ePub 版


I have been scrupulously honest in every transaction, even to thought; if there is a charge on my conscience, it is for being so angry and vindictive as these people make me for an hour or two. This is wrong, and I will try to crush my anger; but as to fear, Pooh! I have done all that I thought right, and so far been successful. If the Government turns foully treacherous, what can it do to a man who wants nothing beyond a house and food ; who is honest and stern; who has provided honestly for his children, and taught them religion and honour? I laugh the whole world to scorn!" (Needlessly, perhaps.) “I love, and am loved by those I love. My brother William has recorded my victories, and fame is mine, though I care little about it: so let death come when it will. I know I am like all others, mortal. I do not expect to live for ever; and the clock has given its tick, it will soon strike, and in such a state of mind who can bend me or break me? I am a rock.” (Thus spoke the ancient Roman, Coriolanus Redivivus.) "I have won victories, conquered a great kingdom, and ruled it, and work with heart and soul for the happiness of the poor.” (Most true.) “I have a wife and children, brothers, and sisters, and friends, and a grandson, to carry down my lineage. A bad fellow I am in many ways, but I feel no intentional wickedness on my conscience, and have a sincere conviction of mercy. My worst sin is the wish to shoot Outram as he deserves, for he is base to the last degree ;(an unhappy line, which we are unwilling to perpetuate ; but let it stand. He proceeds, however,) “ but that feeling never lasts with me against any man for more than a week. It is however good, and wise to be thought revengeful ; it prevents evil, and need never be so at heart. Never have I wronged woman in my life. I have kissed away many a tear ; but never caused one."

Brave old warrior! These were no idle boasts. And assuredly, whether" Outram was or was not so much to blame as the general imagined, he had received many wrongs, and grievous, from many quarters, that might almost justify exasperation. purposed to complete our survey of this work in the present article, but find that it has already exceeded our projected limits; and yet have not even touched the fourth volume, perhaps the most important, at least bearing most directly on the present state of India.

Meanwhile we will conclude for the present with a very remarkable prophecy from the third volume, which seems to have been amply justified by the event! Yet how difficult is it for us Europeans at a distance to judge of such things, and decide when such doctors disagree! For doubtless the Directors have a large stake, if any man has, in the prosperity of India, and might be supposed to be sensitive to the first approach of danger. Napier writes, (P. 338.)

“My opinion will be disregarded, and I will give no more ; but the present system will have a bad result some fine day, as sure as God inade Moses ; and the Court of Directors will sell the grandest empire the world ever saw. To give large salaries to civil servants, and refuse captains for sepoys: this is their economy! Yet they and their abettors fancy they are fit to govern such an empire, and to organise an army of three hundred thousand men !"

He bestows, however, the highest praises on the Indian army, both the Queen's troops and the Company's, and even extols the sepoys most highly. All, according to him, depends on personal influence and a judicious system ; an entire dismissal of mere Martinet ways; work for the men, and with the men; heartiness, freshness, and resolution.


Eloge funèbre de Monseigneur Claude-Hippolyte Clausel de Montals,

Ancien Evêque de Chartres, prononcé à la cérémonie de ses obsèques, dans l'Eglise Cathédrale de Chartres, le 8 Janvier, 1857, Par MONSEIGNEUR L’EVEQUE DE POITIERS; suivi d'une Notice Biographique sur le même Prélat, par L'ABBE BRIERE, Curé de la Cathédrale de Chartres. Chartres : Garnier, ImprimeurLibraire de Mgr. l'Evêque, Place des Halles, 16 et 17. 1857. Pp. xiv. 92.

We gave in our last number a short account of the life and labours of a deeply lamented Prelate of our Church—"a man," who, in the words of his biographer, was "endowed with great gifts, large and true of heart, pure and high in purpose, fervent and single-minded in devotedness to God"-snatched off from this world in the prime of life, but who nevertheless, in the short time allotted to bim here, “ fulfilled a long course. In the present one, we purpose laying before our readers a brief outline of the career of a Prelate of a sister Church, a man endowed too, like our own Armstrong, with great gifts, large and true of heart, pure and high in purpose, but who was called to his rest only after having nearly attained, with energy unabated and intellect unimpaired, the ripe age of eighty and eight years.

Claude-Hippolyte Clausel de Montals was born at the castle of Coussergues, near S. Geniez, a town in the old province of Rouergue, which now forms the department of Aveyron, on the 5th April, 1769, a year, as has frequently been noticed, during which a most remarkable number of eminent men were born. He was the son of François-Amable de Clausel, Judge at the Cour des Aides of Monpelliers, and of Rose Gros de Besplas, daughter of one of the presidents of the same Court. M. de Clausel had a large family. He, however, lost most of his children in their infancy. Those that survived all became distinguished men.

One of the four sons after having fought for some time in the ranks of the French emigrants during the late war, joined the Trappists, in Spain, and is the author of those letters so full of touching sensibility and melancholy, which appear in the notes to the Genie du Christianisme, and some of which are addressed to his brother, the future Bishop. The eldest son was a member of the Chamber of Deputies, and formed part, in 1815, of the celebrated Chamber which went by the name of introuvable. He also became a judge at the Cour de Cassation, with a salary of 15,000 francs. This office he spontaneously resigned in 1830, on the accession of Louis Philippe to the throne.

« Ce n'est pas," says his biographer, “qu'il regardát comme illicite le serment au gouvernement nouveau ; mais il lui semblait que certains noms ne pouvaient, sans déshonneur, se séparer de certaines causes, et que, suivant le mot de Saint Paul, qu'il alléguait lui-même, ' tout ce qui était permis n'était pas expédient. "-P. 41.

The whole family of the de Clausels was in fact throughout distinguished for their strong legitimist principles, and their attachment to the elder branch of the Bourbons, both in their prosperity and adversity.

The subject of this memoir, the youngest of four sons, received the rudiments of his education at the College of Rodez, under the well-known Abbé Girard. Even then he evinced remarkable ability. At the age of thirteen, he was sent to the College of Plessis in Paris, in the company of a youthful cousin of his, the afterwards highly distinguished preacher and apologist of Christianity, Frayssinous.

“ Un matin,” says the Bishop of Poitiers, in his éloge funèbre, “ l'on vit partir du vieux manoir de Coussergues deux jeunes cavaliers, lesquels, après avoir reçu la bénédiction et l'embrassement de leurs parents, s'embrassèrent entre eux, et, suivis seulement d'un serviteur, chevaucherent à travers les montagnes jusqu'à Clermont; puis, moyennant un véhicule dont la célérité semblait alors un prodige, et contribuait à populariser le nom d'un célèbre ministre, arrivèrent en trois semaines à Paris. Le plus jeune de ces deux voyageurs avait treize ans, et c'était Hippolyte; l'autre en avait dix-sept, il se nommait Frayssinous.”—

[ocr errors]

Pp. 8, 9.

At this college in Paris, both the young men highly distinguished themselves. After having completed his classical studies there, young Clausel entered himself at the seminary of the TrenteTrois, which was under the direction of the Professors of S. Sulpice, and there gave himself up to a systematic course of theological study, with a view to prepare himself for the ministry, for which he had long manifested great inclination and aptitude. In 1790 he was ordained sub-deacon by the Bishop of Babylon, acting for the Archbishop of Paris, M. de Juigné. But awful times were at hand; all the horrors and atrocities of the French Revolution were about to commence, when the throne, and social order, and morality, were involved in one common ruin, and religion herself was repudiated and proscribed, and the goddess of reason installed in her place. Soon after his ordination, young Clausel de Montals found himself compelled to leave Paris and to return bome. He performed the whole journey on foot. Even in the remote family castle he lived in perpetual peril; he was cast into prison several times, and on one occasion narrowly escaped being sent before the Revolutionary tribunal, which was nearly tantamount to being sent to death at once. He, however, finally escaped every danger, and after the Concordat of 1802, he once more devoted himself to the work of the ministry. He was ordained Deacon at Cahors in 1804. Two years after he was advanced to the Priesthood by M. de Mandols, Bishop of Amiens, to which diocese he had removed, on the appointment of his brother Michel as grandvicaire, and he was presented at the same time to an honorary canonry in the cathedral. In 1809 he became Inspector of the Academy of Amiens. At this period he had frequent occasion to go up to Paris. Here he became intimate with the chief littérateurs and savants of the time, such as Fontanes, Chateaubriand, de Bonald, Biot, &c., and he had also frequent intercourse with the élite of the French Clergy resident in the capital, such as Boyer, Desjardins, Quélen, and his friend Frayssinous. But besides the company of these distinguished men, Paris had other attractions for the Inspector of the Academy of Amiens—we mean its libraries, to which he was constantly resorting, and where he spent a considerable portion of his time.”

"Que de livres il absorba," exclaims his biographer, “si on nous passe cette expression. La suite a prouvé que sa lecture d'alors fut immense; lettres, théologie, histoire, mathématiques, il entassa tout dans sa mémoire, non pêle-mêle et avec confusion, mais avec ordre, clarté, discernement, à tel point que, même dans sa vieillesse la plus avancée, il ne se trompait pas sur la date la plus insignificante."-Pp:44.

M. Clausel de Montals, like all the other members of his family, was an ardent Legitimist, and naturally he hailed the Restoration of the Bourbons with intense delight. Soon after their return he was invited to preach a station, as well as several detached sermons, before the king, which attracted great attention.

One sermon delivered before the Court of Louis XVIII. in 1817 was particularly admired, and was eulogised in many of the periodicals of the day. About this period he became Almoner to Madame, an office which is usually considered as a stepping-stone to the highest dignities. The Abbé de Montals was generally pointed out from this time as likely to be presented to a Bishopric. Indeed it was a matter of astonishment to many that he had not yet obtained the mitre, and the more so as he appeared to possess all the necessary qualifications for the office. At length, on the 26th April, 1824, he was, on the nomination of his friend Frayssinous, who was now Bishop of Hermopolis, and minister of ecclesiastical affairs, appointed by royal ordinance to the Bishopric of Chartres, which had become vacant by the translation of Mgr. de Latil to the Archbishopric of Rheims. He was consecrated on the 22nd August, in the chapel of the seminary of S. Sulpice. He was so deeply moved on the occasion that he fainted at the conclusion of the ceremony, to the great alarm of all present. As he waited on the king, previous to repairing to his diocese, Charles X. alluded to this event, and expressed the high opinion he had formed of him; whilst the daughter of Louis XVI. presented him with a magnificent crozier and a gold mitre as a token of the respect and affection she felt for the new Bishop, her former chaplain.

The diocese of Chartres was not in the best of conditions when the new Prelate took possession of it. It was one of the sees abolished at the Revolution, and it had only been re-established three years

before M. Clausel de Montals' presentation to it. Mgr. de Latil, during those three short years that he held the see, had doubtless done a great deal, but there remained much to accomplish. The first object to which the new Prelate directed his attention was the establishment of a petit seminaire. Different charitable persons gave considerable sums of money, but the amount contributed was not sufficient for the purpose. The Bishop hit upon the following plan to supply the deficiency:

“A sa voix des sociétés de dames pieuses se forment sur tous les points du diocèse; des quêtes fructueuses se font partout à l'envi; on parvient à amasser assez d'argent pour acheter une ancienne abbaye des Génovéfains, entourée de cours spacieuses, de vastes jardins et d'un bois très-agréable ; les enfants du sanctuaire s'y assemblent; et il commence le cours de ses destinées, ce petit seminaire de Saint-Cheron, d'où sortiront tant de prêtres vertueux, savants, éloquents; d'où sortira entre autres cet évêque, l'orgueil non-seulement de notre contrée, mais désormais l'orgueil de toute l'Eglise.”—P. 48.

If we mistake not, the Bishop here alluded to is Mgr. Pie himself, who preached the late Bishop of Chartres' funeral sermon. He received his education at the seminary of S. Cheron, and was on terms of great intimacy with the deceased Prelate, though, judging from the published writings of both, we should say they did not always agree on various theological points.

The Bishop of Chartres next directed his attention to the orga

[ocr errors]
« 上一頁繼續 »