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I 22.

Heights, 142; leader of Ohio Com- Revolution, American, its cause and
pany, 173; (picture), 170.

its occasion, 120; preliminary
Pyncheon, William, 55.

events, 121-131; northern cam-

paigns, 137–154; in the West, 155-
Quakers, settle in America, 67-68; 159; in the South, 160-165.

toleration, 68; pass humane crim- Revolutionary broadside (picture),
inal laws, 73; promote education,
73.

Reynolds, Gen. John F., 362.
Quay, Matthew S., 479..

Rhode Island, 54-57, 58, 75, 79,
Quebec, captured by Wolfe, 111-113; 162, 177, 179, 180, 224, 231, 449.
(view), 112.

Richmond, Grant captures, 367.
Quebec Act, 130.

Rio Grande, 288.
Queen Anne's War, 103.

Rio Janeiro, 483.

Roanoke Island, colony, 34.
Radisson, discoverer, 41.

Robertson, Gen. James, Revolution-
Railway, early, development, 310- ary services, 156.

311; rivalry between Chicago and Robinson, John, 50.
St. Louis, 317; land grants to, 389; Rochambeau, Count, 164.
and the Grange, 426-429.

Rochester, N., founds Rochester,
Railway engineers, western (view),

N. Y., 1972
388.

Rockefeller, John D., 494.
Raleigh, Sir Walter, colonizes Roa- Roebuck's discovery, 308.
noke, 34.

Roosevelt, Theodore, champion of
Ranch, western (view), 408.

civil service, 442–443; quoted on
Randolph, Edmund I., in constitu- reservation system, 447; political
tional convention, 179, 181.

career, 475-476; his “policies,”
Randolph, John (picture), 179. 476, 497-504; in Spanish-American
Rawdon, Lord, 162.

War, 487.
Reaper, invented, 251.

Roosevelt Dam, 503.
“Rebates," defined, 392.

Root, Elihu, 548, 567.
Reciprocity, history, 482.

Rosecrans, Gen. William S., 349.
Reclamation Service, founded, 500; "Rough Riders,” 487.
the Indian and, 449.

Royal colonies, 79.
Reconstruction, Lincoln's plan, 375; Royce, Professor, quoted, 419.

Congress opposes Lincoln plan, Rum, New England, 192.
375-378; southern reaction to, Rumsey, James, 212.
377–382.

Russell, Lord John, 353.
Red Cross, 395, 545.

Russia, claims in America, 237; atti-
Reed, Thomas B., 469.

tude in Civil War, 355; initiates
Referendum, 457:

Hague conferences, 507; in World
Reform, in Grant's day, 399.

War, 517,528, 564.
Removal of deposits, 268.

Russian Socialist Republic, 563.
“Representation, English and Russo-Japanese War, 510.
American views of, 128.

Ryswick, Treaty of, 104.
Republican party, origin, 313; his-

tory, 319; 396–405, 427-428, 431, St. Augustine, founded, 26.
450-456.

St. Clair, Gov. Arthur, 173; (picture),
Resaca de la Palma, battle of, 288. 174.
Reservation system, 446.

St. Lawrence River, discovered, 37.
Restoration, effect in America, 64. St. Leger, defeated, 150.
Revere, Paul, ride of, 140.

St. Mihiel battle of, 509, 551, 553.

St Pierre, Legardeur, 109.

Secession of the South, 333, 338;
St. Quentin, battle of, 554.

See Nullification.
Sackville-West incident, 435.

Sedan, battles for, 554.
Salem, founded, 51.

Sedition Act, 200.
Salisbury, Lord, 484.

Selective Service Act, 548.
Salt River project (view), 501. “Self-determination,” 512, 536, 558.
“Salutary Neglect,” 123.

Seminoles, removal of, 446.
Salvation Army, in Great War, Seminole Wars, 235.
545.

Senators, elected by direct vote,
Samoa, U. S. rights in, 483.

430, XVI amendment.
Sampson, Admiral W. T., 487. Separatists, 50.
San Francisco, Drake lands near, 31; Serapis, defeat of, 167.

Americans settle in, 254, 29c; in Seven Pines, battle of, 346.
days of '49, 418-419.

Seven Years' War, 107–114.
San Ildefonso, Treaty of, 205. Seventeenth Amendment, See
San Jacinto, battle of, 285.

Amendments.
San Juan Hill, battle of, 487. Sevier, Gen. John, Revolutionary
San Lorenzo, Treaty of, 198.

services, 156.
San Salvador, discovered, 20.

Seward, William H., anti-slavery
Santa Anna, Gen., captures the champion, 312, 315; in campaign
Alamo, 285; defeated, 285.

of 1860, 330; in Lincoln's Cabinet,
Santa Fé, settled, 26.

336; service to the Union, 369;
Santa Maria, sailing lines, 21.

(picture), 314
Santiago, battle of, 487.

Seymour, Horatio, 398.
Santo Domingo, 205, 513.

Shadrach Case, 316.
Saratoga, battie of, 150; effect Shafter, Gen. William R., 487.
abroad, 150–151.

Shays, Daniel, insurrection, 194.
Sault Ste Marie Canal, 309; (view), Shenandoah, the, 354.
302.

Sheridan, Gen. P. H., in Shenandoah
Saunders, Admiral, at Quebec, 111. Valley, 366; (picture), 345.
Savannah, Ga., settled, 77; captured Sherman, John, financier, 404; (pic-

by British, 160; Sherman occupies, ture), 466.
368.

Sherman, Roger, 170.
'Scalawags,” 380.

Sherman, Gen. W. T., Atlanta cam-
Schenectady, attacked by French, paign, 367-368; March to the Sea,
104.

368; (picture), 344.
Schley, Commodore, 487.

Sherman Anti-trust Act, 494;
Schurz, Carl, 441.

strengthened, 497, 498.
“Scioto Trustees,. 175.

Sherman Silver Bill, 466-467; re-
Scotch-Irish, frontier influence, 70- pealed, 467.

72; promote education, 72; Shiloh, battle of, 344.
strengthen English claim to the Shipbuilding, early Spanish, 21; on

West, 106; in the Revolution, 134. the Ohio, 198; on Great Lakes,
Scott, Thomas A., financier, 390. 304-305.
Scott, Gen. Winfield, in Mexican Shipping Board, 536, 543, 550.

War, 289-290; (picture), 289. Shreve, Henry, shipbuilder, 214.
Seal fisheries, 482, 484.

Sickles, Gen. D. E., 363.
“Search and Seizure," origin, 219-

Silver mining, 419-423.

“Silver States," development, 419-
Sectionalism, causes of, 275-278; See 424; political influence, 465-471.
Turner.

Simpson, Jerry, 430.

220.

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Sinclair, Upton, 498.
Sixteenth Amendment, See Amend-

ments.
Slavery, history, 231-234; constitu-

tional status of, 278; two types,

280.
Slave market (cartoon), 281.
Slave trade, origin, 46; absorbed

by England, 91; objections to, 91;
denounced by Jefferson, 91; and
the Constitution, 182; dates legal-
ized, 231; abolished, 279.
Slidell, John, 254.
Smith, Capt. John, 44.
Smith, Joseph, 250.
Smith, Gen. Kirby, 342.
Soils, judged by trees, 97; influenced

migration, 98; grain, 99; corn, 99;
fruit, 99; cotton, cane and sugar,

99-100.
“Solid South,” 202.
“Sons of Liberty,” 126.
“Sons of the South,” 319.
Soto, Hernando de, explorations, 24-

25; stocks the South, 25.
South, educational contribution of,

93.
South America, Columbus discovers,

21; our relations with, 482, 183,

488, 507, 512-513.
South Carolina, 76, 77, 79, 134, 160,

162, 179, 221, 232, 240, 251, 262,
264, 267, 286, 333, 381, 400, 630.
“South Carolina Exposition,” 262.
South Dakota, 409, 410, 411, 414,

423, 431, 447, 499, 630.
South Sea, 44, 75, 82.
Spain, in America, 17–28; ceded

Louisiana, 113; aids America
(1778), 150; obtains Florida, 165;
cedes Louisiana, 205; cedes Flor-
ida, , 235; loses Mexico, 284; See

Spanish-American War.
Spanish colonies, slow growth of,

27, 28; explorers, 18–28; successes
of, 26; their short-comings, 27;

ships (architecture), 21.
Spanish-American War, 485-489.
Sparks, Jared, 250.
Speaker of the House, power re-

duced, 479.

Specie, defined, 271 n.
"Specie Circular,” 271.
Specie payments, suspended, 465.
Spinning, development, 240.
Spoils System, origin, 258; later his-

tory, 399.
“Spoliation Claims,” 294.
“Spot Resolution, Lincoln intro-

duces, 327
Spottsylvania C. H., battle of, 367.
Spottswood, Sir Alexander, tour to

the West, 105:
“Square Gulf,” Cartier seeks the,

36.
"Squatter Sovereignty;" See Popu-

lar Sovereignty.
“Stalwarts,” 404
Stamp Act, 125–126.
Stamp Act Congress, 126.
Standish, Capt. Miles (picture), 58.
Standard Oil Co., 391, 494,495.
“Standards of Production,” 540.
Standard time, 462.
Stannard, Gen. George J., 364.
Stanton, Edwin M., anti-slavery

leader, 312; great service to the
Union, 371; (picture), 314.
“Star Route” frauds, 442-450.
"Star-Spangled Banner," origin,

,
224.
Stark, Gen. John, 150.
State banks, 268, 270-271.
Steamboats, on Great Lakes, 304–

305; western (views), 214, 454.
“Steam Roller,” 479.
Stephens, Alexander H., pro-slavery

leader, 312; Vice-President of the

Confederacy, 333; (picture), 315.
Steuben, Baron, 151.
Stevens, Thaddeus, 379.
Stiles party, found New Haven,

Conn., 55:
Stimers, Chief Engineer, 351.
Stockyards, Chicago (view), 410-411.
Stony Point, captured by Wayne,

154.
Story, Judge Joseph, 250.
Stove Founders' National Defense

Assoc., 458.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, author of

Uncle Tom's Cabin, 316.

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“Strict Construction," of the Con-

stitution, 169, 193–194, 205, 248.
Strikes, 253, 451–461.
Stuart, Gen. J. E. B., 366.
Submarines, 521, 526-528, 530, 568.
Suffrage, Negro, limited in the North,

378; obstructed in the South, 380-

382; Woman's, 565-566.
Sugar tax, 124.
Sullivan, Gen. John, raids Iroquois

country, 154.
Sumner, Charles, advocate of civil

service, 439; (picture), 312.
Sumter, Ġen. Thomas, 163; (picture),

164.
Supreme Court, origin, 182; enlarge-

ment of powers, 247-248.
Surplus, history of the, 268–269,

434-435.
Survey, National System estab-

lished, 172,
“Sussex Pledge,” 528-529.
Sutler, John A., 417,
Sycamore Shoals (view), 136.
Taft, William H., advanced civil

service, 443; as President, 476–
480; (picture), 476.
Tammany, political influence, 435,

436.
Taney, Judge Roger B., 268.
Tariff, early history, 187, 192, 230,

246–247; “of abominations,” 262,
267; becomes sectional, 276; See

Tariff Bills.
Tariff bills: Walker (1846), 450;

Morrill (1861), 450; McKinley
(1890), 453, 466; Wilson (1894),
452-453; Dingley, (1897), 453;
Payne-Aldrich, (1910), 453-454,
477, 479; Underwood (1913), 453;

Temperance reform, 252.
Ten-hour day, 253.
Tennessee, 134, 135, 156, 198, 229,

240, 338, 339, 349, 364, 368, 376,

381, 630.
Tenure-of-Office Act, 380, 434.
Texas, 23, 27, 208, 277, 278, 283–

287, 291, 297, 314, 333, 381, 406,

408, 410, 413, 430, 499, 535, 630.
Texas, Republic of, 285.
Thames, battle of the, 223.
Thirteenth Amendment, See Amend-

ments.
Thomas, Gen. George H., 364, 368;

(picture), 347.
Thompson, Maurice, quoted, 168.
“Tight money market," defined,

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Fordney-McCumber, (1922), 453.
Tarleton, Sir B., 162.
“Taxation without representation,”

discarded, 128.
Taylor, Gen. Zachary, in Mexican

war, 288-290; as President, 313;

(picture), 313.
Tecumseh, 221.
Telegraph, invented, 310; first in-

strument (view), 310.

464.
Tilden, Samuel J., 400.
Times (London), quoted, 226.
Tippecanoe, battle of, 221.
Tirpitz, Admiral von, 529.
T. N. T., relation to contraband,

519.
Tobacco plant, 45; its culture, 46.
“Toledo War,” 308.
Toll roads, era of, 211.
Tom Cringle's Log, quoted, 225.
Toombs, Gen. Robert, 312; (picture),

315.
Tories, 141, 165.
Toscanelli, correspondence wit,

Columbus, 18.
Tours, American headquarters, 551.
Townshend Acts, 126.
Trade routes, Asiatic, 5.
Trading Companies, English, 33–34;

origin of charters, 34.
Trading With the Enemy Act, 545.
Train, De Witt Clinton's (view),

268.
Transports, in Great War (view),

544, 550.
Treaties, See by name.
Trees, soil judged by, 97-98.
Trent, affair, 354.
Trenton, battle of, 149.
Tripoli, war with, 207.
Trist, Nicholas P., 290-291,
Trusts, history of, 490-498.
Tryon, Governor, 161.

Tunnell, first American (view), 244.
Turner, Professor, cited, 100.
Tweed, William M., 400; (cartoon),

402.
Tyler, John, as President, 277;

(picture), 277
Uncle Tom's Cabin, influence in

England, 355:
“Unconditional Surrender,” 344.
Underwood, Oscar, 567.
Union Pacific Railway, 389; comple-

tion (view), 391.
United States Bank (Second), 261-

262, 268; (cartoon), 260.
United States Steel Corporation,

495.
Utah, 314, 499, 630.

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Vaca, Cabeza de, 23.
Vagrancy laws, 377.
Valley Forge, Washington's head-

quarters (view), 92.
Van Buren, Martin, as President,

273; defeated by Harrison, 273;

(picture), 269.
Vanderbilt, C., 390; (picture), 389.
Varnum, Judge J. M., 173.
Venezuela, 484, 507-512,
Vera Cruz, occupied (1847), 290;

(1914), 514.
Verdun, meaning of struggle for,

529-530.
Vermont, 116, 143, 198.
Versailles, Treaty of, 558-559.
Vespucci, Americus, 29.
Vestries, government by, 48.
Vicksburg, Grant captures, 359–

360; (view), 360.
Victoria, Queen, on neutrality, 355.
Viel, Father, martyr, 38.
Villa, Gen. F., 514.
Vincennes, captured by Clark, 158–

159.
Virginia, 34, 35, 44-49, 79, 82, 84,

90-93, 131, 134, 136, 139, 142,
152, 158, 163, 165, 170, 179, 180,
182, 183, 189, 192, 201, 211, 220,
231, 232, 240, 321, 334, 338, 342,
345-347, 361, 365, 366, 367, 376,
381, 630.

Virginia Resolutions, 201.
Virginia, engagement with the

Monitor, 349-351.
“Virginia Plan,” the, 179.
“Wabash Case,” 429.
Wabash, soils, 99.
Wade, Benjamin F., anti-slavery

leader, 373, 375.
Wade-Davis Bill, 373, 375.
Walker, Robert J., 286.
War Zones, 521.
War of 1812, origin, 218–221; his-

tory, 221-229; its results, 230.
Warren, Gen. Joseph, killed at

Bunker Hill, 140.
Washington, 431, 499, 630.
Washington, D. C., becomes the

seat of government, 191-192;

burned by the British, 224,630.
Washington, Augustine, 49, 105.
Washington Conference, 566-569;

(views), 566, 567.
Washington, George, tour to French

forts, 109; Fort Necessity cam-
paign, 109; in Braddock's defeat,
110; frontier experiences, 110;
training and character, 139; takes
command of Continental Army,
142; “rebuke” of B. Arnold, 154;
in Yorktown campaign, 164; as
President, 189-199; “Letter to
Harrison,” 189; Farewell Address,
194-195; policy of neutrality,
195-196; (pictures), 138, 194.
Washington, John, planter, 47, 91.
Washington, Lawrence, 49, 105.
Watauga resolutions, 134.
“Watchful Waiting,” 513.
Watling Island, discovered by Co-

lumbus, 20.
Watt, James, 212.
Wayne, Gen. Anthony, at Stony

Point, 154; defeats Ohio Indians,
174; (picture), 175.
Weaver, Gen. James B., 430-431.
Webster, Daniel, tribute to Ordi-

nance of 1787, 173; debate with

Hayne, 262; (picture), 262.
Webster, Daniel, early lake steamer

(view), 304.

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