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extremely prevalent; and means were uneasy with such a load upon his resorted to in their composition far stomach, he hastens to a great tub too abominable to be related here. that stood full of water, voids the man I do not, however, find ginger men- into it, and then brings him back to tioned as an ingredient in any of those the company, dripping wet, and oversatanic nostrums, of which the com- whelmed with confusion ; on which ponent parts have been committed to the other magicians would show no writing; but from its peculiar quali- more tricks. This same Master Zyto, ties, it probably was in request. The who, par paranthese, was himself carunfortunate lady was also assailed by ried off bodily by the devil at last, the power of Glamour, which the could appear with any visage he chose. stoutest chastity proved quite unable When the king walked on the land, to resist, if unaided by a morsel of he would seem to swim on the water the mountain ash tree, an amber neck- towards him; or, if his majesty was lace, a stone forced by stripes from carried in a litter with horses, Zyto the head of a live toad, or the prudent would follow in another borne up by recollection of keeping both thumbs * cocks. He made thirty fat swine of close compressed in the hand, during so many wisps of hay, and sold them the presence of the malevolent charm- to a rich baker, at a high price, desiring
him not to allow them to enter into Glamour, according to Scottish in- any water ; but the baker, forgetting terpretation, is that supernatural power this injunction, found only the wisps of imposing on the eye-sight, by of hay swimming on the surface of a which the appearance of an object pool : and in a mighty chafe seeking shall be totally different from the re out Zyto, who was extended upon a ality. Mr Scott, describing the won- bench, and seemingly asleep, he seized derful volume of Michael of Balwea- him by one leg to awake him, when rie, says,
lo ! both the leg and thigh seemed to " It had much of Glamour might
remain in his hands; which filled him Could make a lady seem'a knight ;
with so much terror, that he comThe cobwebs on a dangeon wall
plaired no more of the cheat. Zyto, Seem tapestry in a lordly hall ;
at the banquet of the king, would A nut-shell seem a gilded barge,
sometimes change the hands of the A sheeling seem a palace large,
guests into the hoofs of an ox or horse, And youth seem age, and age seem youth so that they could not extend them All was delusion, nought was truth.” to the dishes to help themselves to
any thing; and if they looked out of See the note to that passage, and the windows, he beautified their heads the Border Minstrelsy, Vol. III.p. 119, with horns ;-a trick, by the by, for many illustrations of the subject; which perhaps John Faa could have but the inost extraordinary instances of played to Lord Cassillis with infinitely Glamour that I have met with, are greater significance. collected by Delrio, in his citations
It is not now possible to fix the from Dubravius's History of Bohemia. precise date of Laily Cassillis's elopeWinceslaus, son to the Emperor ment with the Gypsie laddie. She Charles IV. marrying the Duke of was born in the year 1607, and is said Bavaria's daughter,—the Duke, who to have died young; but, if she ran understood that his son-in-law delight- off with her lover during her hused in feats of conjuration, sent to Prague for a waggon-load of magicians Two magicians, says Delrio, met in to enliven the nuptials. While the the court of Elizabeth, Queen of England, most scientific of these were puzzling and agreed that in any one thing they
The for some new illusion, Winceslaus's should certainly obey each other. family conjuror, Zyto by name, who one, therefore, commands the other to had slid privately
in among the crowd, thrust his head out of the casement, which of a sudden presented himself, having he had no sooner done than a huge pair of his mouth, as it seemed, enlarged on head, to the no small delight of the spec
stag's horns were seen planted on his foreboth sides, open to his very ears; he tators, who laughed at and mocked him goes straight to the Duke's chief con- extremely; but, when it came to the hornjuror, and swallows him up with all ed magician's turn to be obeyed, he made that he wore, saving his pantoufles, his adversary stand upright against a wall, which being dirty, he spit a great way which instantly opening, swallowed him up, from him ; after this, feeling himself so that he was never afterwards seen.
band's first journey to England, in carved in stone, below one of the turquality of ruling elder deputed to the rets, are still pointed out as representassembly of divines at Westminster, ing eight of the luckless Egyptians. 1643, to ratify the solemn league and it ought to be remembered, that this covenant, she could not even then frail fair one did not carry on the have been in her first youth ; and it noble family into which she married ; is certain that she lived long enough for she bore only two daughters to in her confinement at Maybole to work the Earl, of whom one became the a piece of tapestry, still preserved at wife of Lord Dundonald, and the Coizean House, in which she repre- other, in the last stage of antiquated sented her unhappy flight, but with virginity, bestowed her hand, and circumstances unsuitable to the de- what was still better, her purse, upon tails of the ballad, and as if the de- the youthful Gilbert Burnet, then ceits of Glamour had still bewildered the busy intriguing inmate of Hamilher memory; for she is mounted be- ton Palaee, where Lady Margaret hind her lover, gorgeously attired, on Kennedy generally resided, afterwards a superb white courser, and surround-* the well-known Bishop of Salisbury. ed by a groupe of persons who bear The print here given of Lady Casno resemblance to a herd of tatterde- sillis is taken from a picture, the orimalion Gypsies.
ginal of which is at Colzean House. But it appears, from the criminal There is another portrait, said to be records of Edinburgh, that, in Ja- of this Countess, in the Duke of Hanuary 1621, eight men, among whom milton's apartments at Holyroodwere Captain John Faa, and five more house ; but it is evidently a picture of the name of Faa, were convicted on of Dorothea, Countess of Sunderland, the statute against Egyptians, and copied from Vandyke, and naturally suffered according to sentence. I am enough in the possession of the noble strongly tempted to think that this family of Hamilton, as Lady Sunderwas the Johnnie of the ballad, whom land's grand-daughter, Lady Anne Lord Cassillis wisely got hanged, in Spencer, was the first wife of James, place of slaying him in the field. * In- Earl of Arran, afterwards Duke of deed, a stanza of the song, as it is some
Hamilton. It would surely much times recited, states that eight of the annoy the disclainful spirit of the fair Gypsies were hanged at Carlisle, and Sacharissa, were spirits conscious of the rest at the Border. If this con
worldly disgrace, to have her picture jecture be right, the lacly's lover was pointed out as that of a woman who married as well as herself; for, a few could condescend to clope with a dlays after John's trial, Helen Faa, re- base-born gypsey; she who was deaf lict of the Captain, Lucretia Faa, to all the charms of plebeian song, and nine other female Gypsies, were
and treated her tuneful admirer with brought to judgment, and condemned unqualified contempt, merely because to be drowned; but this barbarous he had the ill fortune to be sprung sentence was afterwards coinmuted to from ignoble ancestry. that of banishment, under pain of
The copy of the ballad subjoined death to them and all their race should was transferred to paper from the rethey ever return to Scotland.
citation of a peasant in Galloway, and The Earl of Cassillis divorced his will be found to vary from the poem lady a mensa et thoro, and confined as it is commonly printed. Some her, as has been already said, in a
lines have been omitted on account of tower at Maybole, where eight heads their indelicacy, but it is comfortable
to conclude, from the last stanza save
one, The family of Cassillis, in early times, fit to elope, had not been actually
that the lady, though she thought had been so powerful, that the head of it criminal, when her lord overtook the was generally termed the King of Carrick. Sympson, in his description of Galloway, gang, and secured his rambling meie (MS. Adv. Lib.) tells us that “ the Earis ty. It is to be regretted that he seems of Cassillis had long since great power in not to have taken her word on that Galloway, which occasioned the following subject, albeit he cannot justly be rhyme :
much blamed, eonsidering his wife's “ 'Twixt Wigton and the town of Air,
giddiness, the wicked powers of glam Portpatrick and the cruives of Cree, mour, and the enterprising spirit of No man needs think for to bide there, fifteen valiunt men, black but very Unless he court with Kennedie.” bonnie.”
The gypsies they came to my Lord Cas- They wandred high, they wandred low,
They wandred late and early, And 0 !'but they sang bonnie ;
Untill they came to an old tenant's barn, They sang sae sweet, and sae complete,
And by this time she was weary. That down came our fair Ladie.
“ Last night I lay in a weel made bed, She came tripping down the stairs,
And my noble Lord beside me, And all her maids before her ;
And now I must ly in an old tenant's barn, As soon as they saw her woel far'd face, And the black crew glowring owrc me.' They coost their glamourie owre her.
“ O hold your tongue, my hinny and my She gave to them the good wheat bread, heart, And they gave her the ginger;
O hold your tongue, my dearie, But she gave them a far better thing, For I will swear by the moon and the stars The gold ring off her finger.
That thy Lord shall nae mair come near
thee." “Will ye go with me, my hinny and my
They wandred high, they wandred low, Will ye go with me, my dearie,
They wandred late and early, And I will swear, by the staff of my spear,
Untill they came to that wan water, That your Lord' shall nae mair come
And by this time she was wearie. near thee?"
“ Aften have I rode that wan water, “ Gar take from me my silk manteel,
And my Lord Cassillis beside me, And bring to me a plaidie,
And now I must set in my white feet and For I will travel the world owre,
wade, Along with the Gypsie Laddie.
And carry the Gypsie Laddie.” " I could sail the seas with my Jockie Faa,
I could sail the scas with my dearie, * A ford, by which the Countess and her. I could sail the
seas with my Jockie Faa, lover are said to have crossed the river And with pleasure could drown with my Doon, from a wood near Cassillis House, is
still denominated the Gypsies' Steps.
By and by came home this noble Lord, of this article ; but I hope to evince, And asking for his ladie,
from the very concessions of a dissenThe one did cry, the other did reply, ter, that he was a native of Scotland.
She is gone with the Gypsie Laddie. The Latin life of John of Dunse, " Go saddle to me the black, he says,
by Wading, an Irishman, historioThe brown rides never so speedie,
grapher of the Friar's Minors, (Mons, And I will neither eat nor drink, 1644, 8vo,) is an uncommon book. Í Till I bring home my Ladie.'
have read it with great patience and
attention, and the most rigid imparHe wandred high, he wandred low, He wandred late and early,
tiality. Wading is anxious, in the Untill he came to that wan water,
mistaken notions of these times, to And there he spied his Ladic.
make our literary hero an Irishman,
but is not a little embarrassed to find “ O wilt thou go home, my hinny and my
a town called Duns in Ireland. He heart,
takes a wide field when he supposes O wilt thou go home, my dearie, And I'll close thee in a close room
some town called Dun in the “ northWhere no man shall come near thee?"
ern part of Ireland.” The English
advocates have little more plausibility " I will not go home, my hinny and my when they speak of a place called Dunheart,
stane in Northumberland ; for why I will not go home, my dearie, If I have brewn goud beer I will drink of contract such a short name into Duns,
as they pretend? Truth is always And my Lord shall nae mair come near simple, and what more simple than to
assume Duns or Dunse, a well known
town in the south of Scotland ? What “ But I will swear by the moon and the
more clear when our first authentic stars, And the sun that shines so clcarly,
notices represent him as a boy, conThat I am as free of the gypsie gang
ducted by two friars to Dumfries, & As the hour my mother did bear me.”
town in an adjoining county ?
But the importance and singularity They were fifteen valiant men,
of the question demand further illusBlack, but very bonny,
trations. The reader will remember And they lost all their lives for one
the former fame of our hero thus The Earl of Cassillis' Ladie.
trumpeted and drummed by a learned cardinal :-“ Among all the scho
lastic doctors, I must regard Johannes ANECDOTES, HISTORICAL, LITERARY, Duns Scotus as a splendid sun ob
scuring all the stars of heaven, by [This series of Anecdotes, collected by an
the piercing acuteness of his genius; eminent literary character now abroad, by the subtlety and the depth of the will be continued in our following Num- most wide, the most hidden, the most bers.--Edit.]
wonderful learning, this most subtle
doctor surpasses all others, and, in I. Joannes Duns Scotus.
my opinion, yields to no writer of any The literary world has its fashions His productions, the admiraand follies as well as the ethical. It tion and despair even of the most was once the fashion to publish cata- learned among the learned, being of logues of imaginary or borrowed au- such extreme acuteness, that they thors, in order to glorify one's coun- exercise, excite, and sharpen even the try by those vain banners which the brightest talents to a more sublime first sharp gale of criticism tore in knowledge of divine objects, it is no pieces. The writers did not perceive, wonder that the most profound writhat, far from conferring honour on ters join in one voice, that this Scot, their country, they only excited doubts beyond all controversy, surpasses not concerning its just pretensions, as the only the contemporary theologiuns, but stars of truth were concealed by the even the greatest of ancient or modern clouds of falsehood.
times, in the sublimity of his genius In this way Dempster and others and the immensity of his learning. have rather obscured the literary me- This subtile doctor was the founder rits of Scotland, and even the learn- of the grand and most noble sect of ed continue to doubt concerning the the Scotists, which, solely guided by birth-place of the celebrated subject his doctrine, has so zealously taught,
defended, amplified, and diffused it, 8. Archytas of Tarentum, mathethat, being spread all over the world, matics. it is regarded as the most illustrious 9. Mahmud Ben Musa, algebra. of all. From this sect, like heroes 10. Alehindi, also an Arab. from the Trojan horse, many princes 11. Heber of Spain, astronomy. of science have proceeded, whose la 12. Galen, medicine. hour in teaching has explained many Such being the fame of our coundifficulties, and whose industry in tryman, it is no wonder that even writing has so much adorned and en divine honours were accorded. For, larged theological learning, that no though Dempster be a bad authority, further accession can be expected or yet he may surely be credited, when desired.”
he repeats a respectable testimony, It is unnecessary to add the other and in which he was liable to the ina testimonies of cardinals and divines stant contradiction of many living to be found in Walling's work; and witnesses. Heproduces Gilbert Brown, it is more essential, in these days, to abbot of Sweetheart, (a monastery add, that Julius Cæsar Scaliger ac of which there are considerable reknowledges, that it was in the perusal mains in a romantic situation under of John of Dunse that he acquired the granitic mountain of Criffel, near the subtlety of discussion which he Dumfries,) as his informer, that at lisplays. Nay Cardan, among the Dumfries John of Dunse was reputearliest of modern philosophers, and ed a saint, and had his day and office who, free from the yoke of Aristotle, in the ecclesiastical kalendar. It is displays an independent spirit of in- well known, that many bishopricks, vestigation, confers on our hero the and even churches, had distinct rituhigh honour of classing him among als and observances. his chosen twelve masters of profound But to proceed to our positive testiand subtle sciences. As this morsel monies concerning the native place of is one of the most interesting in his our hero. They are candidly added great work De Subtilitate, it is no di- by the friars or Mons in Hainault, gression (nor is digression foreign to in this edition of Wading's Lite, oriour desultory design) to abstract it. * ginally published, as appears in his
1. Archimedes, writings and ma Annals of the Minors, Vol. III. under chines.
the years 1301, 1308. These addi2. Ptolemy, astronomy and grand tions (p. 137) shall be translated lisystein of the world.
terally, that the reader may judge for 3. Aristotle, exact logic, natural himself. history of animals, written with won “ Some infer that the acute genius derful sagacity.
of Scotus was inborn. Father Ilde-, 4. In this rank stand as equals Eu- phonsus Brizenus, (in Appar. § 2.) clid, John of Dunse, and Suinshed, from Ferchius, ( Vita Scoti, c. 20.) the English author of the Calculator, and the latter from Gilbert Brown, of which there are many editions in (Hist. Eccles.) relate, that 'Scotus the early age of printing.
occupied on a farm, and, though the 5. John of Dunse, called Scotus, son of a rich man, employed in keepsays Cardan, from his country, whose ing sheep, according to the custom of learning only yields to his subtle ge- his country, that youth may not be nius.
come vicious from idleness, was met 6. Of the same island, he adds, by two Franciscan friars begging as that is, Great Britain, was Suinshed, usual for their monastery. Being fas the great calculator, who is said to vourably received by his father's hoshave weeped in his old age, because pitality, they began to instruct the he could not understand his own boy by the repetition of the Lord's chapter De Actione Mutua, and whose Prayer, as they found him ignorant solution has embarrassed succeeding of the principles of piety; and he was ages. “ Thus, under a wintry cli- so apt a scholar as to repeat it at once. mate, has Britain produced two men of The friars, surprised at such docility, surprising talents."
which they regarded as a prodigy, 7. Apollonius Pergæus, conic ele- prevailed on the father, though the ments.
mother warmly and loudly opposed, to
permit them to lead the boy to Dum, * Lib xvi,
fries, where he was soon after shorn as