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4. TRUSTEES OF STATE LIBRARY

Governor
Secretary of the Commonwealth

Attorney-General

5. STATE MILITARY BOARD

Adjutant General
Auditor-General
State Treasurer

6. BOARD OF REVENUE COMMISSIONERS

Auditor-General

State Treasurer
Secretary of the Commonwealth

AUG

7. COMMISSIONERS OF THE SINKING FUND

Secretary of the Commonwealth

Auditor-General
State Treasurer

8. MEDICAL COUNCIL

Lieutenant Governor
. Attorney-General

Secretary of Internal Affairs
Superintendent of Public Instruction
Presidents of the Boards of Medical Examiners

Commissioner of Health

9. COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY COUNCIL

Governor

Attorney-General
Superintendent of Public Instruction
Other members representing the Universities, Colleges,
School Superintendents, and Normal Schools of the State.

Notary Public.—A notary public is a State officer whose chief duty is to attest or certify deeds, agreements, and other

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documents, usually under his official seal, to make them authentic. Such seal is judicially recognized all over the world. He also administers oaths, protests negotiable notes, and takes depositions and affidavits.

The law provides that the Governor shall appoint and commission a sufficient number of persons of known good character, integrity, and ability as notaries public for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The term of office is four years.

The salary of a notary public consists of fees fixed by law. He must pay twenty-five dollars to the State treasurer before a commission as notary public can be received.

Salaries of State Officers.—The salaries of some officers are here given. Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $10,000 Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,000 Secretary of the Commonwealth . . . . . . . . . . 8,000 Attorney-General ......

12,000 Auditor-General ......

8,000 Treasurer . . . . . . . . .

8,000 Secretary of Internal Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,000 Superintendent of Public Instruction . . . . . . . . . 5,000 Adjutant General ........

4,000 Secretary of Agriculture....

3,500 Commissioner of Banking ...

6,000 Commissioner of Fisherics . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,000 Commissioner of Forestry ...

3,000 Highway Commissioner ....

8,000 Insurance Commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,500 Dairy and Food Commissioner ....

2,500 Private Secretary to the Governor . . . . . . . . 5,000 State Librarian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,500 Commissioner of Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 State Veterinarian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,500 Secretary of Committee on Lunacy . . . . . . . . . 3,000

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Factory Inspector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $5,000 General Agent of Board of Charities . . . . . . . . 3,000 Economic Zoologist....

ic Zoologist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,500 Superintendent of Grounds and Buildings . . . . . . 5,000 Superintendent of Printing

3,000 Superintendent of State Police . . . . . . . . . . 3,000 Chief of the Department of Mines . . . . . . . . . 4,000 Mine Inspectors . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,000 State Railroad Commissioners . . . . . . . . . . 8,000 Director of Legislative Reference Bureau . ....... 5,000

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Certain officers receive extra compensation through additional duties which by law devolve upon their offices. Thus the lieutenant governor really receives $5,500, the secretary of the Commonwealth, $9,100, the auditor-general $9,200, the State treasurer $9,200, the adjutant general $4,600, and the secretary of internal affairs $8,500. Members of the Legislature are paid only every alternate year, since sessions come but once in two years.

QUESTIONS

What are the duties of the adjutant general? Of the State librarian? Of the commissioner of banking? Of the commissioner of insurance? Of mine inspectors? Of the commissioner of health?

State some of the salaries paid to various executive officers.
Why should the Governor be a member of so many State boards?

Why should the people elect the auditor-general and the State treasurer?

Why should the senate confirm the Governor's nominations?

Show that the county superintendent is also one of the executive officers of the State.

Name some State executive officers not mentioned in Chapter X. What services has the militia of the State rendered in recent years? What are the duties of the department of health in this State?

What provision does the State make for the defective classes ?

To what grade of government has the charitable function been assigned in this country?

In what instances has the militia of Pennsylvania been called into · the National service ?

State the general duties of the attorney-general of this State; his term of office.

Where are some of the institutions for the care of the defective classes located?

Fill out the following scheme for the executive department of Pennsylvania:

Elected
Officer
Name

or Term Salary Duties App'n'd

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CHAPTER XII

THE JUDICIARY (I)

The Judicial Power.—The judiciary is that branch of government in which the judicial power is vested. Its business is to determine what the law is; to apply it to cases where persons make conflicting claims to rights; to determine whether the law has been broken by persons accused of crime; to pronounce sentence upon such persons as have been found guilty and fix the measure of damage and punishment; and to order that the decisions be carried into effect.

Courts of Justice.-Without some power designed to decide disputes, to award justice, and to punish crime according to the laws of the State, government would be very imperfect, and could not long exist. If every man were his own judge in case of supposed injury, and were allowed to redress his own wrongs, the rights of others would be endangered. Justice is best secured to all by the establishing of courts of justice, or bodies of persons assembled by the authority of law for the administration of justice. In order that no person may suffer unjustly, it is provided that every person charged with crime or any other wrong, is entitled to a fair and impartial trial. In the eyes of the law a person is entitled to be considered innocent until conclusively proved to be guilty.

Trial by Jury.—The administration of justice in the courts of law is not left entirely to justices and judges.

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