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Barbauld (Mrs., 1743–1825), her the Stadtholder, 122; and of James

poem entitled '1811,' cxxx. 533 I., ib.; redeems the English mort-
Barberini, Maffei. See Urban VIII. gage, 125 ; beginning of the Thirty
Barbican, the, a military post in Years' War, ib.; his hopes of an

early London, cxxxi. 159; its me English alliance, 127; hostility
diæval history, 169

with Maurice respecting the Sy-
Barbosa (Augustin, Bishop of nod, 129; Assailed by pamphleteers,
Ugento,1590–1649), his plagiarism 130; his letter of explanation to

of Cicero's De Officiis, cxxiv. 357 the Prince, ib.; interview with
Barcelona, architectural interest of, him at Utrecht, 133; his arrest,
cxxii. 169

ib. : its illegal character, 136; his
Bards, the, the professed descendants trial, ib. ; sentence and execution,

of the Druids (see Druids), cxviii. 140-142; punishment of his family,
61; first mentioned by Lucan, ib.;
ranked among the Germans by Barnsbury (London), etymology and
Tacitus, 62; the Bardic system in early history of, cxxxi. 166 and
Wales not supported by history,
63; obscurity of their place in Baroni (Leonora), her singing ad-
history, 70

mired by Milton, cxi. 345.
Baree Doab Canal, the, cxvii. 21 Barristers, origin and meaning of
Baretti (Joseph, 1710-1789), his the word, cxxxiv. 489; Inner and

hostility to Mrs. Piozzi, cxiii. 522 Outer, 493; former course of pre-
Bareilly, Rohilla outbreak at, in paration for the bar, 498; Regula-

1816 promptly suppressed, cxxiv. tions of 1869, 503; costume de-

rived from the clergy, 505 ; duties
Barkly (Sir Henry, b. 1815), on gold of advocacy defined, ib. 506

mining in Victoria, cxvii, 115 - precedency respecting briefs,
- his able administration at the cxxxv. 527
Cape, cxxxiv.433–448. See Africa, | Barros (de), his work on the sources

of the Nile, cxviii. 218 note
Barlaam (d. 1348); his denunciation | Barrow (Isaac, 1630-1677), enters
of the 'Oupaloyüxoi, cxxi. 490

Cambridge at thirteen, cxxv, 59
Barnave (Antoine Pierre Joseph | Barry Cornwall' (pseudonym for
Marie, 1761-1793), his remark on | Mr. Procter), his memories of
the death of Foulon, cxxiv. 344; Charles Lamb, cxxiv. 261 ; his
his reparation thereof, ib.

personal reminiscences, 267
Barneveldt (Johann van Olden, 1567 Barry (Sir Charles), his conception

-1619), Mr. Motley's History of, of Gothic architecture, cxxxi. 410
cxl. 107; claims to the Duchy of Barry (Madame du, 1744-1793), her
Cleves, 108; his rival Prince advent to Court, cxxv. 509; her
Maurice, 111; his personal ap low origin, 510; procures the dis-
pearance, 112 ; early life and edu missal of Choiseul, ib.
cation, ib.; Advocate of the pro Bartlett (Mr.), his rock-piercing
vince of Holland, 113; his em apparatus, cxxii. 129
bassy to Henry IV., ib.; barren Bashan, Mr. Freshfield on the 'Giant
overtures to England, 119; his Cities' of, cxxx. 338
zeal for the Protestant cause, ib.; | Basque Country, the, cxix. 369; pe-
declares with the Remonstrants 1 culiarities of its literature, ib.;
against a Synod, 121; enmity of l geographical limits of, 370; Lord

"Carnarvon's admiration of the Spanish Basques, 371; grammatical system of their language, 372; fanciful derivations of certain words, 373; popular superstitions, 374; pathetic tone of their literature, 376; proverbs, 377; their love of dramatic representations, 378; their historical tragedies, 380; their alleged discovery of America, 383; character of their humour, 385; their addiction to smuggling, 386; gipsy life in, 387; the custom of the 'Couvade,' 388 Bastwick (Dr. John, b. 1593), works

of, suppressed, cxxxiv. 184, 185 Bateman (Mr. J. F.), his Metro

polis Water Supply,' cxxiii. 384; advocates introduction of water from North Wales, 414, 415; details of his scheme, ib.-418; his water supply of Glasgow, 420 - his survey of the river Plata, cxxxix. 467 ; his action against

M. Révy, ib. note Battersea, etymology of, cxxxi. 160 Bavaria, hop plantations in, cxvi. 497 ; mode of hop-picking, 498; annual consumption of beer in, 499 - Frederick the Great's campaign in, cxxiii. 507, 518

- tobacco-monopoly imposed by France, cxxv. 319; defection

from Bonaparte, 320 Baxter (Richard, 1618-1619), his

lines on Church Councils, cxxx. 299; on the authority of Popes

and Councils, 317 Bayeux tapestry, the, historical im

portance of, cxxi. 14; earliest known heraldic arms on, 333 Bayle (Peter, 1617–1706), character

of his intellect, cxxi. 440; his work Contrains-les d'entrer,' 441

St. Beure's criticism of, cxxxii. 138

groundwork of his system of religion, cxxxix. 420

Bayley (Mr.), his History of the

Tower,' cxv. 303; his solution of

the murder of Clarence, ib. Bayswater, etymology of, cxxxi. 161 Beach (Sir Michael Hicks, b. 1837),

his Irish policy in 1874, cxl. 582 Beacons, number of, on the British

coast, cxv. 183 Beale (Dr Lionel S.), his works on

Protoplasm and Disease-germs,

cxxxvi. 216 Beaton (David, Cardinal, 1494

1546), English complicity in his murder, cxxvi. 258 Beaulieu (Colonel Treuille de), his

services to rifled ordnance in France, cxix. 499 note; his report on arms at the Great Exhibition,

528.and note Beaumont (M. Elie de), on the geo

logical age of the Moulin-Quignon beds, cxviii. 274, 275; on the encroachment of river deltas into the sea, 288

(Gustave de), his edition of De Tocqueville's remains, cxiii. 427 -- on the historical causes of

Irish emigration, cxix. 281; mistaken as to proselytism in the national schools in Ireland, 285 note; his views as to its population, 288 ; his misstatements as to

the competition for land, 290 - his complete edition of de

Tocqueville's works, cxxii. 456; additional papers published by

him therein, ib. Beauty, Canon of, in Greek Art, cxl.

168; works thereon, ib.; ancient Greek statues, 169; difficulties of analysing their ideal, ib. ; physiognomy and pathognomy, 171, 172; laws of symmetry, 175, 178; hypothesis of Dr. Liharzik, 179; ethnological influences on proportion, 180; supposed harmonies of number in symmetry, 182, 183: Mr. Hay's analogy of the musical chord, ib.; theory of Mr. Story, .
184; canon of Polycletus, ib.; Mr.
Gibson's method of determining
dimensions, 185; French writers
on human proportion, ib. ; objec-
tions to making the head the unit
of measurement, 186; canon of
Phidias, 187; Egyptian canons,
189; want of a universal method,
190; division of the symmetric
base or modulus, ib.; the autome-
tric system recommended, 191 ;

proportions tabulated thereby, 193
Beauvais, gallant defence of, against

Charles of Burgundy, cxix. 563
Beauvoir (Marquis de), his “Voyage

autour du Monde,' cxxxviii. 65
Becket (Thomas à, 1117–1170), his

biographers, cxii. 141
- - patron saint of Arbroath
Abbey, cxx. 320; his name erased

from the Kalendar, ib.
Beckford (Mr.), his · Vathek’a work

of real genius, cxxxii. 122
Bede (the Venerable, 673-735), his
minute description of the Magi,

cxxiv. 350
Bedford (John Russell, Duke of, d.

1771), his insulting reprimands to
George III., cxxvi. 20; attack on

his house, ib.
Bedford family, early connexion of,

with London, cxxxi. 176
Beer, taxes on, in foreign countries,

cxxxv. 279
Beer Act, the, demoralising effects of,

cxxxvii. 403
Beethoven (Louis von, 1770–1827),

his opera ‘Fidelio'a failure, cxxii.
406; his interview with Weber, |
415; his personal appearance, ib.

- Lives and Letters of,cxxxviii.
366 ; Mr. Thayer's exhaustive ac-
count of, 367; his uneventful life,
368; his mistake of his year of
birth, ib.; bis dreary childhood,
369; early inusical career, 370;
his friend Graf Waldstein, ib.;
quarrel with Haydn, 371; bis

extraordinary power of playing,
372; anecdotes, ib.; his first com-
positions, 373; intimacy with
Prince Lichnowsky, ib.; his will,
375; origin of his deafness, 376;
capriciousness and ill-humour
ascribed thereto, 377; his sin-
cerity, 378; instances of irrita-
bility, ib.; his susceptibility to
love, 379; relations with the
Countess Guicciardi, ib. ; his new
order of pianoforte music, 380;
his "Mount of Olives,' 381; his

Fidelio,' 382; inspiration derived
from natural scenery, 383; care-
lessness about money, 384; private
life, ib.; attacks of illness, 385;
his industry, ib. ; relations with
his brothers, 386; his brother
Carl, ib. ; his nephew, 387; days
of adversity, ib., 388; his death
and last words, 389; as a musician,
390; his intellectual tastes and
character, 391 ; his self-assertion,
392; republican sympathies, 393;
religious views, ib.; called an
atheist by Haydn, ib.; depth of

humanity in his music, 394
Beet-root sugar, cultivation of, in

France, cxiv. 358
Behar, land tenure in, before the

Mutiny, cxxiv. 313; absence of
disaffection in, ib.; exceptional
outbreaks at Arrah and Gyah,

Behistun, cuneiform inscription at,

cxi. 34; historical importance of

the discovery, 42
Belgium, separation of, from Hol-

land in 1830, cxi. 151, 152
- hop-cultivation in, cxvi. 501

anti-Ultramontane movement
in, cxx. 460

humane treatment of the in-
sane in, cxxxi. 418, 438

- postal telegraphy in, cxxxii.
224 ; treaty proposed by England
to guarantee her neutrality in
1870, 571

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Bell (Mr.), Lord Kingsdown's sketch

of, at the Chancery Bar, cxxix.

49 Bell (Currer), her constant use of

French words in · Villette,' cxx. 49 Belleisle (Charles Louis Augustus

Fouquet, Comte de, 1684–1761), his anti-Austrian policy, CXXV.

486; his retreat from Prague, 487 Bellini (Jacopo), his Italian paint

ings, cxxxv. 144-148 Belsunce (M. de, Bishop of Mar

seilles), his belief in the apparition of the Sacred Heart, cxxxix.


Belgium, land tenure in, cxxxiv. 454,1

458 - treaty of independence, cxxxvi. 387; accession of King Leopold, ib.; rupture with Hol

land, 389 Delgrade, victory of Eugene against

the Turks at, cxvi. 541 Belisarius (d. 565), his contest with

Totila, cxviii. 351; attempted

restoration of Rome, 352 Bell (Sir Charles, 1774-1812), Memoirs and Letters of, cxxxv. 394; 1 his father and brothers, ib.; his boyhood, 399; training at the Iligh School, 400; his "System of Dissections,' 401 ; early surgical studies at Edinburgh, ib.; his friends there, 406; first letters from London, 408; his transparent character, 409; latent weakness of fibre, ib.; dinners with the

Edinburgh Club,' 410; first intercourse with Jeffrey, ib. ; his London circle, 411; start in his profession, ib.; his · Anatomy of Expression,' 412; difficulties of publication, 413; first lectures, ib.; his marriage, ib.; removal from Leicester Square to Sobo Square, 414; his discoveries in the physiology of the nervous system, ib. ; neglect of fortune for science, 418; discussion with Lord Cockburn thereon, ib.; his · Idea of a new Anatomy of the Brain,' 419; sudden fame, ib.; scientific welcome at Paris, ib.; lectures in Windmill Street, 420; professor of the College of Surgeons, ib.; his study of gunshot wounds, ib.; distinguished patients, ib.; at Waterloo, 421; impressions of Brussels, ib.; death of two brothers, 422; relations with Brougham, 423; his Bridgewater treatises, ib.; scientific characteristics, ib.; devotion to fly-fishing, 425 ; his friend Richardson, ib. ; returns to l

Benbow (John, Admiral, 1650-1702),

his mission to the West Indies,

cxv. 12 Bendigo (Australia), system of goldmining at, cxvii. 11l; quartz-reefs

at, 113 Benedek (Austrian general), his

conduct in the war of 1866, cxxiv. 590, 592

-- commander-in-chief in the war of 1866, cxxv. 365; withdraws from Silesia into Bohemia, ib. ; his change of front, ib.; reinforces Gablentz, 375; his movements before Sadowa, 379, 380; kept in check at Chlum, 382; his conduct at Sadowa vindicated, 385

- his study of Prussian tactics before 1866, cxxxiii. 549 Benedetti (M.), his negotiations in

1866 with Bismarck, cxx.k. 453 Benedict (St., b. 480), circumstances

of his rise, cxiv, 330; character of his rule, 331 ; his despotic organisation, 332 ; his emissaries, 333; objects of his institution,

Benedictines, literary character of Bentham (Jeremy), his utilitarian
the order, cxiv. 250

system of morals condemned,
Benefit clubs, cxxxviii. 102. See CXXX. 41
Friendly Societies

his daily life in London,
Benefit societies, unsoundness of, in cxxxviii. 2:25; bis influence on
1864, cxx. 417, 418

Mr. Grote, ib. ; his "Westminster
Bengal, physical features of, cxxix. School,' ib. 229

205; establishment of British - his passion for gymnastics,
authority in, 206; policy of Clive cxxxix. 99; establishes the West-
in 1765, ib.; evils of double go minster Review,' 106 ; transient
vernment, 207, 208; the famine of influence of his school, 117
1769-70ib.; rural distress and Bentley (Richard, 1662-1742), value
mortality, 211; report of Warren of his . Dissertation on Phalaris,'
Hastings, 212; social disorganisa cxiv. 142
tion, 213; Mr. Keating's reforms - Warburton's hostility to,
at Beerbhoom, 214; aboriginal cxxii. 28; his classical emenda-
tribes, ib.; Iryan invasions of, tions, 240; his peculiar English
215; tenacity of Brahminical in style, 243
fluence, ib.; Hindu demon-wor -- on the long concealment of
ship, 216; worship of the “Gram classical MSS., cxxxvii. 60
Deotas,' or village gods, ib. ; his Bentley (Thomas, 1730-1780), his
tory of the Santals, 218, 224 ; partnership with Wedgwood,
administration of Lord Cornwallis, cxxvi. 222-227; his life in Lon-
225; the judicial system, 226

don, ib.
Bennett (Rev. Mr.), vicar of Frome, Benzol, Faraday's discovery of,

Selwood ; prosecution of, for here cxxxii. 190
sy respecting the “Real Presence, Berar, progress of cotton culture in,
cxxxvi. 270; nature of the con cxv. 499
troversy, 271; evidence of the - scheme for irrigation of,
New Testament, ib. (see Eu cxix. 126
charist); ground of his acquittal official publications respect-
by the Privy Council, 289; the ing, cxxxvii. 225; its ancient
prosecution injudicious, 291 ; his name Vaidarbha, 226; boundaries,
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist ib. ; population and climate, ib. ;
declared lawful, 292; decision of the Ajunta hills, 227; the plain of
the Court of Arches compared, I Berar, ib.; objects of natural
293 ; impartial judgment of the beauty, 228; salt-wells of Akola,
Privy Council, ih.

ib.; early history, 229; Moghul
Benson (Thomas), bis mill for flint rule, 230; Akbar's survey, ib.;
grinding, cxxvi. 213

Mahratta oppression, 232; the Ni-
Bentham (Jeremy, 1748-1832), his zam's government, 233; British oc-

unsatisfactory account of the ef cupation of, in 1853,235; low state
fects of legislation and morals on of, at that time, 236, 237; divi-
happiness, cxiv. 485

sions of, ib.; British administra-
- his peculiar talent for legis tion, 238; revenue returns, ib.
lation, cxviii. 440, 441

239; Ryotwar system of land,
enters Oxford at twelve, 240; adventitious elements of pros-
cxxv. 59; his criticism of the perity, 242; discovery of coal-
private business of Parliament, 86 fields, 243; statistics of cotton

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