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probably a compound of Ucli-Ur, the same a& Achor, and Achorus of Egypt, the great luminary,, the Sun. In antient times all kings, priests, and people of consequence took to themselves some sacred title. But as Aneith was abbreviated to Neith, Acherez to Cherez; so Achorus was rendered Chorus, Curus. Thus far is manifest, that Curus signified the Sun. +,0 ptv oui/Kufo? «ttokuou
T» TrxXocm 01/oy.tx. t<ryiv' £KHi/u Si cnro rn 'HAia yevitrQxi gain'
Kujov yaj xa.xav n^<rx; Toi/ 'hmqv. Ctesias likewise informs us that the name of Cyrus had this signification. S K«l Tlfiflan TO OVOfAX XXIT1S XTTO T8 'HAlS: IlC
uas denominated Cyrus from the Sun, which was so called. It was the same as Orus: and according to Strabo it is sometimes so expressed; as we may infer from a river of this name, cf which he says, 6Exa,\uTo $s TTgQTtQov Ko^os. We find it sometimes rendered Kuj 15, Curis: but still with a reference to the Sun, the Adonis of the east. Hesychius explains KujK, 0 A^wKjf. In Phocis 'was 7 Kup'f«, Currha, where Apollo Kupp'ato? was honoured; which names were more commonly expressed K»pp«, and Kip'p'«»e?. The people of Cyrene are said by Palfephatus to have been originally Ethiopians or Cuthites. They, as well as the Egyptians, ■worshipped the Sun under the title of Achur, and Achor: and like them esteemed him the 'hot ecTropvios. From the God Achur we may infer that their country was at first called Acurana; which is a compound of Achur-Ain, and betokens the great fountain of light. Acurana was abbreviated to Curane and Curene; but was always supposed to relate to the Sun, and Heaven, Hence the Greeks, who out of every obsolete term formed personages, supposed Cyrene to have been the daughter of the supreme Deity. 9Kuf*im, woXt? Aij3iw, onro Kufrim? T»K 'r^£uf. The city Cyrene: in Libya was denominated from Cyrene, the daughter of the most High. There was a fountain here of great sanctity, which was in like manner denominated from the Sun. It was called ,0Kuf»i -n-ny*, which terms are equivalent to Kur-Ain, and Achurain of the Amonians, and signify the fountain of the Sun. Pliny proves, that this was the purport of the terms, when he describes this part of the world. "Cyrenaifca, eadem Tripolitana regio, illustratur Hammonis oraculo — et Fonte Solis. The like account is to be found in Pomponius Mela". Ammonis oraculum, fidei incfytas; et fons, quern Solis "appellant, As Achor was a term, which related to the Sun; we find it often compounded with flc, On, another name of that Deity; from whence was formed Acharon. This was the true name of the city in Palestine, called in Scripture, according to our version, '4Ekron. It was denominated from Aclior, the God of flies, worshipped also under the name of Baal-zebub with the same attribute. The Caphtorim brought the worship of this God from Egypt; where was a river called Acharon; so denominated from the Deity of the country. This river, and the rites practised in its vicinity, are mentioned in a beautiful fragment from some Sibylline poetry, but when, or by whom composed, is uncertain. The verses are taken notice of by Clemens Alexandrinus, and what is remarkable, are certainly quoted long before the completion of what is portended. However' the purport may perhaps be looked upon rather as a menace, than a prophecy.
4 Plutarch, in Artaxerxe. p. 1012.
5 Ctesias in Persicis.
So Hesychius To* <yx% »>Mov Ji Xl^a-xi K^o> teyuo-tv' Hence Ku^o?, a-qyuv, Qcvtixivi;, ibid, also Kwo;, tfacria.
'Strabo, speaking of the river Cur, or Cyrus. 1. 11. p. 764. 7 Quid tibi cumCyrrha? quid cum Pcrmessidos unda?
Martial. 1. 1. epigram. If. v. 11. Phociiicas Amphissa maims, scopulosaque Cyrrha.
Lucan. 1. 3. v. 17*Kypeti, tmttiot btUput. Pausan. 1.10. p. 817
8Cyrenaici Achorcm Deum (invocant) muscarum raultitudine pestilentiam adferente; quae protinus intereunt, postquain litatum est illi Deo. Plin. 1. 10. c. 28. See also Clement. Alexand. Cohort. p. 33.
Some late editors, and particularly Harduin, not knowing that Achor was worshipped at Cyrene, as the fleo? awopiuo?, have omitted his name, and transferred the history to Elis. But all the antient editions mention Achor of Cyrene; Cyretwiri Achorem Deum, SfC. I have examined those printed at Rome, 1470, 1473. those of Venice, 1472, 1476, 1487, 1507, 1510. those of Parma, 147f>, 1479, 1481. one at Brescia, 14,96. the editions at Paris, 1516, 1524, 1532. the Basil edition by Froben, 1523: and they all have this reading. The edition also by Johannes Spira, 1469, has Acorem, but with some variation. The spurious reading, Elei myagrum Deum, was, I imagine, first admitted into the text by Sigismund Gelenius, who was misled by the similarity of the two histories. Harduin has followed him blindly, without taking any notice of the more antient and true reading.
9 Stephanus Byzantinus. See also Scholia on Calliraachus. Hymn, in Apoll. v. 91.
1 0*y niru Kvpns flrny»5 tavnaurro nriha<r<rcti
Callimachus. Hymn, in Apoll. v. 88. "Plin.N. H. 1.5. p.249,lL. 1. c. 8. p. 43.
13 Justin, speaking of the first settlement made at Cyrene, mentions a mountain Cura, which was then occupied. Montem Cyram, et propter amoenitatem loci, et propter/o/rfium ubertatem occupav«re. 1. 13. c. J.
14 Conformably to what I say, Ekron is rendered Axx*^* by the Seventy. 1 Samuel c. 6. v. 15.
So also Josephus Antiq. Jud. 1. 6. c. 1. p. 312.
In Achore vestigia Accaronis: Selden de Dijs Syris. Syntag. 6. p. 228.
Ov ZpTnovei Mw> 8io» Axxof»>». Gregory Nazianz. Editio Etonens. 1610. Pars secunda cont. Julianum. p. 102.
In Italy this God was styled by the Campanians, 'H^ax^j Awof*v»o«. See Clemens. Cohort, p. 33.
The place in Egypt, where they worshipped this Deity, was named Achoris; undoubtedly the same, which is mentioned by Sozomen. 1. 6. c. 18.
Moum, fAaif«?, osoicTof, I7ti ^/a/xa,^oig Ayj^ovroq.
The Deitv was likewise called Achad, and Achon: and many cities and countries were hence ,(S denominated. Aeon in Palestine is said to have been so named in honour of Hercules, the chief Deity in those '7 parts.
I have mentioned, that Ham, styled also Cham, was looked up to as the Sun, and worshipped by
^5 Clemens Alexand. Cohort, p. 44.
lie quotes another, where the fate of Ephesus is foretold:
'ytttk* J otfiw|£i? Elpiaoq Amaca. wa^ uyjiatq,
There is a third upon Serapis and his temple in Egypt;
16 Achad was one of the first cities in the world. Genesis, c. 10. v. 10. , .;'
Nisibis city was named both Achad and Achar. See Geographia Hebrsea Extera of the learned MicH»elis. p. 227".
17 Stephanus Byzant. . i