these Elysian scenes of rural innocence structure, have nothing to do in the and tranquillity. We have already matter. But it is not our business to transcribed a few sentences from this dwell on trifling inconsistencies ir part of the work, which may serve to such a splendid exordium.-Further, give the reader some idea of the felie all the crimes of the Revolution are city of this numerous class. But we ascribed to the training given to the have our doubts of its continuance, population under the despotism of the when we are told that many of these old government, when it seems the petits proprietaires have not land e- question or torture was a thing of nough to find entire occupation for a every day occurrence;" but, upon plough and team ; and that the inde. Buonaparte's elevation to the imperial pendent lord of an acre is seen “trail- dignity,“ by the unanimous election ing a sort of ploughing machine, re- of the people," the moral character of sembling a harrow, over his small terri- the whole nation seems to have undertory, with one small donkey, the scrub gone a radical improvement. Not onof the farm. Still, however, this man ly were crimes punished, by the sword is an independent proprietor," &c. of justice, wielded by so powerful an But what will his sons be when this arm, or prevented by the vigilance of domain shall be equally divided d- his police, but the vices and follies mongst them, as the Code Napoleon fostered by the corruptions of the old requires it to be?

regime, were banished from society ' National idiosyncrasy,” says Lady by means of the excellent example Morgan, at the beginning of the se- set before his subjects by this eminent cond book, (on SOCIETY,)

person himself;-upon whom Lady “must always receive its first colouring did eulogium, contrasting, for the sake

Morgan now pronounces a very splenfrom the influence of soil and of climate ; and the moral characteristics of every peo

of effect, the better parts of his chaple be resolvable into the peculiar constitu

racter with the fooleries and imbecition of their physical structure. Religion lity of some other crowned heads. and government, indeed, give a powerful As to the old nobility, who are treated direction to the principles and modes of on all occasions with very little cerecivilized society, and debase or elevate its mony, the modérés and ultras differ inherent qualities, by the excellence or de- chiefly in this, that the former have fect of their own institutes. But the com

attached themselves to the king, and plexional features of the race remain tixed the latter to the princes; in other reand unchanged, the original impression of

spects, they are much upon a level, Dature is never effaced."

as is fully established by the followAnd a little afterwards, in the middle ing elegant passage :of an indignant and pathetic diatribe

“ Balanced in the measure of their taagainst Louis XI. and Louis XIV.

lent, and equally careless of the consewe are told, that, “ in the history of quences of their conduct, these two factions civilized society, there is perhaps no occupy the foreground of the scene, and parallel for the moral degradation intimately associated, yet fiercely opposed, which enveloped France during the avowing one principle, yet pursuing difwhole of the eighteenth century.” ferent measures, they seem to imitate the By what means French Society has warfare of the monkey tribes, who make risen from this unparalleled moral de

war on their own species, and threatening gradation to the no less unparalleled vengeance from their opposite trees, grind elevation which we have seen it has their teeth, and chatter, and grimace, in

expectation of that moment when they reached, at least among the inhabitants of the country, and this, in spite claw, and to exterminate."

· may commence with safety to bite, and of “ the influence of soil and climate, and physical structure,” which, we may It was the peculiar felicity of Lady suppose, have not experienced any Morgan to be well received, and even considerable alteration, could not but treated with confidence, by the inost form a very interesting subject of in- opposite political parties.

“ It has quiry; if it were not clear as day- frequently occurred to me,” she inlight, that government and religion, forms us, “ to have witnessed the or the want of both, according to most opposite discussions, and listenLady Morgan, have been the sole ed to the most contradictory opinions causes of both these extremes, and in the course of the same evening ; that soil and climate, and physical assisting at a royalist dinner, drink

ing ultra tea, and supping en repub- than such as are held at table in the licaine.” Besides these extraordinary presence of their own domestics.-But opportunities of procuring the most we shall put it in the power of the accurate knowledge of the state of reader to judge between us in this public opinion, Lady Morgan, either important question, upon the answer for the sake of her rank, or her ta- to which depends the credibility of lents, or of both, seems to have found half the book. We may begin with a ready access to the most distinguish- our author's acquaintance among the ed characters of every party, and of royalists, and lay before him their every profession. It is impossible not vindication of a much abused estato perceive that she was upon very blishment under the old regime. intimate terms with the emigrant no

“ A very clever and intimate friend of bility in particular ; and, indeed, an

mine at Paris, with considerable talent and ill-natured critic might suggest, that

some wit, had gotten deeply entangled it must have been from them that with the royalistes enragés ; and was hershe has learned to dignify her pages self indeed enragée, to a point that was with so exclusive an exhibition of fa- sometimes extremely amusing. We were mily and high rank. We cannot read chatting one morning, when a royalist aca few sentences without being con- quaintance joined us, and mentioned an orvinced, that her Laiyship had been dinance of the king's, which directed the suddenly raised above her natural formation of a new military school, after

the model of that instituted in 1750, for level, and set down, as if by magic, 'on the very summit of French could not help remarking, that I doubted

the education of the young nobility. I society, from whence, as is usual whether this new school, upon old rules, in such remarkable cases, she dis- would assimilate in its systems with the dains to recognise those whom she tactics of the military and polytechnic sehas left below. With the exception minaries, formed during the revolution. of her literary footman, she holds My little enragée flew into a paroxysm of no communion with inferior people. loyal indignation, and interrupted me with The ease and freedom of the arrange

mais, ma chère, ne me parlez pas de vos inent of her materials, as well as the écoles polytechniques, those hot-beds of jograndeur of her conceptions, and the cobinism and brigandage. It is our wish energy of her language, no less than (nous autres) that the rising generation the profusion of splendid names which found ignorance of all that has happened

should be shut up, and educated in a prodazzle the eye in every page, may be for these last thirty years; and that, on held as a sufficient refutation of those coming forth into the world, they might who would charge her with republi- find every thing in statu quo, as it was in can principles, and allowed to prove, the beau siècle de Louis Xiv: that she is no less ambitious to attain “ And the Bastille ?" I asked. than qualified to adorn, the high sta- Eh, mais oui, ma chère ; et la Bastille tion to which for a moment she had aussi.been elevated.

The Bastille, she added, was a sort of One of our own corps to whom we

maison de plaisance, when men of rank had expressed an opinion similar to were sent to it, for having incurred the diswhat we have just stated, insists, pleasure of the king; as in the instance of

the Duke de Richelieu, who was visited there that Lady Morgan's pretensions to

by all the beautiful princesses of that day, intimacy with

so many celebrated who were éperdument in love with him. characters, can only be admitted with That for the lie du peuple, it was, if any very considerable qualifications. Af- thing, too stately and too noble a place of ter crying out fudge for three times, confinement ; and as for the iron cages with a very peculiar tone of voice and a and subterraneous dungeons, they were only most significant movement of features, for state criminals, who spoke against the he observed more gravely, that if it king and his government, - et tout cela, be true that she assisted at royalist s'éloit très juste. But 1 insisted on the dinners, drank ultra tea, and supped facility with which a lettre de cachet might en republicaine, the truc explanation minals,

before any form of justice had pro

be procured, to shut up such suspected criof the fact is, that she was treated by nounced them guilty. all parties, with merely that civility

" She shrugged her shoulders, and rewith which strangers of any note are plied : * Pour les lettres de cachet, on en received in polished society, but that, pent dire antant de bien que de mal! tencz in fact, she was admitted by none of ma chère! Suppose I had a brother whose them to witness any other discussions conduct disgraced our family, would you have us to expose his shame, and throw an She appears much more at home when odium on our house, by suffering him to she aims at delighting us, by exhibitcome into a court of justice? No, there ing such traits as the following, which was a time, when, under such circumstances, the honour and dignity of a noble

are meant to possess the further refamily was saved ; and a lettre de cachet

commendation of exposing her own got rid of the nunvais sujet, and buried countrymen to ridicule, though pertogether the criminal and the crime. haps but too well merited :Eh bien il faut toujours espérer que le bon 66 I was

was one evening in the apartment of tems reviendra !!!

the Princesse Volkonski, (a Russian Lady Morgan's intercourse with lady,) awaiting the commencement of one the royalists, however, certainly was

of her pretty Italian operas, when one of not so intimate as with what she de- trice calls them, newly arrived in Paris,

these fashion-mongering boys,' as Beasignates the "unclassed but suspect appeared at the door of the salon, flushed ed order," which comprehends all with the conscious pride of the toilette, who are not royalists, either purs or and reconnoitring the company through exagerés. " With what pleasure,” his glass. I had the honour to be recogshe exclaims, “ have I flown to some nised by him ; he approached, and half forbidden ground, where, in the hal- yawned, half articulated, some inquiries, lowed circle of amity and confidence, which he did not wait to be answered, but wit and genius exercised their pro- drawled on to somebody else, whom he dis

A very pleato transcribe some of these fine things the Comte de L-s-ge, was talking to me, scribed witcheries." Weshould be glad tinguished with his notice.

sant little French woman, the daughter of for the gratification of our readers, but when my English merveilleux joined us. our author, having once narrowly es

Mad. de V- stared at him with unsatcaped the Bastille herself, and the iron ed curiosity and evident amusement ; and masque, and the fate of Wilson, Hut- when he had passed on, asked, mais chinson, and Bruce, becomes more qu'est-ce que cela veut dire ' I answered, guarded, and does not venture to dis- C'est un dandi !' close the mysteries of this forbidden Vu dandi !' she repeated,' un dandi ! ground ; unless on one occasion, where c'est donc un genre parmi vous, qu'un she presents us with a song of which dandi ?' she heard the first stanzas in the anti

" I replied, 'no; rather a variety in the room while she was unshawling."

species. I endeavoured to describe a dandy As it probably was not meant to be a

to her, as well as it would bear definition ; great secret, we may venture to give for iť in French society ?

asking her, whether there was no pendant

« Mais, mon å few lines of it as a specimen of the Dieu, oui ;' she replied ; nos jeunes proscribed witcheries” of the

duchesses sont á-peu-prés des dandis.' pected class.”

“ A few days after this exhibition of " Comme il faut prendre, en philosophe,

dandyism, I met with another of the tribe Les accidens fâcheux et bons

in the hotel of the Baron Denou. He was J'ai supporté la catastrophe,

a young diplomatist, and added the weight Qui nous ramena les Bourbons.

of official solemnity to the usual foppery Pour me trouver sous leur passage,

of a merveilleur. Associating only with J'ai même fait deux ou trois pas,

his own spy-glass, he passed with languid Mais je me suis dis, c'est dommage,' indifference from one object to another, in Cà ne tiendra pas, ça ne tiendra pas.” the splendid collection he had been brought

to see ; but without once noticing, by word

or look, the eminent and celebrated person, 66 Il voudrait régner sur la France

who was so much more worthy of attenCe roi, qui parmi es Français,

tion, than even the treasures he possessed. Osa dire avec insolence : “ Je dois ma Couronne aur Anglais.” by this want of good manners in his guest,

M. Denou, too much amused to be hurt We suspect, after all, that Lady followed him, with a look of pleased attenMorgan was not often admitted be- tion. I could almost trace in his eye a dehind the curtain; for, though she a

sire to place this modern curiosity among bounds in small incidents, and seizes

his Chinese josses, and bamboo pagodas.

When this rare specimen of quaint faon every opportunity to hold up


shims of the times' took his leave, Mons. ultra-royalists to derision or suspicion, D

-exclaived with a smile, and a shrug we can find very little about the con- of the shoulders : « Quel drôle de corps stitutionalists and Buonapartists ex- qu’un dandi !'. I was surprised to find cept what is enveloped in general, but that the Egyptian traveller had so far ex. certainly very pathetic, reflections. tended his study of the human character,

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as to discover at once an English dandy, 'from her fears, and restored to her ill. by its generic character.”

temper Ex his disce omnes. We can now

" Comment donc ! Il faut être la bête des only look in upon what remains of

bétes, pour faire une telle sottise.' Lady Morgan. The third book, have the subdued tone of a chided school-boy,

* Bite, ou non,' replied Voltaire, with ing, like the former, the title of “So

' il n'est guere pluisant d'itre empoisonné ciety," is entirely occupied with the même par l'esprit de rose !"" influence and characteristics, and do- “ Paris" stands at the top of the mestic habits of her own sex ; but it fourth, fifth, and sixth books, of which is an article not very well qılculated the first is chietly occupied with a defor family consumption in this coun- scription of the pleasures of the table; try; and we rather think it should the second with an account of the have been, like French laces and other public buildings, and works of art; prohibited wares, seized as the lawful and the third with a very flattering perquisite of the customn-house otticers picture of the industry, civilization, at the place of its importation. There and morals of the street population." is something in the following passage, One short extract from the last one however, annusing enough, to which, though we have not the name, it is dulity or the credibility of our author,

suffice to establish either the cre.

may not improbable that parallel cases and she may hereafter choose her own might be found in our own country. alternative. “ The suivante of the young married

“ All the laws in France, directed a. lady, frequently becomes in time la bonne of the matron ; and to ber care the children are gainst mendicity, were rigorously put in entrusted; even the first rudiments of their force under the imperial government, and education are committed. La bonne is a

the effect of that wholesome discipline still charming character, peculiar to France; remained. But the best, and surest law, something between the Grecian nurse and that militates against its existence, is the the Spanish duenna ; with all the affec- universal sobriety, the natural industry of tionate devotion of the one, and all the of the people, and the decrease of the fatal inficial dignity of the other. Respected by fluence of a religion, which inculcates the the servants, beloved by the children, and virtue of beggary, as an article of faith, treated with consideration by her employ- and the maintenance of idleness, as a pious ers, la bonne generally remains in the fa- duty: No mendicant friar-no begging mily, after her young charge is consigned monk, pale, mild, and interesting, to the care of superior instructors Vol

now sets the example of idleness and sotaire is said to have submitted to the juris- cial degradation to the populace of the diction of his bonne, at the moment that streets of Paris, nor way-lays the sentihe exercised an absolute authority over the mental traveller, with a dramatic air, and opinions of more than one half of literary representing sanctity. And though it has Europe.

been asserted by a modern traveller, who * In one of the many delightful conver

spent a few days in the capital of France, sations I had with Madame la Marquise de visiting the Palais Royal, and walking in Vilette, on the subject of Voltaire, her the gardens of the Thuilleries, that from adopted father, she related to me

the view of society there presented to him, pleasant anecdotes of the influence which it appeared, “ that France was wholly un Barbara, or, as he called her, Baba, his changed by the event of the Revolution ;' ancient bonne, held over him. Barbara was

yet, even to his impartial observation, it an old Savoyard, peevish, irritable, and pre

must have appeared, that there is less misuming ; but devoted to her illustrious sery, less want, less beggary, in the streets charge, and watching with maternal solici. of Paris, than is described by any traveller tude over those infirmities of his age, which of former times, to have existed in that her own was exempt from. • One day,' capital, before the Revolution. In fact, he said Mad. de Vilette, during my resi

must have observed that there is none dence at Ferney, while I was making my

whatever.' toilette, I was startled by the violent ring

We must pass over the seventh ing of Voltaire's bell. I flew to his apart- book, which treats of the “ French ment, while Barbara (who always sat in Theatre," and bring the present article his antichamber) hobbled after me. sonne món agmie !' vociferated Voltaire, tices of the eighth and last

, which

to a close with one or two short noas we entered together. Je me meure,'he then explained to us, that he had drank professes to make us acquainted with a cup of rose water by mistake, and was the “ eminent and literary characters" almost poisoned. • Comment donc !' ex- of that country. The more promiclaimed the provoked Barbara, released nent parts of its contents, besides the


* Je

usual abuse of the old regime—the served, ' your citizen Cardinal has, I suptyranny of Louis XIV., and the ser- pose, long since paid the forfeit of this imvility of men of letters in his reign,- prudent profession of faith.'— No,' reare the National, afterwards the Im- plied the bishop gravely, “ the sentiments perial Institute, and now the “ Insti- of Christian faith, and paternal tenderness,

which breathe through the whole of this tut Royal de France,” with some ac

excellent homily, (some exaggeration in count of one of its meetings, at which

terms and principles which belonged inLady Morgan was present--the often- evitably to that day of exaltation excepted,) remarked longevity of the literary have been carried by the excellent bishop characters of France-the unworthy of Imola, from his see in Cisalpine Gaul treatment of many of them since the to the throne of the Christian world; and Restoration, and their elegant and the present successor of St Peter is worthy contented retirement from public life of the high place he fills.' The citizen --the tone of indiscriminate eulogy in Cardinal Chiaramonti is now the venerable which she speaks of all those who had Pope Pius VII.” distinguished themselves during the Revolution, or had been honoured Charles Morgan, we think a great

Of the appendix, written by Sir with the notice of Napoleon ; and, a

deal better than of the work itself. bove all, the self-complacency and ob- Though he is far from being pleased trusive vanity of the author herself, with the present state of affairs in who is quite familiar with them all, France, yet he writes with candour andevidently wishes to appear the most and moderation, and entertains appadistinguished personage amongst them. There is, indeed, a rather interest: rently liberal views of the very iming narrative of a visit which she made portant subjects of which he professes to La Fayette, at his chateau of La that Sir Charles never appears to

to treat. - It is a curious circumstance Grange; yet we see little more than have borne a part in the coteries, in the exterior of this eminent person, which his learned lady was so highly no distinctive lineaments by which he distinguished. We đo not recollect may be known from a thousand others, who live, die, and are forgotten.

an instance of his addressing, or hava Among the many great men who ing been addressed, in these circles of make a figure in the pages of Lady else ; nor is there a story or a single

amity and confidence,” or anywhere Morgan, it may have excited some bon mof reported upon his authority. surprise that bis Holiness has not hitherto been honoured with her no- lebrated work will` descend to the

In a few months, perhaps, this cetice, especially as she has allotted a reasonable portion of her work to the the greater part of it, need not then

vale of oblivion ; yet all of it, indeed Catholic superstition, and the “Christian mythology." But here he is at perish. It does not, perhaps, contain

much last.

pour servir a l'histoire, but the “ The Bishop of Blois, however, as he another purpose, and are already more

materials are excellently adapted to himself assured me, was not the only Ca- than half prepared for it. Let the tholic prelate who had advocated the cause of liberty, and drawn his arguments in its author listen to the advice of her favour from the same source where he had friends in time. Sir Charles will exsought them. * Herc," he said, one morn- plain to his lady the importance of ing, taking a pamphlet from the drawer the medical adage, venienti occurrite of his writing-desk, here is a singular morbo. As soon, therefore, as these and interesting sermon, in favour of civi) tomes begin to indicate their approach liberty, as intimately nnited with Christian to the quiescent pupa state, no pains faith, composed by citizen Cardinal Chia- should be spared to promote their ramonti

, bishop of Imola ; and addressed speedy resuscitation, in their last stage to the people of his diocese, in the Cisal- of existence,—when borne aloft upon pine Government, in the year 17.97: Speak, the wings of fiction they may futter, ing, however, of the union of Christianity like their gaudy and ephemeral proand civil liberty, I allow that he goes beyond the line of mere constitutional prin. totypes, for another season, to the ciples, when he observes- oui mes chers delight and admiration of a much fréres, soyez tous Chrétiens, et vous serez

more extensive and less fastidious d'excellens democrates.' It was impossible circle of readers than she can hope to not to smile at the simplicity and gravity attract towards the present Aippant with which this was uttered ; and I ob- and ambitious performance

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