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From the frequent calls of this nature, there appears lid doubt, but that the Unitarian public would readily engage to purchase such works, or to enter into any reasonable plan that might be proposed to attain the object. I am, &c.
G. W. COOKE, }
Secretary to the Union. [The plan of a cheap Periodical for Schools is under consideration : any hints with regard to it before the End of the Year, will be esteemed a favour. Ed.]
Letter of Mr. Roscoe's to the Promoters of the Liverpool
Anti-Slavery Aleeting. [NOTHING can shew more plainly the triumph of right feelings on the subject of Negro-Slavery, than the issuing of a petition for its ultimate abolition from Liverpool, agreed upon at a public, numerous, and most respectable meeting, and signed by a great number of bands. The proceedings at this meeting, where Mr. James Cropper was
in the Chair, were very interesting; and not the least ina şteresting part of them was the reading of the following letter from Mr. Roscoe, the venerable writer, philanthropist and Christian Reformer, which we have great pleasure in transplanting to our pages.] To Messrs William Rathbone, Adam Hodgson, and John
Cropper. GENTLEMEN, Lodge-lane, April 24, 1826. I greatly regret that the present state of my health prerents my attending the public meeting intended to be held this day, for considering the expediency of petitioning Parliament for the abolition of slavery in the British Colonies; but although I am deprived of the opportunity of taking a part in its deliberations, I cannot refrain froin expressing the pleasure I feel that such meeting has at length taken place, and my sincere wishes that it may forward the great cause which, for more than half a century, has been an oliject the nearest to iny
heart. That the present meeting has been prematurely or hastily called, can scarcely be asserted. On the contrary, it must bave been thought extraordinary in other parts of the kingdoin, that this great and sourishing town has not sooner expressed its public sentiments on this subject; and it may peiliaps bave been supposed, that some leavert of auciert abuses still remains amongst us; but I trust the proceedings of this day will shew that such suspicions are ground. less; and that the town of Liverpool is not less awake to the voice of justice, and the claims of humanity, than any other portion of the British empire.
'It is, indeed, difficult to conceive how any person who breathes the air of freedom, partakes of the bounties of Providence, and of all the pleasures of domestic and social life, can suppose himself entitled to these blessings, or reconcile it to his feelings to enjoy them, whilst he is conscious that so many of his fellow-beings, sensible like himself to every emotion of pleasure and pain, are languishing in the most abject slavery, subject to the tyranny and caprice of those who have no other object in view than: to reduce them to the condition of beasts of labour, and whose posterity are, by a cruel anticipation, devoted to the same wretched condition as themselves. This, one would think, was a cause which would awaken the most insensible, and rouse the most indolent, even if he had no share in bringing on the evil himself. But what, then, sball we say when we reflect, that we are ourselves the authors of this, most enormous abuse; that
we, the people of these realms; have given rise to it; that we have supported it for centa.. ries; and that we still continue to inaintain it in its full extent and iniquity? Still more extraordinary is it that our crime is gratuitous, that we manifest our folly no less than our injustice, that we actually tax onrselves in order to entail misery on others, and support, by an annual contribution to a large amount, a system of slavery, which the same amount would, if applied to promote the ends of justice and mercy, tend in a great degree to remove. For the manifestation of this great and incontrovertible truth we are chiefly indebted to one of our distinguished townsmen, who has placed it in so clear a point of view, that it is from henceforth in possible that any person who entertains a sense of right and wrong, can feel himself at rest until the guilt of participating in such an enormous crime be effectually removed. It is to no purpose that we pretend to condemn our fellow-subjects, the colonial plauters, and proprietors, upon whom, through a variety.of causes, the distribution of our cruelties, the infliction of our punishments, has devolved. It is we who have delivered over to thein the objects of their oppression ; it is we who guarantee them in the exercise of it; it is we who supply them
with the means of it, and the moment we withdraw those supplies the evil must cease. But although the removal of this acknowledged evil be our evident and indispensable duty, it is not the whole of our duty; we must not remedy ove act of injustice by the perpetration of another. After having given rise to, and supported for so long a time, a system of slavery, and encouraged our fellow-subjects to devote their labours and einbark their property under an assurance of its continuance, we must not suddenly tura round upon them, and consider them as the persons wbọ are to remedy, the evil at their own risk and their own expense; much less can we, with any degree of justice, place onrselves in opposition to them, as if they alone were guilty and we were free from offence, or persist in upbraiding them with the exercise of those severities, privations and restraints, which are indispensable to a state of slavery, We must not only insist upon a termination of the evil, but must enable them to accomplish it; and, liaving so long taxed ourselves for the support of slavery, we must, if it should appear to be necessary, tax ourselves for its extinction, and bear, in common with the colonists, any losses consequent on a change of system. Thus, and thus alone, may we hope to remove from amongst us all causes of dissension and complaint, and to unite every British subject in one great effort for the removal of an evil, of the guilt of which we are at length become sensible, and the consciousness of which we canpot, without violating every prin. ciple of reason and justice, any longer support.
I shall only beg leave, on this occasion, further to remark, that upwards of forty years have now elapsed since effectual measures began to be adopted for terminating the trade for slares to the coast of Africa. I well remember the difficulties with which the subject was then surrounded, and the slender hopes that were entertained that so great an object could ever be accomplished. I remember also, the fears and apprehensions which then existed, that the trade and commerce of the country in general, and of this town in particular, would be greatly injured by the adoption of such a measure. Nearly twenty years have now elapsed since the slave-trade was abolished, and these apprehensions have not only vanished, but the commerce of Liverpool bas increased in an unexampled degree. By all just and generous minds the abolition of the slave-trade
was considered as only preparatory to the abolition of slavery itself. Who, that sincerely concurred in that measure, could reconcile himself to the idea of suffering so great a portion of human beings to remain with their posterity in a degrading and hopeless bondage? The period is now arrived when this great effort must be made. The difficu) ties which oppose it, are not so formidable as those which at first presented themselves to the abolition of the slavetrade. Much has been expected, both in the colonies and at home, towards its accomplishment. Since the prohibition of the importation of slaves into the British plantations, a period of time has elapsed, during which many · thousands of those who are now employed in active labour, have risen to maturity. The spirit of the British people is now awakened. The enormity of the evil, both morally and politically, is deeply felt. His Majesty's government is favourable to our views; and although we cannot contend for the immediate abolition of slavery, we must contend for the immediate and effectual adoption of such measures as may, within a reasonable and not distant period, lead to that happy result.
That the meeting of this day may tend to accelerate it, is the most sincere wish of yours, most truly, (Signed)
The Messenger Bird. [From “ Forest Sanctuary and other Poems." 8vo. Murray
1825. Pp. 131-133.] "Some of the native Brazilians pay great veneration to a certain bird that sings mournfully in the night-time. They say it is the messenger which their deceased friends and relations have sent, and that it briugs them news from the other world.”—See Picart's Ceremonies and Religious Customs. Thou art come from the spirits' land, thou bird !
Thou art come from the spirits' land !
And tell of the shadowy band.
In the light of that summer shore,
They are there and they weep no more!
And we know they have quenched their fever's thirst
From the fountain of Youth ere now,*
Which none may find below.
From the land of deathless flowers,
Though their liearts were once with ours.
And bent with us the bow,
Which are told to others now.
Can those who have loved forget ?
Do they love-do they love us yet?
And the father of his child ;
His wanderings through the wild?
And they speak not from cave or hill;
But say, do they love there still?
Refutation of American Wesleyan Attacks upon Uni
tarianism. We rejoice to see the Unitarian controversy alive in America and in all parts of the United States. The controversy in any place is we think to be desired; but there are peculiar reasons for hailing it in the United States of America. One is, that there the state holds out no bribe to induce men to believe or profess a particular creed, and consequently there truth has fair play : and another is, that our American Unitarian brethren seem adınirably fitted for the defence of Unitarianism, by their talents, their acquire
* An expedition was actually undertaken by Juan Ponce de Leon, in the 16th century, with the view of discovering a wonderful fountain, believed by the natives of Puerto Rico to spring in one of the Lucayo Isles, and to possess the virtue of restoring youth to all who bathed in its waters.-Sée Robertson's History of America,