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transition range of Scotland. It is equally evident, that Journal of a Residence in Normandy. this unknown extent of early vegetation seems to have
By J. Augustus been called into existence during the formation of the
St John. (Being Constable's Miscellany, Vol. LXV.) mountain limestone group, or in the first period of Brong
Edinburgh : Constable and Co. London: Hurst, niart's division.” The third section exhibits "representa
Chance, and Co. 1831. tions of the organic texture, as discovered by the micro This is a clever and amusing book; at times tarnished scope, of several fossil plants of the coal formation, by a little flippancy, and at times by an affectation of mountain limestone group, and of the lias, together with profound learning, but withal the work of a man of corresponding representations of similar or analogous talent and right feeling. The author resided a winter structure, and comparative views of other fossil and re in the neighbourhood of Caen, and during the ensuing cent vegetables, accompanied with descriptive references." summer travelled through a great part of Normandy. This is the essential part of the publication, to which His work contains very precise and important details for the preceding two sections, however important, can only the instruction of families intending to emigrate to be regarded as introductory. Mr Witham adopts Brong- France. To such a measure, however, he does not hold niart's distribution of the vegetable kingdom into three out any very great inducements; and we can assure those classes of cryptogamic, and as many of phanerogamic who may be inclined, from the fact we have just stated, plants : First, agaric plants—such as consist entirely to picture this book to themselves as one of the numeof cellular tissue, and have no leaves--algæ, fungi, and rous and respectable class known by the names of “ Hints lichens; second, cellular cryptogamic plants—such as to Emigrants,” “ Advice to intending Settlers," and the have an entirely cellular organization, but possess leaves—like, that they are mistaken. Mr St John's book is enhypaticæ and musci; third, vascular cryptogamic plants- tertaining and instructive ; and, what is a more marked in which the cellular tissue almost always contains dis- | feature of distinction, it is honest. We suspect many a tinct vessels-equisetaceæ, fillices, &c. ; fourth, gymnosper- one who has made up his mind to seek cheap living in mous phanerogamic plants in which the seeds are France, may feel misgivings upon reading a description destitute of capsules -- the cycadeæ and coniferæ ; fifth, of the mental degradation of his expatriated predecessors. monocotyledonous phanerogamic plants-having the stem
“ Indeed, there are not, I imagine, in the whole world, herbaceous, bulbiform or arborescent, destitute of con
persons more to be pitied than English economizers on the centric rings or distinct bark-gramineæ, liliaceæ, continent. Cut off from old associations, they become palms, &c. ; sixth, dicotyledonous phanerogamic plants restless, dissatisfied, unhappy. They are seldom sufficiently with the stem herbaceous or woody, and, in the latter numerous in any place, to allow of each person among them
and whatever case, formed of concentric layers, the greater part of the finding society exactly
according to his taste ; more ordinary vegetation of the present epoch. This they may pretend to the contrary, they never thoroughly section being occupied with details of observations made mal gratifications, they eat, drink, sleep, and creep on in
enjoy the society of the natives. 'Reduced to the mere ani. with a view to ascertain to which of these classes certain discontent and obscurity to their graves. Some of them, it fossils belong, is unsusceptible of abridgment. We refer is true, enjoy that sort of excitement which gambling farthe reader to Mr Witham's pages. The concluding sec nishes, and which people without brains mistake for pleation contains some remarks upon the vegetables repre
sure; but these persons are quickly reduced to a state more sented in the plates, and upon fossil vegetables in general. wretched than that of the mere eating and drinking emi. Of twelve fossil plants examined by Mr Witham, eight grants, and generally end by furnishing prematurely a sub
ject to the French demonstrators of anatomy, species-belonging to the lias-are indisputably coniferæ ;
" In proportion to the length of time they have been while four-belonging to the coal formation-are, to all away from England, their patriotism, or rather their naappearance, of the same family. Respecting their gene- tionality, is strong; for the feeling increases, as time softens ral appearance, Mr Witham remarks,-“The coniferæ down the unpleasant, and heightens the agreeable, features of the coal formation and mountain limestone group have of their own country in their memory. But this only few and slight appearances of the lines by which the renders them more unhappy in themselves, and more disannual layers are separated. The trees of our present agreeable to the inhabitants, by constantly impelling them tropical regions have also few and slight appearances of which, of course, are disadvantageous to the latter. Be
to institute comparisons between England and France, these lines. Therefore, at the epoch of these formations, sides gambling, they have a few other amusements,-scanshe changes of season were probably as little marked as dal, calculation of their expenses, balls, parties, and newshey are in our tropical regions. Again, the condensa- papers. But still their time is badly tilled up, and much tion observed towards the outer margin of each woody remains to be devoured by idleness and ennui. Go into the layer of the trees of our cold and temperate climates, and streets whenever you please, you will generally observe two which is attributed to the increasing cold of the latter ment; enquiring about the king's health, the emancipation
or three knots of Englishmen on the look-out for excitepart of the autumnal season, is decidedly observable in of the Jews, or the arrival of the last steam-packet from the coniferæ of the lias. Wherefore, at the epoch when England. Every new comer is regarded as a godsend for the trees of the lias grew, there was a cold season as now.” a few days,—that is, until he ceases to be new; and then Here we have fair promise of a data whence we may in. another comes, and amuses and disappoints them in his fer the exact period when the divergence between the turn." equatorial and ecliptic circles commenced. Many cir The district termed Normandy, previous to the cumstances have already led to the conclusion that they French Revolution, corresponded to the modern departwere once identical.
ments of Manche, Calvados, Orne, Eure, and Seine In. In conclusion, we can only say, that we trust Mr ferieure. That corner in which Mr St John took up his Witham will follow up a path of observation which he abode, is chiefly agricultural and pastoral. It is indeed has so successfully opened : and that other geologists will one of the principal magazines whence cattle are furnished tread in his footsteps. We recommend him as a model to the shambles of Paris. Its honey is plentiful, and its in another respect to the few who like him know to devote cyder famous. His excursion, too, seems to have been the leisure and wealth with which fortune has blessed pretty much confined to the rustic portion of the province. them to their noblest ends. “I have only further to say,” It is a long time since we have seen any account of this he thus concludes his essay, “ that should any one feel part of France, once so intimately connected with Enginterested in the subject, he may have his desire for in- land, by an intelligent and noticing eye-witness ; and we formation gratified, by the inspection of the specimens welcomed Mr St John's book as likely to afford us some from which the figures in this work have been taken, as information how our old allies were getting on in these well as of the numerous other fossil vegetables in my chopping and changing times. museum, which has always been open to the cultivator We have not been disappointed. Our author is neither of science."
a bibliomaniac, a view-hunter, nor an artist, although he
can at a time look with interest on a rare book, or enjoy We have been much struck by his picture of the drawa landscape or a good picture. He is something better-ing for the conscription : an observer of men and their doings. He places before “ With some difficulty I found out the prefecture, in a us the inhabitants of Normandy-from the loutish pea narrow obscure street near the Lycée. It is a large but santry up to the fashionables. He places before us the mean-looking structure, surrounding three sides of a quaclergy just as they are. He gives us a notion of the tone drangular court, and the business of the day was carried of society, its moral feeling, and intelligence. And he
on in the central portion. On entering beneath the lofty interests us with his reflections upon men, manners, and gateway, I found that the great court was already filled the vicissitudes of life. In short, he is an agreeable of the old palace with anxiety and tear, and every painful
with people, who were all crowding towards the entrance companion.
feeling depicted in their countenances. There were mothers Our first extract shall be the account of his visit to and fathers come to behold their sons offered up as victims Mont St Michel. A view of this prison forms the vig- on the altar of war. There also were younger brothers and nette to the present volume. It is pleasing, but the en
sisters, and other girls, who seemed to have all the delicate staving scarcely does justice to the original drawing by anxieties of love in their sun-burnt faces. In all this vast Mr Banks.
crowd every eye was turned towards the door, as if ready
watching the performance of some sacrifice; and I instinct"The scene which now presented itself was singular and ively assumed a commiserating, melancholy tone, as I enbeautiful. On the right, the land, running out boldly into quired of a young woman, whom I met coming out of the the sea, offered, with its rich verdure, a striking contrast to door, whether it was there that they were drawing for the the pale yellow sands beneath. In front, the sea, blue, conscription. She looked in my face as if to assure herself calm, waveless, and studded in the distance with a few that there was a being in the world ignorant of what she white sails glittering in the sun, ran in a straight line along appeared to know but too well, and replied, almost reproachthe yellow plain, which was, moreover, intersected in va- fully, · Yes, sir.' rious directions by numerous small rivers, whose shining "I made my way as well as I could through the crowd, waters looked like molten silver. To add to the effect of which consisted chiefly of women, and entered. The vast the landscape, silence, the most absolute, brooded over it, apartments were thronged to excess, especially about the except when the scream of a'scamew, wheeling about drows fatal door, from which a loud otiicial voice was heard to sily in the sunny air, broke upon the ear. The mount itself, issue, pronouncing the names of the future defenders of with its ancient monastic towers, rearing their grey pin- France,-Eugene, Victor, Alphonse, Alexis; while, at nacles towards heaven, in the midst of stillness and solitude, each startling sound, an answering voice from the crowd appeared to be formed by nature to be the abode of peace, proved that the flower of the Norman youth were about and a soft and religious melancholy.
me, replying, perhaps unwillingly, to the call of war. For " The first apart.nent after the chapel, which is small, several minutes I endeavoured to steal a glance of the and by no means striking, into which I was led, was the mysterious apartment whence the stentorian voice of office ancient refectory, where there were some hundreds of cri- proceeded; and, upon enquiring among the crowd, was minals, condemned for several years to close imprisonment, informed that none except those who were to draw could or the galleys, wearing calico. I never in my life saw so enter. (Iowever, confiding in the name of stranger many demoniacal faces together. All the evil passions, which, all the world over, but especially in England and nourished by habit, and irritated, not subdued, by punish France, is a passport to every place-1 at length elbowed ment, were there, clothed with flesh and blood, and still my way up to one of the grenadiers who were parahungering fiercely after crime. Like Dante and his guide, ding backwards and forwards through the throng to we made our way through this hell in miniature, a huna keep clear the way to the door, and demanded whether a dred villains scowling at us as we passed, and crossing seve- foreigner might be permitted to be present at the drawing: ral passages and small vaulted chambers, entered a still The man replied, by politely desiring me to walk in; and vaster chamber, called the hall of the knights, in which every body now made way for me. there was a still greater number of ruffians, and apparently “On entering the room, I saw a long table, extending of worse character than the others. Here a soldier stood almost from one side of the apartment to the other, at one with drawn sword at the door ; and the gendarme walked end of which sat the officiating persori, while a number of before me with his hand upon his own weapon, ready military officers, who wore upon their chins 'the beard of to cut down any villain who might set upon us.
Hercules and frowning Mars,' and various other officials, countenance which I saw here I think I never shall forget. sat round in conclave. A wooden seat, like a Turkish It was that of a man about forty years of age, small, pale, divan, but considerably narrower, ran round the room, and and haggard, but so expressive of wickedness, that it made upon this the conscripts were eated side by side. Upon me shudder. The ruffian, who was doing something as looking round, I found I was the only individual present we came in, just raised himself up to look at us, and keep not actually concerned in the business of the day. In the ing the left eye nearly closed, threw so searching, venomous, centre of the apartment stood the instrument for measuring malignant, and fiendlike a glance at us with the right, that the conscripts, popularly denominated · La Toise,' and by it almost made me start. Nevertheless, the owner of this the side of it a gigantic grenadier, booted to the hips, and infernal countenance was a small, withered, weak man,
bearded like the pard.' whom no one need have feared to meet alone in a desert; “ The person charged with this part of the business now but his look was like that of a scorpion, odious and deadly. called out the name of one of the young men, and the indi
“ The apartment in which these miscreants were assem vidual seated at the extreme right started up, and ran barebled, was a hall about one hundred feet long, by thirty-five footed across the room to the table, upon which there was or forty in breadth, and was adorned with two rows of an urn covered by a clean white napkin, containing those massy antique pillars, resembling those which we find in little ivory numbers, one of which was to decide his fate. Gothic churches. From hence we proceeded to the sub The young man now put his hand into the urn under the terranean chapel, where are seen those prodigious columns napkin, and upon drawing out a number, showed it to the upon which the weight of the whole building reposes. The man in office, who in a loud voice made it known to the scanty light which glimmers among these enormous shafts, crowd. I observed, that when a high number was drawn, is just sufficient to discover their magnitude to the eye, and the drawer appeared to be pleased, and otherwise when it to enable one to find his way among them. Having crossed was a low one. The cause of this I discovered afterwards. this chapel, we entered the quadrangular court, around Of the two hundred and odd whose fate was decided that which the cloisters, supported by small, graceful pillars, of morning, only the first forty-eight were to serve in the the most delicate workinanship, extend. Here the monks army. All the numbers above were as so many blanks. used to walk in bad weather, contriving the next day's din A list of all those who drew were entered in the register of ner, or imagining excuses for detaining some of the many the departinent, with the number drawn marked opposite. pretty female pilgrims, who resorted, under various pre “ The next operation the conscript had to perform was tences, to this celebrated monastery. At present, it affords to step up to the toise, in order to have his height ascertained; shelter to the veterans and gendarmes who keep guard and the result was declared with a loud voice by the giant over the prisoners below. From various portions of the who stood by the instrument. If any one appeared not to monastery, we obtain admirable views of sea and shore; be ambitious of getting credit for his full height, the giant but the most superb coup-dæil is from a tail, slender tower, put one of his pairs upon his hack, and the other upon his which shoots up above almost every other portion of the chest, and thus soon brought him to the perpendicular line. building.”
When this part of the ceremony had been performed, the
conscript picked up his shoes and his little cap, and made cates, and a mob of followers, entered the court, and walked his exit by a different door from which he had entered, and up, according to their rank, to their places within the another victim followed. The room thus became gradu- enclosure. When sented round the room, the judges in ally empty, when one of the officials taking up a list of their scarlet gowns, and the advocates in black, they made names and reading it aloud, brought in another batch ; and a very respectable appearance ; but the scene which followed thus the room was again filled. Then the same process of wofully disappointed us. We had been told that the drawing, measuring, and shoe-and-cap gathering was re- advocate-general, the person who was that day to address peated; and the crowd again ebbed away one by one at the the court in a set speech, was an orator of more than ordiabove-mentioned door.
nary powersman orator, who had frequently succeeded, by “ I observed that among the young men there occasion- his knowledge of the secret springs of the passions, in meltally entered a man advanced in years, with bald or grey ing even lawyers to tears. He soon stood up with a roll head, and unsteady footsteps, whose appearance would seem of paper in his hand, and read a speech of an hour's length to indicate that he was free from the conscription. Upon to an audience, every individual of which, I am convinced, going up to one of these old men at the urn, the circum- was heartily weary of his prosing harangue for the last fifty stance was explained—they were fathers come to draw for minutes at least. His voice was lugubrious and tremulous, their sons, absent on business. I was particularly pleased as if from a sudden access of grief, or from extreme old with the behaviour of the officers towards these old men. age, though the man was but of middle age, and had not, It was gentle and humane in the extreme. They thee-and- I suppose, aný very particular reason for hovering upon thou'd them familiarly, like a brotherhood of quakers, and the verge of weeping." If any one ever shed tears at bearspoke with apparent friendliness of their boys, which was ing bim read--for he could not be said to speak-it was exactly as it should be. Their fate, poor old fellows, was certainly from pity or rage. His actions and gesture were hard enough in itself; and I thought that it argued a fine inferior to that of a common methodist preacher, and his spirit in those who thus endeavoured, by an air of kindness person, which, according to Cicero and Quinctilian, should and humanity, to make it fall as lightly upon them as pos- be eloquent in an eloquent man, was as inexpressive as a sible."
stick. Of the matter of his discourse, it would be unjust Our readers may feel curious to hear about a French it; but as far as I could judge, it consisted of a string of
to say much, for he took care we sbould not hear half of provincial court of justice :
commonplaces on the dignity of the law, and the superiority “ Passing along the corridor, and entering a small door of modern advocates. When the tiresome oration was over, at the farther end, we suddenly found ourselves in the hall two or three new judges were sworn in and installed, and of justice, in a small gallery whence Ave could look down the business of the day was at an end.” and see all that might be seen below. Three or four per. sons were already in the court, and the number increased
The following description and remarks are at once every minute. Among the crowd there appeared several beautiful and just : advocates, who passed into the privileged portion of the “One of the most striking objects which presented themapartment, enclosed from the space bllotted to the vulgar selves, was an immense cross, not less than fifty feet high; by a range of high seats. Round the farther end of the painted with reddish brown, like the post of a gate. It court ran three ranges of seats-those next the wall being stood upon a small stope platform about seven feet high, to evidently the places of honour; and in the centre was the which you ascend by steps. Upon this cross was a wooden president's chair. With a singular disregard of appearances, image of the Saviour painted the colour of life, or rather of the public had been admitted before the room, which had death, and having a vast mass of curly black hair hanging been closed for nearly a year, was cleaned or dusted, and down profusely over the neck and brow. Streams of blood even before the stoves, which were just lighted, had warm were represented trickling over the forebead, from beneath ed the damp air.
the crown of thorns, from the spear wound in the side, and “The various tables which were
' ranged round the wall, from the feet and hands. As far as I could judge, the figure were covered with green baize, which looked tolerably well, was rather cleverly executed. Two spears, the one having though somewhat dusty. While we were gazing about us, a piece of sponge on its point, the other naked, sprung up two female domestics—for in Normandy women do every from the trunk of the cross, beneath the feet of the figure, thing--came in with small brushes in their hands to stir and touching the cross beam on each side, beyond the exabout the dust, demolish the cobwebs, and put the place in tended hands, formed a kind of triangle, with the base uporder. They first removed the green baize from the tables, permost, within which the figure was completely enclosed. upon which a thick coat of dust, the deposition of a whole The single word Jesus,' was written on the cross beam year, now appeared; but when this was brushed off, we over the head of the statue. discovered that they were of marble. When this portion of “ As I gazed at this vast idol, for to a Protestant it apthe business had been performed, one of the female valets pears no better, standing up against the sky, and saw the retired; first, however, after the manner of the place, body relieved as it were upon a background of light driving making a speech to her learned sister, which, though by no clouds, a sublime feeling swept across my mind. The awful means inaudible, was unintelligible in the gallery.
scene which this rude representation was meant to recall to “While these important matters were in progress, we memory, was suddenly and vividly painted upon my imaobserved the advocates below elbowing the crowd, and mat gination, and I began to thibk that perbaps the Catholics king towards the door with as fierce a determination to be were not altogether wrong in setting up these Calvaries. out first as they could have manifested, had the cry of My eyes, however, and my mind have now become familiar • Fire! Fire!' resounded in their ears. Enquiring into the with them, and I pass them as coolly as I would pass a cause of this sudden retreat, we learned with dismay, that milestone; and this appears also to be the case with most the bell wbich we just then heard, going ding-dong in a other persons, whether Protestant or Catholic. The purneighbouring church, was calling the lawyers to mass, and pose, therefore, for which they are erected, is not answered." that we had yet to wait another good houn before the business of the day would commence. As mass could be beard,
We hope to hear again of Mr St John. or rather seen, every day, we remained where we were, for fear we should lose our places ; and the gallery, gradually became fuller and fuller. " At the extremity of the court, directly above the presi
The Quarterly Review. No. LXXXVII. January, dent's chair, was a portrait of Louis XVIH., and on each
1831. side upon the walls numerous fleurs de lis, surmounted by crowns. Above these, and not very far from the roof, were
The literary articles in this Number are of a very two large stone tablets, shaped like those which in pictures superior description. The review of Southey's Unedaare generally represented in the hands of Moses, upon which cated Poets, is a fine essay—such as we could fancy were the words, Code Pénal.' On the left, were other coming from the pen of a gentleman of the old school, for similar tablets, bearing, we supposed, the words, . Code its urbane and polished manner, and from a scholar, for Civil ;' but they were invisible from where we sat. On the edge of the table, which stood before the chair of the Life of Byron, (by Lockhart, we believe,) is a masterly
its taste and discrimination. The article upon Moore's president, the words, . Respect à la Loi,' were written in letters of gold. The gilded ornaments which adorned the sketch of the noble poet-worthy the author of the Life seat of the chief of justice, were stuck on while we were
of Burns. Will he not write Byron's Life in the same there.
compass? It would be doing good service to literature; “When mass was at length over, the judges, the advo- | and we know of no man alive so capable of the task. In
one particular, however, we must dissent from him. “It is acquisition. This publication is remarkably cheap; and with infinite regret,” (the reviewer quotes from Dr Mil on this account, as well as for its intrinsic value, admiralingen,) " I must state, that, although I seldom left Lord bly adapted for the purposes of parochial, regimental, and Byron's pillow during the latter part of his illness, I did school libraries, mechanics'institutions, &c. &c. In saying not hear him make any, even the smallest, mention of this, we conceive ourselves to be pronouncing a high euloreligion. At one moment I heard him say, - Shall I gium; for there are not many books of which we could sue for mercy ? After a long pause, he added, “ Come, say as much. come; no weakness! Let's be a man to the last !"" The writer of the review makes the following comment upon Views of Loch Katrine and Adjacent Scenery. By W. this passage :-" We quote this as we find it: but cer
B. Scott. Edinburgh. R. Scott, Engraver. 1830. tainly with every disposition to hope that the fatal delirium had begun before Dr Millingen heard what he has
This publication has been lying for a considerable time repeated. Even on that supposition, the case is bad
upon our table; and we know not how we came to over
look it. The Views are both designed and engraved by enough." We need not remind our readers, that Lord
Mr W. B. Scott. He has evidently much to learn, both Byron had more than one attack of delirium ;-that in its accesses, the images which haunted his imagination indications of sentiment, and an eye to the picturesque,
as a designer and a handler of the graver ; but there are were chiefly those of battle and its struggles. The words which Dr Millingen overheard, apply perfectly to such
which entitle us to encourage him to follow up his pro
fession. a fantasy. We are confirmed in our belief that this
We look, ere long, to see him justify our antiwas their real meaning, by the whole character of Lord
cipations. Byron. He was a man forgetful in general of religion, but not without touches of devotional feeling. There Tom Thumb; a Burletta, altered from Henry Fielding, by was nothing of the defiance of Cain in his scepticism.
Kane O'Hara. With Designs by George Cruikshank. But such a feeling alone, fostered by habit into a
London. Thomas Rodd. 1830. second nature, could have suggested the expressions we
The Mayor of Garratt; a Comedy, by Samuel Foote. are speaking of-expressions which, understood as Mr
With an Historical Account of the Mock Election. With Lockhart has done, make the soul recoil with horror and
Designs by R. Seymour. London. Alfred Miller. dismay.--The dissertation upon the origin of the Ho
1831. meric Poems, in the review of Coleridge's Introduction The series of reprints of our best farces, with illustrato the Classics, is ably written. The article upon “ The tions by George Cruikshank, must necessarily amuse. Political Economists,” does not deserve to stand at the They perpetuate Mathews and Liston. The series head of a Number which contains such masterly pieces as “ started through Highgate to beat them,” of which the those we have above enumerated. The review of Dy- Mayor of Garratt is the first, is scarcely of equal merit, mond on the Principles of Morality, is nearly of the but still sufficiently laughable. same calibre. We cannot exactly see the drift of the article upon the Military Events of the late French Revo
MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. lation. We were not surprised at its concluding declaration of the alarm with which it regards that event.
THE WALCHEREN EXPEDITION. The whole tenor of the Quarterly's politics led us to ex
By a Medical Officer. pect as much. But this is no reason why they should expend their own ingenuity, and the reader's patience, in criticising the blunders, falsehoods, and inconsistencies, The first battalion of the - th regiment of foot which, in the confusion of the moment, and the public marched from Margate on the 15th of July, and was thirst for intelligence, found their way into the daily embarked at Ramsgate the same day, in four divisions, on prints. Are there not books enough to cut and carve upon board as many tra sports. The general good behaviour that the Quarterly must pounce upon newspapers? The both of officers and men while in quarters, and the knowcleverness of the last article nobody can deny, any more ledge that we were immediately going on the service of than its sophistry and ill-nature. Aut Croker, aut Dia- our country, excited in the breasts of the inhabitants an bolus.
interest towards us most gratifying to the feelings of a
soldier. About midnight we set sail, and by five o'clock A History of the Earth and Animated Nature. By Oliver Downs, two miles and a balf from Deal.
on the morning of Sunday the 16th, we anchored in the Goldsınith. With copious Notes, enibracing Accounts
We remained inactive at this station for nearly two of New Discoveries in Natural History. To which is
weeks. subjoined, an Appendir, containing Explanations of writing to our friends at home, and paying daily visits to
Our time passed monotonously enough, between Technical Terms, and an Outline of the Cuvierian and the shore. On the 24th, orders were received by Comother Systems, by Captain Thomas Brown. Parts
modore Owen, that all officers on board the Transports I. II. and III. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co.
under his command, or, in other words, all who were Glasgow : Blackie, Fullarton, and Co.
attached to the division under the Marquis of Huntly, Johnson's prophecy respecting this work is well known. should sleep on board their respective ships. On the • Goldsmith is now writing a Natural History, and he | 25th, Lord Chatham arrived, and established his headvill make it as entertaining as a Persian tale."
quarters at Deal.
These events gave room to hope that tainly sacceeded in making it more entertaining than any we should be speedily under weigh, for we were heartily tile that ever emanated from the brain of the generous tired of our situation; the irksomeness of which was not bar who passed this judgment upon him. His book is a little heightened by the fact, that every one, high and acapted to give the mind those habits of thought, which enable it to take an interest in the enquiries of the na
* We have been inundated lately with memoirs of the Peninsular
war ; but none of our military men have as yet favoured us with tunlist ; and there is no work which, in this point of their reminiscences of Walcheren. The history of that expedition, viav, we would more willingly see placed in the hands must still be sought in Parliamentary debates of the period, and in
a masterly article which appeared in No. XXXIV. of the Edinburgh of the young, but for the erroneous opinions it so fre
Review. The series of papers, the first of which is given above, is quently inculcates. These are sufficiently neutralized, in from the pen of an intelligent eye-witness, who has since risen high the present edition, by the notes of Captain Brown; and
in his profession; and who is alike esteemed as a man and a physi
cian. We give them, not because we delight any more than others oar only objection is thus removed. The illustrative to dwell upon the misfortunes of our country, but because they seem engnvinys are in general correct ; and the appendix, it well calculated to cast a side-light upon the character and merits of
the men who then held the reins of empire. They are matter of executed in the spirit of the foot-notes, will be a valuable history.-Ed. Lit. Jour.
DEPARTURE FROM ENGLAND.
new to me.
low, seemed alike ignorant of our destination. On the ing the reserve sailed from the Downs at the same time. day of Lord Chatham's arrival, I learned from a lieu-We might be, in all, about 150 sail. The wind being tenant of the navy that a telegraphic dispatch had been tolerably fair, and the morning rather hazy, we lost sight received from the Admiralty; apprising that the French of Old England about half past twelve. We anticipated fleet at Flushing had been removed farther up the river, a speedy and triumphant return, butafter having shown some disposition to come out; and desiring Sir R. Strachan to dispatch Sir H, Popham in ROYAL INSTITUTION-MANIFESTO OF THE the Venerable, with two other sail of the line, to rein
DIRECTORS. force Lord Gardner. This piece of news strengthened We are not in the babit of noticing articles which apa suspicion already entertained, that our course was for pear in the columns of newspapers : but some remarks Holland, where it was thought we had many friends. upon our article of the 29th ult. (under the flippant and At last, we learned that the destination of our division, rather vulgar title_“ More Wisdom, The Royal Insti. at least, was the Island of Cadsand; and that the reserve, tution Pictures”) having appeared in a respectable journal under Sir J. Hope, were to attack Walcheren, upon of this city, proceeding, as we are given to understand, which the town of Flushing is built.
from an official quarter, (we suspect, from the antiquarian An embarkation upon so large a scale (the number of research shown in it, from the pen of the ingenious genships in the Downs amounted at one time to about 500, tleman who discovered that G. A., on an old Italian piethe number of soldiers on board might be 20,000) was ture, stood for “Giorgione the Artist,”) we break through
The shops at Deal were filled, Sunday and our rule for once. If the article in question do indeed Saturday, with greater throngs than on the busiest mar come from a Director, we are glad of it; for it shows, in ket days. The streets were filled with oficers of all the first place, by his arguing the point, that he has some ranks and descriptions, moving about with all the bustle regard for public opinion; and, in the second, by bis of the Stock Exchange. Castlereagh was there gazing angry tone, that he is in the wrong. callously at the departure of the holocaust about to be In one respect, we admit with pleasure, that the writer offered up to his inveterate self-will and incapacity. The has conducted himself fairly and like a gentleman. He beach was crowded with parties of every appearance, has given the whole of our article, and thus enabled from the nobleman to the cit in his Sunday clothes, his readers to judge betwixt us. We wish that the gazing upon the forest of masts, and cheering the sol- same spirit had taught him to refrain from such innuendiers as they embarked. The gallant fellows responded does as the following: “We wish we could persuade onrwith loud and hearty hurrahs. The feelings excited within selves that the above article had been compounded in perme by such a scene, were not a little heightened by the fect innocence, but we can scarcely think it possible that consciousness, that I was for the first time an actor, any gentleman connected with the Edinburgh press could though a very subordinate one, in an affair of such moment. have known so little of what has been going on for these
The expedition was highly popular ; and well it might last few years in Edinburgh, between the artists and the be so, for braver and healthier troops never sailed from Royal Institution,” &c. Now, if the author of this knew Britain. People of all ranks resorted from great distances any thing of the gentleman who wrote the article to which to witness the embarkation. The cheering which I heard he alludes, he must know that he is as little likely ring from shore to ship as I stood witnessing the embarka- as himself to do any thing unworthy of his station in tion of the German Legion, and a part of the Rifle Corps, society, and is, on the present occasion, without any has scarcely yet ceased to vibrate in my ears. Even the Deal possible temptation so to degrade himself. If he did not, boatmen, a daring race, whose fine manly weather-beaten the insinuation is equally unwarrantable. In an after countenances and athletic forms I have often contem- part of his paper our opponent says, “ If there be any plated with pleasure, but who are accused, not unde- reason to suspect the accounting for the balances of the servedly, of rapacity and extortion, caught the spirit of different exhibitions carried to this fund of relief, (for the moment. When it was resolved that the embarka- decayed artists and widows of artists,) let the artists tion of the regiments I have just named should take fairly and honestly say so, and, if necessary, demand the place at Deal, and the boatmen were asked for how much intervention of a court of law.” If by this he mean to they would take the troops to the transports, their an- insinuate a suspicion, that any artist had a share in the swer was" For nothing, or not at all.”
article he is commenting upon, he is mistaken. We At last the troops were all embarked. They consisted advise our friends, the artists, however, to attend to his hint. of five divisions-each of two brigades ; a division of Prefixed to the criticism of our article, is a brief history light troops, of three; and the reserve also of three of the Board of Trustees and the Royal Institution, which, Lieutenant-General the Earl of Chatham was, as I have as it is more complete than any thing we bave seen elsementioned above, commander-in-chief; Sir Eyre Coote where, we here insert : was second in command. Sir J. Craddock commanded “ It may, perhaps, be agreeable to our readers to be put the first division ; the Marquis of Huntly the second ; in possession of the rise and progress of the Board of TrusLord Grosvenor the third ; Lieutenant-General M-Ken- long, and by it they will find that that Board had its origin
The following short bistory will not detain them zie Fraser the fourth; and
before the period when any of the estates of Scotland were The light troops were under the Earl of Rosslyn; and in the unhappy predicament of being forfeited. It vas at the reserve under Sir John Hope. Sir R. Strachan the time of the Union that this Board was first instituted, had the command of the fleet.
among the paltry equivalents granted by the English goOn the 26th of July, several ships of war, and the vernment, as a compensation to Scotland for an additioual greater proportion of the transports, sailed round to the imposition which was laid on the excise and custom duties
. Gull Stream, off Ramsgate, where they again dropped This compensation amounted to L.2000 per annum, ani anchor. The landsmen on board were edified during the the manufactures of the country. Twenty years elapsel
was appointed to be laid out in promoting and improving remainder of the day by the maneuvring of a frigate, before Commissioners were appointed, under letters patest who fired her guns in different numbers, gave several from George the First, in whom were also invested, to je broadsides, tacked, veered, and concluded the raree-show appropriated for the same purpose, the surplus receipts of by displaying the English flag above the French. Our malt duty over L.20,000. The accumulations from 1797 officers regarded the whole scene with intense interest,
were then paid into the hands of the Receiver-General, who and finally retired to their berths, voting it “ mighty report annually to the Lords of the Treasury.
was appointed cashier to the Board, and was directed to ridiculous."
** Under George the Third another munificent grant vas At last we weighed anchor about eight o'clock on the made to the same Board, for the express purpose of enoumorning of the 28th, with the other ships containing our raging the growth of flax, the manufacture of tine lien, division, and some men-of-war. The squadron contain and the improvement of the requisite machinery.