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Australia, types of old English squires / in, ib.; scheme of Federal mon-
in, cxxxviii. 9

archy suggested, 560
- (South), extent of the

mediation of, during the
colony, cxviii. 311; condition of Crimean War, cxxxiii. 268; de-
squatters, 330

signs of imperial aggression in
- (Western), gigantic propor Germany ascribed to, 464; oppo-
tions of the colony, cxviii. 312; sition of Frederick the Great, 469
prospects of disintegration, ib.

- Russian designs against,
Austria, her cession of Venetia, cxxxiv. 40; not equal to the con-
cxi. 533

test, ib.
- blunder of the Venetian

horse-breeding establish-
occupation, cxiii. 281

ments in, cxxxviii. 435
- declaration of, in favour of Austria,' steamship, loss of, cxv.
the allies in the Crimean War, 166 note
cxvii. 332 ; her policy of neu Authentic, the word distinguished
trality, ib.

from genuine, cxxxvii. 92
- her unprincipled attack on Authors, private characters of, illus-
Denmark in 1864, cxxiv. 281; | trated, cxxiv. 343; anecdotes of
overtures to, by Bismarck against their personal qualities, 379, 380
Italy, 289; war declared by Prus - moral and literary characters
sia against, 291 ; suddenness of the of, contrasted, cxxxii. 151; social
campaign, ib. ; anticipations of her relations of, in the reign of Anne,
success confounded, 292; causes 541 ; evils of overwork, 546
of her defeat, 293; her surrender | Autochthony, popular belief in, cxi.
of Venetia, ib.; origin of her rivalry 356
with Prussia, 553,554; her object in Autographs, alleged specimens of,
the Seven Years' War,557 ; aban ascribed to remote antiquity,cxxiv.
dons her claims to Bavaria, 561; 346; collection of Mucianus at
humbled by Frederick the Great, Rome, 354; alleged autographs of
562; temporary alliance with Cicero, Virgil, &c., ib.; the word
Prussia in 1791, 564; unites with first used by Suetonius, ib.; auto-
Russia against Napoleon, 567; graphs of Chinese emperors, 359
her resources in the war of 1866, Autos-da-, savage celebration of, in
590

Spain, cxxix. 35, 36
- casualties in the war of 1866, - - prohibition of, in Portugal,
cxxv. 385 note. See Prusso-Aus cxxxvi. 190
trian Jar

Autun, symbolical Greek acrostic on
- her exclusion from the North epitaph found at, cxx. 238, 239
German Confederation, cxxviii. Avebury, stone monuments at,
240; abrogation of the Papal cxxxviii. 188; theory of Mr.
Concordat, 283, 284

Fergusson, 189
- final exclusion of, from Ger Avignon, secession of the Papacy to,
man affairs since 1860, cxxx. 454 cxii. 115; seized by Louis XIV.,

- taxation in, from 1702 to 125
1830, cxxxi. 380

Arila (Don Luis de), his commenta-
difficulties of, after Sadowa, ries translated into English, cxxxii.
cxxxii. 557; hopeful prospects, 80; his account of the battle of
558; consequences of the war of Mühlberg, ib. 89
1806, 559 ; altered views thereof | Avila (Spain), the town' described,

cxxii. 158; Gothic architecture at, ,

159
Avitabile (M.), Italian officer in the

Sikh service, cxxxiv. 385, 387;
his character by Sir H. Lawrence, 1
ib.; his unscrupulous rule, 388;

atrocities of, 389
Ayala (Don Pedro de), his nccount

of James IV. of Scotland, cxxi.

212; his Scotch negotiations, 213
Aytoun (Professor), his attempted

vindication of Claverhouse, cxiv.

300
Azim Khan (Prince of Affghanistan),

his personal appearance, cxxv. 18;
his loyal conduct in the Mutiny, I

ib.; swears fealty to Shere Ali,
19; failure of his rebellion, 20;
joins Abdool Rehman, 26; cap-
tures Cabul, 27; his attempts to
alienate the British from Shere
Ali, 31 ; his overtures to Sir John
Lawrence, 33; exaggerates the

designs of Russia, 41
Azim Khan, his overtures to Sir J.

Lawrence, cxxviii. 247 ; his per-
sonal appearance, ib. note; his
system of oppression, 249; con-
flicts with Shere Ali, 253, 260;

assumes the title of Ameer, ib.
Azores, the, early knowledge of,

cxxxviii. 207

BAAL-PEOR, Moabite worship of,

cxxy. 358
Babington(Anthony, executed 1586),

his conspiracy against Elizabeth,

cxxxi. 27 ; letters to Mary, 30
Babrius (1st century B.C.), Fables of,

cxiii. 524; editions of, ib.; dis-
covery of the first part, 528; the
latter probably spurious, 529; cor-
ruptions of the transcript, ib. ; its

worthless contents, 530
Babylon, description of, by Hero-

dotus, cxi. 46-48; question of its
antiquity, 59; relations with As-
syria, 61

- Mr. Rawlinson on its origin,
cxxv. 119; Greek traditions
thereon, ib.; criticisms of Sir

Cornewall Lewis, ib. 120
• Back-water,' phenomenon of, ex-

plained, cxxx. 437
Bacon (Francis, Lord Verulam, 1561-

1626), bis experimental Zoologi-
cal Garden in the New Atlantis,'
cxi. 161

- his character defended by
Mr. Dixon, cxiii. 311; his early
services in Parliament, 312; in-
stances of his double-dealing, 314;

his relations with Essex, 315; his

Declaration' denounced, 322; in-
sincerity of his views on tolera-
tion, 324; his adulation of James,
327 ; mouthpiece of the Commons
in the Great Petition, 328; his
conduct as attorney-general, ib.;
abets the king's misgovernment,
331; his conduct in the cases of
Peacham and St. John, 333 ; sanc-
tions judicial torture, 335; his
lenient prosecution of Somerset,
338; liability to the charge of
judicial corruption, 339 ; impar-
tiality of his trial, 342; confesses
his guilt, 343; his character sum-
marised, ib.
Bacon (Francis, Lord Verulam), his

account of Perkin Warbeck, cxxi.
205, 206; on the murder of the
Princes in the Tower, 207; his
power of imagery, 304; Mr. Taine's
literary sketch of, 305

- enters Cambridge at thir-
teen, cxxv. 59

- his share in the inductive
method, cxxvii. 323 note

- his advice on foreign travel,
cxxxviii. 487

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Bacon (Lord Verulam), his theory | country, 168; first news of the

of Greek mythology, cxxxix. 428; Albert Nyanza, ib. ; reaches the
his definition of natural theology, Victoria Nile, 169; his crossing
442 note

described, 170; reception at
(Sir Nicholas, 1510–1579), Unyoro, ib.; his wife demanded by
his advice to Elizabeth against King Kamrasi, 173; march from
Scotland, cxxiv. 498

M'rooli to Vacovia, 174; his wife
Bactria, or Balkh, the earliest capital dangerously ill, ib.; canoe coast-

in Central Asia, cxxxv. 13; pri ing on the Victoria Nyanza, 176 ;
mitive epithet of, ib.

arrives at Magungo, 177 ; journey
Bactrian Greeks, sculptures by, in back to Khartoum, 179; passage
the Punjab, cxxx. 503; their reign of the Cataracts, 180; his sum-
in Orissa, 504; conquest of Cut mary of his researches, 181 ; Sir
tack, 507

R. Murchison's theory of a central
Badeau (Colonel), his military his plateau confirmed, 182; general
tory of General Grant, cxxix. 230 results of his enterprise, 183; on
256

the suppression of slave-traffic,
Bahadoor (Sir Jung), his offer of

Nepalese animals to the Zoological Balduccio Giovanni, his monument
Gardens, cxi, 166

of St. Peter Martyr at Milan,
Baillie (Joanna, 1762–1851), her cxxi. 529
play on the passion of Hate, cxix. Baldwin I. (Emperor of Constanti-
336

nople, 1172-1205), bis coronation,
Bailly (Jean Silvain, 1736-1793), cxxi. 484

his calm demeanour before his Bale (John, 1495-1563), his reputed
execution, cxxv. 313

drama of Kynge Johan,' cxxiii.
Bain (Alexander), his confused use 171; on the trial of Sir John Old-

of psychological terms, cxxxvii. 501 castle, 173, 174
Daker (Sir Samuel White, b. 1821), Baliol (John, d. 1314), his sur-

his exploration of the Albert Ny render to Edward I., cxx. 322;
anza, cxxiv. 151; his literary his renunciation of allegiance,
powers, ib.; his intrepidity, 152; Į ib.
chivalrous character of his narra - his claim to the Scottish
tive, 154; preliminary travels on throne, cxl. 329
the Atbara and Blue Nile, 155; Balk, use of the word in Shakspeare,
from Khartoum to Gondokoro, cxxx. 109-112
157; his escort mutinies, 158; Ball (Mr. J.), his. Alpine Guide,'
meets Speke and Grant at Gondo cxxx. 118; value of his work for
koro, ib.; his object to explore mountaineers, 122, bis account of
the lake Luta N'zigé, 159; dis the Macugnaga Glacier, 125; on
corers the Albert Nyanza, ib. ; the Central Alps, 129; sparing
the real discoverer of the source of notice of the Engadine, 130; on
the Nile, ib.; his journey to Ma the Adamello district, 132 ; on the
gungo, 160; disarms the muti Eastern Alps, 133; his valuable
neers, 161 ; description of the La-

maps, 134; his scientific industry,
tookas, 164; threatened night 135; bis ascents in the Dolomite
attack, 165; his low estimate of region, 136
African character, 166 ; sketch of Ballads, Political, the best ones
the Makkarikas, 167 ; the Obbo | found on the losing side, cxiii

i

88; their small historical value,
89; allusions often insignificant,
90; chief repositories of, 91; their
coarseness from Charles II. to
George I., 92; their insipidity and
want of humour, 93; their per-
fection under George III., ib.;
growth of the political ode, 96 ;
imperfect power of language under
Charles I., 97; lampoons of the
Restoration, 99; superiority of
the Jacobite poems, 107 ; they owe
their existence to tradition, 110;
many of them not authentic,

111
Ballanche (M.), his intimacy with

Madame Récamier, cxi. 234; his

personal appearance, ib.
Ballarat (Australia), prosperity of

the town, cxvii. 105; deep-sinking
system of gold-mining at, 107
Ballinahinch, defeat of the Irish

rebels at, cxxxix. 504
Ballot, the, decreasing importance

of the question of, cxii. 266 ; ill-
founded pretensions to novelty,
267 ; classical references to, 268
note; its practical results discussed,
ib.; bribery by results, 270;
possible methods of indirect cor-
ruption, 271; viewed as a remedy
for coercion, 272; only a very
small minority require protection,
274; scrutiny by Parliament im-
possible, ib.; secrecy of voting
nugatory with public discussion,
278; dangers of political apathy
among voters, 282; bribery in
America not prevented by, 283;
electoral abuses of, in France, 284;
isolation of the individual caused
by, is destructive of popular
liberty, 286; public opinion the
cure for electoral corruption, ib.;
bribery should be punished crimi-
nally, 287

— Sir G. C. Lewis's statement
of arguments on, cxviii, 144

introduction of, into Aus-

tralin, cxxi. 360 ; its working ex-
amined, 361-364
Ballot, popular misconceptions of,

cxxxi. 540; usage in Illinois, 541;
no provisions for scrutiny at New
York, ib.; Mr. Hankel's evidence
as to South Carolina, 542 ; secrecy
not contemplated by Americans,
544; corruption possible with
secret voting, 546 ; personation in
America, 547; summary of the
system there, ib. ; British notions
of, unknown in America, ib.; com-
mittee of 1870 on, ib. ; loose cus-
tody of ballot-boxes in France,
551; M. Chevalier on, ib.; in
Germany and Italy, 552; secrecy
evaded in Greece, 553; recent
test ballots in England, 554;
secrecy not yet secured, ib.; ques-
tion of official honesty, ib.; ama-
teur ballot-box, 555; no evidence
of votes without publicity, 557 ;
committee insist on complete
secrecy, ib.; Mr. Leatham's Bill,
558; futility of attempted secrecy
in Ireland, 560; promotes no se-
curity but that of lying without
detection, 561; prospects of cor-
ruption, 562; would conflict with
national habits, 563; the refuge
of defeated Toryism, 565; retro-
grade character of, ib.; failure of
repressive legislation, 566

evils anticipated from, in
Ireland, cxxxiii. 520
- the Bill of 1871 rejected by

the Lords, cxxxiv. 583; present

need of, examined, 584
Baltic Provinces, the, cxxxii. 46;

early history of, 47; connexion
with Sweden, 48, 49; Baltic Con-
federation restored, 50; prosperity
under Alexander I., ib.; climate
and population, ib.; character of
peasantry, 51 ; fertility of Curland,
ib.; description of Riga, 52; ob-
stacles to progress in Esthland, 54;
vicious system of Nicholas, 54;

early reforms of Alexander II., 55; 1 of its suspension, 249 ; objections
Livonian Diet of 1862, 56; Kat thereto, 250
koff, 57; Muravieff's system, 59; Banking See Currency
attacks by the Moscow party, 61 ; / Bankruptcy Act (1861), the, cxx.
intolerant enactments, ib.; delud 588
ing promises to the peasants, 62; Bankes (W. J.), his evidence in
misplaced proselytism to the Greek favour of German frescoes at
Church, ib. ; law of mixed mar Westminster, cxxiii. 11
riages, ib. ; insults to Lutherans, Banks (Sir Joseph, 1743–1820), his
63; anti-German school-system, ib.; connexion with the Royal Institu-
forced introduction of the Russian tion, cxxxv. 330-339; described
language, 64; foreign intervention by Sir C. Bell, 411
hopeless, 65; Moscow crusade Banks (Federal general), his scheme
against heterodox boundary pro for reducing Louisiana, cxxi. 265
rinces, 66; Schirren's answer to Bannatyne Club, the, cxii. 495 note
Juri Samarin, ib.; petition of Diet - its publications reviewed,
of Livland refused, 67

cxv. 1
Balzac (Honoré de, b. 1799), Goethe's -- average number of its im-

remark on his novels, cxv. 257 | pressions, cxxv. 232
Bamberger (Herr), his excellent Bannockburn, battle of (1314), a

biography of Bismarck, cxxx. 418 touchstone of national sentiment,
Bamboos, cultivation of, in England cxv. 5
recommended, cxxx. 474

- Bernard de Linton's Latin
Banana-tree, recent cultivation of, poem on, cxx. 323
for fruit, cxxx. 469; the Musa Baptism, the sacrament compared
Ensete, ib.

with the Eucharist, cxxxvi. 283
Bancroft (Richard, Archbishop of Baptismal Controversy, the, cxxxviii.

Canterbury, 1514–1610), his col 48; false assumptions therein, ib.
lection of the Book of Canons, Baptismal Service, the, objections to,
cxl. 439; bis sacerdotal theories, cxiii. 24; optional use of office of
440

private baptism recommended, 27
Bank of England, returns of clearing - the most fruitful cause of dis-
house in 1839, cxii, 12

sent, cxxvi. 505; proposed change
- Paterson's scheme of, cxv. in the Rubric, 506: objections
25

to the Sponsorial system, ib.;
- Pitt's suspension of cash pay vicarial professions not adopted in
ments in 1797, cxvi. 148.

the Eastern Church, 508 and
- its mode of retaining gold by note; option of service for private
checking the demand, cxxi. 241; baptism recommended, ib.
M. Pereire's criticism of the Bank Baptists, their ground of dissent,
Act, 245; objections to increased cxxxvii. 201; their past services
issue of notes, 246

to the Church of England, 213
- excess in its note-currency Bar, Duchy of, cession of, to France,
in 1867, cxxvii. 251 ; its gold re cxii. 75; Leopold of Lorraine
serves in that year compared with renders homage for, 80
those of the Bank of France, * Barb,' the word in Shakspeare ex-
254

plained, cxxxvi. 369
Bank Charter Act (1844), fallacies Barbadoes, condition of negroes in,

respecting, cxxi. 225-248; effect | cxv. 43

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