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otherwise you standing also accountable to us for the Truth and Importance of the Crimes and misdemeanors for Which you shall soe proceed to the suspending of such our Captaine or Commander Provided also That all disorders and misdemeanors comitted on Shore by any Captaine Commander lieutenant Master or other Officer Seaman Soldier or person Whatsoever belonging to any of our Shipps of Warr or other vessells Acting by immediate commission or Warrant from our High Admirall of England now and for the time being under the Seale of our Admiralty or from our Commissioners for executeing the Office of our High Admirall of England for the time being may be tryed and punished according to the laws of the Place Where any such Disorders Offences and Misdemeanors shall be soe comitted on Shore notwithstanding such Offender be in our Actuall Service and in our pay on board any such our Shipps of Warr or other vessells acting by immediate Commission or Warrant from our High Admirall of England now and for the time being or from our Commissioners for executeing the Office of our High Admirall of England as aforesaid Soe as he shall not receive any Proteccion for the avoiding of Justice for such Offences committed on Shore from any pretence of his being imployed in our Service at Sea And further our Will and pleasure is that you shall not at any time hereafter by colour of any power or Authority hereby granted or mencioned to be granted take upon you to give grant or dispose of any Office or Place Within our said Province and Territories Which now is or shall be granted under the Great Seale of England any further then that you may upon the vacancy of any such Office or Suspencion of any Officer by you put in any person to Officiate in the Intervall untill the said place be disposed of by us our Heires or Successors under the Great Seale of England or that our Direccions be otherwise given therein And Wee do hereby require and Command all Officers and Ministers Civil and Military and all other the Inhabitants of our said Province and Territorie to be obedient aiding and assisting unto you the said Joseph Dudley in the Execucion of this our Commission and of the Powers and authorities therein conteined And upon your death or absence out of our said Province and Territories To our Lieutenant Governor of our said Province And upon such your death or absence and the death or absence of our said lieutenant Governor to our Councill of our said Province and Territory for the time being To Whom Wee do by these Presents Give and grant all and singular the Powers and Authorities hereby granted unto you to be by him or them respectively exercised and enjoyed untill the Returne of you our Governor or of our lieutenant Governor or the Arrivall or Constitucion of such other Governor as shall be thereupon commissionated and appointed by us And our Will and pleasure is That you the said Joseph Dudley shall and may hold execute and enjoy the Office and place of our Captaine Generall and Governor in chief in and over our said Province and Territories of the Massachusetts Bay in New England With all and singular the Powers and Authorities hereby granted unto you for and dureing our Will and pleasure And Whereas there are divers Colonies adjoyning to our Province of the Massachusetts Bay for the Defence and Security Whereof it is requisite That due care be taken in the time of Warr Wee have therefore thought it further necessary for our Service and for the better Proteccion and Security of our Subjects inhabiting those parts to Constitute and appoint and Wee doe
by these presents Constitute and appoint you the said Joseph Dudley to be our Captaine Generall and commander in chiefe of the Militia and of all the Forces by Sea and land Within our Colonies of Rhode Island and Providence Plantacion and the Narraganset Country or Kings Province and of all our Forts and places of Strength Within the same And for the better Ordering Governing and Ruleing of our said Militia and all our Forces Forts and places of Strength Within our said Colonies of Rhode Island and Providence Plantacion and Narraganset Country or Kinges Province Wee do hereby give and Grant unto you the said Joseph Dudley and in your absence to our lieutenant Governor or Commander in Cheif of our Province of the Massachusetts Bay all and every the like Powers as in these presents are before granted and recited for the Ruleing Governing and Ordering our Militia and all our Forces Forts and places of Strength Within our Province of the Massachusetts Bay to be exercised by you the said Joseph Dudley and in your absence from our Territory and Dominion of New England by our said lieutenant Governor or Commander in Cheife of our said Province of Massachusets Bay for the time being within our said Colonies of Rhode Island and Providence Plantacon (sic) and the Narraganset Country or King Province for and dureing our Pleasure And lastly We have determined and made void and by these presents do determin and make void the like Commission or letters Patents
under the Great Seale of England bearing date at (13 Feb. 1701] Westminster the thirteenth day of February now (See Patent
last past granted by our said late Royall Brother Roll. 14 Will.
King William the third unto the said Joseph Dudley
In Witnesse etc. Witnesse our selfe at Westminster (1 Apr. 1702.) the first day of April.
By Writt of Privy Seale.
LIST OF AUTHORITIES CITED
The longest and most important account of Dudley's life is to be found in Palfrey's History of New England, where his two administrations are treated at length and in detail, but with evident bias. A more modern and better-tempered account of his administration as governor is in Doyle's English Colonies in America. The chief printed American sources for Dudley's career are to be found in the laws and records of the several colonies with which he was connected, and in the collections of the various historical societies. Of these the Collections and Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society are the most important, yielding the Sewall Diary and Letter-Book; the invaluable pamphlets on the “Deplorable State of New-England”; the Winthrop Papers, in-/ cluding as they do many of Dudley's own letters and the letters of Sir Henry Ashurst and John Chamberlayne; the records of Dudley's Council of 1686; and the Council records for the period in 1715, when the Council superseded the Governor. In the Andros Tracts and Toppan's Edward Randolph the Prince Society furnishes valuable material for the early period; and the American Antiquarian Society prints the Andros Records.
The American manuscript sources are numerous and rich. The Massachusetts Archives alone contain 273 volumes of invaluable manuscripts, most of which were used by Palfrey, and many of which are printed in the Massachusetts Acts and Resolves. The Journals of the General Court and the transcripts of the Records of the Council are in manuscript at the Massachusetts State House. The Diaries of Cotton Mather, about to be published, are in manuscript at the American Antiquarian Society. The chief printed sources for English material are the Calendars
of State Papers, which unfortunately do not cover the period of Dudley's administration as governor, and the two volumes of the Acts of the Privy Council, which were not published at the time this investigation was made. The manuscript sources for English material are rich and varied. The collections of manuscripts at the British Museum and the Bodleian Library, Oxford, furnish some interesting personal material. The manuscript Journals of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, of which Dudley was a member, give information on one phase of his career; and the numerous volumes of Letters of the Society's missionaries throw interesting sidelights on his character. The references in the foregoing pages to the Register of the Privy Council are to the manuscript volumes at the Privy Council Office. Most important of all are the invaluable collections of the Board of Trade at the Public Record Office, London. Here are the manuscript Journals of the Board of Trade, the Colonial Entry Books, and, most interesting of all, the Original Papers containing the original letters and documents sent by the colonial officials to the Board of Trade. Abstracts of these have been printed in the Calendars of State Papers for the early portion of Dudley's career; but for his administration as governor of New Hampshire and Massachusetts it is necessary to depend upon the original manuscripts. ADAMS, BROOKS. The emancipation of Massachusetts. Boston,
etc., 1887. ADLARD, GEORGE The Sutton-Dudleys of England and the
Dudleys of Massachusetts in New England, from the Nor
man Conquest to the present time. New York, 1862. (ALBIN, J.) A new, correct and much improved history of the
Isle of Wight. Newport, 1795. ALLEN, WILLIAM. The American biographical dictionary. 3d
edition. Boston, etc., 1857. AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN Society. Proceedings (1843–1880), 75
nos.; New Series (1880–1909), 19 vols. Worcester, 1843-1909.
[Continued.] ANDREWS, CHARLES MCLEAN. British committees, commissions,
and councils of trade and plantations, 1622–1675. Johns