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PHILADELPHIA: PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WILLIAM DUANE

THE

WORKS

OF

DR. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN,

IN

PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, AND MORALS:

CONTAINING, BESIDE ALL THE WRITINGS PUBLISHED

IN FORMER COLLECTIONS, HIS

DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE,

AS MINISTER OF THE UNITED STATES, AT

THE COURT OF VERSAILLES ;

A VARIETY OF LITERARY ARTICLES,

AND

EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE,

NEVER BEFORE PUBLISHED:

WITH

MEMOIRS AND ANECDOTES OF HIS LIFE,

VOL. II.

THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

591689

IRA, LENOX ANC
TIL DRN FOUNDATIOME.

1912

DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, TO WIT:

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the Twentieth day of February, in the Thirty Third year of the Independence

of the United States of America, A. D. 1809, WILLIAM Duane of the said district, hath deposited in this office, the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit : “ The Works of Dr. Benjamin Franklin, in Philosophy, “ Politics, and Morals: containing, beside all the Writings published in former Collections, his Diplomatic Correspondence, as minister of “the United States, at the Court of Versailles ; a variety of Literary " Articles, and Epistolary Correspondence, never before published : " with Memoirs and Anecdotes of his Life.”

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, intituled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned.” And also to the Act, entitled “ an Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, “ an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.”

D. CALDWELL,

Clerk of the District of Pennsylvania,

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NOTES BY THE EDITOR.

THIS volume contains an interesting review of the political and civil history of Pennsylvania, during a period of much interest to America in general, an:1 of transactions which had much influence on subsequent events of a more comprehensive character and greater magnitucle. The heirs of William Penn as proprietaries, had not preserved the entire confidence of the people; the governors sent hither by them from time to time, appear to have aggravated the ill will which arose on the false economy of the government. After several years struggle, between the proprietary and the popular interests, it was determined by the representative assembly, in 1757, to apply to the king of Great Britain in council for relief; and a committee being appointed, a report was drawn up of their grievances, which is the first paper in the present volume.

Dr. Franklin was appointed the agent of Pennsylvania, and directed to present their complaint; for which purpose he departed for England in June of the same year. He began his mission in England by endeavoring to effect an amicable compromise with the proprietaries, in which he did not succeed. The business was then carried before the privy council. The public prints abounded with misrepresentations of the colonists; and two pamphlets on the same subject were published. Meanwhile Dr. Franklin published an anonymous book, entitled An Historical Review of Pennsylvania, which forms the second article in this volume.

This Review attracted much attention, and made a very deep impression in favor of the Pennsylvanians, against whom many prejudices had been previously excited. Much asperity followed against its author, who, thoug he did not absolutely disavow it, thought it preferable to enjoy the secret satisfaction arising from its beneficial effects, than to claim the literary honor that might attach to it. A writer who was a cotemporary, speaking of this Review, says Pennsylvania had in our author a most zealous and able advocate. His sentiments are manly, liberal, and spirited. His style close, nervous, and rhetorical. By a forcible display of the oppressions of his clients, he inclines the reader to pity their condition; and by an enumeration of their virtues he endeavors to remove the idea, which many en. tertained of their unimportance, and that abstracted from their consideration in a political light, they claim our regard by reason of their own personal merits.

Attempts have been made to deny the venerable patriot the merit of this like others of his more important works, because it was not claimed nor avowed; but it was enough that its object was accomplished; and it was not requisite to court that persecution which no men are so apt to resort to, as those who are defeated in their injustice, against men long whom their evil plesigns are frustrated.

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