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5. imply, wrap up. From Lat. in, in, and plico, to fold. That is, they contain in themselves eternal moisture.
6. inclination, bending. Lat. inclinatio.
7. every sort of flower. Hyacinthus was killed accidentally by Apollo (Phoebus), while playing quoits. His blood became a flower inscribed with Apollo's words of sorrow, ai, ai (alas, alas).
- Camoëns, Lusiad. Narcissus fell in love with his own image in a fountain, and pined away until he died and was changed into the flower which bears his name. (See page 41.) The amaranth (from Gr. amarantos, unfading) is, in poetry, an imaginary flower which never fades.
"Immortal amarant! a flower which once
Began to bloom; but soon for man's offence
To heaven removed, where first it grew, there grows
And flowers aloft . . .
With these, that never fade, the spirits elect
Bind their resplendent locks." — Milton, Paradise Lost.
Amintas. Meaning, probably, Sir Philip Sidney. In his pastoral elegy on the death of Sidney, Spenser speaks of his illustrious friend as having been changed into a flower:
"It first grows red, and then to blew doth fade,
THE BOWER OF BLISS. (Page 131.)
1. Whereas, at the place in which.
2. wondred Argo. The wonderful ship Argo. See the story of Jason in "Classical Dictionary."
"While Argo saw her kindred trees
Descend from Pelion to the main." - Pope.
3. boyes blood. Referring probably to the murder by Medea of her brother Absyrtus, whose body she cut in pieces and left at different places in order that her father, who was pursuing her and Jason, might be delayed by picking them up.
4. Creusa. The young wife of Jason. Medea sent her an enchanted garment which burned her to death when she put it on. The palace, also, was consumed by the flames.
5. celestiall Powre. See note on "Old Genius," p. 150.
6. Agdistes. The poet probably had in mind Agdistis, a genius of human form, who was worshipped in Phrygia in connection with Atys. He was said to have been produced from the stone Agdus, which Dencalion and Pyrrha threw over their heads to repeople the world after its desolation by the flood. Agdistes here personifies self-indulgence.
7. Rhodope. See "Classical Dictionary."
FLORIMEL AND THE WITCH'S SON. (Page 135.)
1. Florimel, Honey-flower.
"Lives none this day that may with her compare
The goodly ornaments of beauty bright;
And is yclept Florimel the fayre,
Faerie Queen, iii, v. 8.
2. lady gent, gentle lady. In the old romances the term gent is sometimes used to denote a lady; that is, "the gentle one."
3. equall launce, equal balance. Balance is from Lat. bis, two, and lanx, dish.
4. laesy loord. "A loord was wont among the Britons to signifie a lord. And therefore the Danes that long time usurped their tyranny here in Britaine were called, for more dread than dignitie, lurdanes. But being afterward expelled, the name lurdane became so odious unto the people that even at this day they use, for more reproch, to call the quartane Ague the fever lurdane.". Glosse to "Shepheards Calender," July.
5. wildings, wild fruits.
"Ten ruddy wildings in the wood I found." - Dryden.
Wordsworth uses the word as meaning the tree on which the fruit grows : "I see him stand, with a bough of wilding in his hand.". Two April Mornings.
6. closely, secretly. furnitures, equipage, saddle and bridle.
COLIN CLOUT AND HIS FAIRE LASSIE. (Page 140.)
1. elfin knight. Sir Calidore, the type of courtesy, and the hero of the Sixth Book. The model of this knight is Sir Philip Sidney. Colin
Clout, "the shepheard," is Spenser himself, and "that iolly Shepheards lass," whom he mentions below, is his wife Elizabeth, elsewhere referred to as Mirabella.
"Witness our Colin, whom though all the Graces
And all the Muses nurs'd,
Yet all his hopes were cross'd, all suits denied;
Poorly, poor man, he lived; poorly, poor man, he died."
2. Ariadne. It was at the marriarge of Pirithous with Hippodamia that "the bold Centaures made that bloudy fray with the fierce Lapithes." Although Theseus had promised to make Ariadne his wife, he deserted her at Naxos, where, according to the common tradition, she was wedded to Bacchus. And it was the crown which Bacchus gave her at their marriage that was "placed in the firmament." Thus in the Theogony it is said that "The gold-haired Bacchus made the blond Ariadne, Minos' maid, his blooming spouse, and Saturn's son gave her immortal life." See "Classical Dictionary."
3. They vanisht all away. "Perhaps the allusion is that Sir Philip Sidney, imaged in Calidore, drew Spenser from his rustic muse to the Court." Upton.
4. Aecidee. This word is a patronymic of the descendants of Æacus, and here refers to Peleus, the son of Eacus. See "Classical Dictionary." 5. Euphrosyne (Joy), Aglaia (Splendor), and Thalia (Pleasure), the "three fair-cheeked Charities," or Graces. Spenser follows Hesiod's enumeration and description of these goddesses. Milton says:
But come thou goddess fair and free,
To ivy-crowned Bacchus bore." - L'Allegro, 11-16.
"Jockey and his horse were by their masters sent
They are to run and cannot miss the bell."
6. beare the bell, be the best. "Before cups were presented to winners of horse-races, etc., a little gold or silver bell used to be given for the prize."
North's Forest of Varieties.
A modern phrase, equivalent to the former expression "bear the bell," is "take the cake."
7. Gloriana. Queen Elizabeth. The poet here turns aside to address the "faerie queene" herself, and to ask that she will pardon him if, among all the songs he has addressed to her, he "make one minime". -compose one little lay-in honor of his own wife.
adaw, daunt, daze, astonish.
aggrate, delight, please.
algates, altogether, by all means.
anon, after awhile.
attonce, at once.
bait, to refresh.
belamy, fair friend. Fr. belle ami. endew, endow.
bestedd, beset, disposed. bewray, betray, discover.
bilive, presently, by and by. bin, be, was.
bootlesse, unprofitable, useless. boughtes, circular folds.
bridale, nuptial feast. byde, remain. caprifole, goat-leaf. carke, care, thought. caytive, base, caitiff. cheere, countenance. cherry, cherish.
chorle, a low fellow, churl.
coloquintida, the bitter apple,
dispence, expense, profusion.
effraide, afraid, frightened.
compeld, summoned, called. crew, company. A.-S. cread. dempt, judged, deemed. despight, disappointment. dight, dressed, clothed.
enhaunst, lifted up.
esloyne, withdraw. O. Fr. esloigner.
felly, fiercely, cruelly. From fell,
flaggy, flabby, limber.
forwearied, worn out, wearied.
gent, gentle, a young lady.
griesly, dreadful, frightful.
paravaunt, publicly, in front.
perceable, pierceable penetrable.
Phebus, the sun.
From Fr. porter, to carry. preace, press, or crowd. pricking, hastening, spurring.
weene, think, wish, hope.
weeds, clothing, dress. A.-S. wad.
wot, know, understand.
ycladd, dressed, equipped.
whally, whitish (diseased eyes).
quaint, coy, nice. Old Fr. coint, whileare, erewhile, a little while ago.
wonne, conquered, won; dwelt.
quited, requited, paid back. read, advise.
recure, recover, refresh. resemblaunces, likenesses. rew, repent.
rout, company, crowd.