« 上一页继续 »
State of the Barometer, from July 26th to August 25th, 1817, at Barnton, about Three
Miles N. W. from Edinburgh. 1817. Barom. Thermo. Rain. Weather., 1817. Barom. Thermo. Rain.
Weather. M. N. In.P.
M N. In.P. July 26 29.65 50 61
Rain Aug. 11 29.3
0.19 Clear .65 49 60
12 .51 50 62 0.05
50 60 0,2
16 .75 49 60 0.03 ditto Aug. 1 .9
Clear 29.64 16 58 0.28 Ram
50 70 .71 15 60 0.31 ditto
20 .8 55 68 0.03
Clear .1 17 56
ditto .05 48 56
24 .08 49 58 0.4
43 57 0.03 Showers 251 29.71 48 55 0.35 Rain 10 .85 47 58
Quantity of Rain, 2.57
It seldom happens that weather prevails, during two seasons successively, so much alike as we have experienced in the spring and summer of 1816 and of 1817. The cold, wet summer and unpropitious harvest of 1799, was followed, in 1800, by so warm and dry a season, as, though scarcely less favourable to the crops, produced a striking contrast in regard to their earliness and perfect maturation. No such remarkable difference between this year and the former has yet been felt. A late spring has consigned to a cold and wet summer, in both years, the infant produce of the earth, in a feeble and unhealthy state ; and a late harvest, though there is still reason to hope not in the present year a scanty one, has been and must be the consequence. With the exception of two weeks in June, the atmosphere has seldom, for two days together, been so clear, warm, and refreshing, as we often find it, even in this northern climate ; yet the superabundance of moisture occasioned a most rapid vegetation, which requires only to be succeeded by heat and sunshine for a few weeks to insure an abundant produce in all those situations where the seed was sound, and the young plants escaped any serious injury from the grub. The instances, however, are too numerous, particularly in the higher districts, where the oat crop threatens to be as late as that of last year. In the south of England, reaping has commenced, and will soon be general ; but though we hear of several patches having been cut, and see many fields approaching towards ripeness, harvest will make little progress before the middle of next month in this country.
Among the grain crops no such difference can yet be perceived as so lamentably occurred last year, in which wheat was greatly deficient even in those favourable situations where barley and oats fell little short of an average produce. All these species of grain promise to be, in favourable circumstances, almost equally productive, or at least are nearly alike luxuriant in their growth ; nor have any of the diseases to which wheat is peculiarly liable been so marked as to excite any alarm or apprehension. The pulse crops do not in general promise to be abundant. Turnips and potatoes, particularly the latter, of which a greater quantity than usual were planted last spring, are expected to be full crops upon all dry and well-dressed lands. The earlier crops of clover and rye grass hay were in many instances light, from the clover having been checked in its growth by the drought and coldncss of the spring; and the later crops have been saved with difficulty, and at an increased expence, owing to the frequent rains of the last month. Orchards and hopgrounds will not yield half a crop, and in many situations have failed altogether.
About the middle of June, the prices of grain, which had fluctuated during the six preceding months, according to the variations in our imports and exports, began to decline, owing to the very remarkable change which the fine weather then began to effect in the appearance of the growing crops ; and the supply having been more than equal to the de. mand ever since, especially since we ceased to export to France, prices have continued to fall; though of late much more slowly than in July. If fine weather does not speedily ensue, it is not probable that they will sink much lower. The very remarkable difference between the average prices of England and of Scotland, exhibited in the following Tables, has prevailed ever since last harvest, which, if any thing like accuracy could be depended on in these returns, would prove that the last wheat crop had failed more generally in regard to quality in the latter country than in the former.-Live stock, with the exception of Lambs, have been in demand, at improved prices, owing to the abundance of the pastures since the end of June.-Wool has been sold freely at higher prices than last year ; and very little of it now remains in the hands of the grower.
The following Tables have been constructed for the purpose of exhibiting, in a more distinct and comprehensive manner than has yet been attempted in any similar work, the weekly prices of agricultural produce in the principal markets of both the east and west of Britain, and must be valuable to agriculturists and mercantile men generally. The weekly averages of England, and of the Maritime Districts, and the monthly averages of Scotland, together with the Aggregate Averages by which importation is regulated, will form, we venture to hope, a useful record for reference to all who take an interest in the discus sion of those questions of Political Economy which relate to the subsistence of the people. 25th August.
CORN MARKETS.- Edinburgh.
Oat meal. Ba.&P.meal.
vuar. Potat. 1817
Boll Peck. Bolls. Pech.
d. d. July 30 15392 4631 11
27 36 28 32 0
July 29| 379 2 0 Aug. 6 538 21 47 39
28 36 27 32 6
Aug. 54292 0
16 13 551 25 64 37 101 2 59 28 32 0
12) 498 2 20 375 -7 51 57 10 28 33 27 31 0
191 4851 2 1
15 Glasgow. Wheat, 210 lbs.
Oais, 204 los,
Parley, 320 lbs. Bus.& Pse. OatmealFlour. 1817.
Dantzic. For.red. Scotch. Irish. Scots. Eng. English. Seoteh. Stir. Mea. 140 lbs. 280 lbs.
S. d. 16
20 18 16 12
1. July 28 50 10620 54 28 45 17 417 45 10 62 38 56 40 50 12 48 90 95 75 85 135 Aug. 150 1001110 54 28 45
17 4137 45 62 38 56 10 45 12 48 90 075 85 15% 11 30 101 10 48 28 41 16 10 36 41|| 62 38 56 40 45 +24890 0175 83 157 18 50 1041140 18 28 41 15 39 37 491 10 62 38 56
45 12 18 30 0103 75 14 Liverpool.
Flqur. Oatmeal, tu ilke 1817.
Wheat. Oats. Barley. Rye, Beans, Pease,
Eng. Scuts. Irish.
ks. d. 6. d. s.d. s.d. s. d. s.d. s. July 24's o 16 6 19 6 6 16 0 76 60 65 30 73
13 0 43 56 5 6 70 56 60 45 65 Aug. 57 0 13 0 43 56 5 0 66 56 615 65
1217 0 13 0 4 3 565 0 66/56 60 45 65
AU England and Wales.
S. d. &. d. 5. ds. d. s. ds. d. s. d. S. d. s. d. S.
S. d. s. d.ls. d. July 19 100 061 519 5 37 5 150 1051 10 15 il 12 105 0163 4 54 7 157 653
052 6 26 94 59 4147 13.5 318 849 11 12 il 19 99 2 61 1 50 2 137 319 049 6 90 4 55
816 7 34 119 4 18 7 41 11 26 94 7:58 219 2 34 9117 116 11 9 87 6 53 10145 954 6/19 4 46 311
90 9 56 1 48 753 515 U13 0
Aggregate Averages, (Aug. 9.) of the Twelve Maritime Districts of England and Wales,
by which Importation and Duly is to be regulated in Great Britain. Wheat, y6. 11d.-Rye, 59s. 10d.-Barley, 49s. 3d. -Dets, 368. 4d.-Beans, 195. 104. Pease 30s. 8d.
Oatineal, 125. Average Prices of Scotland for the Four Weeks immediately preceding 15th July. Wheat, 763. 9d.-Rye, 694. Il-Barley, 506. Jul.-Oats, 453. 5d.---Beans, 6īs. 100.--Pease, "ts 8d..
Oatmeal, 368. 5d.-Bear or Big, 46s. 2.
COLONIAL PRODUCE.-Sugars in the beginning of the month were in brisk demarid, and consequently obtained higher prices. On the 5th, large purchases of Moscovadoes were made at an advance of 3s. to 5s., and since then, a great disposition has been evinced to purchase at even a higher currency. Refined sugars had a corresponding rise, and on the 12th advanced generally 2s. to 3s. per cwt at which advance extensive contracts were made for goods to be delivered some weeks hence. Foreign sugars were also higher, and two bags Bengal sold 4s. to 5s. higher than the preceding week. On the 19th, the market was heavy, with a general reduction of ls. to 2s Coffee has fluctuated since the 5th, at which period most descriptions were selling briskly, at an advance of 3s. to 5s.; and on the 19th, a further advance took place of 2s. per cwt. Cotton.—On the 1st instant, an India sale of 8536 bags, chiefly Bengals, attracted great attention, and went off briskly, chiefly to shippers ; ordinary went off at an advance of d. to 14d., and middling £d. to 2d. on the prices of the preceding week; the finer descriptions were little varied-Demerara and Berbice at 20 d. to 2s. 1dd.; Grenada and Cariacou, 204d. to 22 d. ; Surinams, 2s. to 2s. 1d. Boweds, 19d. to 20d. ; Pernams, 2s. 2d. ; Bengals in the house, realized 104d. to 11d. On the 8th, accounts from Manchester of a great improvement in Cotton goods and twist, caused considerable briskness in the market ; and on that and the following day above 5500 bags changed hands at an advance of fd. to 4d. The market still continues brisk. The imports into London, Liverpool, and Glasgow, in July, were 42,487 bags, being 8448 more than those of July last year. Indigo.- Purchases of this article continue to be made at a premium of 4d. to 6d. per pound, on the last East India sale prices. Spices have experienced no variation in price. Tobacco.- The purchases are confined to a few hogsheads for the immediate wants of the trade. Rum.-Considerable business has been done, and prices may be generally stated 2d. per gallon higher than at the beginning of the month.
EUROPEAN PRODUCE.-Hemp, Flac, and Tallow'.—The continued westerly breezes having prevented the usual arrivals from the Baltic, the supplies have been short. Hemp and Flax, however, have varied little in price ; but Tallow has advanced from 6s. to 9s. per cwt. Yellow Candle has realised 62s. Brandy.-An advance of 4d. to 6d. per galIon has taken place, owing to unfavourable accounts of the state of the vintage in France. Geneva remains without alteration.
British Manufactures. The accounts from the manufacturing districts of England are, most cheering.-" Every branch (says a Manchester paper) of our national manufacture has received an inpetus to which it has long been a stranger. At our two last market days, goods have been amazingly in request, and bore a lively advance, evidently the effect of an eager demand.”—The demand for Norwich bombazeens is so great, that all the old looms, so long lying useless, have been put in requisition, and many new ones are making. At Tewkesbury, all the stocking frames are in full work ; considerable advances have been made in wages ; and another rise of 4s. per dozen is expected.
Course of Exchange, Aug. 19.-Amsterdam, 38 : 0 B. 2 V. Ditto at sight, 37 : 6. Agio of the Bank on Holland, 2. Hamburgh, 35 : U. Paris, 3 days sight, 24 : 30 U. Altona, 35:1:2 U. Dublin, 11.
Prices of Gold and Silver per 0%. - Portugal gold, in coin, L. 4:0:6. New doub. loons, L. 3:19:0. New dollars, L.0: 5: 2.
Premiums of Insurance at Lloyd's.-Guernsey or Jersey, 15s. 9d.—Cork, Dublin, or Belfast, 15s. 9d. to 208.—Hamburgh, 12s. Od.-Madeira, 20s.-Jamaica, 30s. to 35s. IVeckly Prices of the Public Funds, from July 14 to August 11, 1817.
July 14th 21st.
new loan, 6 per cents... French 5 per cents.
2914 292! 281 82834 83) 793 82
82! 78% 101
1004 96 1073
119 PT. 29 pr. 813
PRICES CURRENT.-AUG. 16. SCGAR, Musc.
LEITH. GLASGOW. B. P. Dry Brown,
74 @ 78 74 @ 78 Mid. good, & fine mid. 80
79 90 Fine and very fine,
88 94 91 93 Refaed, Double Loaves, 150 155 Powder ditto,
124 130 Single ditto,
122 124 120 122 Small Lumps,
U6 Large ditto,
114 116 112 114 Crushed Lumps,
70 MOLASSES, British,
33 COFFEE, Jamaica,
Ord. good, and fine ord. 78 83 82 87
Mid. good, and fine mid. 85 100 88
90 80 89
8! SPIRITS Jam. Rum 160.P. 3s 5d 3s Od
3s 5 3s 6 Brandy,
7 6 7 9 Geneva,
3 10 0 Grain Whisky,
7 07 Wines, Clar. Ist Growths,
5 Portugal Red,
45 Spanish White,
34 46 Teneriffe,
30 35 Madeira,
60 70 LOGwOOD, Jamaica,
£7 £8 £7 10 £8 0 Honduras,
8 0 Campeachy,
9 10 8 0 90 FUSTIC, Jamaica,
8 lo 0 8 10
14 INDIGO, Caraccas fine,
9s 60 lls 6 8s 6 93 6 PINBER, Amer. Pine,
1 9 20 Ditto Oak,
4 0 4 6 Christiansand (duties paid) 2 2 2 3
Honduras Mahogany, 0 1 1 1 0 10 ] 8
1 2 3 Tar, American,
20 21 18 20 Pitch, Foreign,
14 Tallow, Rus. Yel. Candle, 62
58 60 Home melted,
57 HEMP, Riga Rhine,
£45 46 Petersburgh Clean,
44 FLAX, Riga Th. & Dr. Ra. 61 63 Dutch,
52 53 Mats, Archangel,
£6 0 £6 6
645 60s 58s 60s
50s 52s 40s 488 OIL, Whale,
55 (p.brl.) Tobacco, Virg. fine,
12 104 11 middiing,
99 104 9.4 jo inferior,
9 Cottoys, Bowed Georgia,
1 6 1 9 Sea Island, fine, good,
2 5 middling, · Demerara and Berbice,
10 West India
2 1 • Maranham,
£8 0 £8 5
8 10 8 15 9 0 9 10 10 0 12 0 15 0 16 10 93 0 lis 6 17
0 2 1
ALPHABETICAL List of English BANKRUPTCIES, announced between July 15 and
August 16, 1817, extracted from the London Gazette. Abrahams, M. London, merchant
Knight, J. Castle Cary, surgeon Adlington, J. Chesterfield, draper
Lakeinan, D. H. Liverpool, merchant Bate, W. Birmingham, victualler
Lazarus, J. London, watchmaker Barker, S. Sheffield, cordwainer
Lynch, P. Liverpool, woollen-craper Black ley, H. Sheldwick, grocer
Lee, W. Rotherhithe, ship-chandler Bleads, J. Chester, umbrella-maker
Lewarn, W. Taunton, carpenter Bus t, J. Aston, gun-barrel-maker
Lindler, R. London, ship and insurance broker Beoran, L. C. Clifton, baker
Minsel, T. Peinbroke, apothecary Birdie, J. Birmingham, factor
Murd, W. London, auctioneer Bourne, J. London, cheese-monger
Morgin, J. Taunton, linen-draper Byers, A. South Shields, and W. Byers, Mile-End, Mann, J. di nior, Templesowerby, tanner ship-owners
Mosley, J. O. and H. J. Kcachi, London, toy-maChalk, W. New Sarum, baker
nu acturers Cu \, T. North Shields, ship-owner
Mitchell, J. Finsbury Market, Middlesex, brewer Cox, G. M. Loudon, toyman
Mann, J. II. Aveton Gifuril, cider-Inerchant Cole, J. Plymouth, rope-maker
Meacock, R. Liverpool, ship-chandler Cotell, J. Luncumbe Mill, North Wraxall, paper Mucock, 11. Mauchester, shopkeeper maker
Nicholls, R. Bath, butcher Daman, T. Teddington, farmer
Nice, T. London, linen-lraper Day, W. New Kent Roal, plumber
Northall, W.K. Wolverhainpion, schoolmaster Davis, C. London, cabinet-inaker
Pardow, G. (oughton, Warwick, needle-maker Deacon, B. Red Lion Square, Middlesex, carthen Parker, C.W. Halifax, merchant
Phillip, D. London, stationer Druitt, G. R. Winchester, linen-draper
Papps, G. Bristol, hosier Dowsett, S. Borehamwood, silkman
Phillips, H. London, coffechouse-keeper Diggles, G, London, money-scrivener
Parker, W. Halifax, merchant Donald, J. Abbott Lodge, Westmoreland, cattle Plackett, T. Breaston, butcher dealer
Powel!, R. ('arlise, innkeeper Elst n, G. South Shields, shipowner
Philips, A., anu B. Loser, London, merchants Elliot, G. Woodchurch, butcher
Ravenscroft, H. London, peruke-maker Eltonhead, J. Liverpool, spirit-merchant
Keeve and Leigh, Manchester au Loudon, ware. Eustain, W. Liverpool, wholesale grocer
housinen Farrel, C. Gosport, linen-draper
Recs, W. Bristol, ship-owner Fosser, M., H. Cooper, and E. Howard, South Richards, S. Liverpool, merchant
borough Mills, Kent, and London, gun-powder Robats, O. Alnwick, Anglesey, shopkeeper manufacturers
Sanduark, A. London, merchant Fawell, T. St Llikes, Middlesex, surgeon
Stone, 11. Milverton, scrivener Fennel, T., and W. Benstead jun. London and Spall, G. London, coachmaker Brussels, merchants
Smith, E. Perby, Bleacher Frisby, R. Leicester, horse-dealer
Slipper, J. Crostwick, carpenter Frewing, J. Blackwater, grocer
Skerring, T. London, builder Griffiths, w. Beaumaris, currier
Scholeticla, N., and T. W. Kershaw, Greenwich, Green, W. London, underwriter
haberdashers Goudie, J. Liverpool, ash-manufacturer
Shaw, J. late of Madeira, now of London, merGompertz, II. Hampstead, merchant
chaut Hazell, G. Saltford, victualler
Salter, J. Halberton, dealer Hollands, J. Westminster, builder
Salmon, J. Westbury, denler Hix, J. Godmanchester, draper
Scone, W. Longtown, Sealer in bacon Hay, N. London
Taylor, G. liorton, cotton-manufacturer Hoseason, W. Jamaica, merchant
Waldack, 11. London, chcese-monger Humphreys, S. London, merchant
Wamer, J.Creat Wigston, lime and coal merchant Holt, J. L. Manchester, dealer
Wise, W. Bath, bechseller
Wilkinson, T. Southwark, linen Araper
Woolsilencroft, J. Salford, brewer
August 15, 1817, extracted from the Edinburgh Gazette.
Carrie, J. Arbroath, merchant; by J. Walker,
merchant there, 15th September Brown, W.jun. Edinburgh, merchant
Christie, A. Aberdeen, merchant by D. Hutcheon, Ferguson, P. jun. Glasgow, slai
ativocats there, 18th August Guthrie, P. Edinburgh, spirit and porter dealer
Cobb, J. Pitcarles, near Bervie, cattle dealer; by Hay, J. Delchirach, Bantishire, merchaut
J. Milnc, in Warby's Inn, Bervie, 13th Sept. Henderson, D. Linlithgow, merchant
Crombie, H. and Co. Glasgow, merchants; by A. Johnstone, G. Aruan, apothecary
Lawson, merchant there, 19th September Leitch, W. Glasgow, merchant
Crombie, J. Colinsburgh, merchant; by J. StevenM‘Allaster and Duncan, Glasgow, merchants son, merchant, Edinburgh, 16th August M'Clure, W. Kirkcudbright, merchant
Gladstone, 11. Leith, merchant; by T. Thomson, M'Intosh, L. Tain, draper
Edinburgh Glasshouses there, 2d September M'Lellan, S. Castle Douglas, merchant
Gray, D. Kincardine, ship-builder; by J. Turcan, M'Master, E. Traigh of Moror, drover
ship-owner there, 15th August Monteith, Duncan, and Co. Glasgow, grocers Gray, 6. Peterlicud, merchant; by Geo. Yeats, ad. Murray, M. Bailichill, sheep-dealer
vocate in Aberdeen, 1 th August Russell, D. Durie Foundey, Fifeshire, founder Hutcheon, A., and C. Nicol, Glasgow, merchants; Rutherford, J. jun. Kaso, merchant-tailor
by J. M'Gavin, there, 2d August Stewart, T. Leith and Glasgow, carrier
Mackenzie, D. Peterhead, merchant; by George Thomson, A. Edinburgh, builder
Yeats, advocate in berdeen, 17th August Turnbull, II. Paisley, merchant
Reid, J. Glasgow, cabinet-maker; by A. Lawson, White, J. and Co Glasgow, merchants
merchant there, 24th September
Shannon, Stewart, and Co. Greenock, and Shan. DIVIDENDS.
non, Livingston, and Co. Newfoundland; by J. Armstrong, R. Greencek, merchant; by W. Fer Dunlop, writer in Greenock, 10th August
guson, 78, Trongate, Glasgow, 17th Scptember Swanstcri, j. and Co. Glasgow, grocers; by J. Calton Hill Foundery Company, Edinburgh; by Ewing, merchant there, 10th Ociober
Wm. Ford, Caledonian Classwork there, 13th White, D. of Blair, corn and cattle dealer; by September
W. Ferguson, Maybole, 30 September