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acquired againſt ages almoſt ancient appears arms army authority barons became began body bound called carried cauſes century Charles charters church cities civil concerning conſiderable conſidered conſtitution continued court crown cuſtoms effects Emperors Empire employed England equal eſtabliſhed Europe exerciſe extenſive feudal firſt fixed force France German give granted held hiſtory ideas importance inhabitants inſtitutions intereſt Italy judges juriſdiction juſtice King kingdom lands laws leſs liberty Louis manners mentioned military monarchs moſt muſt nature neceſſary nobility nobles NOTE object obliged obſerved occaſioned Ordon originally period perſon political practice Princes privileges progreſs provinces publick received regulations reign remained rendered reſpect Roman ſame Sect ſecurity ſeems ſeveral ſhould ſociety ſome ſovereign Spain ſpirit ſtate ſtill ſubject ſuch territories themſelves theſe thoſe tion towns various whoſe
第 281 頁 - Even so late as the year 1471, when Louis XI. borrowed the works of Rasis, the Arabian physician, from the faculty of medicine in Paris, he not only deposited in pledge a considerable quantity of plate, but was obliged to procure a nobleman to join with him as surety in a deed, binding himself under a great forfeiture to restore it.
第 283 頁 - He is a good christian who comes frequently to church ; who presents the oblation which is offered to God upon the altar; who doth not taste of the fruits of his own industry, until he has consecrated a part of them to God ; who, when the holy festivals approach, lives chastely, even with his own wife, during several days, that with a safe conscience he may draw near the altar of God ; and who...
第 26 頁 - As this distant pilgrimage could not be performed without considerable expense, fatigue, and danger, it appeared the more meritorious, and came to be considered as an expiation for almost every crime.
第 283 頁 - Redeem then your souls from destruction while you have the means in your power ; offer presents and tithes to churchmen ; come more frequently to church; humbly implore the patronage of the saints ; for, if you observe these things, you may come with security in the day of retribution to the tribunal of the eternal judge, and say, ' Give to us, O Lord, for we have given unto thee.
第 85 頁 - The wild exploits of those romantic knights who sallied forth in quest of adventures, are well known, and have been treated with proper ridicule. The political and permanent effects of the spirit of chivalry have been less observed.
第 28 頁 - ... fanatical monk, who conceived the idea of leading all the forces of Christendom against the infidels, and of driving them out of the Holy Land by violence, was sufficient to give a beginning to that wild enterprise.
第 11 頁 - ... the ruins of villages and cities that afforded shelter to a few miserable inhabitants whom chance had preserved, or the sword of the enemy, wearied with destroying, had spared. The conquerors who first settled in the countries which they had wasted were expelled or exterminated by new invaders, who, coming from regions farther removed from the civilized parts of the world, were still more fierce and rapacious. This brought fresh calamities upon mankind, which...
第 16 頁 - ... his standard with a number of men in proportion to the extent of the territory which they received, and to bear arms in his defence.
第 31 頁 - Saladin, as well as some other leaders of the Mahometans, as give us a very high idea of their manners. It was not possible...