5. imply, wrap up. From Lat. in, in, and plico, to fold. That is, they contain in themselves eternal moisture.

6. inclination, bending. Lat. inclinatio.

7. every sort of flower. Hyacinthus was killed accidentally by Apollo (Phoebus), while playing quoits. His blood became a flower inscribed with Apollo's words of sorrow, ai, ai (alas, alas).

"The Hyacinth bewrays the doleful ai,
And culls the tribute of Apollo's sigh.

Still on its bloom the mournful flower retains

The lovely blue that dyed the stripling's veins."

Camoëns, Lusiad.


Narcissus fell in love with his own image in a fountain, and pined away until he died and was changed into the flower which bears his name. page 41.) The amaranth (from Gr. amarantos, unfading) is, in poetry, an imaginary flower which never fades.

"Immortal amarant! a flower which once

In Paradise, fast by the tree of life,

Began to bloom; but soon for man's offence

To heaven removed, where first it grew, there grows

[blocks in formation]

With these, that never fade, the spirits elect

Bind their resplendent locks."— Milton, Paradise Lost.

Amintas. Meaning, probably, Sir Philip Sidney. In his pastoral elegy on the death of Sidney, Spenser speaks of his illustrious friend as having been changed into a flower: —

"It first grows red, and then to blew doth fade,
Like Astrophel, which thereinto was made."
"But thou, wherever thou dost find the same,
From this day forth do call it Astrophel:
And when so ever thou it up doest take,
Do pluck it softly for that shepheard's sake."


1. Whereas, at the place in which.

2. wondred Argo. The wonderful ship Argo. See the story of Jason in "Classical Dictionary."

"While Argo saw her kindred trees

Descend from Pelion to the main." - Pope.

3. boyes blood. Referring probably to the murder by Medea of her brother Absyrtus, whose body she cut in pieces and left at different places in order that her father, who was pursuing her and Jason, might be delayed by picking them up.

4. Creusa. The young wife of Jason. Medea sent her an enchanted garment which burned her to death when she put it on. The palace, also, was consumed by the flames.

5. celestiall Powre. See note on "Old Genius," p. 150.

6. Agdistes. The poet probably had in mind Agdistis, a genius of human form, who was worshipped in Phrygia in connection with Atys. He was said to have been produced from the stone Agdus, which Dencalion and Pyrrha threw over their heads to repeople the world after its desolation by the flood. Agdistes here personifies self-indulgence.

7. Rhodope. See "Classical Dictionary."


1. Florimel, Honey-flower.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

2. lady gent, gentle lady. In the old romances the term gent is sometimes used to denote a lady; that is, "the gentle one."

3. equall launce, equal balance. Balance is from Lat. bis, two, and lanx, dish.

4. laesy loord. "A loord was wont among the Britons to signifie a lord. And therefore the Danes that long time usurped their tyranny here in Britaine were called, for more dread than dignitie, lurdanes. . . . But being afterward expelled, the name lurdane became so odious unto the people that even at this day they use, for more reproch, to call the quartane Ague the fever lurdane."- ·Glosse to" Shepheards Calender," July. 5. wildings, wild fruits.


'Ten ruddy wildings in the wood I found." - Dryden.

Two April

Wordsworth uses the word as meaning the tree on which the fruit grows: "I see him stand, with a bough of wilding in his hand."Mornings.

6. closely, secretly. furnitures, equipage, saddle and bridle.
"The horse's furniture must be of very sensible colors." - Dryden.


(Page 140.)

1. elfin knight. Sir Calidore, the type of courtesy, and the hero of the Sixth Book. The model of this knight is Sir Philip Sidney. Colin

Clout, "the shepheard," is Spenser himself, and "that iolly Shepheards lass," whom he mentions below, is his wife Elizabeth, elsewhere referred to as Mirabella.


"Witness our Colin, whom though all the Graces

And all the Muses nurs'd,

Yet all his hopes were cross'd, all suits denied;
Discouraged, scorn'd, his writings vilified,

Poorly, poor man, he lived; poorly, poor man, he died."

Phineas Fletcher, The Purple Island.

Colin Clout is also the pastoral name which Spenser assumes in the 'Shepheards Calendar."

2. Ariadne. It was at the marriarge of Pirithous with Hippodamia that "the bold Centaures made that bloudy fray with the fierce Lapithes." Although Theseus had promised to make Ariadne his wife, he deserted her at Naxos, where, according to the common tradition, she was wedded to Bacchus. And it was the crown which Bacchus gave her at their marriage that was "placed in the firmament." Thus in the Theogony it is said that "The gold-haired Bacchus made the blond Ariadne, Minos' maid, his blooming spouse, and Saturn's son gave her immortal life." See "Classical Dictionary."

3. They vanisht all away. "Perhaps the allusion is that Sir Philip Sidney, imaged in Calidore, drew Spenser from his rustic muse to the Court." Upton.

4. Aecidee. This word is a patronymic of the descendants of Æacus, and here refers to Peleus, the son of Æacus. See "Classical Dictionary." 5. Euphrosyne (Joy), Aglaia (Splendor), and Thalia (Pleasure), the "three fair-cheeked Charities," or Graces. Spenser follows Hesiod's enumeration and description of these goddesses. Milton says:

"But come thou goddess fair and free,

In heaven yclept Euphrosyne,

And by men heart-easing Mirth,
Whom lovely Venus, at a birth

With two sister Graces more,

[ocr errors]

To ivy-crowned Bacchus bore." — L'Allegro, 11-16. "Before cups were presented to winners of horse-races, etc., a little gold or silver bell used to be given for

6. beare the bell, be the best.

the prize."

"Jockey and his horse were by their masters sent

To put in for the bell.

They are to run and cannot miss the bell."

North's Forest of Varieties.

A modern phrase, equivalent to the former expression "bear the bell," is "take the cake."

7. Gloriana. Queen Elizabeth. The poet here turns aside to address the "faerie queene" herself, and to ask that she will pardon him if, among all the songs he has addressed to her, he "make one minime"-compose one little lay-in honor of his own wife.

[blocks in formation]

belamy, fair friend. Fr. belle ami. endew, endow.

bestedd, beset, disposed.

bewray, betray, discover.

bilive, presently, by and by. bin, be, was.

bootlesse, unprofitable, useless. boughtes, circular folds. bouzing, drinking. brent, burned.

bridale, nuptial feast. byde, remain. caprifole, goat-leaf. carke, care, thought. caytive, base, caitiff.

cheere, countenance. cherry, cherish.

chorle, a low fellow, churl. cicuta, hemlock.

coloquintida, the bitter apple, colocynth.

compeld, summoned, called. crew, company. A.-S. cread. dempt, judged, deemed. despight, disappointment. dight, dressed, clothed.

[blocks in formation]

heben, ebony.

hight, called, entrusted, directed.

hollownesse, dome.

hurtlen, rushed, pushed. iolly, handsome.

kent, knew.

leach, physician. A.-S. lace.

leman, sweetheart. From A.-S. leof, loved, and man, person. lilled, lolled.

lin, cease, give over, let in. lompish, lumpish, dull, clownish. louting, bowing. lynage, lineage.

maistring, mastering, guiding. mazer, a maple bowl, a broad

wooden bowl.

meete, fit.

ruth, pity.

salvage, savage, woodland. From Lat. silva, woods.

say, silk. Fr. soie.

scor'd, painted, drawn.
semblants, phantoms.
shroud, to shelter.

silly, harmless, innocent.
sited, situated.
sith, since.

sondry, sundry, divers, several.
spersed, dispersed, scattered.
sprent, sprinkled, spread over.
sprights, spirits.

staide, hindered.

stemme, stay, confine.

stole, a long robe, or garment. stound, noise, disturbance. swoune, dream, swoon.

[blocks in formation]

tho, then.


mote, might, ought.

ne, no, nor, not.

needments, necessary articles. overhent, overtake.

paravaunt, publicly, in front.

perceable, pierceable penetrable.

perforce, by necessity.

Phebus, the sun.

platane, the plane-tree.

pleasauns, pleasant things.

portesse, breviary, prayer-book.

From Fr. porter, to carry.

preace, press, or crowd.

pricking, hastening, spurring.

puissance, power.

tind, excited, stirred.

tire, company, row.

undertime, afternoon, toward even

[blocks in formation]

quaint, coy, nice. Old Fr. coint, while are, erewhile, a little while ago.

[blocks in formation]
« 上一页继续 »