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Sherbet.—This beverage, so celebrated in Oriental song, is a decoction of, or preparation from, barley-meal and sugar, perfumed with extract of roses, orange flower, violets, or citron.
Sprains.-If such should chance the reader at any time, the best treatment is, if practicable, to immerse or bathe the part in water as hot as can be possibly borne; then to change to cold water and spirit or vinegar, as a lotion, applied with cloths, and go often renewed as to keep the part cold; along with absolute rest as an indispensable means of the quickest recovery.
Gnat-bites, Stings of Wasp, Bee, or Ant, or Nettle, or any other Envenomed Wound. The pain may be soonest relieved by applying a drop of oil or hartshorn, or using Prussian blue. If any sting remain in, thé readiest way to remove it is either to press around the wound with the barrel of a watch-key, so as to squeeze it out, or by rubbing constantly one way, as with the cuff of the coat sleeve.
Priest says that “ he never mct in his extensive practice with an insane naturalist.” — Curiosities of Medical Experience.
Á small pocket compass would be always serviceable, and in barren tracts of land indispensable.
A pair of French-grey spectacles, in which the focus of vision undergoes no change, will be found very grateful for weak eyes, without prejudice to the sight, when the white roads dazzle in the sunshine, as in the limestone districts of Derbyshire and Wales.'
“Dear friends, youths and adults, and you in the declining vigour of manhood," writes a foreign and experienced walker, “here is recommended to you the only real and true remedy which nature has placed within your reach-that is, to avail yourself of your locomotives of so masterly a construction, so well adapted
by their complicated structure to move at your own will from place to place through the motion of your bodies in the open air, to make you your own preservers by warming and purifying your blood, and circulating it easily through your system, to give that vigour and freshness of thought which so much distinguished our forefathers. Walking for short distances and in towns is better than constant confinement; but what is such in comparison with a journey of hundreds of miles ! The novelty of objects in the country around, the splendid sports of prismatical light, and the mysterious distances of a landscape, the different effects of waterreflection, the rich hues of the valleys and their refreshing green, with millions of different colours of the vegetable world :--all that works upon the sensible mind-whereby the heart vibrates with delight, and new life spreads over the languid system.”
We have omitted to mention that fifteen pounds is the Swiss regulation weight for the knapsack.
The blessing of Sound Sleep.- If, by attention to the foregoing “ hints,” a person is so far use with the nature and habit of prolonged application to letters, business, or dissipation, as to sleep badly; though, unless quite worn out, he cannot be long putting in practice the rules and regulations of salutary exercise, until refreshing repose has returned; yet lest he should, through ignorance or folly, so far continue to counteract the return of so benign and propitious a nocturnal visitor, let him take care that he secures all the requisite conditions as means for its promotion. “These are of great importance to health, as the grand purposes of sleep are more fully effected, the sounder and more perfectly it is enjoyed. The greatest refreshment is derived from the most complete repose of the functions. For this purpose they should have been as generally exercised as possible, during the day, both those of body and mind; this exercise, however, should not have proceeded so far as to produce a state of painful fatigue or exhaustion, as nothing is more sure to preclude refreshing sleep; the state of the circulation in the head should not have been excited by deep study, intense thought, coffee, or other stimulant, for some time previous to rest; late and copious suppers should be expressly avoided; the head should not be kept too warm by thick, or flannel, nightcaps; the feet and lower extremities should have been brought to a comfortable temperature, if necessary by artificial means, such as the warm foot-bath, or fleshbrush; lastly, and above all, the cares of the day should have been put off with the clothes—a thing which, like every other connexion with the subject of sleep, may be materially influenced by habit.” — Davis.
Diet and Regimen. An extract from the life and diary of a celebrated Italian nobleman, will be of service to the reflecting mind. Up to the age of forty he was possessed of an infirm and weakened constitution, " when, by obstinately persisting in an exact course of temperance, he recovered a perfect state of health ; insomuch, that at fourscore he published his book, which has been translated into English under the title of
Sure and certain Methods of attaining a long and healthy Life.' He lived to give a third or fourth edition of it, and, after having passed his hundredth year, died without pain or agony, like one who falls asleep." Speaking of the folly of excess at table, he says: « This error has so far seduced us, that it has prevailed upon us to renounce a frugal way of living, though taught us by nature, even from the beginning of the world, as being that which would lengthen our days ; and has cast us into those excesses, which naturally tend to shorten the number of them. We become old,
before we have experienced the pleasure of being young; and the time which ought to be the summer of our lives, is frequently the beginning of their winter. We are sensible of the failure of our strength, and of our weakness and declension, even before we come to perfection. Sobriety, on the other hand, maintains us in the natural state wherein we ought to be : our youth is lasting, and our manhood attended with a vigour that does not begin to decay for several years. A whole century must pass away, before wrinkles can be formed on the face, or gray hairs grow on the head. This is so true, that when men gave themselves not up to voluptuousness, they were more strong and lively at fourscore than we are at present at forty.”—Lewis Cornaro, p. 5.
“ There is no question to be made, but that a regular life puts at distance the sad hour of death; since it is able to keep the humours in an exact temperature: whereas, on the contrary, gluttony and drunkenness disturbs, heats, and puts them into a ferment; which is the origin of catarrhs, fevers, and almost all the accidents which hurry us to our graves.”—Idem, p. 119.
“ Since no man, therefore, can have a better physician than himself, nor a more sovereign antidote than a regimen, every one ought to follow my example; that is, to study his own constitution, and to regulate his life agreeable to the rules of right reason."- Idem, p. 31.
Bathing.–This salutary and agreeable recreation cannot be qnite passed over as a part of hygienic disci. pline here, seeing it is so often resorted to by pedestrians. for the sake of the cooling luxury it presents to the tourist under its most inviting aspects—when he is uncomfortable from dust and perspiration, and where the time, the spot (of some pleasing river-bank on his path), the facilities of sequestered and friendly shade, &c., combine to invite him to the Roman exercise. River, lake, or sea bathing, (as it will usually be one or other,) is termed in medical language the cool bath, which, besides cleansing the skin from impurities, is especially fitted to recruit the body during the heats of summer; hence the poet has justly denominated it,
The kind refresher of the summer heats.' The languor they occasion, the excessive perspiration, feeling of relaxation, and inaptitude to muscular exertion, are all relieved, or dissipated, by the cool bath, which likewise restores the appetite. To produce these effects it ought to be taken frequently, not to be continued till a second shivering follows that occasioned by the first immersion, and the bather should observe a state of repose after he has dressed, to prevent the occurrence of the phenomena of reaction. It likewise renders the skin less impressionable, and hardens it against atmospherical vicissitudes. It is proper for all persons to whom the təmperature of the water produces no disagreeable sensation, and who experience oppression from heat. • * Young people and adults take it with advantage. On the contrary, infants, those enfeebled by the advances of age, those in whom the chest is irritable, and those liable to rheumatic pains, should avoid it, and make use of the warm bath instead. It ought never to be taken during the active stage of a secretion, such as perspiration. The exercise of swimming is taken in this bath, and operates beneficially, from the small loss to the economy occasioned by the density of the medium in which the swimmer is immersed, and the sedative, or assuaging influences of the water on the nervous system.”
We don't consider our supplementary observations complete without a remark or two on the swimming part of the business, and its mode of effecting the objective exercise of the muscular system; and we wind