts in Relation to Non-Business Corporations.

Taws 1886, ch. 546. Section 1. Certain missionary and religious corporations, etc., may appoint special police; powers of police.- Any corporation duly incorporated under the laws of the state of New York for benevolent or charitable or literary or scientific or missionary or mission or Sunday school purposes, or for the purpose of mutual improvement in religious knowledge or for the furtherance of religious opinion, or for the purpose of promoting morality, or for any two or more of such objects, that occupies inclosed grounds and holds meetings thereon from day to day at stated periods for the advancement of the objects of its incorporation, and procures the people to assemble in its buildings and on said grounds for such serial meetings, shall have power through its board of trustees or other board of managers of the affairs of such corporation for the purpose of protecting and preserving such buildings, grounds and other property, and preventing injuries thereto, and preserving order and preventing disturbances, and preserving the peace in such buildings and upon such grounds by resolution of its board of trustees or other board of managers, or otherwise to appoint from time to time one or more special policemen, and the same to remove at pleasure, who when appointed shall be police officers, with the same powers within and about such grounds as are vested in constables of the town where such grounds are located, whose duty, when appointed, it shall be to preserve order and to prevent disturbances and breaches of the peace in and about the buildinys and on and about the grounds used for such meetings, or on grounds or in buildings pertaining thereto, and to protect and preserve the same from injury, and to arrest any and all persons making any loud or unusual noise, causing any disturbance or committing any breach of the peace, or committing any misdemeanor, or wilfully violating the established rules and regulations of said corporațion, or committing any wilful trespass upon such grounds or in or upon such buildings or any part therecf, and to convey such person or persons so arrested, with a statement of the cause of such arreut, before a magistrate having jurisdiction of the offense, to be dealt with aocording to law. • § 2. Punishment of trespass upon grounds, etc.; disturbance; jurisdiction of local magistrates.- Any wilful trespass. in or upon any of the buildings or grounds provided cr ud for the purpce of said meetings, and any wilful injury to any of said buildings or to said grounds, or to any trees, fences, fixtures or other property thereon and pertaining thereto', and any wilful disturbance of the peace and quietness of said grounds by intentional breach of the rules and regulations thereof shali be misdemeanors punishable by fine and imprisonment, or eitner, and concurrently with the courts of record of this state, justices of the peace, police justices and courts of special sessions in the town where such grounds are situated shall have the same jurifdiction of said officers as they have of other cases of misdemeanor's committed within their jurisdiction, and shall have jurisdiction over the persons of those brought before them in the form and mannor prescribed in the first section of this act, and said policemen are hereby empowered to carry and convey the persons so arrested before such justices of the peace, police justices and courts of special sessions, and to hold them until discharged according to law.

$ 3. Oaths of office; how filed.—Every policeman so appointed shall within fifteen days after such appointment and before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe the oath of office prescribed in the twelfth article of the constitution of the state of New York, which said oath shall be filed in the office of the county clerk of the county where such grounds are situated.

§ 4. Policeman's shield to be worn.- Such policemen shall, when on duty, severally wear a metallic shield with the words

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