AN address has just been issued by the Jews living in the Papal territory to their brethren in the rest of Europe. This touching document is headed thus:-"The Israelites in slavery in the Papal States to the Israelites in freedom dwelling in other parts of Europe," and in the following terms describes the paternal Government which our fellowsubjects in Ireland are clamouring to uphold:

"It has for its sole object to exercise capriciously and despotically a power which neither knows nor accepts any limit, and stifles-by scaffolds, by tortures, by the pillory, by bastinadoing, by the galleys, by imprisonment, by banishments, by criminal warrants, by the mysterious terrors of the police and Inquisition, and by every species of the most atrocious vexation-every legitimate want, every generous aspiration, and every just demand of the people; it combats alike all progress, opposes railways, telegraphs, the enlargement of harbours, the construction and restoration of the highways, the drainage of unhealthy marshes, the bringing into cultivation of waste land; it crushes intelligence, reviles the results of science and of civilisation, idolises ignorance and superstition, despises agriculture, combats industry, and annihilates commerce, and thus reigns over 3,000,000 of men whom it considers and treats as slaves."

Of their own lot the Romish Jews say:

"No one raised ever, on our behalf, an official and powerful word. Yet we, too, are men like all the rest, created after the likeness of the Supreme God. We do not engage in conspiracies, we are patient, we observe these monstrous laws, and notwithstanding, we are persecuted with Satanic acts and with a refinement of cruelty."

Such is the testimony of the ancient people of God to the spirit of Popery which is pressed on them as alone true Christianity! Is it wonderful if they shudder at the name?

GARIBALDI ON POPERY. THIS eminent man, whose praise is now in all lips, has given us his opinion of Popery. In reply to the students of the University of Pavia, he lately said :-"Some headstrong men wish to plunge our country again in the mire; they endeavour to prevent the work of our resurrection. They disregard the sublime maxims of Christ, and form compacts with powerful men to enslave Italy; they have gratified their thirst for blood by frightful executions, and they would repeat them if they were not restrained by the good sense of nations. In the midst of Italy, at its very heart, there is a cancer called Popery-an imposture called Popery. Yes, young men,

we still have a formidable enemy, the more formidable because it exists among the ignorant classes, where it rules by falsehood; because it is sacrilegiously covered with the cloak of religion. Its smile is the smile of Satan. This enemy, young

men, is the priest! the priest, with few exceptions, &c."

This is a noble testimony borne by Italy's most distinguished son. Who can but rejoice in the matchless influence he exerts throughout his native land?

The Christian Household.


ALL pledging apart, the governing principle of every Christian household should be total abstinence from strong drink. For the promotion of health and beauty, nothing is comparable to cold water. Nay, for the severest toil, it is preferable to all liquor. This has been proved times without number: a striking example came recently to hand.

In the early part of the year, the 84th regiment marched by wings from Madras to Secunderabad, a distance of between 400 and 500 miles. They were forty-seven days on the road, and during this time the men were, practically speaking, teetotallers. Previous to leaving Madras, subscriptions were made among the men, and a coffee establishment was organized. Every morning, when the tents were struck, a pint of hot coffee and a biscuit were ready for each man, instead of the early morning dram, which soldiers on the march in India almost

invariably take. Half way on the day's march the regiment halted, and another pint of coffee was ready for any man who wished it. The regimental canteen was opened only at ten and twelve o'clock for a short time, but the men did not frequent it, and the

daily consumption of arrack for one wing was only two gallons and a few drams per diem, instead of twenty-seven gallons, which was the daily Government allowance. The commanding officer employed the most judicious precautions to prevent the men from obtaining arrack in the villages on the route, and his exertions were effectively seconded by the zealous co-operation of the other officers, and by the admirable conduct of the majority of the men, who were fully persuaded of the noxious influence of ardent spirits during exercise in the sun. The results of this water system were shortly these: during the whole march, the regiment had not a single prisoner for drunkenness; although the road is proverbial for cholera and dysentery, and passes through several unhealthy and marshy districts, the men were free from sickness to an extent absolutely unprecedented in our marches in India; they had no cholera and no fever, and lost only two men by dysentery, both of whom were old chronic cases taken out of hospital at Madras. With these exceptions, there was scarcely a serious case during the whole march. The officers were surprised

to find that the men marched infinitely better, with less fatigue and with fewer stragglers, than they had ever before known, and it was noticed by every one that the men were unusually cheerful and contented. There could not be a more convincing proof that the stimulus of spirits is quite unnecessary in the tropics, even during great bodily exertion and fatigue.

These facts are not merely remarkable, they are valuable: men in perfect health, whatever their vocation, will do well to follow the example. Wine, or spirits, or porter, may be useful, and even necessary to the aged, and the invalid, and others under various circumstances; but to men in their youth and prime they are needless, and they may be injurious.



HEALTH and long life are almost universally associated with early rising; and countless old people are pointed at as evidence of its good effect on the general system. Can any of our readers on the spur of the moment give a good and conclusive reason why health should be attributed to this habit? We know that old people get up early, but it is simply because they can't sleep. Moderate old age does not require much sleep; hence in the aged early rising is a necessity or a convenience, and is not a cause of health in itself. Early rising, to be beneficial, must have two concomitants-to retire early, and, on rising, to be properly employed. An important advantage of retiring early is, that the intense

stillness of midnight and the early morning hours favour that unbroken repose which is the all-powerful renovator of the tired system. Without, then, the accompaniment of retiring early, early rising is worse than useless, and is positively mischievous. Every person should be allowed to have his sleep out; otherwise the duties of the day cannot be properly performed-will be necessarily slighted, even by the most conscientious. To all young persons, to students, to the sedentary, and to invalids, the fullest sleep that the system will take, without artificial means, is the balm of life-without it there can be no restoration to health and activity again. Never wake up the sick, or infirm, or young children of a morning-it is a barbarity; let them wake of themselves; let the care rather be to establish an hour for retiring so early, that their fullest sleep may be out before sunrise. Another item of great importance is :-Do not hurry up the young and weakly. It is no advantage to pull them out of bed as soon as their eyes are open; nor is it best for the studious, or even for those in health, who have passed an unusually fatiguing day, to jump out of bed the moment they wake up; let them remain, without going to sleep again, until the sense weariness passes away. Nature abhors two things-violence and a vacuum. The sun does not break out at once into the glare of the meridian. The diurnal flowers unfold themselves by slow degrees; nor fleetest beast nor sprightliest bird leaps at once from its restingplace. By all of which we mean to


say, that as no physiological truth is more demonstrable than that the brain, and with it the whole nervous system, is recuperated by sleep, it is of the first importance, as to the well-being of the human system, that it have its fullest measure of it; and to that end the habit of retiring to bed early should be made imperative on all children, and no ordinary event should be allowed to interfere with it. At ten o'clock at night, where possible, the year round, the old, the middle-aged, and the young should be in bed; and then the early rising will take care of itself, with the incalculable accompaniment of a fully rested body and a renovated brain. We repeat it, there is neither wisdom, nor safety, nor health in early rising itself; but there is all of them in the persistent practice of retiring to bed at an early hour, winter and summer.

NIGHT AIR. ANOTHER extraordinary fallacy is the dread of night air. What air can we breathe at night but night air? The choice is between pure night air from without, and foul night air from within. Most people prefer the latter. An unaccountable choice. What will they say if it is proved to be true that fully one-half of all the disease we suffer from is occasioned by people sleeping with their windows shut? An open window most nights in the year can never hurt any one. This is not to

GATHERING LILIES.-As a man that takes a walk in his garden, and spying a beautiful full-blown flower, crops it and puts it into his bosom, so the Lord takes His walks in His


say that light is not necessary for recovery. In great cities, night air is often the best and purest air to be had in the twenty-four hours. could better understand in towns shutting the windows during the day than during the night, for the sake of the sick. The absence of smoke, the quiet, all tend to making night the best time for airing the patients. One of our highest medical authorities on consumption and climate has told me that the air in London is never so good as after ten o'clock at night. Always air your room, then, from the outside air if possible. Windows are made to open, doors are made to shut; a truth which seems extremely difficult of apprehension. I have seen a careful nurse airing her patient's room through the door, near to which were two gaslights (each of which consumes as much air as eleven men), a kitchen, a corridor, the composition of which consisted of gas, paint, foul air, never changed, full of effluvia, including a current of sewer air from an ill-placed sink, ascending in a continual stream by a well-staircase, and discharging themselves constantly into the patient's room. The window of the said room, if opened, was all that was desirable to air it. Every room must be aired from without; every passage from without. But the fewer passages there are in a hospital the better."Notes on Nursing." By Miss Nightingale.

gardens, the churches, and gathers his lilies, souls fully ripe for glory, and with delight takes them to Himself.Gill.



SAMUEL SPROULE was born 7th July, 1828, at Glasmullah, County Tyrone, in Ireland. Of the first seventeen years of his life the ensuing sketch in his own handwriting will give a general idea :—

"When I was about seven years of age, I went to reside with my grandfather; shortly after going there, I was sent to school, but not having the same wholesome restraint exercised over me as at home, I became by degrees almost totally indifferent, not only to learning, but also to all the punishment inflicted upon me by the master. This at times was very severe. I recollect on one occasion being laid up about three months, from the effects of a beating I got on the head. When I was about eleven years of age, my dear mother was called to enter into her rest; I shall recollect, as long as I live, the heavy pang of sorrow that rent my young heart when called to take the last look at her lifeless body. The sorrow and agony of that hour are still fresh before me. My heart was ready to break. But, thanks be to God, she has gone to her blessed home, the home where Jesus is the peaceful, happy heaven. About two years after this, my only sister was called to follow her sainted mother; she, too, had been taught of Jesus, and she, too, has gone to her home. Thus, at thirteen, I was left an orphan, as I might say, and worse than all, without any real thoughts about God. I was then

taken from my grandmother's, and brought home. Shortly after this, I was again sent to school; my father, I believe, intending me either for the medical profession or the ministry. I remained at a Latin school, studying for one of the above professions, until the summer of 1843, when my father was suddenly seized with a paralytic stroke. I was then called away from school, and placed at the head of the farm, but being little more than a child, only fifteen years old, I was more given to the so-called pleasures of the world than to looking after business, and instead of attending to the farm, I followed my childish sports. The servants, seeing this, took advantage of it, and did almost as they liked. Things went on in this state until November, 1846-little better than three years-when, to crown the whole of my folly, I ran off and enlisted."

What induced him to take this rash step does not appear, but probably the temptation, to a thoughtless, uncontrolled youth, was too strong to be resisted, and like the

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