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act of navigation act of parliament alien allegiance allowed America barrels Beawes belonging Berwick-upon-Tweed bounty Britain British ships British subjects busses cargo carried coast colonies Comm commerce commodities considered consul court customs declared denizens dominions drawback Dutch duty East India employed enacts encouragement enemy England English entitled Europe exportation fish foreign forfeited forfeiture granted Greenland Seas growth hostile imported Indies Ireland islands king king's kingdom land law of nations licence Lord Lord Mansfield Macph Majesty Majesty's manufacture mariners master merchant stranger merchants natural-born subjects nature navigation act neutral neutral country observed officers order in council owner parliament penalty persons plantations Pope port possession privileges produce prohibited provisions Puffendorf realm Reeves regulations residence respect rule salt Scotland sovereign stat statute strangers territories thereof tion trade treaty Vattel vessels voyage Warden West Indies whale fishery
第 5 頁 - But it is only for the sake of profit that any man employs a capital in the support of industry ; and he will always, therefore, endeavour to employ it in the support of that industry of which the produce is likely to be of the greatest value, or to exchange for the greatest quantity either of money or of other goods.
第 5 頁 - Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of the society, which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally, or rather necessarily, leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.
第 32 頁 - And those acts of parliament, which have from time to time been made to enforce this universal law, or to facilitate the execution of its decisions, are not to be considered as introductive of any new rule, but merely as declaratory of the old fundamental constitutions of the kingdom : without which it must cease to be a part of the civilized world.
第 460 頁 - State, and is justly to be considered in that character; nor let it be supposed that it Is an act of light and casual importance. The consequence of such a service is indefinite, infinitely beyond the effect of any contraband that can be conveyed. The carrying of two or three cargoes of stores...
第 638 頁 - Such colonists carry with them only so much of the English law as is applicable to their own situation and the condition of an infant colony; such, for instance, as the general rules of inheritance and of protection from personal injuries. The artificial refinements and distinctions incident to the property of a great and commercial people...
第 461 頁 - The neutral country," he said, " ha» a right to preserve its relations with the enemy, and you are not at liberty to conclude that any communication between them can partake, in any degree, of the nature of hostility against you.
第 8 頁 - The capital which is employed in purchasing in one part of the country in order to sell in another, the produce of the industry of that country generally replaces by every such operation two distinct capitals that had both been employed in the agriculture or manufactures of that country, and thereby enables them to continue that employment.
第 129 頁 - Natural allegiance is therefore a debt of gratitude, which cannot be forfeited, cancelled, or altered, by any change of time, place, or circumstance, nor by any thing but the united concurrence of the legislature.