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was a continuous Arctic Sea, or anything like an our acquaintance its hundred thousand specific Antarctic Continent.
forms, and these are but the vanguard of a still But if so much has been done in the more greater multitude believed to cover the surface difficult and inaccessible parts of our globe, how of countries yet unexplored, and to fill the much more has been achieved in the parts ac- mysterious recesses not yet penetrated by the cessible to settlement and cultivation. The microscope. And so far as we know, every American continent, the interior map of which one of these organisms, great or small, carries was almost a blank at the close of the Revolu- with it its parasites, to which it afford: habitation, is now profusely dotted with towns, cities, tion and food, and which may be supposed not forts, post office and rail stations, until the most only to double but to multiply in an unknown diligent compiler of a Gazetteer is obliged to ratio its original numbers. Again, when we pause in despair at the manifest defects of his reflect that every one of these species has its latest edition.
own anatomy, its physiology, its peculiar chemGeology may be considered as almost a erea- istry, its babits, its sensations, its modes of retion of the present age. When Werner visited production, its nutrition, its duration, its metaParis, in 1802, it could hardly be said to con- morphoses, its diseases and its final mode of sist of more than insulated observations with a destruction, we may well despair of knowing few crude and unsettled theories. But now it much of the whole, when a single species has become a great, organized, and overshadow- might furnish materials of study for a human ing department of science. In every language lifetime. of Europe it has its voluminous systems and its The foregoing are examples of the claim on unfailing periodicals. Societies of special or- our attention and study, advanced by a portion ganization carry forward its labors, and every only of the progressive sciences. They serve country of the globe is traversed by its ob- to develop truths and laws appertaining to the servers and collectors. The shelves of muse- material earth, which truths and laws must ums are weighed down by its accumulations, have existed had there never been minds to and in its palæontology alone the Greek lan- study them. The relations of pumber and fig. guage is exhausted to furnish factitious names ure, the laws of motion and rest, of gravity for the continually developed species of antece and affinity, of animal and vegetable life, must dept creations.
have been the same had the dominant race of Chemistry in a limited degree appears to man never appeared on earth. But there is have attracted the attention of the ancients, another extensive class of scientific pursuits, but of their proficiency in this pursuit we the subjects of which are drawn from his own know more from their preserved relics and re- nature. He has devised metaphysics to illussults than from their contemporaneous records. trate the operations of his own mind. He bas In modern times the chemists constitute a phil. introduced ethical and political science to proosophical community, having a language of mote order and happiness, and military science their own, a history of their own, methods, to assist for a time at least in destroying both. pursuits and controversies of their own, and a He has built up history with “ her volumes domain which is co-extensive with the materi- vast,” which volumes are as yet a small thing als of which our globe is made. Many men of compared with those that are to come. Under gifted minds and high intellectual attainments the name of news, the press daily inundates have devoted their lives to the prosecution of the world with a million sheets of contemporathis science. Chemistry has unravelled the neous history, for history and news, under early niysteries of our planet, and has had a small qualifications, are identical. The annals leading agency in changing the arts and the of the last four years may deserve as large a economy of human life. It now tills the civil. place in the attention of mankind as was due ized world with its libraries, laboratories and when the poet informed the Egyptian mummy lecture-rooms. No individual can expect to that since his decease, “a Roman empire had study even its accessible books, still less to be begun and ended.” The greatest part of what come familiar with its recorded facts. Yet should have been history is unwritten, and chemistry is probably in its infancy, and opens of what has been written, the greatest part is one of the largest future fields for scientific of little general value. If all that has actually cultivation.
been committed to papyrus, parchment or paNatural history, in its common acceptation, per had by chance been preserved from the ef. implies the investigation, arrangement and defects of time and barbarism, the aggregate scription of all natural bodies, including the would be so vast and the interest so little, tbat whole organized creation. If no other science the busy world could hard!y turn aside for its existed but this, there would be labor enough examination from more absorbing and necesand more than enough to employ for life the sary pursuits. students and observers of the world. Each But the world is not contented with history kingdom of organic nature already offers to which states, or professes to state, the progress,
arts, dates, successes and failures of distin- Jaccumulation, a terra incognita, which from its
struggling pedestrians, it substitutes pressure
(To be continued.)
The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid
following amounts since last report:-
Wilmington, Del. 100 00
Henry M. Laing, Treasurer,
No. 30 N. Third St.
Philada., 3d mo. 10, 1866.
The transfer of the counties of Berkley and
Strong and devoted tion ihe past week.
SENATE.-A message was received from the Presi.
dent, transmitting copies of his correspondence with
tion empowering the Secretaries of War and the
Central School Reader....
131 N. Seventh St.
M. LOUISE CLANCY,
two medical officers—one from the army and one: Bojournal of John Comly, (600 pages).
200KS FOR SALE:-Journal of Hugh Judge, price.....
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History of Frienas, vol. 1st
Foulke's Friends' Almanacs for 1866.
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"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."
PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 24, 1866.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
Extracts from Clarkson's Portraiture of Quakerism"....... 33 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESBED AND PAYMENTS The Revelation of the Spirit...
35 MADE TO A Little at a Time........
87 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, A Foretaste of Heaven.....
37 At Pablication Office, No. 131 North Seventh Street, Social Reading in the Home Cirlele.
39 SECOND DOOR ABOVE CHERRY. EDITORIAL
40 TERMS:-PAY ABLE IN ADVANCE.
Letter about the Freed-poople.....
43 It is rec:ived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. POETRY..........
44 AGENTS.- Joseph S. Cohu, New York.
An Address on the Limits of Education.
EXTRACTS FROM CLARKSON'S “PORTRAITURE) is acquired. In the second, namely, of desires, OF QUAKERISM."
quietness is attained. In the third, of thoughts, *(Continned from page 18.)
internal recollection is gained. By not speakI have hitherto confined myself to those ing, not desiring, and not thinking, one arrives Meetings of the Quakers, where the minister is at the true and perfect mystical silence, where said to have received impressions from the God speaks with the soul, communicates him. Spirit of God, with a desire of expressing them, self to it, and in the abyss of its own depth, and where, if he expresses them, he ought to teaches it the most perfect and exalted wisdeliver them to the congregation as the pictures dom.” of his will; and this, as accurately as the mir- Many people of other religious societies, if ror represents the object that is set before it. they were to visit the meetings of the Quakers There are times, bowever, as I mentioned in while under their silent worship, would be apt the last section, when either no impressions may to consider the congregation as little better than be said to be felt
, or, if any are felt, there is stocks or stones, or at any rate as destitute of DO concomitant impulse to uiter them. In this that life and animation which constitute the case no person attempts to speak: for to speak essence of religion. They would have no idea or to pray, where the heart feels no impulse that a people were worsbipping God, whom they to do it, would be, in the opinion of the Qua- observed to deliver nothing from their lips. It kers, to mock God, and not to worship bim in does not follow, however, because nothing is spirit and in truth. They sit therefore in si- said, that God is not worshipped. The Quakers, lence, and worship in silence; and they not on the other hand, contend, that these silent only remain silent the whole time of their meet- meetings form the sublimest part of their worings, but many meetings take place, and these ship. The soul, they say, can have intercourse sometimes in suo session, when not a word is with God. It can feel refreshment, joy, and uttered.
comfort, in bim. It can praise and adore bim; Michael de Molinos, who was chief of the and all this, without the intervention of á sect of the Quietists, and whose “Spiritual word. Guide" was printed at Venice in 1685, speaks This power of the soul is owing to its con- . thus: “ There are three kinds of silence; the stitution or nature. “It follows,” says the first is of words, the second of desires, and the learned Howe, in bis “Living Temple," that third of thoughts. The first is perfect; the having formed this his more excellent creature second is more perfect; and the third is most according to his own more express likeness; perfect. In the first, that is, of words, virtuel stamped it with the more glorious characters of his living image; given it a nature suitable to his prayer, which wants not to be clothed in words, own, and thereby made it capable of rational that God may better know our desires. He reand intelligent converse with him, he bath it gards not the service of our lips, but the ineven in his power to maintain a continual ward disposition of our hearts." converse with this creature, by agreeable Monro, before quoted, speaks to the same communications, by letting in upon it the vital effect, in bis Just Measures of the Pious Iosti. beams and influences of his own light and tutions of Youth. “ The breathings of a relove, and receiving back the return of its grate collected soul are not noise or clamor. The ful acknowledgments and praises: wherein it is lavguage in which devotion loves to vent itself, manifest be should do no greater thing than is that of the inward man, which is secret and he hath done. For who sees not that it is a silent, but yet God hears it, and makes gramatter of no greater difficulty to converse with, cious returns unto it. Sometimes the pions than to make a reasonable creature? Or who ardors and sensations of good souls are such as would not be ashamed to deny, that he who they cannot clothe with words. They feel what hath been the only author of the soul of man, they cannot express. I would not, however, and of the excellent powers and faculties be- be thought to insinuate, that the voice and longing to it, can more easily sustain that which words are not to be used at all. It is certain he hath made, and converse with his creature that public and common devotions cannot be suitably to the way, wherein he hath made it performed without them; and that even in capable of his converse ?
private, they are not only very profitable, but That worship may exist without the inter. sometimes necessary. What I here aim at is, vention of words, on account of this constitu. that the youth should be made sensible, that tion of the soul, is a sentiment which has been words are not otherwise valuable than as they espoused by many pious persons who were not are images and copies of what passes in the Quakers. Thus the ever memorable John hidden man of the heart; especially considering Hales, in his Golden Remains, expresses him that a great many, who appear very angelical self: "Nay, one thing I koow more, that the in their devotions, if we take our measures of prayer which is the most forcible, transcends, thein from their voice and tone, do soon, after and far exceeds, all power of words. For St. these intervals of seeming seriousness are over, Paul, speaking unto us of the most effectual return with the dog to the vomit, and give kiud of prayer, calls it sighs and groans, that 'palpable evidences of their earthliness and sencannot be expressed. Nothing cries so load suality; their passion and their pride.” in the ears of God, as the sighing of a con- Again—"I am persuaded, says he, that it trite and earnest heart."
would be vastly advantageous for the youth, if “It requires not the voice, but the mind; care were taken to train them up to this method not the stretching of the hand, but the inten- of prayer; that is, if they were taught frequenttion of the beart; not any outward shape or car- ly to place themselves in the divine presence, riage of the body, but the inward behavior of and there silently to adore their Creator, Rethe understanding. How then can it slacken deemer and Sanctifier. For hereby they would your worldly business and occasions, to mix become babitually recollected. Devotion would them with sighs and groans, which are the most be their element; and they would know, by exeffectual prayer?”
perience, what our blessed Savour and his great Dr. Gell, before quoted, sayg——" Words con- Apostle meant, when they enjoin us to pray ceived only in an earthly mind, and uttered without ceasing. It was, I suppose, by some out of the memory by man's voice, which make such method of devotion as I am now speaking a noise in the ears of flesh and blood, are not, of, that Enoch walked with God; that Moses nor can be accounted a prayer, before our father saw him that is invisible; that the royal Psalm. which is in Heaven."
ist set the Lord always before him; and that Dr. Smaldridge, bishop of Bristol, has the 'our Lord Jesus himself continued whole nights following expressions in his sermons : “Prayer in prayer to God. No man, I believe, will imdoth not consist either in the bending of our agine that his prayer, during all the space in knees, or the service of our lips, or the lifting which it is said to have continued, was altoup of our hands or eyes to heaven, but in the gether vocal. When he was in his agony elevation of our souls towards God. These in the garden, he used but a few words. His outward expressions of our inward thoughts are vocal prayer then consisted only of one petinecessary in our public, and often expedient in tion, and an act of pure resignation thrice reour private devotions; but they do not make peated. But I hope all will allow, that his deup the essence of prayer, which may truly and votion lasted longer than while he was employed acceptably be performed, where these are want in the uttering a few sentences." ing.
These meetings then, which are usually de. And he says afterwards, in other parts of his nominated silent, and in which, though not a work—" Devotion of mind is itself a silent word be spoken, it appears from the testimony