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262;

of Kelat-i-Ghilzai, 253 ; Shere Ali
and Fyz Mahommed, 254; visit of
Yakoob to Persia for assistance,
256; risings against Ufzul, 258;
rout and death of Fyz Mahommed,
260; Azim assumes the title of
Ameer, ib.; his march into Toor-
kistan, ib.; Shere Ali checked at
Maimuna, 261; affairs at Herat,

Azim sets up the standard of
revolt, 263; Shere Ali enters
Cabul, 264; policy of Sir J. Law-
rence, 265; Shere Ali recovers
his capital, 267; congratulated by
Sir J. Lawrence, ib. ; close of the
year 1868, 269; Lord Mayo's as-
sistance and letter to Shere Ali,
270, 271; Ismail and his acts, 275;
Alum Khan in Toorkistan, 276;
relations with Bokhara respecting
refugees, 280; Jehandar Shah, 281
and note; fears of Russian advances,
282; Mr. Forsyth's commission,
284; settlement of boundaries by
England and Russia, 285; Ab-
doollah, Shere Ali's son, 287; re-
bellion of Yakoob, 288; recon-

ciliation, 296
Africa, early geographical specula-

tions respecting, cxii. 319; zones
of modern discovery, 320; sources
of the Nile, 322; Portuguese ex-
plorations in the southern zone, 325

characteristics of negroes in,
cxv. 50; prospects of cotton culti-
vation, 481

Arab dominion in the north,
cxvi. 357

American scheme for deport-
ing slaves to, cxix. 205

Portuguese discoveries in,
cxxviii. 200-236

(Equatorial), Du Chaillu's
discoveries in, cxiv. 213; his ac-
count of tribe-alliances, 218; can-
nibalism and witch doctors, ib.

difficulties of travel in, cxviii.
214; theory of a central watery
plateau, 219; features of Eastern

Africa, 220; arid character of the
interior disproved, ib.; social state
of the three Wahuma kingdoms,
222; the Fellatahs, 223; the king-
dom of Uganda, ib. See Speke,

Capt., Grant, Capt., and Nile, the
Africa (Equatorial), the people of

Latooka, cxxiv. 164; the Mak-
karikas, 167 ; the Obbo Country,
168; King Kamrasi, 172; theory
of a central plateau confirmed,
182; geological antiquity of, ib.;
curse of slave traffic in, 183. See

Baker, Sir Samuel
Africa (Sonth), recent discovery of

diamond fields in, cxxxiv. 410;
emigration of the Boers, ib.; Sir
Harry Smith's annexations, 413;
his proclamation resisted, 414; de-
feat of Pretorius at Boemplats, ib.;
disturbances with Moshesh, chief
of the Basutos, 415; Orange River
Territory abandoned, 416-420; an-
nexation of British Kaffraria, 421;
Sir G. Grey's scheme of Feder-
ation, ib.; conduct of Moshesh to
the British, 423; his contest with
the Boers, ib.-425; Trans Vaal er-
tensions of territory in 1868, 427;
first discovery of diamonds, ib.;
Sir P. Wodehouse's policy, 428 ;
claims of Waterboer, 429; con-
ference at Novitgedacht, ib.;
prompt action of General Hay, 430;
Mr. Campbell appointed magistrate
in the diamond territory, 431 ;
rival claims examined, 433; posi-
tion of the two republics, ib., 435;
case of the Orange Free State, ib.;
Adam Kok and Harvey, ib. ;
Waterboer's answer and case, 436;
General Hay's view of the ques-
tion, 437; arrival of Sir Henry
Barkly, ib.; his course of action,
438; personal visit to Klipdrift,
439; his correspondence with the
two presidents, 440; his measures
of British protection, 411-443;
wise and firm policy of Lord Kim-

berley, 444; boundary arbitration

progress, 206; introduction of dis-
agreed to, 445; Cape affairs, ib. ; ease, 210. See Cattle Plague
question of Federation revived, Agricultural Economy, the term ex-
447; the scheme recommended, plained, cxiv, 350
ib.; prospects of the diamond-field interest, Conservative sym-
question, ib.; resources of South pathies of, in England, cxxxv. 254;
Africa, 448

present legislative questions con-
Africa (West Coast), serious position cerning, 257; divided opinions

of affairs on, cxxxviii. 569. See thereon, 276; summary of present
Gold Coast

grievances, 286; secret of their
the Sahara. See Sahara

Conservatism, 288
Africans, Baker's low estimate of

labourers (British), works of
their character, cxxiv. 166

Messrs. Fawcett and Baily Den-
Agaricus procerus, cxxix. 351. See ton on, cxxviii. 489, compared with
Fungi

the manufacturing class, ib.; their
Agates, talismanic virtues ascribed stationary form of life, 491; ideal

to, cxxiv. 232; varieties of, 251 theories of their prosperity, ib.;
Agassiz (Professor L.), his Contri- views of Mr. Froude and Mr. Hal-

butions to the Natural History of lam, 492; deceptive tests of in-
the United States,' cxi. 487; on creased civilisation, 493; their
the antiquity of species, 531

wants enumerated by Adam Smith,
- adopts the dilatation theory 494 ; Mr. Rogers on their con-
of glacier motion, cxiii. 231; his dition in the fourteenth century,
glacial observations, 232

495; relative food of, in past
his incomplete idea of species, and present times, 496; increased
сxxviii. 417

securities for constantemployment,
Agincourt, battle of (1415), anecdote 497 ; early dependence on good

of English troops at, cxxiii. 175 harvests, 498; the Statute of La-
and note

bourers, 499; arbitrary enactments
Agni-Kools, the, revolution of, in therein, 500; vagrancy increased
Central India, cxxii. 386

by unwise legislation, 501; Acts
Agriculture, in France and England, of Elizabeth, 502; evils of the
compared, cxiv. 348

Law of Settlement, 505; state of,
viewed as a test of primitive in the last century, 506; vicious
culture, cxxxv. 101

system of parochial relief before
(British), results of free 1834, 503; panic of over-popula-
trade in corn, cxxiii. 186; want of tion, ib.; recent scarcity of labour,
agricultural statistics, ib.; present 510; present wages of, ib., hope-
system of, 187; the Royal Agri- lessness of advancement, 512;
cultural Society, 188; high farm- question of peasant proprietors,
ing, 189, 190; drainage of stiff 514; miserable condition of rural
clays, 193; services of chemists, cottages, 516; Dr. Hunter's Re-
195; compound manures, ib.-196; port thereon, 517; abuses of ag-
application of steam, 197; farm ricultural gangs, 519; recent con-
architecture, 201; shelter for live ference at Willis's Rooms on, 520;
stock, 202; literature of agricul- proposals of Canon Girdlestone,
ture, 203; assistance of capital, 521; want of intercommunication,
204; English and French sheep, 522; results of improved machin-
205 ; evidence of farmers on recent

[graphic]

ery, ib.

Agricultural labourers, present effect guet's ‘Memoir' of, 255; specialty

of local rates on, cxxxv. 265 of her supposed mission, ib.; her
Ahasuerus, question of his identity visions, 260; her so-called revela-
with Xerxes, cxxi. 67

tions anticipated, 261; Father de
Aikin (John, M.D., 1747–1822), la Colombière, 261-267

Southey's remark on his . British Alaric I. (King of the Visigoths, d.
Poets,' cxxii. 74

410), his capture of Rome, cxviii.
Air, ventilation of rooms and mines, 346 ; his final blow to paganism at
cxxii. 430

Rome, 348
opalescence of, by sunlight, Alava (Spanish general 1771-1843),
cxxx. 146; blueness of, explained, his friendship with the Duke of
147

Wellington, cxix, 325; anecdote
* Airlie, the Bonny IIouse of, ballad of, at Quatre Bras, 320; his partial
of, cxx. 330

estrangement with the Duke, ib.;
Airlie Weem, the, in Angus, cxx.316 his interview with Aranda, 327
Airy (Sir George Biddell, b. 1801), Albany (Louise, Countess of, 1752-

his reply to Mr. Proctor's criti- 1824), her marriage with the
cisms respecting the transit of Pretender, cxiv. 152; her per-
Venus, cxxxviii. 160-163

sopal appearance, 153; ill-treat-
his appointment as Astro- ment of, by her busband, 160;
nomer-Royal, cxl. 98; his valua- takes refuge with him at Rome,
ble lunar observations, ib. 99

161; her divorce, 160; relations
Aix-la-Chapelle, bodies of saints with Alfieri, 169; visits England

remored to by Eginhart, cxviii. with him, 171; her coquetry with
359

Fabre, 179; death at Paris, 181;
- use of, for the wounded in character, 182
the war of 1870, cxxxii. 573

Bonstetten's admiration for,
Peace of (1668), cxii. 76

cxix. 439
Treaty of (1748), cxxv. 488; Albert (Prince Consort 1819-1861),
its results, ib.

difficulties of his position, cxv.
Ajunta (Central India), its pictur- 240; his constitutional wisdom,
esque situation, cxxii

. 375; Bud- 241
dhist cave temples at, 385 ; ques-

the Memorial' to, cxviii.
tion of their date, ib. 387; the

architectural criticisms there-
caves described from Major Gill's

ib, note
photographs, 388-391

his first visit to Scotland
Akbar (Emperor of Hindoostan with the Queen, cxxvii. 281; his

1543-1605), his invasion of Be- wide religious sympathies, 292;
rar, cxxxvii. 230

bis Highland expeditions, 296;
his promotion of the study his intimacy with Bunsen, 493
of different religions, cxxxix. 419

his aptitude for business
Alabama claims, Tory policy in 1866 described by Lord Kingsdown,
respecting, cxxv. 296

cxxix. 62
submitted to arbitration,

his descent from John
cxxxv. 577. See Geneva Arbitra- Frederick of Saxony, cxxxii. 92
tion

his appearance in boyhood,
Alacoque (Margaret Marie), her by Stockmar, cxxxvi. 392; un-

alleged revelations, cxxxix. 252; popular reception in England, 396;
incidents of her life, 253; Lan- allowance by Parliament reduced,

93;

OD,

397 ; the Naturalisation Bill, ib.;
question of his regency, 398;
friendship with Sir R. Peel, ib.;
his strong German sympathies,
401 ; Lord Clarendon's eulogy of

him, 407
Albigeois, the, crusade against,

cxxxviii. 205
Albuera, battle of (1811), the Duke

of Wellington on, cxvi. 65
-Sir W. Napier's description

of, when composed, cxxi. 95
Albuquerque (Duchess de), cxxix. 25
Alcock (Sir Rutherford, b. 1809),

his . Elements of Japanese Gram-
mar,' cxiii. 37

his Three Years' Residence
in Japan,' cxvii. 517; national
interest of his work, 518; its
opportune appearance, 540

his despatch on Japanese
affairs in 1864, cxxii. 197
Alcohol, effects of, on fermentation,

cxxy. 406
Aldermanbury, etymology of, cxxxi.

159
Aldersgate, etymology of, cxxxi. 158
Aldo Manuzio. See Manuzio, Aldo
Alemanni (Luigi, Florentine poet),

his harangue to Charles V., cxxxii.

73; anecdote of. The Eagle,' ib.
Alençon (François, Duke of, 1554-

1584), his personal appearance,
cxxxi. 23; projected marriage

with Elizabeth, ib.-26
Alexander the Great (B.C. 356–323),

his patronage of Aristotle, cxxxvi.
522; his death, 524; his arbitrary
rescript to the Greek cities, ib.

Oriental legends respecting,
CXXXV. 30

his sacrifices at Troy, cxxxix.
508, 533

portrait medals of, cxl. 172
Alexander I. (Emperor of Russia,

1777–1825), his projects of serf-
emancipation, cxii. 199

his prosperous govern-
ment of the Baltic provinces,

cxxxii. 50; secret societies during
his reign, 364, 365; his will regard-

ing the suceession, ib.
Alexander II. (Emperor of Russia,

b. 1818); maladministration of his
government, cxii. 176-188; his
financial difficulties, 189; sincerity
of his desire for serf-emancipation,
193; his proclamation in 1857
against serfdom, 203

his first measures of reform,
cxxxii. 55; his tour as Cæsare-
witch in Siberia, 379

letter of 'un Slave' to,
cxxxiv. 37
Alexander III. (of Scotland, 1242-

1286), his coronation oath sworn
in French, cxviii. 239

interest of his reign to anti-
quaries, cxx, 319

his prosperous reign, cxxvi.
246
Alexander III. (Pope, Rolando di

Ranuccio Bandinelli, d. 1181), his
schemes of temporal dominion,

cxii. 113
Alexander VI. (Pope, Rodrigo Len-

zoli Borgia, about 1430–1503), his
proposed crusade against the Turks,

cxxi. 220
Alexandria, astronomical school of,

cxyi. 95
Alfieri (Vittorio, 1749-1803), his

early love-adventures, cxiv. 155;
visit to Florence, 157 ; his passion
for the Countess of Albany, 158;
banished from her society at Rome,
165; meets her at Colmar, 166;
their subsequent intimacy, 169;

his death and burial, 178
Alfonso Henriques (King of Portu-

gal, 1094-1185), his extraordinary
longevity, cxxxi. 459; tomb at

Santa Cruz, ih.
Alford (Dr. Henry, Dean of Canter-

bury, b. 1810), his translation of
the Odyssey, cxvii. 355

his 'Queen's English,' cxx.
39; origin of his publication, 40

on the influence of usage on lan-
guage, 41; on the effects of lan-
guage on national character, 42;
his controversy with Mr. Moon,
43; his minute method of criti-
cism, 45; on the use of magni-
loquent words, 53; advocates

simplicity of language, 57
Alfred (King 849–901), his two
journeys to Rome, cxviii. 240

compared by Mr. Freeman
to St. Louis, cxxx. 201 ; his lite-

rary merits, 203
Algae, description of, cxxx. 156
Ali, Mehemet. See Mehemet Ali
Alison (Sir Archibald, 1757-1839),

his ' History of Europe from 1815
to 1852,' Vols. II.-VIII., cxi. 119;
his previous demerits repeated, ib.;
his five causes of national decline
of England, ib.; his distortion of
statistics, 120; misstates the effects
of Free trade and Reform, ib.-121;
his narrative of the Indian and
European campaigns the best part
of his work, ib.; unfair aspersions
on French authors, ib. ; his pre-
tentious style, 122; looseness of
design, 123; iteration of narrative
and phraseology, ib.-124; his egot-
isms, 125; on the contraction of
the

currency in 1819, 126; on the
threefold evils of the currency
laws, 127-130; on Catholic Eman-
cipation, ib.-133; on the causes of
Parliamentary Reform, 134 ; his
defence of the Old Constitution,
ib.-136; alleged injustice of tax-
ation since 1832, ib.; his theory of
the fall of the Whigs in 1841, 138;
on Sir R. Peel's Administration,
139; ascribes Irish emigration to
Free trade, 140; his blunders in
continental history, 141; misstate-
ments respecting Russia, ib.; and
Poland, 142; contradictory theo-
ries of Russian unity, ib.; 144;
his eulogy of the Restoration in
France, 145; denounces the go-

vernment of Louis Philippe, 146;
his panegyric of German modera-
tion in 1815, 147, on Parliamen-
tary government in Germany, 148;
ignorance respecting the Zollverein,
149; on the international relations
of Europe, 150 ; his four periods,
ib.; his views of English policy
towards Spanish America, ib.; his
judgment warped by partisanship,
151 ; on the separation of Belgium
from Holland, ib.; on the Spanish
succession, 152; his blunders on
the Turkish treaties of 1840 and
1841, 153, 154; theory of a league
against England in 1848, ib. ; his
portraits of public men, 155;
blunders respecting Lord Palmer-
ston, 156; on Lamartine and
Thiers, 157, 158; prophesies des-
potism in America, ib.; ignorance
of German literature, ib.; absurd
criticism of Goethe and Schiller,
159; mischievous character of his

history, 160
Alison (Sir Archibald), his 'Lives

of Lord Castlereagh and Sir C.
Stewart,' cxv. 510; his constant
inaccuracies, ib.; his diffuse no-
tions of biography, 511; his indis-

criminate adulation, 537
Aljubarrota, battle of (1385), cxxxi.

461
Allard (M.), French officer in the

Sikh service, cxxxiv. 385-387
Allegiance, Civil, early Papal claims
respecting, cxxx. 330.

pretensions of Ultramontanes
in opposition to, cxxxvii. 576
Allen (William, Cardinal 1532-

1594), his . Admonition,' cxxxiv.
173

(Mr. T.), his scheme of postal
telegraphs, cxxxii. 223
Alleyn (Edward, 1566-1626), MS.

letter of his wife, published by

Mr. Collier, cxi. 481
Almanza, battle of (1707), cxl. 478,

479

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