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their source, that they may drink decp, and drink perpetually, of those pure waters of pleasure which the Creator designed should flow from the original constitution of our nature.

Applicants for phrenological examinations are daily and eagerly inquiring, “How can I remedy my desects? By what meuns can I increase my smail organs, or diminish those that are too large ?" This work will answer these most important questions. It will show what constitutes a good head, and also how to attain this great desideratum. A knowledge of Phrenology, and thereby of curselves, is the sun total, the essence of all knowledge; but its application to seLF-IMPROVEMENT, to the discipline of the mind, and to the modification, moulding, and formation of the character, is the very quintessence even of Phrenology—the one remaining desideratum. 'To ascertain our qualities, is all important; but to improve them, is infinitely more so. Though the former should precede the latter, it should by no means supersede it. Too long, already, have Phrenologists been content with knowing themselves by this science. It is now high time for them to apply it to their own mental cultivation, and to the intellectual and moral improvement of mankind, especially of the rise ing generation. If this single application of Phrenology, which it is proposed to make in these pages, were but fully carried out in practice, it would certainly do more to promote the happiness, virtue, talents, and well-being of man, than has been done by all the other improvements and inventions of this and past ages put together, including all the works on metaphysics, education, and kindred subjects, ever written ; because this teaches the true method of improving the mind, while they appertain to physics, or enter the department of mind only to becloud it.

Though the primary design of this work is to aid parents and teachers in educating and training children, yet every individual will be enabled to apply the principles contained in it to self-improvement; to the cultivation of every kind of memory; to mental discipline, so as greatly to increase the power of his intellect and its facility of action ; to improve his morals; to govern and subdue his easily besetting sins; to regulate his feelings; and so to direct each and all of his faculties to their legitimate objects, that their action may be always virtuous and pleasurable.

131 Nassau Strect, New York, July, 1842.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

The first edition of this work was published in June, 1813, but erhausted the September following. Since then, the demand for it has been great; still the Author has delayed its republication in orler to fin i time for revision; but he is at last obliged to send at o mared with many blemishes as to style and authorship. * To b», or not to be, that is the question.” 'To wait till he could ime tine to revise and improve it, as he could wish, would deny its republication a full year or more, by which time the pas lition, large as it is, will doubtless be exhausied.

But its ***JET MAtter is deened too valuable and useful to 1"*is delay on account of these minor defects. To do good, to og up the way of self-IMPROVEMENT, and, above all, to put edu64..?? upon its rigit basis, and develop the laws of man's physical arad mental constitution-these transcendantly important subparisu! Te i iis imine liate repablication and the minds of those ab, poo pop the useful to the exquisite, will excuse its faults, but pi: b; the truths it emboding. It enters a field in the nature of

Loure untrodden, but important beyond all conception. Tu praoisles it prersnts are TRUE. They are not hastily put furas: es ry ada a lvaneed has been thoroughly scanned. For is miler, the author makes no apology ; it needs none.

The I..!* ***? of pult'risitengether is alone defective; nor does he beurse any ten pages of it can be carefully read without lodging Sme important truth in the mind, amply suficient to repay both ite price and its perusal. To parents, as a guide in conducting thrite eettal education, and the moral training and government, of Chirrn, it will be found a text-book sirpas ing all others. It 15 % nt for:b as it is in the hope, in the full belief, that it will teach muakio i DJW TO LIVE, HOW TO BE VIRTUOU's, uow TO BE HAPPY.

EXPLANATION OF THE TABLE.

To render this work practically applicable to individual cases, and also to enable every one to refer to those pages of the work which contain specific directions for enlarging or diminishing those organs which he requires to enlarge or diminish, the author has added the following table; the first 3, and the 12 upper rows of figures, refer to the pages of this work; the balance, to the pages of Fowler's Phrenology. This table is arranged so as to record and present the RELATIVE size of every organ, and also to indicate what organs require improvement and restraint, all at one view. The first column of figures refers to those pages of this work where the organs are analyzed or described; the second, to those pages where the means of increasing them are pointed out; and the third, to the means of restraining them. The columns headed Average, Full, Large, Very Large, Moderate, Small, and Very Small, are designed to indicate the relative size of each organ, in a scale of written figures, ranging from 1 to 7; figure 1 signifying Very Small; 2, Small; 3, Moderate ; 4, Average ; 5, Full; 6, Large; and 7, Very Large. Thus, if Combativeness be large, figure 6, which signifies large, will be written opposite to Combativeness, in the column headed large, and the .75 in the same square refers to page 75 of Fowler's Phrenology, where will be found a full description of this organ and its combinations, without a knowledge of which no correct estimate of character can be formed. Dots or dashes will sometimes be used, placed in the squares, instead of these written figures. The figures opposite the Temperaments, Size of Brain, and Activity, as far down as the Domestic Propensities, refer exclusively to this work. The sign + plus before a figure, signifies more, or that the organ is a little larger than the figure represents; the sign minus, or less. A dot, dash, &c., placed in the squares opposite any organ in the second column, signify that it is too small, and should be cultivated ; the curved dash placed in the squares opposite an organ in the third column, signifies too large, and should be restrained, watched, governed, guarded, or directed. The figures after Individuality, No. 24, refer to the second volume of this work, on the Intellectual Organs, Memory, &c. By using figures for one person, dots for another, a horizontal dash for another, a perpendicular one for another, and other signs for others, the developments of a whole family may be entered upon one work-thus greatly enhancing its value.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PHYSIOLOGY, OR THE LAWS OF LIFE AND HEALTH.

SECTION 1.Introduction ; or the fundamental principles

of Man's nuture.-Happiness the constitutional pro-

duct of every organ and function of man-of the eyes,

lungs, stomach; of benevolence, ideality, appetite,

reason, language, memory, ambition, affections, &c.

Amount of happiness and suffering ; its extent; the

penalty of violated law ; happiness proportionate

to its obedience, suffering to its violation. These

laws award and punish themselves. Man can obey

or violate for himself; obedience natural and easy.

Laws of mind the highest order of laws. Education

consists in teaching these laws, wisdom in obeying

them. Unfolded by physiology and phrenology. 13—23

Section 11.Relation between the body and mind.-Man

compounded of both mind and matter. Illustrations;

their reciprocality ; hence we can operate on either

by operating on the other. To educate or reform

mankind, we must rectify the physiology. Materialism. 28–32

Section 111.—Organization ; its influence on mind.-

Shape, an index of organization ; texture, do. Tem-

peraments. The broad or animal organization ; its

office; its signs; its predominance; its importance

the muscular, or prominent organization; the mental

do.; its indices; its predominance ; its effects; their

combinations. The animal and muscular; the animal

and mental. Eloquence; the muscular and mental.,

Other combinations ; the best organization is one

evenly balanced.

33-46

Section III. (Erratum for Sec. iv.)-Health.-Its value

and conditions, including the means of preserving and

regaining it. Health defined ; sickness do.; value of

health the same as of life. Mental health and sick-

ness. Health natural; sickness and premature death

not Providential To preserve health a moral duty.

Importance of physiological knowledge; expense of

sickness; how to preserve health ; not by medicines;

bread pills ; restoring the natural functions of the or-

gans; circulation; its importance, and means of pre-

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