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of him as the son of Jupiter. This term is often found compounded Macar-On: from whence people were denominated Maxapwres, and 43 Manewres ; and places were called Maxpwr. This, probably, was the original of the name given to islands which were styled Maxapwe unoon. They were to be found in the Pontus Euxinus, as well as in the Atlantic. The Acropolis of Thebes in Bæotia was, in like manner, called 49 Maraewr ungos. It was certainly an Amonian sacred term. The inland city, Oäsis, stood in an Egyptian province, which had the so same name: so that the meaning must not be sought for in Greece. This term was sometimes expressed as a feminine, Macris, and Macra : and by the Grecians was interpreted longa; as if it related to extent. It was certainly an antient word, and related to their theology ; but was grown so obsolete that the original
43 '0. Earvos, és a potegov gasyov Margwræs. Strabo. I. 12.
Sanni, Eavos, means Heliadæ, the same as Macarones. Mee zgwves, near Colchis, òr vor Eavvo. Stephanus Byzant.
49 The same as the Cadmeum. Maragwe onoos, y axportodos TWY s» Bowtie onbwv TO Tarasov, ús o llaguevdns. Suidas.
Diodorus Siculus. 1. 5. p. 347. Maragwe mnoor, near Britain and Thule. Scholia in Lycophron. v. 1200.
ο Αιδ' εισιν Μακαρων νησοι, τοθι περ τον αρισον . "Znude, Oswv Gaorana, 'Pen Texe Tuden zwew. Of the Theban Acropolis, Tzetzes in Lycophron. v. 1197. » 50 Herodotus. 1. 3. c. 16.
purport could not be retrieved. I think we may be assured that it had no relation to length. Eubea was, of old, called Macris ; and may be looked upon as comparatively long : but Icarus, Rhodes, and Chios, were likewise called so; and they did not project in length more than the islands in their si neighbourhood. They were, therefore, not denominated from their figure. There was a cavern in the Acropolis of Athens, which was called Macrai, according to Euripides,
The same author shews, manifestly, that it was a proper name; and that the place itself was styled Macrai. This was a contraction for MacarAi, or the place of Macar:
All these places were, for a religious reason, so denominated from Macar, a title of the Deity.
51 Macra, a river in Italy. Plin. l. 3. c. 5.
Pausanias informs us that the children of Niobe were supposed to have been here slain in this cavern. . 53 Euripides. ibid. Also, in another place, he mentions
Κεκροπος ες Αντρα, και Μακρας πετρήρεφεις. ''
Melech, or, as it is sometimes expressed, Malech, and Moloch, betokens a king; as does Malecha a queen. It was a title, of old, given to many Deities in Greece; but, in after times, grew obsolete and misunderstood : whence it was often changed to perigos, and perhogios, which signified the gentle, sweet, and benign Deity. Pausanias tells us that Jupiter was styled Meidogoos, both in 54 Attica and at 5s Argos : and, in another part of his work, he speaks of this Deity under the same title, in company with Artemis at Sicyon. 50 E50 de Zeus Mainoxios, xav Aptepuis ovopa quern latewa. He mentions that they were both of great antiquity, placed in the temple before the introduce tion of images : for, the one was represented by a pýramid, and the other by a bare pillar: Ilugapido de é Mairixios, nide xuovi E5IV Eixaopen. He also speaks of some unknown Gods at Myonia in Locris, called £06 Madox100; and of an altar, with an
inscription of the same purport, 57 Bemos own Μειλίχιων.
Rivers often had the name of Melech. There was one in Babylonia, generally expressed Nahar Malcha, or the royal stream: these too were often by the Grecians changed to Meidogou. The foregoing writer gives an instance in a s8 river of Achaja. Malaga in Spain was properly Malacha, the royal city. I take the name of Amalek to have been Ham 59 Melech abbreviated; a title taken by the Amalekites from the head of their family. In like manner I imagine 6Malchom, the God of the Sidonians, to have been a contraction of Malech-Chom, Boordeus 'Halos: a title given to the Sun; but conferred also upon the chief of the Amonian 6 family.
Anac was a title of high antiquity, and seems
57 Pausanias. 1. 10. p. 897. 58 Pausanias. 1. 7. p. 573.
5) The country of the Amalekites is called the land of Ham. i Chronicles. c. 4. v. 40.
01 Kings. c. 11. v. 33,
61 I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, and the name of the Chamerims with the priests; and them that worship the host of heaven upon the house tops, and them that worship, and that swear by the Lord, and that swear hy Malcham. Zephaniah. c, I. v, 4.
to have been originally appropriated to persons of great strength, and stature. Such people in the plural were styled Anakim; and one family of them were to be found at 62 Kirjath-Arba. Some of them were likewise among the Caphtorim, who settled in Palestina. Pausanias represents Asterion, whose tomb is said to have been discovered in Lydia, as a son of Anac, and of an enormous size. °? Eivor de Acepsov Mev Avaxtos Avaxta de Ins traida-058 εφανη το σχημα περιεχοντα ες πισιν, ως εσιν ανθρωπο' επει dia meystos 8x ESIN ÓTWS av Edo Efv. We may from hence perceive that the history of the Anakim was not totally obliterated among the Grecians. Some of their Deities were styled ανακτες: others ανακτορες, and their temples avaxt ODIQ. Michael Psellus speaking of heresies, mentions, that some people were so debased, as to worship Satanaki : 04 Autov
02 Judges. c. 1. v. 10. Joshua. c. 15. v. 13. Deuteronomy. C. 2. v. 21. Joshua. c. 11. v. 22. and c. 13. v. 12. · The priests at the Elusinian mysteries were called AvartotedeSQL, Clement. Alex. Cohort. p. 16.
63 Pausanias. I. 1. p. 87. It was in the island Lade before Miletus. The author adds, when the bones were discovered. Aυτικα δε λογος ηλθεν εις τες πολλες Γηρυονε το Χρυσαορα ειναι μεν τον Exẹop–xTA—xi Xuabeon T5 ToTot.oy Oxfavo Exclouv. .
See Cicero de Nat. Deor. I. 3. of Anaces, Avaxtec. Tous Aboš Houpes Avanas é Alnvarot ne poonyoperoav. Plutarch. Numa.
64 Michael Psellus. p. 10.