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D 974
R68

TO THE

REVEREND PROFESSOR EMERSON,

OF THE ANDOVER THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY,

AS THE TEACHER AND GUIDE OF EARLIER CLASSICAL

AND LATER PROFESSIONAL STUDIES,

AND THE

HONORABLE JULIUS ROCKWELL,

OF PITTSFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS,

AS A COMPANION AND SCHOOLMATE IN CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH,
AND A CLASSMATE AND ROOMMATE DURING THE

WHOLE OF A COLLEGIATE COURSE,

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PREFACE.

“O that my words were now written ! O that they were printed in a book," was the language of Job; and the same petition has, in substance, gone forth from many an author when looking forward to. those months or years of anxiety and toil in which he was to exert himself, - in vain it might be, - to write that by which he would fain please alike the public and himself. “My desire is that mine adversary had written a book,” said the good old patriarch quoted above. “My desire is, that mine adversary had a book to write," was the version given to this passage by a learned divine who was familiar with the toils and perplexities of authorship. A most malicious and unchristian prayer for one to utter in behalf even of his bitterest foe, were thriftless care and labor the author's only portion.

True it may be, and doubtless is, that

“ None but an author knows an author's cares ;"

and yet is it also true, that these cares are often sweetened by a thousand pleasant and vivid recollections of the past. He may, perchance, recall many bright and sunny hours spent among the hallowed relics of the old world, or in roaming through the primeval

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forests of Africa, or in gazing upon the lofty moun-' tains of the southern portion of our own continent; or, more than all, in communion with the mighty deep in its ever-varying forms of grandeur and of beauty, overhung as it often is with skies of such gorgeous magnificence as to leave far in the back ground the most splendid creations of the painter and the poet. When a writer, in the quiet retirement of his closet, reviews such recollections, blended as they may be with the memory of scenes of social pleasure, immi- , nent peril, and hair-breadth escapes by land and sea, he may have something of the feelings ascribed by the poet to his hero, when, roused by martial music, he again lived in the past, and

“ Thrice he fought his battles o’er,

And thrice he slew the slain.” The causes to which the following work owes its origin, and the leading objects before the mind when writing it, may be stated thus. A long and deeply cherished desire to visit foreign lands led the author, at the close of his professional education, to mature a plan for devoting two or three years to minutely examining the most interesting portions of the old world.

By being familiar with the more prevalent languages of southern Europe, he hoped to gain access to the latest and most accurate sources of information, in the way of social intercourse and of books, respecting the countries he should visit ; — their recent history, manners, and customs; religious rites and usages, institutions of education and benevolence, and other matters of interest.

His connexion with the Navy of the United States was accidental, and arose from the fact, that the privilege of a passage to the Mediterranean, in a man-ofwar of the larger class, had been granted him by the Secretary of the Navy, and, as there was no Chaplain on board, he yielded to inducements offered him to' discharge the duties of the office during most of the succeeding cruise of two years and a half.

As the ship was at times, for weeks or months together, in ports adjacent to the most interesting portions of Southern Europe, every desirable facility was furnished for frequent excursions inland, as also for residing in families where the various languages of that region were spoken in their purity. An official connexion with our Navy opens to those who enjoy it, access not only to libraries and other public institutions, but also to the houses of persons of intelligence and rank, and to assemblies of the higher circles of society ; advantages of which common travellers cannot often avail themselves, riding as they frequently do, posthaste through foreign lands, and leaving them wellnigh as ignorant of their language, social habits, and public institutions, as when they entered them.

As the author was relieved from his professional duties for the period of six months by the transfer of a Chaplain from another ship to that in which he sailed, he was thus enabled to cross Spain and Portugal in different directions at his leisure ; to reside for a time in the capitals, and to visit the most important cities of these two kingdoms, resorting to almost every possible means of conveyance, becoming familiar

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