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Barnacle, a shell-fish; from which the barnacle-goose, a sea-bird, was vulgarly supposed to be derived. Base, dishonoured.
Base, or Prisoner's base, a rustic game.
Bases, a mantle, usually embroidered, worn by knights on horseback, and reaching from the waist to below the knee; also hose, and the housings of the horse. Basilisk, a huge piece of ordnance. Basimecu, a contemptuous epithet, meaning base or counterfeit crown, applied by Jack Cade to the French Dauphin.
Basta (from the Spanish), enough.
Bastard, a sweet wine, made from raisins.
Bat-fowling, catching birds with a clap-net by night.
Bate, to flutter as a hawk; to abate, to blunt, to except.
Batten, to feed grossly, to fatten.
Battle, an army, forces in position.
Bavin, a faggot of brushwood, used in contempt of anything worthless.
Bawcock, beau coq, a fine fellow.
Bay, the space between the main timbers of the roof.
Be naught awhile, a mischief on you!
Beadsman, one who offers prayers (by beads) for another. Beak, the prow of a ship.
Bear a brain, to remember well.
Bear hard, to rein in from mistrust or fear.
Bear in hand, to encourage or buoy up with delusive promises.
Beard, to defy, to oppose in a hostile manner.
Bearing-cloth, a mantle, in which children were carried
to the font.
Beat, to flutter as a falcon; to meditate, to consider
Beating, hammering, dwelling upon.
Beaver, the lower part of a helmet, sometimes used for the entire helmet.
Because, in order that.
Beck, a bow.
Bed-fellow, an intimate companion, a friend.
Beg a fool, to petition for wardship of an idiot or lunatic.
Being, dwelling, abiding; being, since, inasmuch as.
Be-mete, to beat with a yard measure.
Bending, unequal to the weight.
Bequeath, to give, to place in another's care.
Bermoothes, the Bermudas.
Beshrew, evil befall.
Besmirch, to befoul, to blacken.
Best, best one, bravest, an epithet of endearment.
Beteem, to give, to pour out, to allow.
Better part, the spiritual part.
Bewray, to disclose, discover, make known.
Bias, a swelling out.
Bid, to invite, to pray; bid forth, invited out.
Bilberry, the whortleberry.
Bilbo, a sword; from Bilboa, in Spain, where that kind of sword was made.
Bilboes, fetters, or stocks, used in the navy.
Bill, a bill-hook or weapon; a label or advertisement, articles of accusation, a promissory note.
Bin, for been, are.
Bird-bolt, a bolt for shooting from a cross-bow at birds. Birding, hawking at partridges
Biting the thumb, a contemptuous action.
Blank, the white mark in the centre of a target; hence metaphorically the object aimed at.
Blear, to deceive.
Blench, to start aside, to flinch.
Blood, ancestry, natural disposition, high spirits.
Blood, in, in good condition, a hunting term.
Board, to accost, address.
Bob, a blow, a sarcasm; bob, to strike, to ridicule.
Bodikin, a corrupt word used as an oath, as Od's Bodikin,
Bodkin, a stiletto, small sword or dagger.
Bolted, sifted, refined; bolter, a sieve.
Bolting-hutch, the bin into which flour is sifted.
Boot, help, use; odds, advantage.
Bore, calibre of a gun; hence size, importance.
Bosky, or busky, covered with wood.
Bots, worms found in horses' stomachs.
Bottled, swollen, bloated, as "bottled spider."
Bought and sold, entrapped, victimised.
Bow, to give way, to succumb; bowed, bent.
Braid, false, deceitful.
Brake, a thicket, furze-bush.
Brave, handsome, well-dressed; brave, a boast.
Breach (of the sea), breaking of the sea.
Break up, to carve.
Break with, to speak to another on some business.
Breathe, to exercise; to cease fighting for a time, in order to take breath.
Breathed, refreshed, prepared for important work,
Breeching, liable to be whipped at school.
Breed-bate, a breeder of debate, a fomenter of quarrels.
Brief, a short account, letter, or enumeration.
Brogues, rough shoes, strengthened with clout nails.
Broken music, the music of stringed instruments.
Brown bill, a battle-axe.
Brownist, follower of Brown, an Independent.
Buck, suds or lye for washing clothes in.
Buck-basket, basket for conveying clothes to the washing. Buckle, to bend.
Buff, the dress of a sergeant.
Bug, a bugbear, an object of fear, a spectre.
Bully-rook, a bragging character, a jolly dog.
Burden, the base, foot, or under-song.
Bury, to conceal, to keep secret.
Bush, the sign of a public-house, or tavern.
But, to boot; only, unless, except.
Butt-shaft, a light arrow for shooting at a butt.
Buz, buz! an interjection of impatience.
By, beside, near to; according to, by means of.
By day and night, at all times.
By-rlakin, an oath, by our ladykin, or little lady.
Caddis, worsted galloon.
Cade, a cask or barrel, as of herrings (500) or sprats (1000).
Cake is dough, your; your hopes have not been realised.
Caliver, a hand-gun.
Call, "I'll call to you," meaning "I'll call on you."
Calm, the word qualm mispronounced.
Canary, a wine from the Canary islands; a dance. Candle-wasters, persons who sit up all night to drink. Canker, the caterpillar; the dog-rose.
Canstick, a candlestick.
Cantle, a slice, a corner, a portion of anything.
Captain jewels, jewels of worth.
Carbonado, a collop cooked on the coals.
Card, by the, exactly, according to rule.
Carpet, an embroidered covering for the table,
Carpet consideration, favour rather than merit-as the "Carpet knights" received their honours.
Carrack, a ship of considerable burden.
Carry coals, to submit to menial offices; of slavish spirit. Case, a skin; a brace, a pair.
Cassock, a horseman's great coat.
Castilian, a native of Castile; used in contempt.
Cataian, a sharper, a reproachful term.