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think fit. God is infinitely merciful, and his vicegerent is only not so, because he is not infinite.

The true end of satire is the amendment of vices by correction; and he who writes honestly is no more an enemy to the offender, than the physician to the patient, when he prescribes harsh remedies to an inveterate disease; for those are only in order to prevent the chirurgeon's work of an ense rescindendum, which I wish not to my very enemies. To conclude all, if the body politic have any analogy to the natural, in my weak judgment an act of oblivion were as necessary in a hot distempered state, as an opiate would be in a raging fever.

A KEY

TO

ABSALOM AND ACHITOPHEL.

Abdael ....... General Monk, Duke of Albe

marle. Abethdin ..... The name given, through this

Poem, to a Lord Chancellor

in general, Absalom ...... Duke of Monmouth, natural son

of King Charles II. Achitophel .... Anthony Ashly Cowper, first

Earl of Shaftsbury. Adriel ... ... .. John Sheffield, Earl of Mul

grave. Agag ........ Sir Edmundbury Godfrey. Amiel........Mr. Seymour, Speaker of the

House of Commons. Amri ..... .. Sir Heneage Finch, Earl of Win

chelsea, and Lord Chancellor. Annabel . . . . . . Anne, Duchess of Monmouth,

the daughter and sole heir of Francis, Earl of Buc

cleugh. Arod ........ Sir William Waller. Asaph ....... A character drawn by Tate for

Dryden, in the Second Part

of this poem. Balaam . . . . . . . Earl of Huntingdon. Balak ........ Barnet. Barzillai ..... Duke of Ormond. Bathsheba ..... Duchess of Portsmouth. Benaiah ...... General Sackville. Ben Jochanan . . . Rev. Samuel Johnson. Bezaliel ...... Duke of Beaufort. Caleb........ Ford, Lord Grey of Werk. Corah ....... Dr. Titus Oates. David ....... King Charles II. Doeg . . . . . . . . Elkanah Settle, the City poet. Egypt ....... France. Eliab ........ Sir Henry Bennet, Earl of Ar

lington. Ethnic-plot .... The Popish-plot. Gath ......... The Land of Exile, more parti

cularly Brussels, where King

Charles II. long resided. Hebron ...... Scotland. Hebrew Priests . . The Church of England Clergy. Helon ....... Earl of Feversham, a French

man by birth, and nephew to

Marshall Turenne. Hushai ....... Hyde, Earl of Rochester, Jebusites . ..... Papists.

Jerusalem ..... London.
Jews ........ English.
Jonas ....... Sir Wm. Jones, a great Lawyer.
Jordan ....... Dover.
Jotham ...... Saville, Marquis of Halifax.
Jothran ...... Lord Dartmouth.
Ishbosheth ..... Richard Cromwell.
Israel ....... England.
Issachar ...... Thomas Thynne, Esq. who was

shot in his coach. Judas ....... Mr. Ferguson, a canting

Teacher. Ishban . . . . . . . Sir Robert Clayton, Alderman,

and one of the City Members. Mephibosheth . . . Pordage. Michal ....... Catharine, Queen of Charles II. Nadab ....... Lord Howard of Escriek. Og ......... Shadwell. Othniel ...... Henry D. of Grafton, natural

Son of King Charles II. by

the Duchess of Cleveland. Phaleg ....... Forbes. Pharaoh ...... King of France. Rabsheka ..... Sir Thomas Player, one of the

City Members. Sagan of Jerusalem Dr. Compton, Bishop of Lon

don, youngest Son to the Earl

of Northampton. Sanhedrim .... Parliament. Saul . ....... Oliver Cromwell. Shimei ....... Slingsby Bethel, Sheriff of Lon

don in 1680. Sheva ....... Sir Roger L'Estrange. Sion ........ England.

Solymean Rout . . London Rebels.
Tyre ........ Holland."
Uzza . ....... Jack Hall.
Zadoc . . . . . . . Sancroft, Archbishop of Can-

terbury. Zaken ....... A Member of the House of

Commons. Zimri ....... Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Ziloah ....... Sir John Moore, Lord Mayor in

1682.

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