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THE DEATH OF AN AFGHAUN CHIEF.
proud attitude of independence it enjoyed under the Batoris, The interest excited by the Kuzzilbash is owing enthe Sigismonds, the Sobieskis, without one inoment think tirely to the spirited character of the narrative, the novel ing of the immense changes the political condition of Europe has since then undergone, and their peculiar geo
scenery to which we are introduced, and the startling nagraphical position, which makes it impossible that they
ture of his adventures. Story there is none. The different should stand again on the same footing as formerly. Poland adventures of the hero might be inverted in the order of is now linked to us, and must be content with the fate time, without any shock being given to probability, in so which is unavoidably reserved for her political existence. far as they are subservient to the winding-up of the story, If ever we allowed her to become completely independent, or the display of his maturing character. They have no she would make an Asiatic nation of us, and we are not disposed to recede.'- Burke has said,' observed the Prince, cept that he takes care to tell us that he has grown wiser
natural connexion or dependence. The Kuzzilbash, exthat the partition of Poland would be paid dearly for by and sedater, is the same person from first to last. Shireen its authors: he might have added, that such might be the case with her defenders also; for Napoleon's interference Selim, all the dramatis persona, are as satisfactorily known with her concerns bas in no small degree contributed to the to us the first time we meet them, as when we close the loss of his crown. I hope a better fate will be reserved for last volume. There are affecting incidents, hair-breadth the Emperor Alexander; but all must depend upon the escapes, and gorgeous description, but there is a want of adoption of suitable measures, and their security on a firm any vital pervading interest to give unity to the whole. basis. A people who are proud of themselves may suffer themselves to be conquered, but will not bear to be humili. Adventurer is a more decided failure. It is simply a repe
All this holds true of the Kuzzilbash-the Persian ated. The force of arms may achieve their conquest; it is only through a generous and just policy that they may tition of the former tale, more languidly told. The hero is, be thoroughly subjugated.'— You need not apprehend any as in the former part of the work, thrown into situations system of policy, my dear Prince, of which the Poles will from which nothing but a miracle can rescue him, and ever have reason to complain at our hands. If you read this trick has been repeated, till, from having become in-this manuscript, the margin of which is full of potes, writ. credible, it fails to move us. There is a sameness, too, in ten in the Emperor Alexander's own hand, you will find the continually recurring scenes of battle and bloodshed. how great is our desire to meet the wishes of the Polish nation. This is the constitution intended for them. It Tsvo or three accounts of skirmishes may do, but six long will enable you to judge whether the lofty sentiments which
volumes full of nothing else satiate. There are a great spring from the heart should not be taken as the guarantees many passages in the three volumes now before us, which of that monarch's good intentions. The institutions of show that Mr Frazer knew what ought to be done, but that country, hereby fixed upon a solid foundation, will be in no one instance has he done it. He indicates fine come the means by which the peace of Europe may be ever things instead of executing them. maintained.'- If the bases of the edifice are proportioned to
One of his most successful efforts is its weight, and of comparative solidity, they will, no doubt, prove durable ; but if not, you may have to fear the vengeance of men who are driven to desperate means. I wish you bad time to read the Memoirs of Poland, which I wrote spirit, was brought before me as commander of the party
..The chief himself, wounded in body and broken in in 1788. You may, perhaps, think, that what was written the humble organ of his majesty's pleasure. Well did he so long back, is not exactly applicable to the present period. know that for him there was no mercy. When I reminded Nevertheless, you would meet with much useful informa- bim of his crimes, upbraided him with bis mad obstinacy, tion in that work, and a great deal of coincidence between and declared his
dnom, the pale gloomy countenance of the your thoughts and mine on some material points.'”
Affghaun lighted up with a gleam of indignant fire: What This passage will place to the mind of every reflecting I have done, is done,' said he. “I have lived your master's reader the present contest between the Poles and Rus- foe, and bis foe I will die. What good cause has he given sians in its true light. The question at issue is, whether me to love him?' demanded he, throwing a darkening glance the former nation shall be governed with a view to their
on the ruin around him; the energy of his mind rose supeown advantage, or to that of another country. It is the rior to his situation, and I began to be moved with admiquestion of national independence, the only guarantee for the Saafee at that moment stept forward like a messenger
ration of his constancy, and compassion for his fate, when political as that is for personal freedom. Nicholas may of evil: *Tyrant !' said he, in a hoarse unnatural voice, be a good, kiod man; he may have lightened the burdens the day of reckoning is come at last. Remember Ibrahim of the peasantry and burghers; but he can claim no Mullich ! Such as the house of Ibrahim was rendered by right to rule Poland, in accordance with any theory of the arm of Waled Abbas, such is the house of Waled Abbas government ever promulgated. The social arrangements this day, smitten through the might of the Omnipotent, by of that country may-do-imperatively demand improve the hand of his servant
Polundeh! My lord, the murderer ment; but that can only be effected by the people itself.
of my father stands before me! I demand the price of blood
-I claim this man as my due—the reward of my promised Nations, no more than men, can be watched and whipped aid." into good behaviour.
“In a moment the proud flush left the cheek of the Meer, as he heard the address of Poyundeh. His eye quailed be
neath the withering frown of the young Saafee. But his The Persian Adventurer ; being the Sequel of the Kuz- hardihood at lengtă revived, and he returned his haughty zilbash. By J. B. Frazer, Esq. In three volumes. gaze with equal scorn. • Thy aid, thou coward traitor! London. Colburn and Bentley.
and darest thou boast that to thee the Affghaun power owes
this last blow? Base fool! treacherous worm! thou art The author of the Ķuzzilbash is no novelist, in the legi- beneath my curses. Had Allah not seen fitting to pour out timate sense of the word. Fielding gives us the true his wrath upon this people, where then had been thy pitiful notion of a novel, when he calls it a prose epic. It ought revenge? Chief of the troops of Nadir! I am thy prisoner, to be a story complete in itself, interesting from its skil- and as such I claim to be conducted to the foot of that throne
of wbich thou art the servant.' ful complexity, and happy unravelling. This is the
« Prisoner,' replied I, 'the orders of my master are form; the substance ought to be, well-developed character these : That wheresoever Waled Abbas may be taken, on -pictures of the human mind, unfolding its hidden re- that spot shall he meet his doom. The youth before thee cesses at the same time that it forms itself; and the claims the price of blood. He hath, moreover, named that evolvement of this character ought to be made subser- just revenge as the only reward of his services ; and my vient to the incidents—the soil, indeed, out of which they word is passed that into his hand thou shalt be delivered. spring. Many of our best novels, it must be confessed, Such is our sacred law, the injunctions of our holy faith; are deficient in the article of plot-none of them in that and far be it from Ismael to break his oath, or contravene of character. They may be imperfect in form, but their another fate. Young Saafee, behold thy victim! Take and
these venerable mandates, even had his prisoner meriter! matter is always good. But try the Kuzzilbash, and deal with him as it seemeth good to thee. But his head still more the sequel to that work, now under our review, must be laid at the foot of the king of kings, in proof that and they will be found lamentably deficient.
his behests have been obeyed.'
** Holy Prophet! is this thy justice ?' exclaimed the un in its expression, had, long ere this, from the babitual infortunate Meer, who, fearless of death itself, was yet ap-dulgence of evil passions, contracted a savage frown, which palled at the thought of being thus tamely delivered into weighed upon the spirits of beholders; while the deep-worn the hands of one, who conscience told him had too much lines on cheek and brow, prevailing over increased corpucause to be his mortal foe. 'Can a warrior, and a bold one, lency, evinced the constant load of jealous care and suspidenounce a doom like this upon a brave man, who has only cious hatred which embittered and rankled in his mind. asserted his own freedom, and repelled the enemies of his On this evening, these peculiarities of appearance were fearcountry, with all his might? Once more I appeal to thy fully increased ;-his swarthy cheek was tinged with livid honour as a soldier ;-see, I am ready !-let me but die by yellow; the furrows on his brow were ominously dark; the stroke of the scimitar, as a soldier should meet his death. his eye, rolling in its orbit, expressed the restless fever of I seek not to live. Why should I? My family and my his mind, no less than the convulsive movements of his tribe are gone-destroyed-cut off. What have I left to features, and his quick, startling changes of attitude, did live for? But let me not fall, bound, by the horrid knife of the corresponding uneasiness of his frame. Rapidly and a mean, cowardly assassin.'
suspiciously did his glance Alit over the persons and coun"The poignant energy of his appeal penetrated my very tenances of his officers, as if his soul sought for a restingsoul. I looked at the young Saatee; but the expression of place, a single spot on which it could repose in confidence; his countenance was dark and impenetrable. Still I hesi- | but the search was vain. tated : he saw the workings of my soul, and doubtless “ The durbar of Nadir had, for a long time past, been a dreaded the consequences. My lord,' said he, 1 claim scene of gloom and constraint; for no one could tell whether your promise. The blood of my father and my brothers, he might be one moment safe from the effects of a sudden the spirits of my kindred, cry out from their graves upon ebullition of ill-humour, nor what might be the conduct their kinsman.' My soul has no peace.' I saw that all most likely to secure him. Thus, all for the most part was vain, and contended no farther. May Allah be my stood silent and downcast, awaiting the address of their help! as I strove to do my duty, as I acted according to my sovereign rather in terror than in hope ; and though an belief of what that duty was; but the pale and noble coun- occasional facetious remark from his majesty might prove tenance of the Affghaun chief as he stood helpless before me the signal for mirth and laughter, it was a merriment sa
- his tongue now mute-but his deep-set eyes fixed upon obviously forced and constrained, as not even to deceive the mine with a stern upbraiding look,-that look I never can ear for which it was designed,-a failure which served forget. Long after did it haunt my imagination with a to increase the very evil in which that constraint had oriforce, which, though my conscience denied, my heart was ginated. forced to acknowledge.
“ So passed the time, until the durbar was broken up, “ But the worst was spared both to himself and me. when the Shah retired within the wall of serpurdebs, which The interview I have described took place in a court of the enclosed his pavilions; and the chiefs and officers quitted Meer's own dwelling, in front of the building which had the sahn before the audience-tent. Still they did not retire been his own dewankhaneh. Of this court, one side was to their quarters, but congregated in groups, and continued formed by the external wall of the fort, which, rising to a in earnest conversation; and it was afterwards remarked, considerable height above the giddy precipice, terminated in that the officers and chiefs of Iraun gathered themselves a terrace and parapet, accessible from the court by a flight together in parties distinct from those of the Oozbecks, the of steps. The whole of this little court, which had been Toorkomans, and the Affghauns, who on their side mainlaid out with some attention to comfort and neatness, was tained the same rule, and had their own separate consultanow thickly strewed with ghastly mangled bodies, and the tions. buildings were smeared with blood, and blackened with “ To an observant eye, even though totally unacquainted smoke. In one corner of this scene of carnage a horse cloth with the rumours of existing conspiracies, the arrangement had been hastily spread for me, and upon it I was seated of the camp, and the relative positions of its several diviwhen the prisoner was brought before me. Sickening with sions, might have afforded matter of surprise, and even of an indescribable feeling of emotion at the conviction of what suspicion, for the troops immediately around the royal was about to ensue, but unable any longer to prevent or quarters were principally Oozbecks, while the Affghauns retard the catastrophe, I made the signal to the guards who and Toorkomans occupied the upper part of the slope upon held the Meer that they should deliver him into the posses which the camp was pitched, in such a manner that the sion of the claimant; and they accordingly transferred the divisions assigned to the Persian troops should, in case of shawl by which his arms were bound into the hands of the an uproar, lie enclosed between two fires. It was asserted young Saafee ; while I, hating the sight, turned away my that the Toorkomans and Affghauns were observed wheteyes, but they were speedily recalled. I heard the voice of ting their scimitars according to the custom before an Waled Abbas exclaim, — Is it indeed thus ?-then I have action; and this circunstance did not escape the observabut one resource !' and, watching his opportunity before the tion of those who knew what was in contemplation. Saafee had rightly secured his hold, he sprang from between “ Notwithstanding the dark treasons and jealous alarms the guards, and, wounded as he was, rushed with the which rendered the camp no unapt similitude of a mine rapidity of light up the steps of the parapet. Every arm about to be sprung, the night sunk down in tranquillity was paralysed, and the beating of each heart was arrested and silence ; nor could a stranger have imagined that a for a moment, as the lofty figure of the Meer appeared catastrophe, involving the fate of a great empire, and of so standing on the giddy verge. Tyrants and fools!' ex- many thousand human lives, was on the eve, nay, at the claimed he, in tones of ineffable scorn, • I despise, -I spit very moment, of occurrence. Fatigued with the sustained at ye ! I am beyond your power.' With these words, he exertions and agitating incidents of the late expedition, I bounded into the air; and such was the awful silence which had retired to rest, and was enjoying a profound repose, prevailed, that the crash of his falling body was heard dis- when one of my most attached followers and guards ran tinctly ascending from the abyss below.”
into the tent, and hastily aroused me,— Arise, arise, my His Nadir Shah, as a whole, is a failure; but the ac
lord,' said he, 'the camp is in a tumult, and wild cries are
heard in the direction of the royal quarters.' Starting up, count of the tyrant's end, although somewhat enfeebled I was shaking myself to throw off the heaviness of sleep, by diffuseness, has sparkles of grandeur and terror. for I scarcely comprehended the man's words, when in
rushed Noor Mahomed, exclaiming, ere he well reached MURDER OF NADIR SHAII.
the doorway, 'In the name of God, Ismael, arise ! the “ The terrible smile which convulsed, rather than re- camp is in horrible confusion ; they say the Shah has been laxed, his features, as in tones of bitter mockery he uttered murdered !' this savage jest, made even those best accustomed to his “ Effectually aroused by the bare mention of such an excesses of cruelty shudder with horror. A more than alarming rumour, I hastily threw on my coat of mail and usual gloom brooded over the whole assembly, which irri- a few clothes, and catching up my arms, ran with Noor tated and exacerbated, if possible, the devilish ill-humour of Mahomed towards the royal pavilion. Numbers, who had the shah; and he sought to vent it in increased and extra- | been startled by the same indistinct rumour, were now ordinary atrocities. In truth, the conduct and demeanour streaming from sundry quarters in this direction, and of Nadir, ou this eventful evening, betrayed an utterly dis- Iraunees, Affghauns, 'Toorkomans, and Oozbecks, all ran tempered mind; and if ever the unconscious indications of thither in a mingled crowd to learn the truth. It was approaching fate are to be traced in the yet living and secure afterwards remembered that all the latter troops were fully man, they were written on the aspect and deportment of armed-a circumstance which corroborated the belief genethe Shah this fatal day.
rally entertained, of the intended massacre of the Persian “ His countenance, once so serenely composed and noble | troops on this very night.
“ Before the royal pavilion, the confusion was already hour of summer sunshine, succeeded by the wildest storm complete. The serpurdehs were torn down in many places, of winter, affords not an adequate image of its horrors. It a number of persons were running in and out, and blows was like the day of eternal doom succeeding to the joys of aud loud execrations were beginning to make themselves be Paradise. heard. For some time, our enquiries regarding what had “ The increasing light of day, however, appeared to calm, happened remained unanswered, and we knew not what to in some measure, and to restore to reason, the sundry furithink, for it was not the first alarm of the kind which had ous factions, who having tried their strength in the medley proved groundless, although never before had appearances of a night encounter, and having found that little was to been so alarming.
be gained, while much was to be lost, by further violence, “ At last, observing Moossa Beg, an officer of the guard, now drew off to parley and negotiate. But while each passing hastily by, although ignorant at the time of his party stood thus on guard, surlily glaring on each other like great share in the business, I stopped and entreated him to lions breathing from a first encounter, and eying the tell the truth. Know ye not of it?' replied he: 'tumaum strength and preparation of their respective adversaries beshoud! it is all over !-the bloody tyrant is dead !'-'Punah- fore recommencing the combat, a cry of enquiry arose, of, he-Khodah! can it be?'— It is true. Mahomed Sabeh - Where is the body of the Shah? 'Is he in reality dead ?" Khan Affshar and the Kussukchee Bashee forced their And the Toorkomans and Afghauns, upon whom the blow way in not an hour ago, killed the eunuch of the guard at could not fail of falling with most severity, were the loudthe entrance of the sleeping tent, cut down some women est in calling out for satisfaction upon this important point. and other eunuchs, who were moving about, and sought “ The principal leaders of each corps were now called for the Shah; but he, probably awakened and alarmed by upon in a tumultuous manner to stand forward, and prothe noise, could not immediately be found. They caught a ceeded, at the common voice, to search for the corpse. It sigbt of him at last by the light of a small chiraugh, and was found, after a while, lying half naked upon the ground rushed towards him. But by that time he was on his among the ruins of the barem pavilion : the only living guard, and while loudly calling on his own guards, actually thing near it was an old woman, who sat lamenting over struck down two of the gholaums who followed us, before the severed head. At sight of these bloody tokens, which a blow from Mahomed Saleh disabled him in some degree, were instantly brought forth, and produced to the foreign and convinced him of our errand. A fearful scuffle ensued. troops, who soon assembled in their respective corps, a mist The Shah, at last tripped up, I believe by a tent rope - for, seemed to fall from their eyes. They now felt palpably in the scuffle, he sought to escape from the tent, and we what before they had not perceived, that their power had bad by that time got to its outside-fell, and cried out for passed away, and with it their security; that the spell mercy, promising unqualified forgiveness to all concerned. which had incorporated them, and identified them with
Mercy, tyrant ?" said Saleh Khan, aiming at him a terrible the sons and soldiers of another land, and almost given it stroke; you never knew what it was, and you shall not into their possession, was for ever broken, and that they now.' The blow was mortal; but he received many more now stood alone, unsupported, among those who had ceased wounds before we left him; and then Mahomed Saleh to be their comrades and friends." severed the head from the body.'
** And were you then one of them, Moossa ?" exclaimed I, smitten with horror and with pity ; ‘you, an officer ! a confidential officer of his own guard ! _ What was to be Illustrations of Zoology ; being Representations of New, done ?' responded Moossa Beg; "it was come to the point Rare, or Remarkable Subjects of the Animal Kingdom, with a vengeance,-it was he or me-us, I should say. Drawn and Coloured after Nature; with Historical Where was the room for hesitation ? besides, I had the
and Descriptive Details. By James Wilson, F.R.S.E. orders of Allee Koolee Khan.'
Royal Folio. Edinburgh. William Blackwood, 1831. “ While these words were passing hastily between us, Mahomed Koolee Khan himself came hurriedly by, his We look upon Mr Wilson's splendid work as a valuable clothes sprinkled with blood, and his drawn sword in his addition to natural history. The figures of the different hand. "If ye desire to live till morning,' said he, do not
animals are uniformly executed with accuracy and taste; stand here gazing upon a broken pipkin, but Hy every man to his quarters, and defend his own. The Oozbecks and
the historical details in that graphic and amusing manner Toorkomans are upon us already; let the Iraunees look to
which characterises all Mr Wilson's writings. The it.' And, in truth, the tumult was fast thickening and Illustrations are selected from a mass of interesting subswelling, and swords were flashing, and musket-shots were jects contained in the Museum of our University, eked dropping here and there. The uproar was soon repeated out by the materials with which the author's extensive in other quarters of the camp. The shouts rose into a con
correspondence with the Zoologists of Europe have suptinued yell of various sounds; the musket peals increased to plied him. Mr Wilson's object has been to furnish naa continued rattle. The gathering cries of each troop and
clan were heard above the tumult. Affshars ! Beyants ! turalists with correct representations of such objects as i Jalloyers! Koords! To your arms ! Hah! Gholaumee ! are either entirely new, or have never before been ade
Keep your ground! The rascally Toorkomans and Affquately represented in the pages of Natural History," ghauns are upon us !' and soldiers were fast running about published at intervals. to find their comrades or officers. “ The morning dawned upon a spectacle of confusion, face, « of subjects from the different classes of the Animal
“ By a judicious and varied selection,” he says in his Prepillage, and bloodshed, which the mind cannot imagine nor the pen describe ; and which, from being so sudden and modes of life, it is hoped that, in the course of not many
Kingdom, accompanied by a history of their habits and totally unexpected, was the more striking and appalling. years, such a representative assemblage may be brought toOf the lofty and magnificent pavilions of the Shah, scarce
gether,” [revolutionary and democratic principles at work a vestige remained, except the torn serpurdehs, and walls among the brutes, too, “ as will serve to exemplify, in a which lay scattered about, with a part of one of the harem novel and interesting manner, the numerous tribes of living teuts still hanging upon its broken pole. Of those belongs creatures, of which the great family of Nature is composed. ing to the chief officers of the army, most were in a similar On the first introduction of every established order, or condition, except in those quarters where the inmates, being well-marked genus, such observations will be presented as on their guard, bad manfully resisted their assailants; and may suffice to illustrate the natural history of the species among these was that of the Affsbars. The lines and streets
which it contains, considered in their generalities, and between the tents were encumbered with dead bodies, thus, while the subjects treated of individually may, from which, to the amount of many thousands, lay strewed their rarity, or the accuracy of their portraitures, be regardthroughout the camp. The sinoke of the dying fires still ed with some degree of interest even by the scientific natufaintly rose upwards, and fragments of pillaged goods were ralist, the work itself will at the same time serve as an elethickly scattered over the whole ground. Among this mentary introduction under a popular form, not unadapted hideous scene swarmed thousands of fierce and armed men, to the purposes of the general reader. It will be the author's still thirsting for each other's lives; still threatening their aim to combine the precision of a scientific treatise with the former comrades with the arms which, till now, had been more excursive and agreeable character of a popular miscelwielded in each other's defence. Such was this awful lany; and by avoiding alike the vagueness and inaccuracy
transmutation; a single night, nay, a few hours, had reduced of the one, and the repulsive dryness of the other, to gain ; the well-ordered arrangement and admirable organization the favour of both classes of readers.”
of the camp to this frightful condition. On the life of a single man hung all this mighty change. The brilliant The author has performed all that he has here promi
sed. In the course of nine nuinbers, (the ninth, which art which has handed down unimpaired to a far removed concludes the first volume, has just been published,) he posterity, the form and features of so frail a creature. The has furnished us with figures and histories of thirty-two perfection of an unknown process has almost defied the rarare species; and in addition to this, he has given, on the vages of time, and through its intervention, the self-same
individuals exist in a tangible form, which wandered along introduction of every individual belonging to a new genus, the banks of the mysterious Nile in the earliest ages of the comprehensive and scientific generic descriptions. We world, or, in dim seclusion veiled,' inhabited the sanctuary know not whether we have been most delighted with the of temples, which, though themselves of most magnificent accuracy of the systematic portions of the work, or the proportions, are now scarcely discernible amid the desert fresh breathings of forest adventure, which come across
dust of an unpeopled wilderness. us in his particular descriptions. We roam in fancy with
“The natural and mythological histories of this species him through the luxuriant forests of tropical America, are so closely combined by ancient authors, that it is scarcely listening with beating hearts to the howlings of the puma, ing. Those, indeed, whose province it is to illustrate the or the yet more dreadful jaguar; or, treading upon the history of mankind, by explaining the rise and progress of arctic ice, we lie in watch for the grey American wolf. superstition, and the frequent connexion between certain We enjoy the good-humoured indolence of the water-hog forms of a delusive worship, and the physical conditions of as he sits comfortably cooling his fore-paws in the water, clime and country, may find in the distorted history of and laugh at the antic grimace of the giant ourang-outatig! Egyptian animals an ample field for the exercise of such We quote a passage, which may serve as a specimen of with things as they are, than as they are supposed to be;
ingenious speculations; but the zoologist has to do rather Mr Wilson's powers of generic description :
and bis province is to explain-or attempt so to do-the “ Animals of the cat kind are, in a state of nature, almost works of the God of Nature, as they exist in their most continually in action, both by night and day. They either beautiful and harmonious simplicity, undeformed by the walk, creep, or advance rapidly by prodigious bounds; but multitudinous fables of a remote antiquity. We need not they seldom run, owing, it is believed, to the extreme flexi- then to enquire whether the basilisk be born from an egg bility of their limbs, and vertebral column, which cannot produced in the body of the ibis, by a concentration of all preserve the rigidity necessary to that species of movement. the poison of all the serpents which it may have swallowed
Their sense of sight, especially during twilight, is acute in the course of a long and reptile-eating life ;-nor whetheir hearing very perfect-their perception of smell less so
ther the 'casual touch of its lightest plume still suffices, not than in the dog tribe. Their most obtuse sénse is that of only to enchant and render motionless the largest crocodile, taste, the lingual nerve in the lion, according to 'Desmoulins, but even to deprive it at once of life ;-Dor whether the being no larger than that of a middle-sized dog. In fact, ibis itself, according to an expression of the Priest of Herthe tongue of these animals is as much an organ of masti- mopolis, sometimes attains to so great an age that it cancation as of taste, its sharp and horny points, inclined back
pot die,' unless when, removed from the sustaining soil of wards, being used for tearing away the softer parts of the its beloved Egypt, it sinks under the nostalgia of a foreign animal substances on which they prey. The perception of land! For we know that the basilisk does not exist ; that touch is said to reside very' delicately in the small bulbs at young ibises have been seen flapping themselves across the the base of the mustaches.
out-stretched bodies of sleeping crocodiles, which after“ The females are remarkable for their tender attach- wards sought the waters of the Nile with their accustomed ment to their young: the males, on the other hand, are alacrity, and that the age of the sacred bird, though, from distinguished by a peculiar jealousy, as it may be called, the skill of the embalmers, it may be said to be in death which frequently renders them the most formidable ene
immortal,' does not exceed that of the rest of its congeners. mies of their own offspring. Hence it is, that the former
The sacred ibis is usually observed either in pairs, or in sex usually conceal the places where they have brought small groups of eight or ten individuals
. They build their forth, or frequently remove their young. They are a soli- nests on palms and other elevated trees, and lay two or three tary tribe, and, like most animals which feed on living prey, whitish eggs. They do not breed in Egypt, but arrive in rarely seek each other's society, except during the season of that country when the waters of the Nile begin to swell. love. Like the mighty hunters' among the human race, This apparent connexion between the presence of these they require an extensive domain for the exercise of their birds, and the fertilizing flow of the mighty river, probably predacious habits; and a near neighbour can only be re gave rise to their worship as divinc agents, in immediate garded as a mortal foe. It is the uneradicable nature of connexion with those grander processes of nature by which this
sentiment which causes that very peculiar noise in the the surface of the earth was regulated and sustained in a fit throat, and the mistrustful rolling of the eye, observable condition for the health and prosperity of the human race. even in the most perfectly reclaimed individuals
, when they A slight knowledge of natural history would indeed bave are approached during meal-time.
sufficed to show, that such divine honours had not been If we were to judge from the great uniformity of aspect awarded as a consequence of their destruction of serpents which prevails among the different species of this genus, and other venomous reptiles; for the modern Egyptians we would naturally conclude that they were all inhabitants confirm the views of Colonel Grobert, that the ibis does not of one and the same climate. The fact is, however, that prey on serpents at all, but feeds very much after the manthere is scarcely any genus more truly cosmopolite; for ner of the curlew, on insects, worms, small fishes, and every zone has its species of felis, and the tiger itself ex
molluscous animals." tends its ravages froin the equatorial regions almost to the These extracts will suffice to show the reader that Mr polar circle. "The cry varies greatly in the different species. Wilson possesses an acute perception of the characteristic The lion roars with a voice resembling distant thunder
, features of nature, an imagination alive to its poetry, and deep, tremulous, and broken; the jaguar barks almost like a dog; the cry of a panther is like the grating of a saw; that of the low voice of antiquity, together with the power and they all purr after the manner of a domestic cat, with of giving vent to his thoughts and feelings in lively and an energy proportioned to the size of the species."
picturesque language. His work is an object of elegant As a specimen of the discussions with which Mr Wil- and intellectual luxury, and will form an appropriate son adorns and illustrates his narratives of different ani.
ornament in the drawing-rooms of the wealthy, as well mals, we select the following from his account of the
as on the shelves of the student. sacred or Egyptian ibis.
“ Among the ancient Egyptians, a people prone to award divine honours to the brute creation, the ibis was The Foreign Quarterly Review. No. XIII. January, regarded as an object of superstitious worship, and its sculptured outline frequently occurs among the bierogly
1831. phical images which adorn the walls of their temples. The
The Edinburgh Review. No. CIV. January, 1831. conservation of its mystical body occupied the assiduous care of their holiest priests while living, and exercised the
The present is, in our opinion, the most powerful gloomy art of their most skilful embalmers when dead.
Number that the Foreign Quarterly has yet published. The embalmed bodies of this species are still found in the Some may, perhaps, object to a want of sufficient variety catacombs, and other places of ancient sepulture; and the in the subjects treated of; and, for a continuance, we Xatiquary and the naturalist marvel alike at the wonderful ourselves would certainly object to such a sameness ; but
we have always been of opinion that it was profitable for Sketches of Buenos Ayres, Chili, and Peru. By Samuel a periodical occasionally to add weight and impetus to a
London. blow, by making almost a whole Number tell more or
Haigb, Esq. One volume 8vo. Pp. 434. less directly in one way. The historical and statistical
Effingham Wilson. 1831. are the predominant themes ; aud Germany comes in for Mr Haign is a very lucky man.
He tells us that he its fall share of notice. In Article VII. we have some had "an opportunity of seeing, with more than a cursory interesting discussion respecting the history of the ancient eye, the principal events which have taken place in that Germans; in Article VIII., a concise and accurate view quarter (viz. Chili and Peru) for the last fourteen years.” of the history of the Hanseatic towns, a branch of the On consulting his book, we find that he landed at Buenos antiquities of maritime commerce and free institutions, Ayres in the autumn of 1817, and quitted it'in autumn respecting which our English literati are wofully de- | 1819. He again visited South America in 1824, and ficient. Article I., which professes to be an essay on the remained three years. It was very kind in the “prinspirit of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, although cipal events” to happen all within comparatively brief in a great measure confined to the field of France, may periods, at a considerable interval, jast to enable Mr be considered as supplementary to the two we have just Haigh to view them“ with more than a cursory eye." enumerated. Coming nearer our own times, we have, But Mr Haigh is also a very provoking man.
After Article IX., an impartial narrative of the Brunswick telling us what a lucky man he has been, in the matter Revolution.–Article I V., a biographical sketch of Weber. of “ seeing with more than a cursory eye,” [perhaps he -Article V., some remarks upon the lately published saw with two cursory eyes ;] and again, how, “ during correspondence between Schiller and Goethe. The ac his residence in Arequipa, he had an opportunity of seemount of Weber is just and amiable in its observations ;- ing the true nature of the mining concerns, the details of the more surprised were we to find in so able a paper, which would fill a volume," he turns short round upon such a sentence as the following:-“ Like almost every us with—" It is not, however, my intention here to give other great composer, bis father was a musician." Is the history of the rise, progress, decline, and fall of those this writer aware of any great composer who was not a so hastily formed associations," &c. The consequence is, musician ? The brief remarks upon Schiller and Goethe that he tells us nothing about the matter ; and thus it is contain the most correct estimate of their respective through the whole volume. This is something like what excellencies which we have yet met with. To the class the vulgar term, selling a bargain"-raising our exof articles upon which we bave made this running com- pectations, in order to disappoint them. It is like the ment, may be added Article XI., a catalogue of German venerable nursery joke :-“ Can you keep a secret ?”Annuals. The remaining papers in this Number are, “ Yes.”_" So can I." It is like the servant's descripArticle II., upon the Mythology and Religion of Ancient tion of Autolycus's song in “ The Winter's Tale:"_" He Greece--nothing particular; Article V., on the Fine Arts has the prettiest love songs for maids; jump her, and of the Middle Ages, ditto ; and Article III., a sound and thump her ; and where some stretch-mouthed rascal judicious essay upon Consumption. But the Article of means mischief, he makes the maid answer, Whoop, do which the Review may most justly be proud, is the paper me no harm, good man: puts him off, slights him, with upon the United States of America. It is evidently the Whoop, do me no harm, good man." work of one who is thoroughly master of his subject, free Lastly, Mr Haigh is a very mysterious man. We can. from prejudice, and determined to speak honestly out, not fancy what took him to South America. In the regardless of what either Americans or Englishmen may large towns, and among fashionable society, he is quite think of them. In its spirit and temper it is the only the gentleman. We hear of nothing but dinners and unexceptionable discourse that has been elicited by the wines; tertulias, waltzing, eyes, shapes, and modesty. bickerings between us and brother Jonathan, on either In crossing the Pampas, however, it turns out that he side of the Atlantic.
carries a box of ribbons with bim, and for a moment the
reader is inclined to believe that he has caught him_he The Edinburgh Review is good this time. The is a man-milliner. But no ; we have been too hastyarticle on the China Trade is satisfactory. The review we have got, as Homer says, the wrong sow by the ear. of Dr Bowring's Translations is discriminative and can At St Jago we find him disposing of a cargo of sabres. did; the friendly tone in which it is composed is, consider- We cannot tell what to make of Mr Haigh. He is a ing the late war between the Edinburgh and Westminster, Cheapside Proteus-a chameleon of Tottenham-Court highly creditable. The review of M.Culloch's Principles Road. of Political Economy, is no review, but two essays upon It is time, however, that we leave the author, and turn different branches of that science tied together, with an to his book. One half of it is dedicated—we beg pardon encomiastic paragraph on the Professor's work tagged to of our fair readers—we have some foolish palpitations, attheir tail. The article on the Civil Disabilities of the tributable solely to our having been educated at home instead Jews, is powerful as a piece of abstract reasoning; but of being sent to a public school—but in the cause of science the author, like most Englishmen, does not know the and truth we will conquer those unworthy misgivings;character of that nation. The article on the Spirit of one half of the book, then, is dedicated to a narrative of Society in England and France, is good, but full of his nocturnal encounters in bed with—Heas. Another affectation ; that on the Principles of Belief and Expecta- portion is occupied with nice discriminations between tion, logical ; that on the Capital Punishment of For- the bite of the above-mentioned insect and that of the gery, twaddling; that on the Irish Novels, good again. red mosquito. Then we have a picturesque, and rather Besides these, there are articles purporting to treat of the sublime, account of the author's scamper across the deserts Evangelical School ; Professor Sandford's Translation of of South America after his ribbons and swatches, and a Thiersch's Greek Grammar ; Irish Courts of Quarter graphic narrative of his ride what time a chivalrous fit Sessions; and Mr Sadler. Last of all comes an article led him to gird himself with sword and pistol, and haste on the Late and Present Ministry. It has of late been the to the battle-field, time enough to see the monks confesscustom of the Edinburgh to wind up every Number with | ing some who had fallen in the fray. We have nothing a bulletin of that party of which it is the standard-bearer more of any consequence. and rallying point. The present, therefore, we conclude Seriously, we could not imagine why such a book to be a ministerial manifesto; and as such, recommend it should be published: and this problem might still have to the devout perusal of our readers.
been tormenting us, had it not been for a contemporary critic. This Daniel come to judgment informs us that it is chiefly valuable as being “ posterior in appearance, but prior in date,” to other works professing to be descrip