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gious sentiments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust or profit under this commonwealth,

V. That elections shall be free and equal.

VI. That trial by jury shall be as heretofore, and the right thereof shall remain inviolate,

VII. That the printing presses shall be free'to every person who un. dertakes to examine the proceedings of the legislature or any branch of government, and no law shall ever be made restraining the right thereof. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the most invaluable rights of man, and every citizen may freely speak, write and print, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

VIII. That the people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers and possessions against unreasonable searches and seizures, and no warrant shall issue to search any place, or to seize any person or things, but on probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and describing them as nearly as may be.

IX. That in all criminal prosecutions the accused hath a right to be heard by himself and his counsel; to demand the cause and nature of the accusation; to meet the witnesses face to face; to have cumpulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and a speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the vicinage; nor can he be compelled to give evidence against himself; nor can any man be deprived of his life, liberty or property but by the judgment of his peers or the law of the land.

X. That no persons shall be proceeded against by information for any indictable offence, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or publie danger; nor shall any person, for the same offence, be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall any man's property be taken, or applied to public use, without the consent of his representatives, and on just compensation being made.

XI. That all courts shall be open, and every freeman for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person or reputation, shall have remedy by the due course of the law, and right and justice administered to him without sale, denial or delay.

XII. That no power of suspending laws, or the execution thereof, shall be exercised, unless by the legislature or by the authority thereof.

XIII. That excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, or cruel punishments inflicted.

XIV. That all prisoners shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, unless for capital offences, when the proof is evident or presumption great, and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.

XV. That the person of a debtor, where there is not a strong presumption of fraud, shall not be continued in prison after delivering up all his estate for the benefit of his creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

XVI. That no expost facto law, or law impairing contracts shall be made.

XVII. That no person shall be attainted of treason or felony by the legislature

XVIII. That no attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeit. are of real estate, except during the life of the offender.

XIX. That the right of the citizens to bear arms in defence of them- * selves and the state, and to assemble peaceably together, and apply in a decent manner, to those invested with the

powers of government, for redress of grievances or other proper purposes, shall not be questioned.

XX. That those who conscientiously scruple to bear arms shall not be compelled to do so, but shall pay an equivalent for personal service.

XXI. That no standing army shall, in time of peace, be kept up without the consent of the legislature, and the military shall, in all cases and at all times, be kept in strict subordination to the civil power.

XXII. That no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

XXIII. That the legislature shall, at no time, create any office the appointment to which shall be for a longer term than during good behaviour.

XXIV. That emigration from the state shall not be prohibited.

XXV. To guard against transgressions of the high powers which we have delegated, WE DECLARE, That every thing in this article expressed, is excepted out of the general powers of legislation, and shall for ever remain inviolate.

And on motion, and by special order, the same was read the second time, whereupon,on motion of Mr, Addison, seconded by Mr. Hare,

Resolved, That the convention resolve itself into a committee of the whole, to take into consideration the report of the said committee.

Whereupon the president left the chair, and Mr. M'Kean was placed therein.

After some time spent in the business referred to them, the chair. man left the chair, and the president resumed it.

The chairman then reported, that the committee of the whole had made progress in the business referred to them, and requested leave ta sit again to-morrow. Leave was accordingly granted.

Adjourned until ten o'clock, to-ingrrow, A. M.

On Thursday, December the 24th, Saturday the 26th, Monday the 28th, Tuesday the 29th, and on Wednesday the 30th, the convention in committee of the whole reported further progress in the business referred to them on the 23d.

THURSDAY, December 31, 1789. A. M.

The convention met pursuant to adjournment. A return of an election held within the county of Dauphiu, of a member to represent the said connty in this convention, in the room of Jacob Cook, Esq. deceased, was presented to the chair and read, by which it appeared that Alexander Graydon, Esq. was duly elected, who appearing

in the house was admitted to take his seat. A letter from Jonas Phillips, in behalf of himself and others, Israelites, was read, and ordered to lie on the table.

Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole. And after some time the committee re. ported further progress and obtained leave to sit again.

Adjourged until ten o'clock to-morrow, A. M.

FRIDAY, January 1, 1790, A. M.

The convention met pursuant to adjournment. A letter was presented to the chair from John Breckbill, Esq. a member of this convention for the county of Lancaster, in excuse for his non-attendance. Ordered to lie on the table.

Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole; and after some time the committee reported further progress and obtained leave to sit again.

Adjourned until ten o'clock to-morrow, A. M. On Saturday, January 20, 1790, Monday, January 4th, Tuesday, January 5th, Wednesday, January 6th, Thursday, January 7th, Friday, January 8th, * Saturday January 9th, Monday, January 11th, Tuesday, January 12th, Wednesday, January 13th, Thursday, January 14th, Friday, January 15th, Saturday, January 16th, Monday, January 18th, Tuesday, January 19th,t Wednesday, January 20th, Thursday, January 21st, and Friday, January 22d, the convention in committee of the whole, made further progress in the business referred to them on the 230 December.

SATURDAY, January 23, 1790. 4. M.
The convention met pursuant to adjournment.
On motion of Mr. Findley, seconded by Mr. M'Kean,

Resolved, That a committeee be appointed to prepare a schedule for putting the government into operation.

Ordered that Mr. Wilson, Mr. Lewis, Mr. Hand, Mr. Findley and Mr. James Ross, be a committee for the purpose contained in the foregoing resolution.

Agreeably to the order of the day, the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole, and after some time the committee reported further progress and obtained leave to sit again. Adjourned until three o'clock on Monday next, P.M.

MONDAY, January 25, 1790, P. M. The convention met pursuant to adjournment. Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole, and after some time the committee reported further progress, and obtained leave to sit again.

On motion of Mr. Sellers, ordered, that Mr. Roberts, Mr. Gray, Mr. Gibbons, Mr. Thomas Ross and Mr. Sellers, be a committee to attend the funeral of Henry Hale Graham, Esq. deceased, late a member of this convention for the county of Delaware, to-morrow morning at eleven o'clock.

Adjourned until ten o'clock tó-morrow, A. M.

* On the 8th, Mr. Wilson obtained leave of absence until Tuesday next.

On the 19th, a letter from William Irvine, Esq. a member of the convention froin the county of Cumberland, was read, in excuse for his non-attendance.

TUESDAY, January 26, 1790. A." M. The convention met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. M'Kean, chairman of the committee of the whole, informed the convention that business of a public nature would necessarily oblige him to be absent for a few days, and requested leave of absence; which was accordinglý granted.

Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole; the president left the chair, and Mr. Hand was placed therein as chairman pro tempore.

After some time spent in the business referred to them, the president resumed the chair; the chairman then reported, that the committee had made further progress in the business referred to them, and requested leave to sit again to-morrow. Leave was accordingly granted.

Adjourned until ten o'clock to-morrow, A. M.

WEDNESDAY, January 27, 1790, A. M.

The convention met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Wilson informed the convention that business of a public nature would require his attendance at New York, and requested leave of absence; which was accordingly granted.

On motion, ordered, that Mr. Sitgreaves be added to the committee appointed on the 23d of January, instant, to prepare a schedule for putting the government into operation, in the room of Mr. Wilson.

Mr. Roberts of the committee appointed to attend the funeral of Henry Hale Graham, Esquire, reported, that they had performed that service.

Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself in. to a comunittee of the whole. And after some time the reported further progress, and obtained leave to sit again.

A motion was made by Mr. Sellers, seconded by Mr. Bull, and adopted as follows, viz.

Resolved, That it be recommended to the freemeu of the county of Delaware, who are by the election laws of this commonwealth qualified to vote for members of the general assembly, to hold an election at the same places and under the same rules and regulations prescribed by the said laws, on Wednesday the third day of February next, for a member of this convention to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of Henry Hale Graham, Esquire.

Resolved, that it be recommended to the same officers and persons who conducted the last general election, to attend, conduct and reg. ulate the election hereby recommended to be held for the purpose aforesaid, in like manner as is directed by the election laws of this state, and make return thereef to this convention; and in case of the death, absence or inability of any of the said officers or persons, that others be chosen or appointed in their stead, before the opening of the said election.

Resolved, that one hundred copies of the foregoing resolutions be printed and distributed for the information of the citizens of the said county.

Adjourned until ten o'clock to-morrow, A. M.

THURSDAY, January 28th, 1790. A. N.

The convention met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Hubley, a member of this convention for the county of Lancaster, asked leave of absence, which was accordingly granted,

Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole. And after some time the committee re. ported further progress, and obtained leave to sit again. Ajourned until ten o'clock to-morrow, A. M.

FRIDAY, January 29th, 1790. 1. M.

The convention met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. M'Kean, chairman of the committee of the whole, informed the house that the state of his health rendered it inconvenient for him to resume the chair.

Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself into a committee of the whole.

The president left the chair, and Mr. Hand was placed therein as chairman of the committee of the whole.

After some time spent in the business referred to them, the presi. dent resumed the chair.

The chairman then reported, that the committee had made further progress

in the business referred to them, and requested leave to sit again to morrow. Leave was accordingly granted.

Adjourned until ten o'clock to-morrow. A. M.

On Saturday, January soth, 1790, Honday, February 1st, Tuesday, February 20, Wednesday, February 3d, and Thursday, February 4th, Convention, in the committee of the whole, made further progress in the business referred to them on the 23d December.

FRIDAY, February 5th, 1790. A. M.

The convention met pursuant to adjournment. Agreeably to the order of the day the convention resolved itself in, to a committee of the whole.

The president left the chair, and the chairman was placed therein.

After some time spent in the business referred to thein, the president resumed the chair.

The chairman then reported, that the committee of the whole, to whom was referred the report of the committee of nine, had agreed to the following plan of government, which was presented to the chair and read, viz.

We, the people of Pennsylvania, having by our represen. tatives, freely chosen and in convention met, altered and amended the constitution of this commonwealth, do ordain and establish as follows:

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. The legislative power of this commonwealth shall be

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