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de povov EmbYELOV EQTUVOYI EVSEQUI Qoutch. Satanaki seeins to be Satan Anac, diaBoros Bordeusi

Necho, Nacho, Necus, Negus, which in the Egyptian and Ethiopic languages signified a king, probably was an abbreviation of Anaco, and Anachus. It was sometimes expressed Nachi, and Nacchi. The building's represented at Persepolis are said to be the work of Nacki Rustan; which signifies the lord, or prince Rustan.

ZAR, and -SAR.

Sar is a rock, and made use of to signify a promontory. As temples were particularly erected upon such places, these eminences were often denominated Sar-On, from the Deity, to whom the temples were sacred. The terni Sar was oftentimes used as a mark of high honour. The Psalmist repeatedly addresses God as his Rock, 65 the Rock of his refuge; the Rock of his salvation. It is also used without a metaphor, for a title of respect: but it seems then to have been differently expressed. The sacred writers call that lordly people the Sidonians, as well as those

Os Psalm 28. v. 1. Deuteron. c. 32. v. 15. Isaiah. c. 17. v. 10. Psalm 78. v. 35. It is often styled Selah.

of Tyre, 66 Sarim. The name of Sarah was giveni to the wife of Abraham by way of eminence; and signifies a 67 lady, or princess. It is continually to be found in the composition of names, which relate to places, or persons, esteemed sacred by the Amonians. We read of Serapis, Serapion, Serapammon: also of Sarchon, and Sardon; which is a contraction for Sar-Adon. In Tobit mention is made of 68 Sarchedonus; the same name as the former, but with the eastern aspirate. The Sarim in Esther are taken notice of as persons of high 69 honour: the same dignity seems to have been known among the Philistim, by whom it was rendered 70 Sarna, or Sarana : hence came the 7" Tyrian word Sarranus for any thing noble and splendid. In the prophet Jeremiah are enumerated the titles of the chief princes, who attended Nebuchadnezzar in his expedition against Judea. Among others he mentions the 72 Sarsechim. This is a plural, compounded of Sar, and Sech, rendered also Shec, a prince or governor. Sar-Sechim signifies the chief of the princes and rulers. Rabshekah is nearly of the same purport : it signifies the great prince; as by Rabsares is meant the chief 7 Eunuch; by Rabmag, the chief of the Magi. Many places in Syria and Canaan have the term Şar in composition; such as Şarabetha, Sariphæa, Sareptha. Sardis, the capital of Creesus, was the city of Sar-Ades, the same as Atis, the Deity of the country.

66 Isaiah. c. 23. v. 8. 67 Genesis. c. 17. v. 15. 68 Tobit. c. 1., v. 22. 69 Esther. c. 1. v. 16. 70 Joshua. c. 13. v. 3. 4370. Judges. c. 16. v. 5. In Samuel they are styled Sarnaim. 1. c. 29. v.7. 71 Ostrum Sarranum. 72 Jeremiah. c. 39. v. 3. .

High 74 groves, or rather hills with woods of antient oaks, were named Saron ; because they were sacred to the Deity so called. Pliny takes notice of the Saronian bay near Corinth, and of the oaks which grew near it. 75 Portus Cænitis, Sinus Sasonicus olim querpo nemore redimitus; unde nomen. Both the oaks and the place were denominated from the Deity Sar-On, and Chan-Ait, by the Greeks rendered Σαρων, and Koινειτις, which are titles of nearly the same purport. Saron was undoubtedly an autient God in Greece. 7o Lilius

II

73 Isaiah, c. 37. v. 4. Jeremiah. c. 39. ů. 3. 7+ It is sometimes expressed Saronas.

Est et regio Saronas, sive diguposa Reland. Palæstina. p. 188. Any place sacred to the Deity Saron was liable to have this name: hence we find plains so called in the Onomasticon of Eusebius. "ο Σαρων--απο τα ορες Θαβωρ επι την Τιβεριαδα λιμνην χωρα.

75 Plin. l. 4. c. 8.

79 Lilius Gyraldus. Syntag. 4. p. 170. from Pausanias, and Aristides in Themistoclem.

Gyraldus styles him Deus Marinus; but he was, properly, the Sun. Diana, the sister of Apollo, is named 77 Saronia : and there were Saronia sacra, together with a festival at 78 Træzen; in which place Orus was supposed to have been born. 79 Ωρον γενεσθαι σφισιν εν γη πρωτον. Οrus was the same as Sar-On, the Lord of light. So Rocks were called Saronides, from having temples and towers sacred to this Deity : just as groves of oaks were, of which I took notice above. This interpretation is given by si Hesychius;, and by the Scholiast, upon the following verse of Callimachus :

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As oaks were styled Saronides, so likewise were the antient Druids, by whom the oak was held so sacred. Hence Diodorus Siculus, speaking of

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is 77 Empwria, AgtepeisAganos. Hesych. She was, by the Persians, named Sar-Ait. Engutis, Agriuoso Tlepoas. ibidem. 78 Pausanias. 1. 2. p. 189.

.

cz 19 Pausanias. 1. 2. p. 181.}

tip } , to Callimachus calls the island Asterie xaxuv capor. Asepon, FONTOSO xoxov sagor. This, by the Scholiast, is interpreted xaderspore but it certainly means a Rock. Hymn. in Delon. v. 225.

81 Expwrides Tempat, når dia maha.OTITA xexnovias dqués. Hesych. 82 Callimachus. Hymn to Zeus. v. 22.

the priests of Gaul, styles them * Dihocópos, teorogor ---AERITTWS Tipe Wuevos, ss EAPSINIAAE ovou a 2801. This is one proof, out of many, how far the Amonian religion was extended ; and how little we know of Druidical worship, either in respect to its essence or its origin.

UCH. Uch, Tx, expressed also Ach, Och, Oxe, was a term of honour among the Babylonians, and the rest of the progeny of Chus; and occurs continually in the names of men and places which have any connection with their history. I have shewn, in a former 84 treatise, that the shepherds who ruled in Egypt were of that race, and that they came from Babylonia and Chaldea. Eusebius informs us, that their national title was 85 Txovoos; or, as it was undoubtedly expressed by the people themselves, TxxovrOS, Uc-Cusus. It is a term taken notice of by Apion and Manethon, and they speak of it as a word in the sacred language of the country, which signified a king: 30 Tx xab' ispor yaworan Bagined one anvel. I wonder that this word has been passed over with so little

· 23 Diodorus Siculus. 1. 5. p. 308.

34 See Observations and Inquiries upon Ancient History. p. 196. · 55 Eusebii Præp. Evang. 1. 10. c. 13. p. 500.

*6 Josephus contra Apion. l. 1. e. 13. p. 445.' :

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