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the Greek language. Votea; 31 schools

We feel it doubly hard to go

contents, full of good matter.- The Harmonicon presents us with For nature woos our stay ;

Memoirs of Dr Calcott and Rodolphe Creutzer,-Articles on the And sadder still, to think the waves

Ecclesiastical Choirs of Great Britain and Ireland,--The Metro.

politap Concert of Anrient Music-A Foreign Musical Report,Shall part us from our fathers' graves.

and the usual allowance of the and criticism. The most re. inarkable thing in Blackwood is, the merited chastisement of a

gentleman who insists upon confounding political feeling with LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.

literary criticism.

STATE OF EDUCATION IN GREECE.-There are at present 18 schools in

and 35 sehools

in

1

by George J. Bennett, is announced.

in which the Greek language is taught to 1712 pupils, and 27 In the press, the Records of a Good Man's Life, by the Rev.

schools of mutual instruction, with 3650 pupils, in the islands of Charles B. Taylor.

Tho. Archipelago. Among the insular institutions are the esta Preparing for publication, a short series of interesting Essays, blishinent for orphans and the central school. In continental adapted to the understandings of young persons, on the Evidences of Greece, oiui selinol has been established at Lepanto for teaching Natural and Revealed Religion, the Immortality of the Soul, and the

the Greek language; and a building, destined to the use of an. great and manifold advantages which have accrued to mankind from other, is erecting at Mosolonghi. Christianity; with the supposed reflections of an Enlightened Heathen

Literary REMUSGRATIOV. TA French periodical informs , in Judea, in the time of Christ. By Mr R. Ainslie, Writer to the

that the contributors to the Edinburgh Review are paid at the rato Signet, Edinburgh, author of the Father's Gift.

of £110 sterling for every printed sheet. Mr Macfadyen of Glasgow announces “ Six Songs," chiefly ar.

Theatrical Gossip --The Royal Family have visited Drury Lane. ranged to Oriental and foreign airs--the words by R. J, Margeorge,

The entertainments romaanded were“ The Sehool for Scandal," Esq.; and he has published a pretty song by Mr Black, with music

and “ Davy Jones," a pantomine.--Miss Paton is engaged as by Mr J. R. Macfarlane; who has also another “coup d'essai" in prima donna at the King's Theatre. There has been an insurrec. the press, called “ The Letter"--the words by Atkinson.

tion among the tailors of that establishment. The whole army of The new production, from the pen of the author of “ Vivian artistes (forty-five it traunery made a strike, on being refused an Grey," is to be entitled “The Young Duke,"

advanee of wages. Laporte is in despair, and the new ballet of Sir Arthur Brooke's Narrative of his Recent Tour in Spain, and

“Kenilworth” still in the limbo of vanity.-+A burletta has been subsequently in Barbary, is on the eve of publication.

produced at the Olympic, termed " Taken by Surprise.” It has The Third Volume of Messrs Oliver and Boyd's Cabinet Library, been vehemently attacked, and fuintly defended. An English ver. devoted to Egypt, is in an advanced state of preparation, although sion of Boieldien's “ Le Nouveau Seigneur de Village" has been the time of its appearance is not yet definitely fixed. The naine produced at the same theatre . Its name in “ Duke for a Day,"of the learned compiler, Dr Russell, is a suihcient warrant that it a good translatioy, well got up, and well acted. --A new actress will prove an interesting work. It is to be adorned with nuner. ous wood-cutchiefly, illustrative of the architectural remains forming in Londonthe French actors at present per.

any'marked of Egypt. To judge by some proofs which have been shown us, between the great and the nor theatres has at last been deter. they exceed in fineness any wood-ents we have seen. A new edi mined. The privilege of the English Opera House is restricted to tion of the first volume of this interesting series bjes upon our six months in every year.-+ In Paris, a pioco has been produced at table_but was received too late in the week to admit of our no the Nouveautés, under the seductive title of ke Cholera Morbus ! ticing it otherwise than by stating here, that it contains full and It represents all the theatres of Paris as afilicted with an allegori. accurate details of the wrecks of the whalers last year, collected cal influenza, consequent upon their want of encouragement under at no small expense of labour and money; and likewise the only existing circumstances. Each theatre is represented by an actor authentic information yet published respecting Captain Ross's

or actress, who is made to labour under some thisease, supposed to enterprise.

be an ilogous to its present con/lition. Liverpool affords enconJohn Nevay, the author of some pleasing verses which have ap

ragement at once to Duétow and two theatres -Vandenhoff is peared in this Journal, has a volume of poems in the press.

engaged to play with Young during his farewell visit to Glasgow We understand that Mr Martin is now engraving two new

-We hope this is also the case here.-Seymour opens his theatre prints_“Satan presiding at the Infernal Council," and "Pande.

in Glasgow with the strength of the Belfast circuit, and the Nor. inonium,” on the same scale as the Belshazzar's Feast.

mans-dancers of soine celebrity. The establishment, we learn, is The lady of one of the dignitaries of the church, recently recei.

to wear an entirely new face. --A new national drama is in preved a begging letter addressed as follows: “To the Right Rev. paration at home here, entitled, we believe, “A Week at Holr. Mother in God, the Bishopess of "! This is better than the rood," It is snid to bw from the pen of a lady favourably known in letter received by the Duchess of Northnmberland, during the

the literary world. The opera of “ Don Giovani" is announced, time his Grace was Viceroy of Ireland, which was addressed, "To

and we learn that one of Cimarosa's is also in preparation. The her Grace the Lady Lieutenant of Ireland."

theatre is looking life-like both behind and before the curtain. Our readers found in our last muinber an announcement of a new edition of Mr Crofton Croker's Killarney Legends,“ with

.. WEEKLY LIST OF PERFORMANCES. contributions from Mrs Norton and G. P. R. James, Esq." In re.

Ferruary 20-Nancu 4. ference to the contributions from Mr James, we are authorised to make the following statement :--Some time ago, a short poem, by SATA Cinderella, Sepuration anti Reparation. that gentleman, fell into the hands of the Eilitor of the Literary Mon. Man and Wife, Do., & Free and Ensu. !! Gazette. That gentleman applied for the author's perinission to publish it in his journal, which was granted. Mr James was, how.

TUB$. l Fuxio, Riparation und Separation, Gilderoy. ever, both surprised and annoyed to find the verses prefaced by a

Wep. Cinderellu, & Do, 1,118,5 tisoo ! statement of the circumstances under which they were composed,

THURS. 'Do. De. which had not the shadow f a four ation in fact. Mr Croker,

FRI.

Do. 10. seeing the verses in the columns of the Literary Gazette, wrote to Mr James, requesting that he would allow him to insert them in the new edition of his “Legends.” Leave was given him to make what use he pleased of them, provided the cock anda bullistory.

TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. prefixed to them in the paper in which they first appeared, was In otit text, A sont','tto Eftrick'sh phếrd ; Reviews of the omitted. This is the sum total of Me James': "" contributions" to Marithmont Pupork, and or sketches of Venetian History (in the the new edition of the “Legends."

Family Library) ; Pogrther with the continuation of "the Walche. PERIODICALS FOR MARCH. - The New Monthly contains an amu. rer Expedition," ud A NOVELTY."". sing quiz upon autobiographies, by Poole, the author of Paul Pry. +

U'M. M." Whut dof"Cumust'be contented with the same Fraser has a judicious and able article upon Shiller; a portrait answer.-“ The Last of the Mae Fans" has been recovered, but we of Mrs Norton, less fearfully pathetic than that in the New Monthly have not yet lind leisure tú purse it.- We do not know who for February, but sufficiently in the “ sitting for her portrait" / "l'Illaistro Préint" is, and ite arr averse to aid in praising a man style; and in general much vigour and spirit, but too decidedly in of whose merits we are ignorant.--"£. 2." las poetry about him, imitation of Blackwood.-- We are inclined to opine that the best but he must learn to abjure the cant phrases of versifiers - The article in the Monthly is “ The Merchant's Clerk,"—the “ Notes papers enquired after by “0. C." hnye never come into our of the Month" are as smart as ever. The United Serrice has seve. hands. ral articles that will be perused with eagerness --The Memoir of Marmont, and the account of the military events of last July in Paris - The Battle of Waterloo, in a Letter from a Private Soldier, Errata in Our Last.-- In the Review of the Harmonicon, for

A Letter from Gibraltar,-and a Monody upon “ Passed Mid. Rerue Musical, read Musicale,-for stoccato, read staccato,- for shipmen." - The Asiatic Journal is, if we may indge by its table of a son gont, read a son goût.

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rest.

LITERARY CRITICISM.

The narrative of three years and a half, so rich in dis

coveries, could be but flimsily and dryly detailed in our Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific and Behring's limited space ; we confine ourselves, therefore, to an epi

Strait, to co-operate with the Polar Expeditions per- sode-the history of the mutineers of the Bounty, a subformed in His Majesty's Ship Blossom, under the com- ject to which Byron's “ Island” has lent additional intemand of Captain F. W. Beechey, R.N., in the Years

Captain Beechey's account of them is compiled 1825, 26, 27, 28. Published by Authority of the Lords almost entirely from the narrative of Adams, who was, Commissioners of the Admiralty. 4to. Pp. 742.

at the time the Blossom touched at Pitcairn's Island, the London. Colburn and Bentley. 1831.

only survivor of “ Christian's comrades," and who has

himself since paid the debt of nature. The cause of the Waex Captain Parry sailed in 1821, on his last at- mutiny is thus explained : tempt to discover a North-west Passage, and Captain “ Throughout the voyage, Mr Bligh had repeated misFranklin set out to connect his discoveries at the mouth understandings with the officers, and on several occasions of Coppermine River with the farthest known point on

had given them and the ship's company just reasons for the western side of America, it was anticipated that both complaint. Still, whatever might have been the feelings of parties, if successful, would reach the open sea in Beh- much less was there any idea of offering violence to their

the officers, there was no real discontent among the crew; ring's Strait, nearly destitute of provisions. Captain cominander. The officers, it must be admitted, had much Franklin and his companions would, in addition, have more cause for dissatisfaction than the seamen, especially been destitute of a conveyance to a place whence they the Master and Mr Christian. The latter was a protegé could return to Europe. To obviate these difficulties, of Lieutenant Bligh, and unfortunately was under some the Blossom was dispatched, under Captain Beechey, to obligations to him of a pecuniary nature, of which Bligh zwait the arrival of the two expeditions. The instruc- frequently reminded him when any difference arose. Christions of the Lords of the Admiralty were, that the Blos- repeatedly fell to his lot, in common with the rest of the

tian, excessively annoyed at the share of blame which som should, after doubling Cape Horn, accurately exa officers, could ill endure the additional taunt of private mine as many of the islands of the Pacific ocean as they obligations; and in a moment of excitation told his comcould, consistently with the necessity the Captain lay under mander, that sooner or later a day of reckoning would of reaching the rendezvous in Behring's Strait by the 10th arrive." of July, 1826. In case nothing were heard during that The addition of a gratuitous insult at last drove Chrissammer of Captains Parry or Franklin, it was to winter tian to desperation. in some port of the Pacific. On returning to its station

“It was one of those beautiful nights which characterise in 1927, it was directed to call at Owyhee, to enquire the tropical regions, when the mildness of the air and the whether Captain Parry had passed. Having remained pondering over his grievances, considered them so intolera

stillness of nature dispose ihe mind to reflection. Christian, in Behring's Strait to as late a period of the autumn as

ble, that any thing appeared preferable to enduring them, the season should be found to admit of, the Blossom was and he determined, as he could not redress them, tbat he directed to return to England by the way of Cape Horn. would at least escape from the possibility of their being

Captain Beechey gives, at the close of his work, the increased. Absence from England, and a long residence following summary of what has been effected by the ex. at Otaheite, where new connexions were formed, weakpedition in the Blossom :

ened the recollection of his native country, and prepared “ In this voyage, which occupied three years and a half, his mind for the reception of ideas which the situation we sailed seventy-three thousand miles, and experienced of the ship and the serenity of the moment particularly every vicissitude of climate. It cannot be supposed that a

favoured. His plan, strange as it must appear for a young service of such duration, and of such an arduous nature, able profession, was to set himselt adrift upon a raft, and

officer to adopt, who was fairly advanced in an honourhas been performed without the loss of lives, particularly make his way to the island then in sight. As quick in as our ship's company was, from the commencement, far from robust. I have to lament the loss, in all, of fifteen execution as in design, the raft was soon constructed, varipersons. My professional habits have unqualified me for

ous useful articles were got together, and he was on the executing, with satisfzction to myself, the task of author: point of launching it, when a young otřicer, who afterwards ship, which has devolved upon me as cominander of the perished in the Pandora, to whom Christian communicaexpedition, and which I would not have undertaken, had

ted his intention, recommended him, rather than risk his I not felt confident that the candid public would look more

life on so hazardous an expedition, to endeavour to take to what has been actually done, than to the mode in which possession of the ship, which he thought would not be very the proceedings have been detailed. In the Appendix I difficult, as many of the ship's company were not well dishave collected as much information as the nature of the posed towards

the commander, and would all be very glad work would admit. Besides the interesting matter which

to return to Otalieite, and reside among their friends in it will be found to contain, the expedition has surveyed that island. This proposition accorded too well with the almost every place it touched at, and executed plans of four disposition of Christian's mind, and, hazardous as it was, teen harbours, of which two are new; of upwards of forty he determined to co-operate with bis friend in effecting it, islands, of which six are discoveries; and of at least six resolving, if he failed, to throw himself into the sea. That hundred miles of coast, one-fifth of which has not before, there might be no chance of being saved, he tied a deep-sea been delineated. There have also been executed drawings lead about his neck, and concealed it within his clothes.” and views of headlands, too numerous to appear in one

The success of the mutineers, in taking possession of work; and I bope shortly to be able to lay before the public the ship, is already well known. After they had cast off two volumes of natural history."

the boat into which Lieutenant Bligh and those of the

crew who adhered to him had been forced, they sailed for and joined Quintal and M'Coy, who, though glad of his Otaheite. Christian, afraid of detection, resolved to services, received him at first with suspicion. This great make for some more remote island. Eight sailors and acquisition to their force enabled them to bid defiance to six natives determined to follow his fate. Having in the opposité party; and to show their strength, and that

they were provided with muskets, they appeared on the vited several of the women on board, under the pretext ridge of mountains within sight of the village, and fired a of taking leave, the cables were cut, and they were car- volley, which so alarmed the others, that they sent Adams ried off to sea. They steered for Pitcairn's Island. The to say, that if they would kill the black man Menalee, and mountains of that island are difficult of access, with return to the village, they would all be friends again. The passes so narrow to be easily defended, and caves terms were so far complied with, that Menalee was shot; affording hiding-places from pursuers. On landing, the but, apprehensive of the sincerity of the remaining blacks

they refused to return wbile they were alive. ship was burnt, for fear of discovery.

“ Adams says it was not long before the widows of the “A suitable spot of ground for a village was fixed upon, with white men so deeply deplored their loss, that they deterthe exception of which the island was divided into equal mined to revenge their death, and concerted a plan to murportions, but to the exclusion of the poor blacks, who, being der the only two remaining men of colour. Another aconly friends of the seamen, were not considered as entitled count, communicated by the islanders, is, that it was only to the same privileges. Obliged to lend their assistance to part of a plot formed at the same time that Menalee was the others in order to procure a subsistence, they thus, murdered, which could not be put into execution before. from being their friends, in the course of time became their However this may be, it was equally fatal to the poor slaves. No discontent, however, was manifested, and they blacks. The arrangement was, that Susan should murder willingly assisted in the cultivation of the soil. In clear- one of them, Tetabeite, while he was sleeping by the side ing the space that was allotted to the village, a row of trees

of his favourite; and that Young should at the same inwas left between it and the sea, for the purpose of conceal- stant, upon a signal being given, shoot Nehow. The uning the houses from the observation of any vessels that suspecting Tetaheite retired as usual, and fell by the blow might be passing, and nothing was allowed to be erected of an axe; the other was looking at Young loading his gun, that might in any way attract attention. Every thing which he supposed was for the purpose of shooting hogs, went on peaceably and prosperously for about two years, and requested him to put in a goodcharge, when he received at the expiration of which, Williams, who had the misfor the deadly contents. The accomplishment of this fatal tune to lose his wife about a month after his arrival, by a scheme was immediately communicated to the two absenfall from a precipice while collecting birds' eggs, became tees, and their return solicited. There were now (October, dissatisfied, and threatened to leave the island in one of the 1793) left upon the island Adams, Young, M'Coy, and boats of the Bounty, unless he had another wife. The Quintal, ten women, and some children.” Europeans, not willing to part with him on account of his usefulness as armourer, constrained one of the blacks to

The women conducted themselves at first as might bestow his wife upon the applicant. The blacks, out

have been expected-seceded from the society whenever rageous at this second act of flagrant injustice, made they conceived any dissatisfaction, and kept the men in common cause with their companion, and matured a plan bodily fear, by carrying arms along with them. Industry of revenge upon their oppressors. The secret was imparted and general good behaviour continued, however, to into the women, who ingeniously communicated it to the

crease, white men in a song, of which the words were, - Why had been the first-whisky was the second.

until a new cause of trouble was introduced. Love does black man sharpen axe?-to kill white man.' The instant Christian became aware of the plot, he seized his “ It unfortunately happened that M'Coy had been emgun, and went in search of the blacks, but with a view only ployed in a distillery in Scotland ; and being very much of showing them that their plot was discovered ; and thus, addicted to liquor, he tried an experiment with the teeby timely interference, to prevent the execution of it. He root, and on the 20th April, 1798, succeeded in producing a met one of them (Ohoo) at a little distance from the village, bottle of ardent spirits. This success induced his compataxed him with the conspiracy, and, in order to intimidate nion, Mathew Quintal, to alter his kettle into a still, a him, discharged his gun, which he had humanely loaded contrivance which unfortunately succeeded too well, as freonly with powder. Ohoo, imagining that the bullet had quent intoxication was the consequence, with M.Coy in missed its object, derided his unskilfulness, and fed into the particular, upon whom it at length produced fits of deliwoods, followed by his accomplice, Talaloo, who had been rium, in one of which he threw himself from a cliff, and deprived of his wife. The remaining blacks, finding their was killed. The melancholy fate of this man created so plot discovered, purchased pardon, by promising to murder forcible an impression on the remaining few, that they their accomplices, who had Hed, which they afterwards resolved never again to taste spirits; and Adams has, I performed by an act of the most odious treachery. Ohoo believe, to this day kept his vow. was betrayed and murdered by his own nephew; and " About 1799, Quintal lost his wife by a fall from the Talaloo, after an ineffectual attempt made upon him with cliff, while in search of birds' eggs. He grew discontented, poison, fell by the hands of his friend and his wife-the and, though there were several disposable women on the very woman on whose account all the disturbances began, island, and he had already experienced the fatal effects of a and whose injuries Talaloo thought he was revenging in similar demand, nothing could satisfy him but the wite of common with his own.

one of his companions. Of course neither of them felt inThe tranquillity thus restored was preserved for about clined to accede, and he sought an opportunity of putting

them both to death. two years, at the end of wnicn the blacks were again irri- first attempt, but swore he would repeat it. Adams and

He was fortunately foiled in his tated by the ill-treatment they received from Quintal and Young, having no doubt he would follow up his resolution, M'Coy, two of the sailors. The plot was this time better came to the conclusion that their lives were not safe, and laid, and issued in the murder of Christian and four more that they were justified in putting him to death, which they of the Englishmen, the reduction of Adams—who was did with an axe.” severely wounded—and one of his companions, to servi The subsequent history of this colony is of a more tude, and the flight of Quintal and M.Coy, the causers of pleasing character. the mischief. The reign of the men of colour was, how

“ Adams and Young were not the sole survivors out of ever, of short duration.

fifteen males who landed on the island. They were both, The party in the village lived in tolerable tranquillity and more particularly Young, of a serious turn of mind. for about a week; at the expiration of which, the men of Since Christian's decease, church service had been regularly colour began to quarrel about the right of choosing the read every Sunday. They now, however, resolved to have women whose husbands had been killed; which ended in morning and evening family prayers, to add afternoon serMenalee's shooting Timoa, as he sat by the side of Young's vice to the duty of the Sabbath, and to train up their childwife, accompanying her song with the flute. Timoa, not ren, and those of their late unfortunate companions, in piety dying immediately, Menalee reloaded, and deliberately dis- and virtue. In the execution of this resolve, Young's educapatched him by a second discharge. He afterwards attack- tion enabled him to be of the greatest assistance. An asthed Tetaheite, who was condoling with Young's wife for matic complaint, under which he had for some time labourthe loss of her favourite black, and would have murdered ed, terminated his existence about a year after the death of him also, but for the interference of the women. Afraid Quintal, and Adams was left the sole survivor of the unforto remain longer in the village, he escaped to the mountains, tunate and misguided mutineers of the Bounty.

“ The reformation of these men could not have taken against the bigot James; and he had a great share in place at a more propitious moment. Out of nineteen child- bringing about the incorporating Union between Engren upon the island, there were several between the ages land and Scotland. His son Alexander, second Earl of of seven and nine years; who, had they been suffered longer Marchmont, was born in 1675, and died in 1740. His to follow their own inclinations, might have acquired habits which it would have been impossible for Adams to eradicate. boyhood was spent in exile, in Holland. He was bred His exertions were attended by advantages both to the ob- to the law. As Lord Lieutenant of Berwickshire, he jects of his care and to his own mind, which surpassed his raised two battalions of cavalry, and commanded one of most sanguine expectations. He nevertheless had an ardu- them in person. He served his country abroad in seveous task to perform. Besides the children to be educated, ral embassies; and died an active member of the Opposithe Otaheitan women were to be converted; and, as the tion to Sir Robert Walpole. Hugh, the last Earl of example of the parents had a powerful influence over the Marchmont, was born in 1708, and died, at an advanced children, he resolved to make them his first care. Here, also, his labours succeeded; the Otaheitans were naturally age, in 1794. He was the friend and correspondent of of a tractable disposition, and gave him less trouble than he Pope and Bolingbroke. He was an animated and acanticipated : the children also acquired such a thirst after complished debater in Parliament, an intelligent and scriptural knowledge, that Adams in a short time had little amiable country gentleman. Although acting by no more to do than to answer their enquiries, and put them in means such a conspicuous or influential part in state the right way. As they grew up, they acquired fixed habits affairs as his father or grandfather, he was closely conof morality and piety; their colony improved; intermarriages occurred ; and they now form a happy and well-re. nected with the leading statesmen of the day, and enjoyed gulated society, the merit of which in a great degree belongs their esteem and confidence. None of his papers of a to Adams, and tends to redeem the former errors of his later date than 1750 are given in this collection. life."

The private papers of three such men are necessarily The account given by Captain Beechey of the manners full of the most interesting matter. Not only do they and appearance of this infant nation is extremely inte bring to our knowledge many historical facts formerly resting, and may tempt us to pilfer again from his pages unknown, or of doubtful authority--they bring the actor's next week, if no press of new matter interfere to prevent in the scenes of the Revolution, the Union, the Rebelus. In the meantime, we take our leave of the gallant lions of 1715 and 1745 before us, as they lived, thought, author and his book, expressing our admiration of the and felt. We are admitted into the secret of all their manly, hearty, and sensible spirit which pervades it.

little intrigues; we see the opinions and feelings which motive their actions springing up vague and indistinct in their minds, or gradually gaining form and consistency

in their conversations with each other. We see parties A Selection from the Papers of the Earls of Marchmont, in the Possession of the Right Hon. Sir George Henry and practices of state developed and matured. In short,

forming, dissolving, and re-uniting--political principles Rose, Nlustrative of Events from 1685 to 1750. In three vols. 8vo. Pp. 292, 418, 479. London. John view—not in its superficial form, not in the variable and

we have the machine of state completely exposed to our Murray. 1831.

inconstant motions of those who merely take their tone The period of English history of which these volumes from others--but in its most necessary springs and are illustrative, is one of which we know little—to the wheels, the conduct of those whom chance or talent have purpose. There are, no doubt, histories, biographies, (so enabled to form the opinions of others, and lay hold upon called by courtesy,) constitutional essays, &c. &c. But the management of national affairs. all these meritorious works have one great fault; their In this point of view, the papers of Hugh Earl of facts are either traditionary gossip, or cut out of the Marchmont are peculiarly interesting. They refer to veracious columns of the newspapers of the day. The the periods immediately preceding, and immediately fol. history of monarchical countries is apt to degenerate lowing, the Rebellion of 1745. They serve effectually into mere biographies of their successive rulers ; the his- to strip that Quixotic enterprise of the false colouring of tory of England has erred in another way—the loud heroism which some late writers have attempted to convoice of popular commotion has distracted the attention fer upon it. We see that the madmen concerned in it too much from the personal character of those who in were doomed from the first to destruction. They had silence, but irresistibly, gave its progressive impetus to raised every man who was attached to their cause by the machine of the state.

remaining in Scotland, they would have given the goThe collections of private papers which are now be vernment time to muster forces to crush them-by pushginning to drop out one by one from family repositories, ing on, they disconcerted its operations, but, at the same promise in time to furnish us with more authentic infor- time, they abandoned their fastnesses, and delivered themmation. When these important publications have become selves up to an overwhelmingly superior and inimical sufficiently numerous, an author of comprehensive and population. Their own differences accelerated their deacute mind may, by conjoining the information they struction ; but union could only have made them misafford, with that wbich is to be found in the public chievous for a little longer space, to a country which records, give to the world a history of England from the knew nothing of them or their leader, and wished to Restoration till the accession of George III., the most know nothing. We do not call the person who plunges important, if not the most attractive era in our history. himself into such a predicament a hero, but a madman. It is a pleasing part of our task, as periodical literary Nor can above half-a-dozen of Charles Stewart's followers newsmongers, to give the public some preliminary notion claim even the lenient judgment that they were amiable of the character of each of these accessions to our histo- or high-minded dreamers. The mass of the Highlanders rical fund.

merely obeyed their chiefs, and the majority of these The volumes now before us contain a judicious selec-chiefs were disappointed politicians or bankrupts. Lord tion from the papers of the three Earls of Marchmont. Marchmont's papers show most satisfactorily that it was These noblemen were all possessed of superior natural not to any high-wrought enthusiasm that the Highlandabilities, carefully cultivated, and were all of them deeply ers owed their transient appearance of success, but solely engaged in the political business of their respective pe to the weakness and inefficiency of the ministry for the riods. Sir Patrick Hume, afterwards the first Earl of time being. Conscions of their own weakness and unMarchmont, was born in 1610, and died in 1724. He popularity, they hesitated to put into the hands of the was a strenuous and consistent advocate of Presbyterian Lowland counties of Scotland arms wherewith they and Constitutional principles during the dark reigns of might defend themselves, or even to allow them to unite; the two last Stewarts. He was an actor in the Mar- and the land was thus left with nothing to oppose the quis of Argyle's premature attempt to rouse Scotland | irruption of the Highland host. For corroboration of

this opinion, we need only refer the reader to Hugh for a war-cry to attract public favour and support. The Lord Marchmont's diary, from September 1745 to May genius of Swift and Boling broke devised one for them. 1746. The following passage sets in a clear point of They learned to plead the cause of the exiled family upon view their irresolution and paltry jealousies, even when principles of abstract liberty. There was something bold the enemy was at their gates :

in this attempt-more bola than honest. The tone which “I told Lord Bolingbroke, that we in Scotland were lost, they assumed, however, attracted to their ranks many in a dispute who should be Viceroy, but that I thought we who were disgusted with the vulgar profligacy of Walpole. ought to try every thing to save ourselves, and therefore Out of these elements gradually arose a constitutional Tory was going to the Duke of Montrose, to see if he would offer party, which, shortly after the accession of George III., to do whatever service he could ; and that I desired him to obtained the ascendency, and, with a few brief intervals, tell any of the English ministers he saw, to consider whe- maintained it until very lately. To mark the progress ther we could be of any use. I went to the Duke of Mon- of such an utter extinction of a political sect, seems to us trose, and proposed to him to ask the ministers, whether they who knew the king's affairs, thought we could be of a much' more instructive task than to dilate upon the any use, because we were ready. On his agreeing to it, I irruption of a small band of semi-barbarians into a proposed telling Lord Stair of it; and his Grace bade me civilized country. Towards effecting such a task, the speak: so we went together to him, and I told him what papers of Lord Hugh afford valuable contributions, we had thought of. He said it was extremely right, and We doubt much whether the mere general reader will would have a very good effect. I said, we feared it might find as much amusement in these papers as the historical be treated as officious or meddling; he said, that it must be

student profit. There is, however, much that must be well received; I told him if it was so, we thought of send attractive even in the eyes of the butterfly generation. ing an express for the Duke of Queensberry, and assembling others, so as to act all in conjunction to defend our liberty; The last words of Bolingbroke, Pope, and his Atossa, are he said, he found but one man in England, and that was too curious to remain unperused. Of the epistles of the Lord Thanet, who thought that the king should make a last mentioned, we last week submitted some specimens declaration to satisfy his people, that he meant to defend to our readers. Some of Bolingbroke's letters are as and secure our free constitution ; and then every man would gorgeons in language as his “ Idea of a Patriot King." rise in arms for him. At last he agreed, together with us, Pope is as attentive to point and antithesis in his latest to call Lord Tweeddale into a separate room at court, and letters as in those which he wrote in the heyday of his ask him, if we or any Scots peers could be of any service at court, observing, that the affairs of Scotland were consider- literary vanity. Chesterfield appears to much greater ed lightly, and that it was reckoned sure that the troops advantage than we had anticipated. Of all the statesmen now a-marching, would quiet every thing as soon as the king of the time, he alone seems to have seen what was the was gone in. I told Lord Stair, that as he could judge of true method of pacifying the Highlands. The Duke of the air du bureau better than I could pretend, I desired to Cumberland was cheered on by the rest. Marchmont know, whether he thought we ought to speak to Lord says, “I found Lord Chesterfield was for schools and Tweeddale as had been agreed; he answered with indifference it could do no hurt. On this I beckoned up the Duke villages to civilize the Highlands.” How far, in conof Montrose, and asked Lord Stair, if he thought we should ceiving this idea, he had outstripped his age, is apparent then take Lord Tweeddale aside; he repeated the same from the length of time which has elapsed without its answer, and turned to speak to some other body; on which being more than partially realized. the Duke pulled me by the sleeve, and going into a window, said, that we saw what was likely to happen to our offer, and that we had best postpone it.

When I came from court, Lord Gower came in, to 4 Year in Spain. By a Young American. In two whom I told that the Duke of Montrose and I had been to volumes. 8vo. Pp. 413, 377. London. John Muroffer our services; he said he was glad we had done it, on which I told him what had passed. He said the ministers could not tell what to depend on concerning Scotland, one

This is a clever, lively, and just sketch of a country side constantly contradicting the other. I told him, I'my- much more talked about than understood. The author self out of Parliament, and all I could influence in Parlia- entered Spain,-crossing the Pyrenees by the route which ment, should loudly complain, that Scotland was thrown leads to Barcelona. He passed through Tarragona and out of the King's protection. He said he did not see that; Valencia to Madrid ; spent the winter in the capital ; unI answered, Scotland was undone in the dispute between dertook some excursions in its environs, and made his exit, two men, who should be Viceroy of it, and the English travelling by the way of Cordova and Seville to Gibraltar

. be absolute lords of the kingdom, and thus the king had lost He is endowed by nature with the first great requisite his crown, which he seemed not to value; that all this for a traveller-good-humour, a disposition to see every might have been prevented last winter, if, instead of hold thing on the sunny side. He mixed with the people, ing up the Duke of Argyle to be king, and insisting on all and gaining their affections by deference to their prejuof us bowing to him, they had obliged his Grace to shake dices, saw them as they see each other. His remarks are hands with the rest of the nobility, and be content with his characterised by candour-judging the Spaniards by their share;

that the Duke was brought to do no- powers and capacities, not by that miserable state of sociai thing'unless he could do every thing, and Lord Tweeddale disorder into which their country is fallen ; by manly thought he had credit enough in the closet to suffer nobody and liberal sentiments worthy of himself, the denizen of to have power but himself; and, therefore, from resentment to the Duke of Argyle, and to all of us who had not a more free, moral, and happy community. cringed to him, he had neglected the common good and ne He is equally at home in describing the sturdy peasant, cessary precautions to defend the kingdom.”

and the sparkling donna. His sketches of the Madrid The nation must have been sound at heart that could beggars are worthy of Le Sage, or Guzman Alfarache : withstand aggression while its rulers were indulging in

“ There is, perhaps, nothing with which the stranger is such child's play.

more struck and more offended in Madrid, than with the But a much more important page of our nation's his- pitals and infirmaries, where the poor of the city might all

extent of mendicity. There are, indeed, abundance of hos tory is traced in Lord Hugh's correspondence; a vital be received and taken care of; but they are not subject to change in its political sentiments, the creation of a new compulsion, and such is the charm of liberty, that many political creed, the effects of which have shown them- prefer to roam about, and depend upon the casual charity selves in the eventful reign of George III. The two of the wayfarer. Unfortunately, the facility of gaining a great parties opposed to each other during the reigns of subsistence in Spain by begging is so great, that, not with Queen Anne and the two first Georges were the old with all its degradation, to the irksome task of daily labour.

standing the national pride, many ablebodied men prefer it, Tories, or Jacobites, and the Whigs. The gradual extinction of the party attached to the old dynasty left conscientious Christians, who give each day a portion of

This facility comes in part from the practices of certain those who had been accustomed to lead it sadly puzzled their abundance to the poor ; some from a mistaken sense

ray. 1831.

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