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fill'd up,

“ There was a smile on Rosalie's lip,

« « For if he were, then not unwatch'd my laughing eyes But a tear in her blue eye shone;

would shine, The smile was all for her lover's fate,

And not unpraised, among my hair, these foolish flowers The tear perchance for her own.

would twine;

And not uncall'd for be the song he loved so well to hear, " And down fell her ringlets of chestnut hair,

And not untold the whisper'd thanks-to woman's heart Down in a shower of gold;

80 dear.' And she hid her face in her lover's arms, With feelings best left untold.

“ But the pensive mood will soon be o'er--the mazy dance

be wreathed, “ Then slowly rose she in her bower,

And not again for weeks, for months, will my poor name With something of pride and scorn,

be breathed ! And she look'd like a tall and dewy flower

'Tis strange-'tis passing strange, how soon their places are That lifts up its head to the morn. “ She flung her golden ringlets aside,

Though sparkle after sparkle dies on life's o'ermantling cup." And a deep blush crimson'd her cheek.• Heaven bless thee, Alfred, and thy young bride, “Go, visit ye the festival, and cast your eagle glance Heaven give you the joy you scek!

Along the hall where music floats, or down the airg dance« • Thou wert not born for a cottage, love,

Is every ear intent to catch the minstrel's sprightly strain ? Nor yet for a maiden of low degree ;

Does every bounding step keep time wi' the pulse in every Thou wilt find thy mate in the King's Daughter

vein? Forget and forgive thy Rosalie.'”

“ Ay, by my faith! Above three days, what woman ever There is much truth to nature in “The Altered

pined? House."

For, out of sight, with all the sex, is to be out of mind. “ Old man! I pray thee, tell me why that house, Then adieu, my merry-hearted friends! adieu, with scarce Where I have spent so many a blessed hour,

a sigh! Wears now an aspect changed and comfortless ? And long be yours the cloudless brow, the bright and laughSince last I saw it, Indian suns have bronzed

ing eye !" The paleness of my cheek, but in my heart,

Perhaps the poem the most full of strong thought and Despite their influence, there has ever lain, Like a cool fountain with its margin green,

deep feeling, is the song. Why is my spirit sad ?' The deep remembrance of this long-loved spot.

“Why is my spirit sad ? But now I miss the beauty which of yore

Because 'tis parting, each succeeding year, Was shower'd upon it,—the glad friends I miss,

With something that it used to hold more dear Who, like a garland, wreathed themselves around.

Than aught that now remains ; So fair a family the land ne'er held :

Because the past, like a receding sail, Their merry faces were like sunny weather ;

Flits into dimness, and the lonely gale
And like the gushing of clear mountain brooks

O'er vacant waters reigos.
Their gentle voices. 'Twas a joy to come
Within sight of the smoke that curling rose

“Why is my spirit sad?
From their dear dwelling-place, and, in light wreaths, Because no more within my soul there dwell
Sailid o'er the high tree-tops. Tell me, old man,

Thoughts fresh as flowers that fill the mountain dell Why now so desolate the mansion looks,

With innocent delight; And why the summer evening falls more sad

Because I am aweary of the strife More sad and silent on these treliss'd walls.

That with hot fever taints the springs of life,

Making the day seem night. «• Death,' said the old man, as he turn'd on me His melancholy eye_ Death bas been there.

“Why is my spirit sad? The fairest of the flock are ta'en away,

Alas ! ye did not know the lost the dead, And on the rest the cold touch has been laid,

Who loved with me of yore green paths to treadBy which they know that speedily again,

The paths of young romance ; At morn or night, the spoiler will return

Ye never stood with us 'neath summer skies, To claim them for his own. A doom is on them.

Nor saw the rich light of their tender eyes
Upon the summer threshold of their years

The Eden of their glance.
They fade and wither, just when life is strong,
And the bright world in broader vistas lies.'

“Why is my spirit sad?
“ Lines on leaving a Summer Residence" are concei ve Have not the beautiful been ta'en away,
in a mingled spirit of playfulness and deeper thought,-

Are not the noble-hearted turn'd to clay

Wither'd in root and stem? of indulgence in pleasing retrospection, slightly tinged

I see that others, in whose looks are lit with sarcasm, which leaves a relish on the critical palate.

The radiant joys of youth, are round me yet,We could have wished something else substituted in lieu

But not-but not like them! of the fourth line of the first stanza, which strikes us as a forced conceit; and of the “ eagle glance" in the first line

“I would not be less sad! of our second fragment quoted below, which looks like

My days of mirth are past. Droops o'er my brow

The sheaf of care in sickly paleness now,attempting to give energy by dint of strong words_two

The present is around me ; faults of rare occurrence in Mr Bell's poetry.

Would that the future were both come and gone, “ Adieu, my merry-hearted friends! adieu, with scarce a And that I lay where, 'neath a nameless stone, sigh,

Crush'd feelings could not wound me !" My absence will not cloud one brow, nor dim one sparkling

There are only one or two pieces which we could have eye:

wished omitted. “ The Scarf of Gold and Blue," and We met in smiles-why part in tears? In this brief world of ours,

· The Dark Knight,” are well enough ; but they are The natural sun should not be hid by artificial showers. little more than repetitions of the old story of chivalry,

love, and bravery. They are pretty, but deficient in " It may be, that, in after times, a thought will sometimes character and human interest. Our objections to “ The

rise Of all our merry summer freaks beneath the summer skies; Uncle—a Mystery,” and the “ Tale of the Desolate," are And, with a suit and painless sigh, some rose-lipp'd girl gerated, the incidents are after the vulgar, horrible fash

The passion is strained and exagmay say, • I would that he were here to-night,—that wild one far ion of Lewis's Tales of Terror. This is an unbealthy away!

style of literature, most alien to the manly tone of Mr

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Bell's mind. With these exceptions, the volume before of the empire under Henri IV.,—the second to the overus is altogether of a pleasing and superior cast—of a throw of the monarchy by the Revolution. Without character which is pretty fairly represented by the speci- attention to the bias which the working of these precemens we have submitted to the reader.

ding ages had given to the character of Frenchmen and The most prominent features of Mr Bell's poetry, as the constitution of their state, (and they have hitherto far as we can judge from the volume now before us, are been turned to only by partisans, either of factions or manly vigour and clearness ; just, and often impassioned systems, who sought, by a distorted representation of feeling; great power of picturesque description; and sound them, to bolster up their own theories,) the true nature judgment. We know that these characteristics are by no and probable effects of that apocalyptic chapter, the means expressed, with the full power in which they are French Revolution, can never be comprehended. possessed by him, in the fugitive pieces now before us; The first rude government of France was, like that of but we scarcely imagine that any person will peruse the every state that arose upon the ruins of the Roman Emvolume without finding bold and distinct traces of them. pire, a mere compromise. Its efficacy depended entirely From a mind so constituted, and so enthusiastically upon the personal character of the sovereign. The kingbent upon distinguishing itself, we anticipate, in the fu- dom was nominally under a monarch. The various disture, productions of no ordinary merit.

tricts into which it was necessary to portion it out, with We may be allowed, in noticing the work of one who a view to the enforcing of law and police, were under the has been identified with this Journal from its commence control of delegates appointed by the crown. These, ment till a very recent period, to venture upon an ex- however, men of large property and influence, and remote pression of private feeling-a liberty which our readers from the sovereign, gradually arrogated to themselves an may rest assured we shall but rarely take with them. undue share of power. The provinces became in reality We would observe that the frank spirit in which we so many federate states, owning a shadow of allegiance to have criticised this book, is a test of that rigid control of one common head. But there were, moreover, scattered all individual bias (as well friendly as inimical) that plentifully through the kingdom, large and populous cities, shall ever mark our critical judgments. At the same little states of themselves, which had preserved their sepatime, we esteem it a high compliment to him, in whose rate existence amid the wreck of a former empire, and strength of mind we have sufficient confidence to venture had been received, with their republican institutions, and upon a free and unexaggerated expression of our opinion, the right of self-government, into the bosom of the state. without fear that the slightest scurf should dim the bright. There were, therefore, even in that rude age, when the ness of his friendship. It is indeed with no slight effort rights of man were words unbreathed, undreamed of, that we have kept ourselves from expressing our opinion rights of property and independence vested in individuals of the author, rather than of a work wbich, however beau. ready to contend for them, and to tell an encroaching tiful, we know he considers but as the voice of his unbended sovereign, “ Remove not the ancient landmarks which moments. We have stood side by side with Mr Bell for thy fathers have set.” The kings had then no greater some time, and know him to be a man of strong natural permanent forces at their command than their personal genius, energetic in his character, warm and constant in domains enabled them to support. Their only means of his affections. He has by his own talent and activity, attaining a commanding attitude was to conciliate as backed by no wealthy and influential publisher-by no many of the magnates of the realm as enabled them to great name in literature-established this Journal in a overawe and repress the remainder. fair repute and extended circulation. It is now clear of This was no regulated constitution, but a compromise the land, and in the deep and safe sea, where it will be between anarchy and despotism, each watching its moment comparatively easy to steer its course. How his succes to snatch the ascendency. Under the feeble monarchs sor in command shall acquit himself, time alone can who held the sceptre during the wars of England, the show. He is gratified to think, that while most of the nation seemed resolved into a thousand petty principalities. old friends and contributors of the Journal continue their Under Louis XI., and again under Francis I., men of assistance, some new ones have already been gained. For energy, the will of one was the law. Under the descendhis own part, he pledges himself to unwearied exertion ants of the latter it again relapsed into anarchy. When and fearless independence. He seeks no patron but the confusion had reached its greatest height, Henri IV. and public, and from it all that he asks is a free field and no Sully arose to construct a new state out of the fragments favour.

of the old. The progress of learning and of the Reformation had introduced an inextricable confusion into the

factions which agitated France. Religious hatred had The History of France. By Eyre Evans Crowe. Vol. II. arrayed the nation under two hostile banners. It was (Being the Cabinet Cyclopædia, Part XV.) London :

no longer the nobles jealous of the communities of the Longman, Rees, and Co. 1831.

burghers, and seeking to crush them : the Catholic peer Me Crowe's second volume brings down the history was linked to the Catholic citizen. It was no longer of France from the assassination of Henri IV., in 1610, family feuds alone that banded the magnates of the realm to the Legislative, or second National Assembly, in 1792. against each other : those of one faith were called upon This is the most important period in the whole history to merge their private animosities in devotion to the of France. That which preceded it shows the gradual / cause of their party. But, under this seeming unity, the tendency of an unorganized state towards a constitution. , elements of discord were busy at work. Many, who rallied Itself shows the gradual consolidation of a despotic, and round the Huguenot standard, cared little for religion-consequently a bad one, together with its necessary end, their concealed object was political liberty. Many a a bloody and disgraceful dissolution. That which has nobleman was confirmed in his faith by hatred of a rival succeeded bas not yet come to its close—the mazy turns house. Hence, distrust among allies, faithlessness, and and intricacies of the portentous drama, are yet but half desertion. Men lost sight of the great objects, to attain unravelled ;—its end we cannot even conjecture, although which the struggle had commenced.

Their hearts grew amid all its violence, and worse, amid the vacillation and cold. But although the nation sighed for peace, its inimbecility of the greater part of those who live in it, testine broils seemed as interminable as their cause bad there is cheering appearance of good gaining, by slow de- become indefinite. All parties had confidence in the grees, the ascendency over evil.

honour and integrity of the king and his minister. They It may, perhaps, be not altogether displeasing to some were willing to give up their own rights, provided their of our readers if we illustrate a little more at length our antagonists were placed in no better situation. Thus the opinion of the tendencies of the first and second period of immunities and privileges of the whole kingdom were French history—the first extending to the consolidation surrendered into the monarch's hands.

The commencement of the second era finds the French womanhood, unenforced by either firmness or sagacity," king the only recognised source of power and legislation we are fully entitled to call in question the depth and in the state. The legislative assemblies of the provinces sagacity of his mind. When we find inferences like the and the kingdom have fallen into abeyance. The muni- following, we are entitled to doubt his logical acuteness : cipalities have been deprived of their corporate rights. “ In the elections for the tiers état, or cummons, we find The only remnant of a privilege in the hands of the sub- those chosen to represent the people, to be universally jects was the federal assembly of the Huguenots. The either lawyers or financiers; the only two issues in.leed powers vested in this body were, however, too great to for the plebeian to rise to eminence. Hence it was that be consistent with the preservation of order in any nation. | in past times of trouble, when the great towns stood forth They never could be contemplated as permanent. They in support of liberty, butchers and men of vile trades were the mere result of a want of ability or will in the were its leading supporters; and their ferocity marred the majority of the nation to compel the minority at once to cause more than their zeal aided it.” What necessary unconditional acquiescence in the new constitution. Such connexion there is between lawyers being the representa state of affairs could not last; but must terminate atives of the commons, and butchers their leading patriots, either in the subversion of government, or the suppression is more than our sagacity can discern. Again, when we of an anomalous imperium in imperio. By the skilful find him successfully enunciating in general terms an management of the court, the reformers were gradually important moral truth, but losing himself under a cumdisunited and disarmed, and finally subdued. The boast brous heap of vague imagery when he seeks to illustrate of Louis XIV. became a political truth-in France the it, we may be sure that his mind is deficient in clearness king was the nation.

and comprehensiveness. Of such failures, the following The task of the author who undertakes to write the passage is an apt instance: “ Had Richelieu, with all his history of such a system of government, from its esta- genius and sagacity, undertaken for liberty what he blishment under Henri IV. till its overthrow under achieved for royalty, bis age would have rejected, or misLouis XVI., is neither easy nor unimportant. He is understood him, as it did Bacon and Galileo. He might, called upon to paint the gradual reduction of the citizens indeed, as a man of letters, have consigned such a political and peasantry to a state of mere animal existence; of the dream to the volume of an Utopia, but from action or nobility, to the condition of imbecile and haughty in- administration, he would soon have been discarded as a triguers. He must show_not in vague statements of dreamer Liberty must come of the claim of the mass ; generalities, as is admissible in the essayist, but by a con- of the general enlightenment, firmness and probity. It cise, well-arranged selection of ascertained facts, wbich

is no great physical secret, which a single brain finding paint the state of society—the gradual formation of charac- may announce and so establish : it is a moral truth, wbich, ter in the two classes. The inodifications further super- like a gem, hides its ray and its preciousness in obscurity, induced by the varying character of the rulers, must, nor becomes refulgent till all around it is beaming with moreover, be clearly shown :--the effects of the stern light.” Lastly, when we find a man gravely laying down despotism of Richelieu (Louis XIII. was king but in a mistaken notion as an ascertained fact, we may fairly name); of the vainglorious self-will of Louis XIV.; of doubt his acquaintance with his subject. “ The great the dissolute habits of the Regent and Louis XV. The cities of France,” says Mr Crowe, “ had never succeeded reader must be made to see how the kingdom was govern- in obtaining any thing like chartered right.” We think ed by physical, not by moral force-how, wben the our readers will, after perusing these specimens, admit expensive habits of the court, by introducing irretrievable that there is a presumption in favour of the judgment we confusion into the finances, loosened the grasp of power, now pass upon Mr Crowe :-He is a writer of considerthere was no hold left to restrain the wild will of an able liveliness ; of right feeling, and possessed of rather untutored populace. Above all, he must be made to see more than an average share of the information now so that the aspirations after all that is generous and good, generally diffused; but he is totally deficient in the great which literature can cherish even in the most demoralised requisites of a historian. societies, when unwedded to practical views of life, and We have spoken rather favourably above of his powers confirmed habits of self-government, become the most as a story-teller. Here is a specimen : dangerous elements in popular commotions. In short, this period of French history, if properly treated, cannot fail to be a clear demonstration of the fatal effects of a “ The name of this town reminds us not to pass over despotic government, and its inevitable tendency to break the celebrated father Joseph, a Capuchin friar, the follower down into anarchy.

and coufidant of Richelieu. We can scarcely imagine a Mr Crowe has entirely failed in producing such a bis-statesman and an ambassador clothed in a monk's frock tory. His narrative is a succession of anecdotes smartly less mingled in all the intrigues of the French court, and its

and sandals: yet such was father Joseph-a name more or told; of remarks sometimes ingenious-malways showy; negotiations with others. His influence was known, and of chronological notices of the births and deaths of princes ; he was dreaded by the court as a kind of evil spirit; in fact the favour and disgrace of ministers; of occasional frag- the demon of Richelieu. Although the latter never pro. ments of statistical detail. But there is no continuous cured his monkish friend the cardinal's hat, which he narrative of the nation's progress in civilisation, or retro- demanded, still the people called father Joseph his "grey grade movements—no clear views of its constitution, eminence, at once to distinguish him from, and assimilate laws, and manners. The book is good enough for such

him to, his ‘red eminence the cardinal. They had been as read merely with a view to obtain such superficial and talent; the monk, however, sacrificed bis personal

friends from youth ; congenial spirits in ambition, depth, knowledge as may enable them to talk plausibly in society; elevation to that of the cardinal. Richelieu was much inbut it is not a history of France from which solid or debted to him :-it was Joseph that roused and encouraged satisfactory information is likely to be derived.

him, when stupified and intimidated by the invasion of We are not much addicted to verbal criticism, regard-Picardy; and it was said that, after his death, Richelieu ing it in most instances as low, captious, and quibbling. showed neither the same tirmness nor sagacity. When It may, however, occasionally be turned to account; in as

father Joseph was on his death bed, Richelieu stood by it:

it was a scene such as a novelist might love to paint. "The far as an author's style is sometimes indicative of the

conversation of the two ecclesiastics was still of this world; peculiarities of his mind. When, for example, we find and the cardinal's last exhortation to the expiring monk an author endeavouring to be striking by the use of out was, · Courage, Father Joseph, Brisach is ours!' a form of of-the-way words and phrases, such as legists,“ he consolation characteristic of both." intervened with success in the squabbles of the different orders,” or attempting to supply strength of thought by strength of language, in phrases like—“she was simple


Songs of the Ark; with other Poems. By Henry. S. ing “ dainty device of the ladie and the crow” to be pret

Even James Wilson, however, will admit the followRiddell. 12mo. Pp. 336. Edinburgh: William Blackwood. London: T. Cadell. 1831.

tily imagined :

“ But Japheth's wife, so brisk of mood, The mocking-bird, we are told by naturalists, has no Amid the mountain's solitude, notes of its own, but imitates felicitously those of every With airy form and footstep light, other feathered vocalist. There are an immense number Pursued afar the raven's Hight, of mocking birds among the “ sweet singers” of our day.

That she might gain a jewel gay, The writings of this class of the great natural family of

Which, snatching, he had borne away; poets remind us of an opera by Bishop-pretty in its

Yet still as she, in bope, would gain general effect, but with almost every successive passage

His resting-place, and search'd in vain,

Returning, he would near her perch, reminding us of a different composer. In perusing their

And boldly aid that eager search; well-turned couplets, we are continually tempted to say And gledge and downward cast his eye, that's Moore,--that turn is Coleridge all over,—these are And tear the mud and moss around, Scott's octosyllables. The poetry of a mocking-bird is

As if he would with her outvie of that kind which constitutes nice light summer reading

In finding what could not be found.for young ladies. It is always musical, and never over The verse we are about to quote notices a curious fact burdened with meaning. It is like the drowsy and mo- respecting the effect of frost upon ashes—another proof of notonous bum of gnats in a summer evening. It might the author's conversance with natural history: be read with great pleasure anu delight by the dwellers in Thomson's Castle of Indolence.

“ Afar the mountain tops were seen,

But the wave-worn mountains were not green, Mr Riddell is a mocking-bird-an elegant and amiable


grey as frozen ashes, when one, and yet but a mocking-bird. We do not mean that The winter day is on the wane.”, he sits down with a deliberate and forethought felonious intent to perpetrate plagiarism,—that he is aware his

It only remains to be noticed, that indifferent as our versification as well as his thoughts are but the echoes of opinion of the merits of this poem is, it contains several the poet's voices he has read ringing in his ears, after he passages that indicate higher powers than we should have, has forgot the source they were derived from. We mean

from its general tenor, inclined to give the author credit simply, that the native and unaided powers of Mr Rid- for possessing. Among these, is the impressive prelude dell's mind never would have prompted or enabled him

to the deluge: to build the lofty rhyme. But he has an ear capable of “ When the secret council of the sky feeling pleasure in the jingle of versification; and, having Was spread in open light before their eye, some odd snatches of rhyme and metre stored up in bis

And from Jehovah's will the thought went forth, memory, he is enabled to string them into a plausible

That told through heaven the destiny of earth, whole, which is his own in virtue of the arrangement

Emotion of inexplicable kind

Trembled afar through all created mind. and fitting of the different parts, although not one of them is original.

« The sinful sons of men in homes below Even had our author possessed more originality of

Own'd dark presentiments of coming woe, thought and versification, we should have objected to his

As if had 'pear'd the shadow of the curse writing of the subject he has attempted to grapple with,

That hung, to deepen, o'er the universein the style he has done. There is an austerity about

The arm, prepared to work the works of hell,

Shorn of its power, in palsied frailty fell; the simple grandeur of the primeval records of our race, And lips, that wont so fiercely to dispute unsusceptible of expression in that dancing and luscious In words of blasphemy, grew pale and mute, verse, which is so well adapted to the butterfly passions As startled looks, with wilder'd meaning fraught, and adventures of a vale of Cashmere. The destruction From heart to heart convey'd the sudden thought, of a world—the simple grandeur of the rescued patriarchs

That from some dread, unalterable decree, have no alliance with "gushings” and/" flushings,” with

Unwonted doom bad been, or soon should be; “stealings” and “ revealings." We cannot fancy the

Even nature show'd a strange and wild dismay,

As if her secret laws had rollid astray.
wife of Ham, sitting in the ark with a clairsbach on her
knee, singing such an Irish melody as the following: “ The azure sky, that scarce a cloud had known
“ These ringlets yet are dark and long,

Since first its glowing lamps in glory shone
And the eye has lost not all its light,

Since first, amid its airy regions hung,
Though it might not aye its tears among

The morning stars in joy together sung,
Be all so blue and all so bright,

Began to mingle with its native blue,
As yet it seem'd, ere the lily white

A wildly sicken'd, melancholy hue,
Had chused the shadow of the rose,

Pale as the light that tampers with the gloom
That they told (who told 2)—if e'er they told aright-

Around the precincts of the whiten’d tomb,
Would on the cheek repose,

When morn its earliest glimmering renews
Ere this fading form bad ceased to stand

Athwart the wild weeds and the churchyard dews." Among the loveliest of the laud."

This passage is far from perfect, but it contains germs The man who attempts to paint the deluge by introdu- of true poetical feeling. eing a young lady whimpering over the reminiscences of fancy balls, can have little of the deep and 'hallowed feeling of a poet about him. Noah's anthem seems to have Illustrations of British Ornithology. By Prideaux John been composed in emulation of Horace Smith's “ Fire

Selby, Esq., F.R.S.E., F.L.S., &c. Edinburgh : King."

W. H. Lizars. London : Longman and Co. Ele“ Even now, the strong barriers that girdled the deep phant Folio. Letter-press Descriptions 8vo. Vol. I. Are broken, and in the great strength of their tone,

Pp. 335.
The waves of destruction, unbounded in sweep,
Come rushing resistlessly on.”

NATURAL HISTORY is an accumulation of facts, drawn Ham's song, on the contrary, seems modelled upon the from the researches and observations of a variety of instyle of Tate and Brady.

dividuals, who have devoted their attention to its multi“ Then was the glow of fancy bright,

farious departments. Every book, therefore, which has And all was fair and free,

for its object the illustration of one of its divisions, is, And mortals had a deep delight

when judiciously managed, a valuable acquisition to phyUpon the earth to be."

sical knowledge. Nothing so materially contributes to

its advancement, as descriptions and representations of a ences are found to obtain, Mr Selby bas figured the male, department--the productions, for example, of a particular female, and young, of each species. In his descriptionis, country, district, or physical division. The splendid he has satisfactorily proved, that many arbitrarily estabook now before us is a work of this kind.

blished species, distinguished by various appellations, must We admire alike the splendour of the undertaking, and be reduced to one; and as his opinions are formed upon the perseverance of the man who has executed so arduous a personal observation, their accuracy may be relied upon. task. During the short period which has elapsed since His situation in the country is favourable to ornitholothe commencement of these Ilustrations, their indefati- gical pursuits, and he has embraced every opportunity gable author has drawn from nature, etched on copper with a praiseworthy zeal. with his own hand, and described, no less than one hun. The arrangement followed by Mr Selby is that of dred and eighty-six elephant folio plates, containing the Temminck, but he has differed from him in a few minor whole of our British birds, (frequently the male, female, particulars ; such as uniting the two orders Insectivores and young,) and most of our occasional visitants. Every and Granivores of that author, under the designation of bird is the size of nature, except such as are too large to Passerine ; retaining, however, the orders of Temminck, come within the range of his paper. About half-a-dozen as sub-divisions of that which he has formed from the birds have been contributed by Captain Mitford, R. N. union. Mr Selby likewise differs from Temminck in his

The first volume comprehends the land, the second the views regarding the occasional variation in the plumage water birds of Britain. Of the latter series, the 9th of birds, which we shall give in his own words : Part has just appeared, and with it an announcement, that the work will be completed by the forthcoming though not to an actual change of feather, yet to a consider

“ In some cases, the male bird particularly is liable, Number, consisting of twelve plates, which we under able variation either in colour or in brilliancy of hue on cerstand to be in a considerable state of advancement. tain parts of the plumage at the season of pairing. This

Here is an example of industry worthy of imitation. variation has been attributed by Teniminck to the action of Mr Selby, possessed of an ample fortune, has avoided the the air, and a gradual wearing away of the edges of the frivolities which are but too often its concomitants. feather ; but I am sorry to be compelled, from the result of While he has seen his friends both at home and abroad, long-continued

observation, to dissent from the opinion of

so eminent a naturalist. I am induced to consider the has enjoyed the occasional exercise of field-sports, has plumage to be so far an actual part of the living bird, as to been an active magistrate in Northumberland, and high be under the influence of such constitutional change as the sheriff for the county, has travelled on the continent, and bird may at any time experience, and such a change is visited every district of bis native country, he has yet strongly demonstrated at the scason alluded to; witness its found time to produce a work, which many might think effects in the high degree of spirit frequently demonstrated, sufficient occupation for an ordinary lifetime. Besides

and in the superior song generally called forth at this parthis, he has, along with Sir William Jardine, published ticular period. That there is an invisible circulating fluid several parts of a work on General Ornithology.

pervading the feather, appears from the striking difference

in elasticity and brilliancy of colour between the feather of Mr Selby having drawn all his subjects from life, where a bird whilst alive, and upon the same bird but a short it was practicable, his etchings have an air of reality in time after death. In water birds, this principle of life in them which is seldom to be met with in drawings taken the feather (if I may be allowed the expression) is singu. from stuffed specimens, however well set up. These larly apparent; as the plumage that is impervious to water plates, with one or two exceptions, are faithful pictures of upon the living bird is, almost immediately after death, the originals, the proportions of the different parts being feather inay not be influenced by the constitutional state of

permeable to it. There can be no reason, then, why the well kept up, and the character of the feathering accu

the bird; and as that is in its highest degree of vigour immerately delineated. Indeed, there is a felicity in Mr Selby's diately previous to the season of propagation, why may not execution of soine kinds of feathers, which we have never such vigour be exhibited to the very extreme points of the seen equalled in the most elaborate productions of engra- circulating medium, by a partial variation of colour, or an vers--namely, that freckling and clouding, exemplified increased lustre of tone in the former hue of the feather? in his owls, goatsucker, partridges, ptarmigans, and many pathology, that the state of health may, in man, be ascer.

It is not fanciful, for it has been established as a maxim in of the duck tribe; there is, besides, in his general plu- tained by 'the occasional Aaccidity or crispness of the hair ; mage an identity of texture, which at once conveys to the and have we not repeatedly met with well-authenticated mind of the naturalist a genuine feeling of the real instances of great and sudden changes having taken place subject. The prevailing style of the etching is bold and in its colour, under strong mental affections, acting only, free, without any appearance of irregularity or slovenli- of course, through the organic structure of the body?" Where delicate plumage is intended to be imitated,

The plates are coloured by Mr W. H. Lizars, with that the etching is managed with great sweetness and clear- beauty and skill which generally characterise his works

in this department of art. We must, however, remark, that in some instances Mr Selby's subjects are out of drawing. This is eminently the case in the feet of the rough-legged buzzard, plate 7th. Eramination of the Claim of John Lindsay Crawfurd to The golden Orilole, male and female, we do not think

the Titles and Estates of Crawfurd and Lindsay: corgood portraits ; they are both too clumsy for the shape of that handsome bird. The feet of the male look as if

taining an Exposure of the Forgeries on which that they were pinned to the stump rather than grasping it.

Clnim is Founded, and a Refutation of the Statements We would recommend Mr Selby to re-etch this plate, as

in the Book entitled The Crawfurd Peerage." By it so ill accords with the others in his work.

James Dobie, F.S. A. Scot. 4to. Pp. 37. EdinThe illustrations of the land birds are accompanied by

burgh: William Blackwood. London: Thomas

Cadell. an octavo volume, descriptive of the habits and generic and specific characters of the birds he has engraved, to This is a sensible and well-written book. The exgether with an extensive collection of synonymes, intraordinary attempt of the person whose life and prace which he has cleared up many errors into which preceding tices it exposes, to obtain a peerage and estate by the aid authors had fallen. In birds there is usually a consider- of suborned witnesses and forged documents, is more like able difference in the colour and general arrangement of a story which one is accustomed to meet in a romance, the plumage of the sexes; and, almost invariably, very than a piece of authentic biography. The work now dissimilar changes take place while progressing from before us will possess an interest for those districts of the callow to the adult state. This has given rise in Scotland and Ireland, in which John Lindsay Crawfurd ornithology to enumerations and descriptions of many played his desperate game; and we are much mistaken species which do not actually exist. Where these differ. | if the extraordinary nature of his story do not attract



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