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DANB, NATHAN, and North- 104; first minister to, 102,

west Ordinance, 125; Anti- 103; bibliography, 329. See
Federalist, 277.

also Peace of 1783.
Davie, William, on grand com- Executive department, under
mittee, 235;

on slave rep- Confederation, 51, 52; fed-
resentation, 259.

eral, in Virginia plan, 193;
Day, Luke, in Shays's rebellion, requirements, 266; election
163.

of president, 267–270.
Dayton, Jonathan, of small- Exeter, New Hampshire, mob,
state party, 233.

147
Debts to British merchants,

treaty provision, 12, 25, 26; FEDERAL convention, genesis,
dispute over treaty, 104, 105. 179-182; call, 182, 183; dele-
See also Public debt.

gates, 184-190; organization,
Delaware, ratification conven- 190-192; national party, 191,
tion, 286.

207; documents, `192; Vir-
Derby, E. H., privateering, 72; ginia plan, 192-194; veto of
East Indian trade, 76.

state laws, 194, 205-207,
Dickinson, John, in Federal 246, 249; Pinckney's plan,

convention, 190; on popular 194; national governmentand
election, 205; of small-state division of powers, 195-197,
party, 209, 211, 213.,

221-226, 237, 241-244; pro-
Division of powers, problem of portional representation,197-

Union, 176, 178, 223; in 199, 207-211, 227-239; small-
Federal convention, 195-197, state party, 198, 208, 229,
221–226, 241-244, 254. 240; election for House, 199,

204; coercion of states, 202,
EAST INDIAN trade, 76.

214, 224, 244; plan assumes
Economic conditions, post-Rev- shape, 203; election for Sen-

olutionary, 69-71, 78; bibli- ate, 205; adoption of Virginia
ography, 327. See also Com- plan, 211, 219; New Jersey
merce, Finances.

plan. 212-220; Constitution
Education, provision in North- as supreme law, 215,246-252;

west Ordinance, 121; public- Hamilton's plan, 218, 219;
land sections, 127.

Connecticut compromise, 225,
Ellsworth, Oliver, in Federal 226, 229; bicameral legislat-

convention, 189; of small- ure, 226; grand committee on
state party, 209; on national representation, 234; its com-
government, 223; compro- promise report, 235; com-
mise, 229;

on grand_com- promise adopted, 238, 239;
mittee, 234; on Anti-Feder- success of national party,
alism in Virginia, 298; on 240; direct federal legislation,

Federal government, 315. 242-245; powers of Congress,
England, in 1782, 3, 9; Rock- 253; proportionment of rep-

ingham ministry, 4-6; post- resentation, 254–258; influ.
Revolutionary trade policy,

of West, 254, 256,
74, 84, 105; indifference tow. 257; slave representation,
ard America, 89, 107; reten- 255, 257-260; sectional lines,
tion of frontier posts, 101, 260, 265; commercial powers,

ence

conven.

261, 265; slave-trade, 262– Federal convention, 184; de-
265; requirements of execu- sires prayers, 227; on grand
tive, 266; separation of pow- committee, 234; on draft
ers, 267; election of president,

Constitution, 270.
267-270; dissatisfaction with Franklin, state of, 133-135.
draft, 270-272; signing, 272; Frontier, profits by Revolution,
greatness of result, 272; 71. See also West.
genesis of Constitution, 273- Frontier posts, retention and
276; bibliography, 318–324, trade, 74, 101, 104; bibliog-
333

raphy, 329.
Federalist, The, 307, 308, 335. Fugitive slaves, rendition, 117.
Federalists, origin, 280; charac- Fur - trade, and retention of
ter, 290, 291.

frontier posts, 74, 102.
Finances, loans, 31, 56; lack

of central control, 50; super- GALLATIN, ALBERT, Anti-Fed.
intendent, 51; attempted im-

eralist, 312:
post, 53-55, 79, 82, 83; Gardoqui, Diego de, negotia-
dire straits, 55, 58, 82; over- tions, 94-101.
drafts, 57; failure of requi- Gates, Horatio, and Newburg
sitions, 69, 8o; salaries un- address, 65.
paid, 87; bibliography, 326. George III., after Yorktown,
See also Money, Paper money, 3; and Whigs (1782), 4; and
Taxation.

Adams, 103:
Findley, William, Anti - Feder- Georgia, ratification
alist, 283.

tion, 286.
Fisheries, and treaty of peace, Gerry, Elbridge, in Federal con-

vention, 189; on popular
Floridas, boundary of West, 27, election, 199, 204; on grand

29,91, 92; ceded to Spain, 32. committee, 234; yields on rep-
Foreign affairs, indifference of resentation, 238; fears West,

Europe, 8, 9; bibliography, 256; refuses to sign, 273;
328. See also nations by Anti-Federalist, 287:

Gibraltar, Spain desires, 10;
Fox, C. J., and Shelburne, 5, 6. not ceded, 32,

33.
France, conditions in 1782, 9- Gladstone, W. E., mistake on

II; American and Spanish Constitution, 273.
alliances, 10, 21; and treaty Gorham, Nathaniel, on
of peace, 13-24; loans, 31, mercial union, 262; Fed.
56; peace with England, 32;

eralist, 291.
unrequited sacrifices, 32; in- Government, American theories
difference toward America, (1783), 40-42; constituent
89.

convention, 42; division of
Franklin, Benjamin, peace com- powers, 49, 176, 178, 223;

missioner, 7; as a diplomat, genesis of territorial, 115,
8; informal negotiations, 11;

See also Confedera-
peace proposals, 11; and his tion, Constitution, Federal
instructions, 17; negotiations, convention.
24-29; and Vergennes, 31; Grayson, William, Anti-Fed.
credit for treaty, 32; in eralist, 299.

25, 26.

name.

com.

I 20.

on

Great Barrington, Massachu- | Johnson, W. S., in Federal con-

setts, Shays's rebellion, 161. vention, 189; compromise 225.
Greene, Nathanael, and army Judiciary, state, bound by
discontent, 62.

constitutions, 152, 153, 247–

250; federal, in Virginia plan,
HAMILTON, ALEXANDER, and 193; to apply Constitution,
army discontent, 60; effort

250–252.
for impost, 83; on need of
coercive power, 170; Annap- KENTUCKY, beginnings, 131,
olis convention report, 182; 132; discontent, 136. See
in Federal convention, 188, also Southwest, West.
236; plan, 218, 219; on state King, Rufus, and territorial
sovereignty, 228; on small- slavery, 117; and Northwest
state party, 229; The Federal- Ordinance, 125; hostile to a
ist, 307, 308; in ratification convention, 173; in Federal
convention, 310, 311.

convention, 189; on state
Hampshire resolves, 159. sovereignty, 221 – 223;
Hancock, John, and Consti- small-state demands, 233,
tution, 292, 294.

238; fears West, 256; Fed.
Henry, Patrick, and naviga- eralist, 291.

tion of Mississippi, 99; Anti- Knox, Henry, on army patriot-
Federalist, 278, 299; in rati- ism, 63; on agitations (1786),

fication convention, 300-305. 142, 156; on character of
Holland, war with England, 9;

Federalists, 287, 290.
loans, 81; American treaty
(1782), 90.

LAND. See Public land.

Lansing, John, in Federal con-
INDEPENDENCE, recognition by vention, 188; of small-state

party, 209; on bicameral legis-
Indians, Spanish Influence, 93;

lature, 224; leaves the con-
English influence, 101; and vention, 236; Anti - Federal-
Southwest settlers, 130.

ist, 308.

Laurens, Henry, peace commis-
JAY, JOHN, peace commissioner, sioner, 7; captured, 7.

7; in Spain, 7; character, 8; Law of the land, Constitution
suspicions of France, 13-24; as, 215, 246–252.
breaks instructions, 16, 17; Lawyers, agitation against, 157
negotiations, 24-29; credit -159, 289, 290.
for treaty, 31; foreign secre- Lee, R. H., fears Congress, 54;
tary, 52; apprehensive (1786) on coercive power, 175; Anti-
87; negotiations with Gar-

Federalist, 277, 299.
doqui, 94-101; on_violation Legislation, constitutional con-
of treaty, 105; The Federalist, trol of, 152, 246-251.
307, 308.

Lincoln, Benjamin, secretary
Jefferson, Thomas, peace com- of war, 52; on agitations

missioner, 7; on government, (1786), 157; and Shays's re-
41, 175; and Tripolitan am- bellion, 163.
bassador, 107; western or- Livingston, Robert R., foreign
dinance, 114-117.

secretary, 52; Federalist, 308.
navigation, 15, 16, 29, 91-99;
thor of Virginia plan, 202;

CON-

Loyalists, and treaty of peace, Mason, George, on direct legis-

12, 25-28; principles, 36; lation, 196; on popular elec-
character, 37; importance of tion, 199, 204; on coercion of
expatriation, 38; treatment states, 224; on grand com-
after peace, 105.

mittee, 234; on influence of

West, 257; on navigation
McKBAN, THOMAS, Federalist, laws, 262; on slavery, 263;
283.

refuses to sign, 273; Anti-
Madison, James, mental equip- Federalist, 280, 299, 303; on
ment, 144; fight against

slave-trade, 304.
paper money, 145; and Massachusetts, cedes western
tobacco tender, 145; effort claim, 111; no paper money,
to improve Confederation, 143; social discontent, 154-
171; on national authority, 159; Hampshire resolves, 159;
178; and Annapolis conven- Shays's rebellion, 160-166;
tion, 180-182; preparation proposes a convention, 173;
for Federal convention, 185; discussion of Constitution,
indictment of Confederation, 287-291; ratification
186; in convention, 187; vention, 291-295:
notes of debates, 192; on Minorca ceded to Spain, 32:
representation, 197; favors Mississippi, Spain and free
enumerated powers, 202; au-

interest of West, 100.
on veto of state laws, 206; Money, circulation of specie, 76;
on national government, 224; variety, .,138; counterfeiting
on state sovereignty, 228; and mutilation, 139; decimal
on standing army, 228; on ratio, 139; plan of coinage,
coercion of states, 244; on 140.

See also Paper money:
slave-trade, 263; in ratifica- Monroe, James, views of West,
tion convention, 300, 301;

118; Anti-Federalist, 299.
on character of Federal gov- Morocco treaty, 106.
ernment, 301; The Federalist, Morris, Gouverneur, and army
307, 308; on provisional rati- discontent 61; in Federal
fication, 310.

convention, 187; gives form
Mails in 1783, 45.

to Constitution, 187; sug-
Marbois, letter of, 14, 19.

gests resolutions, 195; on
Marietta founded, 126.

representation, 237; fears
Marshall, John, Federalist, 300. West, 256; on taxation and
Martin, Luther, in Federal con- representation, 258.

vention, 190; of small-state Morris, Robert, superintendent
party, 209, 227, 240; on of finances, 51; on financial
grand committee, 234; on condition, 55, 58; maligned,
constitution as law, 246; on 57; on economic condition
slave - trade, 263; refuses to (1783), 69; in Federal con-

sign, 273; Anti-Federalist, 295. vention, 187.
Maryland, and western claims,

109, 110; Potomac commis- NASHVILLE settled, 132.
sion, 179; ratification con- Navigation acts, American
vention, 295

profit, 73; attempted con-

federate, 84-86; objection to Ohio Company, formed, 119;
federal power, 262. See also purchases land, 120, 126;
Commerce.

settlement, 126.
New England, Revolution and Oswald, Richard, informal ne-

trade, 71, 73; privateering, gotiations, 6, 11; character,
72; and Spanish negotiations, 12; commission, 12, 17.

98. See also states by name.
New Hampshire, no paper Paine, Tom, political theory,
money, 144, 146–148; dis-

40.
tress, 146; Exeter mob, 147; Paper money, depreciation, 55;

ratification convention, 296. post - Revolutionary agita-
New Jersey, reception of Con- tion, 140-143; states which

stitution, 278; ratification resisted, 143; contest in Vir-
convention, 286.

ginia, 144-146;in New Hamp-
New Jersey plan, 212–215; de- shire, 146-148; Rhode Isl-

bated, 215-218; rejected, 219. and's experiences, 148–153;
New York, blocks confederate in Massachusetts, 154, 158;
impost, 83; cedes western

bibliography, 331.
claim, 110, 111; proposes a Parsons, Eli, in Shays's re-
convention, 170; opposition bellion, 163, 164.
to Constitution, 280, 305; rati- Parsons, S. 8., in Ohio com-

fication convention, 308-311. pany, 119.
Newburg address, first, 60; Parsons, Theophilus, Federal-
second, 63-65; Washington

ist, 291.
foils, 65-67.

Paterson, William, in Federal
Newport, decay, 149-151. convention, 189; on repre-
North, Lord, resigns, 4.

sentation, 209; New Jersey
North and South, 260, 265. plan, 212–216; grand

on

See also states by name. committee, 234.
North Carolina, and state of Peace of 1783, control of ne-

Franklin, 133-135; rejects gotiations in England, 6;
Constitution, 312.

English commissioners, 6, 12,
Northampton, Massachusetts, 25; American commissioners,
court attacked, 160.

6-9, 26; congressional in-
Northwest Territory, Congress structions, 10, 16, 17; in-

controls, 112; first plan, 113; formal propositions, 11; pre-
slavery, 113, 116-118, 122; cedent recognition of inde-
proposed ordinance (1783), pendence, 13, 17; attitude of
114; Jefferson's ordinance, France, 13-24; negotiations,
114-117; Ohio company, 119; 24-28; preliminary treaty,
Ordinance of 1787, 120-122; 28, 29; Vergennes on, 29-31;
South and Ordinance, 123; reception, 30; credit for, 31;
authorship of Ordinance, 124 French Spanish - English
-126; land purchases, 126; treaties, 32; definitive treaty,
first settlement, 126; land 33; Spanish objections, 91,
system, 127; bibliography, 92; disregard of treaty, 102,
330. See also West.

104-106; bibliography, 324-
Nullification not intended by 326.

Pennsylvania, mutiny of troops,

framers, 315.

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