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found an academy in England, 487 | troversy respecting, cxxxv. 14;
Eastern Turkestan, 20; early
British painters in 1760, cxviii.487 val legends, 30
prospects of Russian com-
English trade with, viá India, 327,
names preserved in London streets, Asoka (d. B.C. 226), his history
illustrated by Buddhist inscrip-
history of, ib. 382
cxv. 85; stages in the growth Christian epitaphs at Rome, cxx.
on, cxxxii. 330; the compara in, cxix. 102; the "Assam Com-
Assent, definitions of, by Dr. New-
efficacy of physical pain, cxx. 108 compared with Inference, ib.;
study of grammar, cxx. 178; and Assi, Communist leader in 1871,
cxxxiv. 535; his character and
Assignats, extravagant issue of, by
century), MS. of, found by Poggio, 132; the • Maximum,' ib.
Assignment, convict system of, in
360; commands the Mussulman Assisi, Giotto's frescoes at, cxxii. 89
tion of currency on, cxii. 29
sion to, cxxxviii. 575; article in the history of, cxi. 56; rela-
Assyria, astrological system derived
Assyrians, Mr. Rawlinson's conjec-
intervention in, cxxii. 177, 179 of the Chaldæan kingdom, ib.;
at Babylon, ib.; fictitious chronology of Berosus, 120; royal names, 123; imperfect evidence of inscriptions, 125, 126; M. Gutschmid's method of chronology, 127, 128; Greek historians of, 141; rise of the Empire, 142; chaotic state of subsequent annals, 143; inscription of Tiglath pileser I., 144; his successors, ib., 149; Scythian irruption, 150; traditions of the fall of the empire, 151; extent of their
civilisation, 153 Astbury, reveals the secret of Eler's
pottery-work, cxxvi. 211; bis
improvements in pottery, 212 Astrology, Assyrian system of, cxvi.
99 - Italian belief in, in the six
teenth century, cxxx. 32 Astronomer Royal, origin of the
office, cxl. 94; various holders thereof, ib.-98; long average
length of service, 99 Astronomy, different views of the
science of, cxvi. 80; its bearing
bodies, 63 * Atavism,' recent theory of, in rela
tion to heredity, cxxxii. 119 Athanasian Creed, permissive read
ing of, advocated, cxiii. 20;. Essays
and Reviews' on, 494 Athanasius (Saint, of Alexandria,
296-373), persecution of, by the Arians, cxiii. 467 - impulse given by him to
monasticism, cxiv, 329 Athanasius (made Patriarch of Con
stantinople in 1289), his quarrel
with Andronicus the Elder, cxxi.
482; his rigorous discipline, 483 Athena, Homeric epithets of, cxxxix.
524 Athenæus, archetypal MS. of,
cxxxvji. 71 Athens (Ancient), chronology of life
archons examined, cxxxii, 172 Athens, modern excavations at,cxxii.
563; want of a museum, 564 Atlanta (U.S.),Sherman's capture of,
cxxi. 286 Atlantic, current system of, cxxxv.
438-453 (see Oceanic Circulation); globigerina-mud deposits
in, 470 Atlantic telegraphs, hasty construc
tion of the first cable, cxiii. 127; unsuccessful attempts to lay it, 128; the expedition renewed in 1858, 130; the Queen's message to the President, 132; causes of failure, 133 - early history of,cxxxii. 229,
233; recovery of the 1865 cable,
234, 236. Atomic theory, the foundation of
modern chemistry, cxxxiii. 156; its method of research, ib. -158; new modes of analysis, ib.; applied
to gases, 159 Attainder, Acts of, early instances of,
cxxv. 88 Atterbury (Francis, Bishop of
Rochester, 1662–1731), his attempted vindication of Convocation as a spiritual Parliament, cxl.
430 * Auchterarder Case,' the, cxl. 277 Auckland (William Eden, 1st Lord,
1745-1814), his “Journal and Correspondence,' Vols. I. II., cxiii. 360; confidential adviser of Lord North, 367 ; his daring change of Irish policy, ib.; active part in the Coalition, 369; vice-treasurer of Ireland, 370; his knowledge of finance, ib. ; negotiates the commercial treaty with France, 371;
his free-trade principles, 372; ib.; his death, 273 ; regarded as a
384; character of his letters, 385 Augustine (Saint, 354–430), on the
Correspondence,' Vols. III. IV., cxiii. 486
on the importance of study-
Augustus (Cæsar, Roman Emperor,
reconstruction of society, cxxix.
work on the proportions of the time, ib.; his uncontrolled power,
87; his system necessary for the
Life and Adventurers of, edited - his palace at Rome, cxxxv.
Princes de Condé, pendant les
Austerlitz, battle of (1805), Napo
leon's pride in his victory, cxxiii. 113, 114; Baron Ambert's account of, ib. ; later influence of French
tactics at, 115 Austin (John, 1790-1859), his Pro
vince of Jurisprudence determined,' cxiv. 456; his quiet and solitary career, 460; his wide grasp of mind, 461; his original design unfinished, 16.; vastness of his scheme, 462; definitions of leading terms, 463 ; his precision of thought, 467; on the four branches of law, ib.; definition of • Right,' 468; on the notion of Sovereignty, 470; on Liberty and Justice, 472 ; his work compared to Butler's • Analogy,' 473; laborious exactness of his style a difficulty to readers, 474; his analytical method, 480
- his lectures at the London University, cxviii. 152; his · Lectures and Fragment on the Study of Jurisprudence,' 439; his power of precise thought, ib.; educational value of his labours, ib.; his genius compared with that of Bentham, 440; the logic of law his special subject, 441; supplementary character of his present work, ib.; his treatment of positive law compared with that of Mr. Maine, 442, 443; bis principles founded on the Roman law, 445; clearness of his juristical conceptions, 448; his lectures incomplete, ib. ; his first drafts and finished performances, ib. 449; tension of mind required by his precise style, ib.; his “Prorince of Jurisprudence' a definition of Law, ib.; on the Laws of God, 450 ; on the notions involved in Duties and Rights, 452 ; bis definition of a legal right, ib. ; his negative definition of Rights criticised, 453; on fiduciary rights, ib.-455;
his definition of Wrongs, ib. ; on the sources of Law, 456, 457 ; on the fallacies attached to customary law, ib.; on the Jus Gentium, 459; on the origin of the term Equity, 460; on statute and judiciary law, 463-467; on the evils of judicial legislation, ib.; on codification, ib., 470; on the Law of Persons and of Things, 471 ; his definition of quasi-contracts, 473; division of Rights into Primary and Sanctioning, ib. 474; outline of his distribution of the field of law,"ib. ; his treatment of Property and Easement, ib.; his ground work of Rights criticised, 476; objections to his distribution of Wrongs and Remedies, 477; incompleteness of his labours, 480; his language clear and vigorous, ib., 481; harsh epithets not due to acrimony, ib. ; his appreciation of
great qualities in other writers, 482 Austin (John), his return to London
from Bonn, cxxxix. 116; influence of German literature and society, ib. ; progress of toleration and definite faith in bis later years, 117 - (Mrs., wife of preceding,
1793-1867), her kindness to J. S.
Mill, cxxxix. 116 Australia, gold-fields of, cxii. 8; first
English settlers in, 326; ignorance of its interior, 327; existence of a central desert, ib.; will probably remain a Coast empire, 328; settlement on the northern coast desirable, ib. -- difficulties of Church union in, cxiij. 6
- military defence of, cxv. 110; prospects of cotton culture, 482 - narratives of expeditions in, cxvi. 1 ; rapid progress of occupation, 3; first settlements, 4; want of water, ib.; river explorations, 5; theory of an inland sea, 5; Captain Sturt's expedition, ib.; the Mur
rumbidgee explored, 6; discovery | Australia, effect of human agency on
franchise, 356, 357; immigration
school system, 369; universities,
ib. ; public works, 370; telegraphic
defence, 374; prosperity of the
nue, ib.; sources of income, 376;
first visits to, by Europeans,