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according advantage afford agriculture amount annual annual produce average bank become bills bring brought capital carried cattle cause cent century circulation clothing coin commodities commonly consequence considerable consumed consumption continually corn cost course cultivation demand diminish effect employed employment England equal Europe exchange expense fall farmer fertility foreign four frequently give gold and silver greater hands immediately importation improvement increase industry interest kind labour land landlord laws least less maintain manner manufactures materials means metals mines naturally necessarily necessary never notes occasion ordinary paid paper money particular perhaps period person portion pounds present produce profit projects proportion purchase quantity quarters raise rent replaces returns revenue rise Scotland seems shillings society sometimes sort sufficient supply supposed surplus things thousand tion trade wealth whole yields
第 432 頁 - The statesman who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
第 367 頁 - Parsimony, and not industry, is the immediate cause of the increase of capital. Industry, indeed, provides the subject which parsimony accumulates. But whatever industry might acquire, if parsimony did not save and store up, the capital would never be the greater.
第 266 頁 - ... into three parts; the rent of land, the wages of labour, and the profits of stock: and constitutes a revenue to three different orders of people; to those who live by rent...
第 460 頁 - The capital which is employed in purchasing in one part of the country, in order to sell in another, the produce of the industry of that country, generally replaces, by every such operation, two distinct capitals, that had both been employed in the agriculture or manufactures of that country, and thereby enables them to continue that employment.
第 428 頁 - ... the highest impertinence and presumption, therefore, in kings and ministers, to pretend to watch over the economy of private people, and to restrain their expense, either by sumptuary laws, or by prohibiting the importation of foreign luxuries. They are themselves always, and without any exception, the greatest spendthrifts in the society. Let them look well after their own expense, and they may safely trust private people with theirs. If their own extravagance does not ruin the state, that of...
第 188 頁 - Rent is that portion of the produce of the earth which is paid to the landlord for the use of the original and indestructible powers of the soil.
第 356 頁 - But the labour of the manufacturer fixes and realises itself in some particular subject or vendible commodity, which lasts, for some time at least, after that labour is past. It is, as it were, a certain quantity of labour stocked and stored up, to be employed, if necessary, upon some other occasion.
第 277 頁 - The substitution of paper in the room of gold and silver money, replaces a very expensive instrument of commerce with one much less costly, and sometimes equally convenient. Circulation comes to be carried on by a new wheel, which it costs less both to erect and to maintain than the old one.