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and buy largely, but not too large Hope, lest he buy more than he can pay for and so break; large Cautiousness, to render him careful and provident; large or very large perceptive organs, to enable him to judge correctly of the qualities of goods, and large Ideality added, to enable him to judge correctly in matters of taste ; large Approbativeness, and less Self-Esteem, to render him polite, affable, courteous and familiar; small Concentrativeness, to enable him to attend correctly to a great multiplicity of business in a short time without being confused ; large Adhesiveness, so that he may make friends of his customers, and thus keep them; full Constructiveness, so that he can use his hands tolerably well in packing, unpacking, wrapping up, fixing up things about the store, &c.; full or large Secretiveness, so that he may throw out some false colors, but the best side of his goods out, and keep many things in his business to himself; Conscientiousness variable; large in some merchants, so that they may deal fairly, charge only moderate profits, and have but one price; and small in others, so that they may set high prices, and fall, describe poor articles as good, and fair as superfine, and make money fast for a little while, only to drive away all custom and break.
Mechanics, require large Constructiveness and Imitation, to enable them to use their hands and tools with dexterity, and take pattern or make like something else; and other organs varying, according to the kind of mechanical business in which they engage. Thus; a Builder, avhether of ships, boats, houses, wagons, sleighs, &c., &c., requires the motive vital temperament, which gives both strength and endurance and a love of physical labor, to enable him to impart strength to his works ; large perceptive organs, to enable him to judge accurately of the form, size, proportion, perpendicularity, position, &c. of parts; large Order, to arrange every thing properly, and keep tools and every thing in place; large Calculation, to help him compute figures with ease and correctness; large Causality, to enable him to plan, adapt means to ends, create resources, contrive, make his head save his heels, invent, enable him to take the advantage of his work, and begin at the right end, and show him how to do things, and what will do what, with a good share of Firmness, to impart
perseverance, and full Combativeness and Destructiveness, to impart the requisite force and energy of character.
A FARMER, requires the motive, or the motive vital, or vital motive temperament, to make him fond of work, and enable him to endure it; large Constructiveness, to enable him to use his farming utensils; large Inhabitiveness, to make him love his farm, and be contented at home, with some Approbativeness, to make him take some pride in improving and adorning it; large Philoprogenitiveness, to make him fond of children and of feeding and rearing animals,* and improving their breed ; large Adhesiveness and Friendship, to render him neighborly and obliging; a good intellect, to give him the mind. requisite to manage and arrange matters, and dispose him to improve rainy days and odd spells in study; large Acquisitiveness, to make him frugal, industrious, and thrisly; large Order, to keep all his things in their places; and a good development of the perceptive faculties, so that he can judge accurately of land, crops, and the value and uses of things. The developments requisite for a good farmer, do not differ essentially from those requisite for the mechanic of the heavier kinds of business.
The lighter kinds of mechanical business, such as a goldsmith, tailor, engraver, artist, &c., require the nervous temperament, to give lightness and ease of action, and much the same developments as the mechanic and farmer require, excepting that Ideality should be large, to give taste and impart a polish to his productions. The vital motive temperament renders persons averse lo confinement, and gives great action, but the nervous endures it better.
Painters require large Color, to enable them to judge of, mix, and apply colors, with more or less Ideality in their application. House painters should have much of the motive, or vital temperaments, and large Weight, to enable them to keep the centre of gravity. Portrait painters require the nervous, or nervous motive temperament, to impart delicacy and refinement of feeling, (I find few artists without a highly wrought temperament,) large Form, Size, Imitation and Constructiveness, to enable them to copy, draw, and pattern, and
• The lower portion of Philoprogenitiveness gives fondness for pet animals, the upper, for one's own children.
to transfer the likeness to canvass ; large Color and Ideality, to give finish, taste, and exquisiteness to the coloring; large Language, Mirthfulness and Eventuality, to amuse their cus tomers and give them a pleasant countenance for them to imitate; large Cautiousness, so that they may make no false touches; large Approbativeness, to give them ambition, &c.
An ENGINEER requires organs similar to a builder, with decidedly large Form, Size, and Calculation, with the motive mental temperament.
An Editor requires a very active, excitable temperament, so that he can excite and interest his readers, and color well; large Individuality and Eventuality, to enable him to collect and wholesale Facts, news, incidents, phenomena, &c., &c.; large Form, to enable him to spell correctly and detect errors in the proof-sheets; very large Comparison, to enable him to illustrate and explain every thing, to criticise, pick flaws, show up opponents; large Mirthfulness, to enable him to make fun for his readers, ridicule what the people dislike, &c.; large Ideality, to impart good taste; large Language, to make him fuent, and less Causality, so that he will have more words and facts than ideas, (for the mass do not love to read ideas ;) large Combativeness, to render him spirited and fond of conflict, and to impart force and energy to what he says, &c.
A Parenologist requires a temperament of the highest order, to impart great activity, so that he can run rapidly, yet correctly, through the vast multiplicity of conditions that affect the character; great strength of organization, so that he can apply his whole energies with great power to the work; a large intellectual lobe, to give him mind, and that evenly balanced, so that he can take into account all that bears on the formation of character; great Individuality, so that he can see these conditions at one glance; great Eventuality, to remember these conditions; great Comparison, to combine them; good Language, to express them; high moral sentiments, and a well balanced but strong head.
These combinations might be extended to any length, but enough are given to show the principle aimed at, so that teaders can carry them out for themselves, and then cultivate the organs required by the calling they intend to pursue.
GENERAL APPLICATION OF THIS WHOLE SUBJECT
We have thus far seen in what a good head and body consist, namely, in the equal, harmonious, proportionate exercise of all the physical, all the mental functions. We have seen that all the mental, all the physical functions are capable of being strengthened or restrained, so as to secure this balance. We have seen what is the function and the food of every faculty, by applying which any and every organ can be enlarged, and by removing which, every organ can be diminished. But we have yet to apply this subject to the combinations of faculties. As one swallow does not make a summer, nor one flower a spring, so neither the excess nor the deficiency of single organs does any very great injury; but, as it is generally by a complication of several diseases that health and life are destroyed, so it is by the combination of several excessive or defective faculties, and usually both, that sin and misery are produced. Thus, extremely large Cautiousness, properly balanced by Combativeness and Causality, will do no special harm; but very large Cautiousness, combined with small Hope and Combativeness, and perhaps excessive Approbativeness and deficient Self-Esteem, produce a most unfavorable combination, and one that should by all means be counteracted.
But, to be more specific. Suppose your Self-Esteem is not more than par, and that Cautiousness, Approbativeness, and Veneration, particularly its fore part, or deference, are large, or very large, you are of course diffident, backward, and liable to be confused; particularly if your temperament be excitable. When you attempt to speak to others, especially in public, or do any thing before others, or are among straugers, you will be thrown off your balance, and lack selfpossession. Now let snch bear in mind that this feeling of inferiority proceeds not from your actual inferiority, but from your organization. And to overcome it, bear its cause in mind; and cultivate the deficient faculties, as well as apply physical remedies to the cooling off of your system. Be more slow, more cool, more self-possessed, and take all pos
and tend flowers, to make bouquets, and arrange flowers tastefully, and also to cultivate a taste for the fine arts. Let painting be encouraged. Let children be shown pictures as before urged, and let those pictures be painted to life. Let artists be multiplied a thousand fold, and be liberally patron ized, so that they can give their entire energies to their calling. And let all cultivate the art of painting and drawing. All are endowed with more or less of this talent, yet the mass bury this source of exquisite pleasure in the earth, by never putting forth the least effort in behalf of its cultivation.
To cultivate this faculty, exercise it as often and as much as possible upon flowers, paintings, &c. by feasting your eyes upon them, by observing the exquisiteness with which their tints and shades are arranged and displayed, and also apply yourself to coloring or painting. 1 advocate the custom of wearing artificial flowers, of making wax flowers, and of coloring garments so much practised, particularly in preparing female attire. Nor should I object to men wearing "coals of many colors," or gratifying this faculty in every suitable way.
Still, I cannot recommend woman to paint her cheeks. Not that I would not have ber cheeks colored, for nature has done that already. All she has to do, is not to rub off the paint already put on. But if, by ignorantly violating the physical laws, you have lost the rosy cheek of health and beauty, the way to restore the lost color is not by applying rouge, but by taking fresh air and exercise. If yonr checks are pallid, it is because your lungs are inactive. Your cheeks can be repainted by simply giving your lungs abundance of fresh air. Facing a stiff' northwester will paint your cheeks for the time being, and facing it a good many times, will paint them so deeply and so beautifully that they will stay painted, as well as be rendered plump and glossy. So paint, not the extra superfine of Broadway or Prince Regent, will equal that composed of air and erercise. Try it, ye who would obtain, retain, or regain, the charms of beauty.
To restrain this faculty- which however is never peces. sary, unless this organ should become so acure as to en. gross most of your time and feelings, so as to prevent the due exercise of the others-abstract your mind from colors and the arts, and indulge this passion as liule as may be.