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which makes our teeth chatter with memory of a bygone tour. If there is any suspicion of such being the case, from the smell or feel of damp, cold sheets, &c., or if any one, without reason particularly to apprebend it, yet wishes to establish the negative to a demonstration, we know no better or easier method than to request the servant to take up a warming pan of coals, (warming pans are not used in Ireland, perhaps not in Scotland we don't remember-a great nuisance for travellers there, not to get so useful a test any way,) and to warm the bed as usual for a few minutes ; then take a glass tumbler, wipe it very dry with a silk handkerchief, within and without, and put it upside down, mouth downwards that is, in the middle of the bed, between the sheets; take it out in a minute or two, and if the bed is damp, there will be a dew formed on the sides of the tumbler inside, of course ; in which case, we need scarcely add, it would be imprudent to sleep in the bed, at least in those sheets. Where, from the use of this test, or from any other evidence, the sheets appear damp, get them dried. Often it is that they are not suitably aired at the fire, but just removed carelessly at once from the linen-press, or worse from the mangle, where, in order to mangle them well, they were previously sprinkled, and never subsequently dried. In whatever way, if the sheets are cold, and stick to the hand, it is better to send them again to the kitchen fire as a precaution ; or in case, for instance, all in the house have retired to rest, and this is impracticable,- perhaps your candle has been put out, and yourself undressed, before you make this discovery last, which ought to have been verified earlier, then your only way is to throw the sheets completely off the bed, and to get in between the blankets ; for, however unpleasant this may be, especially in summer, yet it is better to put up with this than to risk taking a cold, which proves seldom anything but a formidable attack of fever, along with some inflammatory seizure, as in the chest, &c., &c.
We believe we have now completed our day's undertaking, leaving our little attempt in the hands of the charitable folks for whose benefit, combined with amusement, we have endeavoured thus to cater after our best fashion. Now, we shall beg leave, then, to discharge the very last act of our willing service, viz., to bring the hed-candlestick, and attend the best-humoured of the party to his charming little bedroom, with modest oldfashioned oriel window, it may be, through whose crystal panes, mayhap, come streaming in the bonnie smi. ling beams of the bright harvest moon,-and, as they seem to struggle across the neatly carpeted floor, just reach the snug little bed with white dimity hangings, in the middle of the room, there to fall upou the dazzling snow-white counterpane, with a spell only felt in the country on a " stilly night"! If one single ray, the furthest flung of all the pencilled host, stray onwards to the bed's head, and there enable him to spell the grateful invitation of the downy pillow, we will take the parting liberty of reading aloud, for the gentle reader's benefit and closing sympathy, the lines under which he has already fallen fast asleep
6 To ail and each a fair good night,
Byron's Hours of Idleness.
SUPPLEMENTARY. CONTAINING, CHIEFLY, EXTRACTS FOR DIRECTING,
ENCOURAGING, AND CAUTIONING PEDESTRIANS ON SUNDRY MATTERS-SCRAPS FOR REFLECTION IN THE COUNTRY-POETICAL GLEANINGS AND SCENIC EFFECTS ALLUDED TO, &c.
We trust that the gatherings from the vintages of others, to which this chapter is almost exclusively devoted, will contain passages suited to the varied tastes and interests of our different classes of readers—that is, providing we are read at all by any.
For the last time, then, we lead off our chapter by picking out a few remarks on the advantages of exercise, in addition to those already advanced, in order that the irresolute mind, derived from an invalided body, may, by definite ideas on the important subject of what is called “hygiéne," be encouraged to shake off dull sloth and listless inactivity; especially if he should be threatened with such an enemy to comfort (yet a direct consequence, as it is, of the pursuit of comfort and pleasure by the wrong road) as that of an inactive body replete with loaded humours, let him "up and be doing" all that remains in his power to retrace his steps, a plan which he may find difficult at first, but full of good fruits in proportion to, and as a reward of, his perseverance. We stake not only our own medical knowledge, but also that of all accredited writers on the subject, that by this way, and not by medicine, (except under imperative sickness,) lies the true though " unbeaten path” to a green old age.
Lanes are sometimes long, and full of sameness to the common mind; yet if you have any time to pause now and then, if only to find food for some pleasing train of thought, and are at all disposed towards minute investigation of objects around you, as the naturalist delights to do, carry a small magnifying lens with you; and thus observing the flower of a moss, the interior of a seed, the rind of a fruit, the wing or foot of an insect, your thoughts will range themselves in the happy tune of reflection, corresponding to yourown'slow marching time. This is surprising, but true—that if you saunter, your thoughts saunter as well in the lands of reverie and castle-building; if you walk smartly, the mind becomes more prone to observation. and less so to reflection. Before starting, we would recommend the reader to arm himself with such a lens for the waistcoat pocket as the “ Stanhope” which is one of the best and readiest, having microscopic powers of a small amount. Days may be spent even profitably this way, tutoring in the young especially their powers of accurate observation and comparison, so essential in those students preparing for the learned professions," and the study of science in all departments, -in none so useful as in physic! Suppose that you have, however, no turn this way-at least you have a turn for matters relative to the promotion of your own health-it cannot long be even a matter of indifference to you, however young and hearty. Come, then, turn to what follows an attentive and drinking ear; and then throw down a book which can interest you no more only when its instructive quotations are spent. At least you will have the responsibility of knowing more than you did, if you were ignorant : thenceforward you cannot allow sloth to eat up your vitals, but, with your eyes couched, to mark the progressive inroads of the monster!
Hygiéne. _“ The principal source of our wellbeing arises from the circulation of our fluids, especially the blood. A brisk circulation animates the whole man; even the phlegmatic is exhilarated, when anything sets his blood in commotion; and when this takes place in an immoderate degree, the man is agitated even to delirium. These effects are well known. Continued rest weakens the circulation, till at length the blood feebly creeps through its vessels, for the heart is not of itself sufficient to give it due motion. For this, muscular movement is likewise requisite. But rest of body relaxes the muscles, diminishes the vital heat, checks perspiration, injures digestion, sickens the whole frame, and thus numberless diseases are introduced. There is not a single part of the human machine which a sedentary mode of life does not debilitate, and the nerves more especially suffer by it.”
Generally speaking,” says Ackermann,* " a seden tary life is the source of all those diseases which physicians term cachectic, the number of which is considerable. Among them are jaundice, atrophy, worms, dropsy, &c., &c." For these exercise is the best remedy. To It strengthens the vessels,” says Tissot,“ preserves the fluids in a healthy state, quickens the appetite, facilitates the excretions, invigorates the spirits, and excites pleasing sensations throughout the whole nervous system.” “ Thus far the philosophic Plato,” (quoting his eulogies of gymnastic exercises.) And Rousseau must have thought much in the same manner, when he wrote:
_" The grand secret of education is to contrive that the exercise of the body and that of the mind may always serve as relaxations to each other.”+- Treatise on Physical Education, by Louis Huguenin, Professor of Gymnastics. London : Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. 1839.
Monsieur Huguenin's little book is well worthy of attentive perusal, and people would do well to follow
* On the Diseases of the Learned. † Fmilius.