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Section XX. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives ; but the senate may propose or concur with amendments, as in other bills.

Section XXI. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law.

Section XXII. Every bill, which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the governor. If he apprové, he shall sign it, but if he shall not approve it he shall return it with his objections, to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large upon their journals, and proceed to re-consider it. If, after such reconsideration, 'two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be re-considered, and if approved by two-thirds of that house it shall become a law. But in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for or against the bill shall be entered on the journals of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the governor within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall be presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the general assembly, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law, unless sent back within three days after their next meeting.

Section XXIII. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concurrence of the senate and house of representatives may be

necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the gover. nor, and before the same shall take effect, be approved by him ; or, being disapproved by him, shall be re-passed by two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a bill.

ARTICLE II, Section I. The supreme executive power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a governor.

Section II. The governor shall be chosen on the second Tuesday of October, by the citizens throughout the commonwealth, at the places where they shall respectively vote for representatives. The returns of every election for governor shall be transmitted to the seat of government, directed to the speaker of the senate, who shall open and publish the same in the presence of both houses of the legislature. The person having the highest number of votes shall be governor ; but if it should so happen that any two or more should be equal and highest in votes, the general assembly shall choose one of them for governor by the joint vote of both houses. In case of contested elections, the same shall be judged of and determined by a committee to be selected from both houses of the legislature, in such manner as shall be, by law, directed. During the trial of contested elections the speaker of the senate shall exercise the office of governor.

Section III. The governor shall hold his office during the term of three

years from the third Tuesday of December next ensuing his election, and shall not be capable of holding his office longer than nine years in any term of twelve years.

Section IV. He must be, at least, thirty years of age ; and must have been a citizen and inhabitant of this state seven years

next before

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liis election. Provided, that no person absert on public business of this state, or of the United States, shall thereby be disqualified.

Section V. No person shall be capable of exercising the office of governor whò, at the same time, shall be a member of congress, or hold any other office under this state, or any office under the United States.

Section VI. The governor shall at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected.

Section VII. He shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of this commonwealth and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the actual service of the United States.

Section VIII. He shall appoint all officers of this commonwealth, whose offices are established by this constitution, or shall be established by law, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for; but no person shall be appointed to an office within any county, who shall not have resided therein one year next before his appointment. No member of congress from this state, nor any person holding or exercising any office of trust or profit under the United States, shall, at the same time, hold and exercise any office whatever, otherwise than in the militia, in this state.

Section IX, The governor shall commission all the officers of this Commonwealth.

Section X. He shall have power to remit fines, and grant reprieves and pardons for crimes and offences, except in cases of impeachment.

Section XI. He may require the opinion, in writing, of the officers in each of the executive departments upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.

Section XII. He shall, from time to time, give to the general as. sembly information of the state of the commonwealth, and recommend to their consideration such mea sures as he shall judge necessary or expedient.

Section XIII. He may on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly, and in case of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper, not exceeding four months.

Section XIV. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

Section XV. In case of the death or resignation of the governor, or of his removal from office, it shall devolve on the speaker of the senate until the next annual election of representatives, when another governor shall be chosen in the manner hereinbefore mentioned, and unil such newly elected governor shall be duly qualified and commence the exercise of his office.

Section XVI. The state treasurer shall be appointed annually by the joint vote of both houses. All other officers in the treasury department, election officers, officers relating to taxes, to the poor and highways, constables and other township officers shall be appointed in such manner as is or shall be directed by law.

Section XVII. A secretary shall be appointed and commissioned by the governor. He shall be keeper of the seals of the state, and shall, under the direction of a committee of both branches of the legislature, affix the seal to the laws when the same shall be enacted. He shall countersign all commissions, charters of pardon, and patents for

lands, signed by the governor, as well as marriage, tavern and other licences. . He shall have the custody of all public acts, official documents and state papers which shall be addressed or belong to the executive department, to be laid before the governor or either house when called for. He shall attend the governor or either house when required, and shall perform all such other duties as shall be enjoined on him by future acts of the legislature.

ARTICLE INI. Section ļ. In elections by the citizens every freeman of the age of twenty-one years, having resided in the state two years next before the days of the elections respectively, and paid state or county taxes within that time, which tax shall have been assessed

upon him at least six months before the election, shall enjoy the rights of an elector.

Section II. All elections shall be by ballot, except those by persons in their representative or public capacities, which shall be viva voce.

Section III. Electors shall be privileged from arrests in all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, during their attendance on elections and in going to and returning from the same.

ARTICLE IV.

Section 1. The house of representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment.

Section II. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate; when sitting for that purpose, the senators shall be on oath or affirmation : no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Section IIÌ, Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit under this commonwealth; but the par. ty convicted shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judg. ment and punishment according to law.

ARTICLE V.

Section I. The judicial power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a supreme court, in courts of oyer and terminer and general goal delivery, in a court of common pleas, orphans' court, register's court, and court of quarter sessions for each county, in justices of the peace and in such other courts of law and equity as the legislature may, from time to time, establish.

Section II. The judges of the supreme court and the judges of the several courts of common pleas shall be commissioned and hold their offices during good behaviour; but the governor may remove any of them on the address of two-thirds of each branch of the legislature. The judges of the supreme court and the presidents of the several courts of common pleas shall, at stated times, receive for their services an adeguate compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office : but they shall hold no other office of profit in this commonwealth.

Section III. The jurisdiction of the supreme court shall extend over the whole state. The judges of the same court shall, by virtue of their offices, be justices of oyer and terminer and general gaol deliv,

3

his election. Provided, that no person absert on public business of this state, or of the United States, shall thereby be disqualified.

Section V. No person shall be capable of exercising the office of governor whò, at the same time, shall be a member of congress, or hold any other office under this state, or any office under the United States.

Section VI. The governor shall at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected. Section VII. He shall be commander in chief of the

army

and navy of this commonwealth and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the actual service of the United States.

Section VIII. He shall appoint all officers of this commonwealth, whose offices are established by this constitution, or shall be established by law, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for; but no person shall be appointed to an office within any county, who shall not have resided therein one year next before his appointment. No member of congress from this state, nor any person holding or exercising any office of trust or profit under the United States, shall, at the same time, hold and exercise any office whatever, otherwise than in the militia, in this state.

Section IX, The governor shall commission all the officers of this commonwealth.

Section X. He shall have power to remit fines, and grant reprieves and pardons for crimes and offences, except in cases of impeachment.

Section XI. He may require the opinion, in writing, of the officers in each of the executive departments upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.

Section XII. İle shall, from time to time, give to the general assembly information of the state of the commonwealth, and recommend to their consideration such mea sures as he shall judge necessary or expedient.

Section XIII. He may on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly, and in case of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper, not exceeding four months.

Section XIV. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

Section XV. In case of the death or resignation of the governor, or of his removal from office, it shall devolve on the speaker of the senate until the next annual election of representatives, when another gove ernor shall be chosen in the manner hereinbefore mentioned, and unil such newly elected governor shall be duly qualified and commence the exercise of his office.

Section XVI. The state treasurer shall be appointed annually by the joint vote of both houses. All other officers in the treasury department, election officers, officers relating to taxes, to the poor and highways, constables and other township officers shall be appointed in such manner as is or shall be directed by law.

Section XVII. A secretary shall be appointed and commissioned by the governor. He shall be keeper of the seals of the state, and shall, under the direction of a committee of both branches of the legis. lature, affix the seal to the laws when the same shall be enacted. He shall countersign all commissions, charters of pardon, and patents for

lands, signed by the governor, as well as marriage, tavern and other licences. He shall have the custody of all public acts, official documents and state papers which shall be addressed or belong to the executive department, to be laid before the governor or either house when called for. He shall attend the governor or either house when required, and shall perform all such other duties as shall be enjoined on him by future acts of the legislature.

ARTICLE II. Section I. In elections by the citizens every freeman of the age of twenty-one years, having resided in the state two years next before the days of the elections respectively, and paid state or county taxes within that time, which tax shall have been assessed upon him at least six months before the election, shall enjoy the rights of an elector.

Section II. All elections shall be by ballot, except those by persons in their representative or public capacities, which shall be viva voce.

Section III. Electors shall be privileged from arrests in all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, during their attendance on elections and in going to and returning from the same.

ARTICLE IV.

Section 1. The house of representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment.

Şection II. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate; when sitting for that purpose, the senators shall be on oath or affirmation : no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Section III, Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit under this commonwealth; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judg. ment and punishment according to law.

ARTICLE V.

Section I. The judicial power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a supreme court, in courts of vyer and terminer and general goal delivery, in a court of common pleas, orphans' court, register's court, and court of quarter sessions for each county, in justices of the peace and in such other courts of law and equity as the legislature may, from time to time, establish.

Section II. The judges of the supreme court and the judges of the several courts of common pleas shall be commissioned and hold their offices during good behaviour, but the governor may remove any of them on the address of two-thirds of each branch of the legislature. The judges of the supreme court and the presidents of the several courts of common pleas shall, at stated times, receive for their services an adequate compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office : but they shall hold no other office of profit in this commonwealth.

Section III. The jurisdiction of the supreme court shall extend over the whole state. The judges of the same court shall, by virtue of their offices, be justices of oyer and terminer and general gaol deliv,

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