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APPENDIX A

Royal Commission To Joseph Dudley, Governor Of The Province Of Massachusetts Bay In New England, April I, 1702

Patent Roll No. 3424. 1 Anne. (No. 8.)

De concessione Anne by the Grace of God etc., Transcript. Dudley Armigero. To our Trusty and Welbeloved Commissio J Joseph Dudley Esquire Greeting. Whereas our late Royal Brother and Sister King William and Queen Mary of Blessed Memory by their charter under their Great Seale of England [7 Oct. 1691.] bearing date the seaventh day of October in the third yeare of their Reigne Have united Erected and Incorporated the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay the Colony of New Plymouth the Province of Main in New England the Territorie of Accadie or Nova Scotia and the landes lying between the said Territorie of Nova Scotia and the Province of Main aforesaid into one real Province by the name of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and have thereby granted to Our loveing Subiects the Inhabitants of our said Province or Territory of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and their Successors That there shall be a Governor a lieutenant Governor and a Secretary of our said Province and Territory to be from time to time appointed and comissionated by us or Heires and Successors With severall Priviledges Franchises and Immunities thereby granted to our said loveing Subiects Wee therefore Reposeing especiall Trust and confidence in your Prudence Courage and loyalty out of our especial Grace certaine Knowledge and meer mocion Have thought fitt to Constitute and appoint And by these presents Doe Constitute and appoint you the said Joseph Dudley to be our Captaine Generall and Governor in chiefe in and over our said Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England And for your better Guidance and Directions Wee do hereby Require and Command you to doe and execute all thinges in due manner that shall belong unto the Trust Wee have reposed in you according to the several Powers and Authorities mentioned in the said Charter and in these Presents and such further Powers and Instructions and Authorities as you shall receive or Which shall at any time hereafter be granted or appointed you under our Signe Manual and Signett or by order of Our Privy Councill in Pursuance of the said Charter and according to such reasonable laws and statutes as are now in force or Which hereafter shall be made and agreed upon in such manner and forme as by the said charter is directed And Wee do hereby give and Grant unto you full power and Authority Where you shall see Cause and shall Judge any Offender or Offenders in Capitall or Crimenall matters for any Fines or Forfeitures due unto us fitt Obiects of our Mercy to Pardon all such Offenders and to Remitt such Fines and Forfeitures Treason and Wilfull Murder only Excepted In Which Cases you shall likewise have power upon extraordinary Occasions to grant Repreives to the Offenders therein To the end and untill our pleasure shall be further Knowne And Wee Doe hereby Give and Grant unto you the said Joseph Dudley by your selfe your Captaines and Commanders by you to be authorized full Power and Authority to levy Arm Muster Command or employ all persons whatsoever resideing Within our said Province and Territorie of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and as occasion shall require them to Transferr from one place to another for the resisting and Withstanding of all Enemies Pirates and Rebells both at land and Sea and such Forces With their owne consent or With the Consent of our Councill and Assembly to Transport to any of our Plantacions in America as occasion shall require for the Defence of the same against the Invasion or attempts of any of our Enemies and such Enemies Pirates and Rebells if occasion shall require to pursue and prosecute in or out of the limits of our said Province or any part thereof And if it shall soe please God them to vanquish apprehend and take and being taken either according to law to put to death or to keepe and preserve alive at your discretion Wee do further give and Grant unto you full power and Authority to Erect raise and build Within our Province and Territory aforesaid such and so many Forts Platformes Castles and Fortificacions as you shall judge necessary and the same or any of them to fortify and furnish With Ordnance Amunicion and all sorts of Armes fit and necessary for the Security and defence of our said Province and from time to time to committ the Government of the same to such Person or Persons as to you shall seeme meet And the said Forts and Fortificacions againe to demolish or dismantle as may be most convenient and to doe and execute all and every other thing Which to a Captaine Generall doth or ought of Right to belong as fully and amply as any other our Captaine Generall doth or hath usually done according to the Powers hereby granted or to be granted to you And Wee Doe hereby give and Grant unto you the said Joseph Dudley full power and Authority to Constitute and appoint Captaines Masters and other commanders of Shipps and to grant unto such Captaines Masters and other Commanders of Shipps Commissions to execute the Law Martiall dureing the time of Actuall Warr Invasion or Insurreccion and to use such Proceedinges Authorities Punishments Corrections and Executions upon any Offender or Offenders Which shall be mutinous seditious disorderly or any Way unruly either at Sea or during the time of their abode or Residence in any of the Ports Harbors or Bays of our said Province and Territorie as the Cause shall be found to require according to Martiall law during the time of Warr as aforesaid Provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed to the enabling you or any by your Authority to hold Plea or have Jurisdiction of any Offence Cause matter or thing committed or done upon the High Sea or Within any of the Havens Rivers or Creeks of our said Province or Territories under your Government by any Captain Commander lieutenant Master or other Officer Seaman Soldier or Person Whatsoever Who shall be in actuall Service and pay in and on Board any of our Shipps of Warr or other Vessells Acting by Immediate Commission or Warrant from our High Admirall of England now and for the time being under the Seale of our Admiralty or from our Commissioners for executing the Office of our High Admirall of England for the time being But that such Captaine Commander lieutenant Master Officer Seaman Soldier or other Person soe Offending shall be left to be proceeded against and Tryed as the meritt of their Offences shall require either by Commission under our Great Seale of England as the Statute of the Eight and twentieth of Henry the Eighth directs or by Commission from our High Admirall of England now and for the time being or from our commissioners for executing the Office of our High Admirall of England for the time being according to the Act of Parliament passed in the thirteenth yeare of the Reigne of our Dearest uncle King Charles the second of blessed memory Entituled An Act for the Establishing Articles and Orders for the Regulateing and better Government of His Majesties Navy Shipps of Warr and forces by Sea and not otherwise Saveing onely that it shall and may be lawfull for you upon any such captaine or commanders refuseing or neglecting to execute or upon his negligent or undue Execucion of any the Written Orders he shall receive from you for our Service and the Service of our said Province and Territorie to Suspend him the said Captaine or Commander from the Exercise of his said Office of Commander and committ him into safe Custodie either on Board his owne Shipp or elsewhere at your own discretion in Order to his being brought to Answer for the same by Commission either under our Great Seale of England or from our High Admirall of England now and for the time being or from our Commissioners for executeing the Office of our High Admirall of England for the time being as is before expressed In Which case our Will and pleasure is That the Captaine or commander so by you suspended shall during such his suspencon [sic] and Committment be succeeded in his said Office by such commission or Warrant Officer of our said Ship appointed by our High Admirall of England now and for the time being or by our Commissioners for Executeing the Office of our High Admirall of England for the time being as by the Known Practice and Discipline of our Navy do's and ought next to Succeed him as in case of death Sicknesse or other ordinary disability happening to the commanders of any of our Shipps of Warr and not

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