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CIIAPTEE VI.

No Chief of a party or party able to mate Pope the man they most dosired to elect.—Fear of enmity much more operative in the Conclave than enmity.—Multiplicity of considerations ever on the increase.—The Conclave which elected Clement X. especially long and difficult.— Moderation of recent Popes as to nepotism operates to increase this.— Saying of the Princess Albani.—Abundant evidence in this Conclave that negotiations with a view to the election were not checked by the Bulls to that effect.—Searching the Dinners of Cardinals a mere Farce.—Odeschalchi all but elected.—Father Bona wishing to further his chance, injures it.—Why Cardinal Pio could not vote for Altieri.— Chigi fails altogether as Head of a Faction.—Anecdote of Cardinal Razzi.—Message from tho King of Spain to the Conclave.—Remarkable results of it.—Anecdote of Altieri on the Eve of his Election.—Election of Altieri.—Anecdote of De Ketz 365

CHAPTER VII.

Letters of the French President Do Brosses.—Last Years of Clement XXL, Corsini.—Notices by De Brosses of the then Cardinals: of Cardinal Corsini, of Cardinal Albani, of Cardinal Coscia, of Cardinal Fleuri, of Cardinal Rohan, of Cardinal Tencin.—How Matters went in the Conclave.—Tencin loses all influence.—Proposal to elect Cardinal Aldrovandi opposed by Albani.—Albani's treacherous scheme to ruin Aldrovandi.—Albani's treachery ruins the chances of Cardinal Porzia. —Plain speaking of Cardinal Acquaviva.—Election of Lambortini as Benedict XIV.—His character and appearance.—Conclaves and Popes, sixteen in number, between that of Clement X. in 1670, and that of Pius IX. in 1846.—Saying of Cardinal Albani.—Characteristics of latter Popes 378

BOOK V.

THE CONCLAVE AS IT IS AT PRESENT.

CHAPTER I.

The death of a Pope.—Timo to elapse before Conclave—Cardinal Gaysruck's Journey.—The Mode of constructing cells for the Conclave.— Localities in the interior of the Conclave.—Drawing lots for the cells.— Mode of fitting and furnishing the cells.—Tho cell of a Royal Cardinal. —Tho Camerlengo.—Mode of living of tho Cardinals.—First day in Conclave 395

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CHAPTER H.

FA OK

The Twenty rules of Gregory XV.—Signal for strangers to clear out.—Scale of payment of fees to servants and attendants in Conclave.—Death of a Cardinal in Conclave.—Business of each meeting of the Cardinals between tho death of the Pope and the commencement of Conclave.— Entry into Conclave.—Bull of Pius VI. dispensing with certain formalities in the election of his successor. —Next Conclave in all probability will be quite regular 401

CHAPTER HI.

Three Canonical modes of Election.—Scrutiny and " Accessit."—Entry of the Cardinals into Chapel for the scrutiny.—Vestments.—Modo of preparing the Sixtine Chapel for the scrutiny.—The Scats of the Cardinals at the Scrutiny.—The " Sfumata."—How the day passes in Conclave.— The bringing of the Cardinals' dinners.—Cardinals heads of Monastic Orders.—Close of the day in Conclave 409

CHAPTER XV.

Mcde of Procedure at the Scrutiny.—"Ante-scrutiny."—The Four Actions composing it.—Description of the voting papers.—The Eight Actions composing the Scrutiny more properly so called.—Infirm Cardinals.— The Manner of their voting.—Kelatives may not be Conclavists.— How this rule is evaded.—The "Accessit."—The "Post-scrutiny."— Different procedure in case an election has or has not been accomplished.—Caro to ascertain that an elector has not made the necossary majority by voting for himself.—Cases of conscience as regards the voting.—Objects intended to be ensured by Conclave rules impossible of attainment.—Conclusion 418

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