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Edinburgh. I can make no appointments until I arrive at your town, where of course I shall spend the first Lord'sday. I shall wish to visit and preach in as many towns as I can, with any prospect of success. I shall not wish to waste my time in going to places where no prospect of doing good can be perceived, only I' wish it to be known that I care not how often I preach, nor how much I am employed. The object is to do all the good we possibly can, in promoting the cause of pure and primitive Christianity. I reckon on the co-operation of the brethren I shall find in Scotland, in my efforts and endeavours to promote the glorious cause in which we are embarked, during my
your country. In various parts of England, and in Wales, rational Christianity is making rapid progress; the accounts Mr. Lyons brought us from Scotland, gratified and animated us all. We rejoice that a part of the island, celebrated for seriousness, attention to religion, learning and hospitality, as Scotland is, admits into several of its towns the Unitarian doctrine ; greatly will it rejoice my heart if I be so happy as to contribute to its success and spread there, by the labours I may undertake in my proposed journey. I certainly have long wished to see our Northern brethren, and I hope soon to have my spirit' refreshed among them. May God prepare and enable me to come among you in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of his Son Jesus, and make our interviews abundantly edifying !
In expecting me, do not look for a man of figure, with sonorous voice, wlose outward appearance will recommend him; but expect a person of diminutive stature, a' plain man, who has nothing to recommend him but the truth, which to the utmost of his ability he will cheerfully communicate with plainness and fidelity, both in public and private, in defence of which he is willing to pass throngh evil report and good report, to promote which he will rejoice to labour in season and out of season. I shall be glad, when not engaged in public, to visit and converse with
any friends who will receive me; but I wish it to be .every where known, that. I want no entertainment but what is most simple and cheap. I have been in the habit of travelling much among the poor, of partaking with them of their homely fare, seasoned by friendship and Christian conversation, of sleeping in the mud-walled cottage, sometimes on a clay floor, and open to the thatch above. (
usually perform my journeys on foot. Our object in missi. onary journeys is, and ought to be, to avoid unnecessary expense, and to put those among whom we go to as little expeuse and trouble as possible. I never wish to be entertained like a gentleman, but as a follower of the meek and lowly Jesus, employed in preaching his gospel to the poor ;
and wherever I find a homely bed, or mattress, and a little plain food, I have enough, and am satisfied and comfortable.
Thus far I have thought it not improper to speak of myself, that the poorest brethren, as well as those in better circumstances, may be informed they will be put to no inconvenience in receiving a Unitarian Missionary to their houses. In free conversation among Christians I delight, and always reckon, when travelling, on doing as much good by conversation as by public preaching.
Not having leisure to add more, I remain, dear Sir, very truly and respectfully, your Christian Friend and Brother,
Harrisos Natural History of the Bible. * We have in this volume a valuable compilation, the substance of many works on the.“ Natural History of the Bible." It is one of those books by which America is repaying us for the knowledge and learning borrowed from Europe. Out of a considerable catalogue of original works derived from this side of the water, Dr. Harris has selected a great deal of useful and interesting matter. . We are pleased to see his book reprinted here, and at a price which brings it within the reach of a great many readers. In the same pamber of pages we know of no work which contains so much real ipstruction on the customs of the Jews, and the productions, &c. of Eastern countries. But we sball give the reader an opportunity of judging for himself by a few extracts.
At the end of “ Dissertation on the Mosaical Distinc
* The Natural History of the Bible; a Description of all the Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, Reptiles and Insects, Trees, Plantae Flowers, Gums and Precious Stones, mentioned in the Sacred Scrip lurres. Collected from the best Authorities, and Alphabetically Arranged. By Thaddeus Mason Harris, D. D., of Dorchester, Massachusetts. London, Repriuted for Togg, Cheapside. 8vo. pp. 462. 1824. 10s. 6d,
tion of Animals into Clean and Upclean," is the following Catalogue of forbidden Birds, in English Metre, extracted from the Bibliotheca Biblica, III, 142, ed. 4to, 1725, where it is printed in the old black letter.
“ Of feathred Foules that fanne the bucksom aire,
For, these thou shalt not eat doth God declare,
Fyrst the great Eagle, byrde of feigned Jove,
Which Thebanes worshippe and diviners love.
That baunte the shores, the choicest preye to finde,
The Vulture void of delicace and feare,
Who spareth not the pale dede man to teare :
Forbidd to man! she stabbeth deep her breast,
They too that range the thirstie wilds emong,
The Ostryches, unthoughtful of their yonge.
The Hawke, aerial hunter, swifte and bolde,
The vocale Cuckowe, of the faulcon race,
Obscene intruder in her neighbor's place :
The smallest fouls' dradd foe, the coward K’ite,
The glutton Cormorante, of sullen moode,
Regardyng no distinction in his foode.
As Kinges, on their high stations place thir bope,
The gay Gier-Eagle, beautifull to viewe,
“ The Ibis wbome in Egypte Israel found, Fell byrd! that living serpents can digest ;
The crested Lapwynge, wailing shrill arounde, Solicitous, with no contentment blest ;
Last the foul Batt, of byrd and beast first bredde,
Flitting with littel leathren sailes dispredde." According to the following account, the far-famed Cedar, the pride of Lebanon, is yielding to the destructive tooth of Time.
“ The cedar is a large and noble evergreen tree. Its lofty height, and its far extended branches, afford a spacious shelter and shade. Ezek. xxxi. 5, 6, 8. The wood is very valuable ; is of a reddish colour, of an aromatic smell, and reputed incorruptible, which is owing to its bitter taste, which the worms cannot endure, and its resin, which pre-serves it from the injuries of the weather.* The ark of the covenant, and much of the temple of Solomon, and that of Diana, at Ephesus, were built of-cedar.
“ The tree is much celebrated in Scripture. It is called 'the glory of Lebanon. Isa. Ix. 13. On that mountain it must in former times have flourished in great abundance. There are some now growing there which are prodigiously large. But travellers who have visited the place within these two or three centuries, and who describe the trees of vast size, inform us, that their number is diminished greatly; so that, as Isaiah, x. 19, says, a child may num. ber them.'t Maundrel measured one of the largest size,
. Some cedar wood was found fresh in the temple of Utica, iu Barbary, above two thousand years old.
of Peter Bellon in 1550 counted 28
26 J. Jacobi
26 R. Radzivil
24 J. Villamont 1590
24 Ch. Harant 1598
24 W. Litgow...... 1609
24 Eugen. Roger 1632
22 Boullaye le Gouz 1650
22 De la Roque 1688
16 R. Pocock
1784, only 4 or 5 from report. Billardiere ...... 1789
and found it to be twelve yards and six inches in girt, and yet sound; and thirty-seven yards in the spread of its boughs. Gabriel Sionita, a very learned Syrian Maronite, * who assisted in editing the Paris Polyglott, a man worthy of all credit, thus describes the cedars of Mount Lebanon, which he had examined on the spot.
• The cedar grows on the most elevated part of the mountain, is taller than the pine, and so thick that five men together could scarcely fathom one.
It shoots out its branches at ten or twelve feet from the ground; they are large and distant from each other, and are perpetually green. The wood is of a brown colour, very solid and incorruptible, if preserved from wet. The tree bears a small cone like that of the pine.'
“The following is the account given of these cedars by the Ahbé Binos, who visited them in the year 1778. Here I first discovered the celebrated cedars, which grow in an ovat plain about an Italian mile in circumference. The largest stand at a considerable distance from each other, as if afraid their branches might be entangled. These trees raise their proud summits to the height of sixty, eighty, and a hundred feet. Three or four, when young, grow up sometimes together, and form at length, by uniting their sap, a tree of monstrous thickness. The trunk then assumes, generally, a square form. The thickness which I saw might be about thirty feet round; and this size was occasioned by several baving been united when young. Six others, which are entirely insulated, and free from shoots, were much taller, and seem to have been indebted for their height to the undivided effects of their sap. These cedars, formerly so numerous as to constitute a forest, are now almost entirely destroyed. M. Billardiere, who travelled thither in 1789, says that only seven of those of soperior size and antiquity remain. The largest are eighty or ninety feet in height, and the trunks from eight to nine feet in diameter. These are preserved with religious strictness. The Maronites celebrate an annual festival under them, which is called 'the feast of cedars ;' and the patriarch of the order threatens with ecclesiastical censure, all who
# “ Maronites are certain Eastern Christians who inhabit near Mount Libanus, in Syria. The name is derived from a town in the country called Maronia, or from St. Maron, who built a monastery there in the fifth century. Hannah Adams, View of Religions, 2d edit."