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RHETORIC.-Scott (Fred. Newton). “References on the

teaching of rhetoric and composition." (University of
Michigan, contributions to rhetorical theory, No. 4.)
[Ann Arbor, Sheehan & Co., 1898) 8vo, pp. 22.

The advance guard of a general bibliography of rhetoric, which it
is hoped will be issued in the course of a few months.
SCOTLAND.-Christison (David). " Early fortifications in

Scotland : motes, camps and forts." (The Rhind
lectures in Archæology for 1894). Edinburgh, Black-
wood, 1898.

Contains a bibliography of 132 titles.
SKATING.-Foster (F. W.). “A bibliography of skating."

London, Warhurst, 1898. 8vo, pp. 136.
TRACTS FOR THE TIMES.-See Pusey (Edw. B.).

BIBLIOGRAPHIES OF PARTICULAR PERSONS OR WORKS.

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CABOTS.-BEAZLEY (C. Raymond). “ John and Sebastian

Cabot : the discovery of North America." ("Builders of
Great Britain " Series). London, Longmans, 1898. Sm.
8vo, pp. XX., 311.

Contains a list of fifty-three documents illustrating their English
career, and a list of Cabot literature containing 113 titles.

DANTE ALIGHIERI.—The immense and valuable collection of
Dante literature which was presented to the library of Cornell Uni-
versity (U.S.) by Mr. William Fiske, in 1893, yields its first fruit in the
publication of Part I. of a complete catalogue, compiled by Theodore
W. Koch, and issued by the University. This first part, extending to
nearly 100 pages, double columns, is devoted to an enumeration of
Dante's works in the original and in translations, and represents the
nearest practicable present approach to an exhaustive bibliography of the
subject. A second part, the printing of which has already been begun,
will be similarly devoted to works on Dante, and a third part will contain
a supplement, an index of subjects, and an appendix on Dante's Icono-
graphy. The whole work will be paged continuously; it will index all
articles in the periodicals and in general literature, and the work of
annotation represents resources of scholarship and measures of investi-
gation far exceeding anything that has been attempted in Dante litera.
ture upon a like comprehensive scale.

Al libraries, all students of Dante, all bibliographers are concerned
with this admirable contribution, the completion of which will lay the
scholar's world under an obligation that can hardly be stated in words.
(Boston Literary World.)
HOBBES (Thomas).-SNEATH (E. Hershey). “The ethics of

Hobbes, as contained in selections from his works; with
an introductory essay." Boston, Ginn & Co., 1898.
Sm. 8vo. Pp. xvi., 377.

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36,000 duedecimos, and he asserts as a prime necessity the provision for future growth of twice the shelf room immediately necessary: Varying conditions of removal are considered-to a new stack, to a building adjoining the old one, and to a new building located at some distance, transportation of books by porters in baskets or boxes and in carts are considered, with suggestions for supervision of the work; there is an elaborate outline of the disposal of the books on the new shelves; and the cost of removal is summarised in its various details. The article deserves careful reading on account of the many useful suggestions that are offered.

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CENTENARY OF THE ATHENÆUM, LIVERPOOL.

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The Committee of the Athenæum, Liverpool, celebrated their centenary on Monday, 19th December, with a round of festivities, including an address by the Bishop of London, a reception by the President, Mr. Alfred Booth, and a banquet by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool. A centenary fund for the purchase of books has been established, and there has been distributed by the Committee an interesting account of the institution: History of the Atheneum, Liverpool, 1798-1898, compiled by George T. Shaw, Master and Librarian. Revised by W. Forshaw Wilson, Hon. Secretary, Liverpool, printed for the Committee of the Athenæum, 1898; la. 8vo, illustrated with photographs and plans. The members of the Athenæum have reason to congratulate themselves upon the brilliant success of the celebration. It is an interesting fact that while the Athenæum claims to meet all modern requirements it is virtually the same as it was when first founded. Before 1797 there was only one good newsroom in Liverpool, and that attached to an hotel. The want of a reference library was keenly felt, and Dr. Rutter and Mr. Thomas Taylor took steps to interest Mr. William Roscoe and other public-spirited citizens to found a library and newsroom. A committee was formed who submitted a report for the consideration of the intending subscribers at a general meeting summoned for the 18th December, 1797. In February of the following year a tender was accepted for the new building, and on the next New Year's Day the newsroom was opened. A sum of £2013 was spent upon books in the first year, and £3211 more in the five succeeding years. The books were judiciously chosen by committees of experts who took special classes of literature. Various structural alterations in the building have been made as necessity required, and successive annual reports show how much thought was bestowed from time to time in improving the lighting, first by candles, then to oil lamps, and then from gas to electricity. In the early days no accommodation for writing seems to have been called for. On ith January, 1808, the modest quantity of ten quires of notepaper was allowed, and in 1810 the sum of one pound was granted for writing paper “delivered occasionally to the proprietors”. The demand made by certain subscribers in 1848 for a receiving-box for letters, and for stamps to be sold at the bar was not received with favour at the annual meeting. Writing materials were first provided in the library, and a box for letters placed in the newsroom in 1853, but it was not until 1865 that the subscribers obtained the right of purchasing stamps in the newsroom. At the present time the Athenæum supplies all the letter-writing facilities usual in a good club. The newsroom is well furnished with an ample supply of London and provincial papers,

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