網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

The Deity to whom it was inscribed was the same as that above, but called by another title, Aur, and Our, 718; rendered by the Greeks 14 Ougios ; and changed in acceptation so as to refer to another element.

[ocr errors]

lean

Great Urian Jove invoke to be your guide:
Then spread the sail, and boldly stem the tide.
Whether the stormy inlet you explore,
Where the surge laves the bleak Cyanean

shore,
Or down the Egean homeward bend your

way,
Still as you pass the wonted tribute pay,

[ocr errors]

An humble cake of meal: for Philo here, i
Antipater's good son, this shrine did rear,
A pleasing omen, as you ply the sail,
And sure prognostic of a prosperous gale,

The lapygian promontory had a temple to the saine God, whose name by Dionysius is rendered

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

The more difficult the navigation was, the more places of sanctity were erected upon the coast. The Bosporus was esteemed a dangerous pass; and, upon that account, abounded with Cippi, and altars. These were originally mounds of earth, and sacred to the Sun: upon which account they were called Col-On, or altars of that Deity. From hence is derived the term Colona, and Konwn. It came at last to denote any nees or foreland; but was originally the name of a sacred hilt, and of the pillar which was placed upon it. To say the truth, there was of old hardly any headland but what had its temple or altar. The Bosporus, in particular, had numbers of them by

16 Dionysius meginyns. v. 380.

[ocr errors]

17 Apollonius Rhodius. 1.1. v. 601.

18 Ibid. 1.1. v. 1114. In another place,

Qvha Ti BiOiwv auTii x.Tia.T\?iraTo yanj,

Apollon. Rhod. 1. 2. v. 790.

19 Orphic Argonaut, v. 375.

[ocr errors]

cons, which stood on eminences near the mouths of rivers, and at the entrances of harbours, it caused them to be called wpic, ouped, and equos. Homer gives a beautiful description of such hills and headlands, and of the sea-coast projected in a beautiful landscape beneath, when, in some ravishing poetry, he makes all these places rejoice at the birth of Apollo:

[ocr errors]

In that happy hour
The lofty cliffs, that overlook the main,
And the high summits of the towering hills,
Shouted in triumph: down the rivers ran
In pleasing murmurs to the distant deep.
The shelves, the shores, the inlets of the sea,
Witness'd uncommon gladness.

ICO

SS.

Apollo, from this circumstance, was often called ET QXTIOS, or the tutelary God of the coast; and had particular offerings upon that account. .

20 Homer's Hymn to Apollo.

[ocr errors]

It was not only upon rocks and eminences that these Cippi and Obelisks were placed by the antients : they were to be found in their temples, where for many ages a rude stock or stone served for a representation of the Deity. They were sometimes quite shapeless, but generally of a conical figure; of which we meet with many instances. Clemens Alexandrinus takes notice of this kind of 14 worship: and Pausanias, in describing the temple of Hercules at Hyettus in Bæotia,

[ocr errors]
« 上一頁繼續 »