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Stigmaphyllum heterophyl- Trichocentrum recúrvum - 631 Vaccinium V. i. mdjor
lum.
416 Trichonèma edule

.632

minor jatrophæfðlium 615 Trifolium repens

- 184 Vanda cristata Syringa vulgaris álba 641

minus

• 184

Vanila Palmarum Tamarindus indica 75 Trollius acaulis

445 Verbena Melindres Taxodium distichum 240 europæ'us

445 Tweedidna Tecoma jasminöldes 620 Tropæ'olum azureum 88. 447 Verónica nivea Tetranèma mexicanum

tricolorum

447 Verticórdia densifldra Thùja péndula

453 pentaphyllum . 456 Viburnum japonicum . orientalis 453 polyphyllum

• 615 Pinus Tigridia làtea 78 Turræ a lobata .

- 615 Vicia Crácca violacea 78. 631 Tweedia cærulea

- 455

Faba Tllia álba péndula

927 Typha angustifolia • 129 Viscària oculata europæ'a

641 U'Imus campestris 125. 641 Viscum álbum Tillandsia psittaclna 633 fúlva

84. 332 Vrièsia psittacina rūbida.

. fiss

month na péndula - 442 Yucca gloridsa Trichocentrum candidum - 631 Urània specidsa

85 Zichya villdsa fúscum

Vaccinium Vitis idæ'a

550 Zygopétalon Mackàii .

- 550 - 550 - 631 - 631 . 86

86 - 621 . 617 . 36 . 88 . 75 . 76 - 614 .611 . 633 - 556 . 499

36

.631

[blocks in formation]

• 543

Asparagus cult. 429. 473. 583. Carrot

69. cult. 545. 671. Peas, Frame

. 543 670 Horn

- 546 Knight's Tall Marrow 543 Beans • cult. 51. 671. Surrey

545 List of

. 77 Mazagan

. 544

Cauliflower cult. 433.559. 670 Milford's Marrow 543 Windsor Broad . 544 Celery

cult. 491. 671 New Green Marrow • 543 Wonder Long Pod

. 544
Cucumbers
86. cult. 653 Prince Albert

65 Beet

. 671
Lettuce

cult. 546 Scimitar Broccoli : cult. 543. cull. 671 Incomparable Cos 65 St. Helier's .

67 Cape

- 671
Mushrooms 86. 204. cult. 284. Warwick

- 543 Granger's - 671

279 Potatoes 16. 38. cult. 40. cult. 419. Knight's Protecting - 671 Onion of Nocera

68

137. 370. 597. 671 Brussels Sprouts

- 543
Onion

cuii.

544. 670 Kemp's Seedling - 41 Cabbage 281. cult. 540. 597 Deptford

• 544 Lapstone

66 Cornish 39. 541 James's Keeping

· 514
Radish

- 68 Farly Hope

- 39
New White Globe

- 544
New winter

- 66 East Ham

Old Brown Globe . 54

Rhubarb

583 Imperial

. 39
Reading

- 544
New variety

64
Kentisbeare
- 39 Silver-skinned

Victoria

- 328 Matchless • 510 Two-bladed - 54+ Savoy

. 543 Nonpareil 39, 540 Parsneps . 546. 671 Sea-kale

cult. 430. 583 Paington 39. 511 Peas cult. 75. 204. cult. 543. 583. Spinach

- cull. 546 Pomeranian 68

671 | Turnip

472. 597 Vanack S9 British Queen

65 Wellington

Early White Nonsuch 67 39 Charlton

- 543

- 510

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LIST OF GARDENS AND COUNTRY SEATS.

- 436

- 641

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502

• 231

. 69

- 288

238

Acton Park

672 Alton Towers

399. 474 Arboretum, Derby 124. 471. 555 Aston

92 Barton

- 669 Bedford Lodge

. 170 Belmont

42 Black Park

. 587 Blair-Drummond 77. 584 Blenheim

• 680 Bicton 14. 20. 23. 29. 34. 46. 49. 52. 111. 113. 138. 164. 234. 301. 318. 367.419.427.460. 471. 496.

539. 582. 601, 606. 653 Botanic:

Avranches
Birmingham

65 Chelsea

638 Glasgow

457. 629 Glasnevin

69 Sydney

. S25 Bowood

.680 Broadstones

- 253 Brooklands

. 637 Burleigh

- 61 Bury Hill Cambuskenneth Abbey

- 251 Cannons

- 641 Canonmills

456 Carclew

35. 446 Carr House

- 156 Carton Castle Kennedy

253 Cemeteries 93. 141. 379. 459

Abney Park 62. 105. 147
Cambridge 354. 400
City of London
East London

• 222
Glasgow
Green Mount

- 666 Hafiz Highgate

- 155 Kensal Green 144. 147. 152. 154. 156. 222. 255, 294. 357.

363. 590 Lafayette

- 666 Laurel Hill

. 665
London and Westmin-
ster.

154. 294
Machpelah
Monument
Mount Auburn . 666
Nunhead

147. 155
Norwood 147. 152. 155. 402
Père la Chaise 101. 156. 402
Philanthropic
Sheffield

• 15+ Southampton

- 549 St. James's, Liverpool 154 Tower Hamlets . 117.

159. 222, 362 Union

- 606
Warriston
West London 147. 154
Woodlands

. 666 Charlton House .

- 619 Chatsworth Chicksands Priory

- 75 Chiswick Villa

- 453 Cossey Hall 90.116. 118. 188.411 Crimbles House . 92. 538

Cross House

24+

Nurseries :Crosslee Cottage

258 Lawson's - 37. 65, 68. 555 Culhorn House 252 Leroy's

- 229 Dalkeith 67. 442. 457. 474 Loddiges' 62. 181. 325. 451. Dalvey • 416

516. 555 Deepdene

Merriott

39 Dinbur Castle 106. 413. 578 Mile End

- 637 Dounbrae Cottage

256 Mount Radford, Exeter 37. Dropmore

170. 172. 636 Drummond Castle

- 556
New Cross

65 Duncombe Park. 170.264 Newman's

- 69 Dysart House

Paragon

320 Elvaston Castle 97. 482 Pearson's

61 Flitwick House .

Perth

442 Fort Green Cottage 42 Rendle's

S10. 505 Forton Cottage 42 Rogers's

40 Gardens:

Roy's

69 Blair-Adam642 Saunders's

65. 67 Berlin

. 623

Sawbridgeworth 37. 55. Caledonian Horticult. - 208

233. 555 Kensington . 285. 507. 555.

St. John's, Wakefield 637. 649, 550 Summerland

38 Kew 61. 442, 446, 447. 454. Taunton 516 616, 617 Vauxhall

• 574 London Horticultural 16. Veitch's 503.581. 619, 34. 37. 61, 62. 222. 439.

620. 632 453. 555. 612. 616. 636. 669, Walton

452 670 Winship's

42 M. Foulard's

Yarmouth

63 Royal Botanic : 378. 454 Nutwell Court

239 Royal, Frogmore

188
Oakfield

649 Vice-Regal, Monza 497 Oulton Park 114. 119. 672 Green Park

Peak House Hazel Grove 86 Poltimore House

242 Heanton Park .242 Redleaf

61. 446. 619 Hendon Vicarage 86. 475 Regent's Park

- 592 Hopetoun House - $11. 457 Roselle

14 Hyde Park - 44. 285. 592 Sedbury Park

S32 Imperial Park, Laxemburg 474 Silverton Park

242, S11. Kesgrave 311 Shirley Vineyard

• 599 Killerton Park - 240 Shrubland Park

268. S20 Langold 92 Sketty Hall

. 312 Loch Ryan House • 253 Somerset House

- 678 Lowther Castle 646. 581 South: Lodge

. 638 Markeaton.

Spring Grove

. 35 Mill Hill

Stevenstone

- 243 Newark Castle 257 Stoke Park

• 586 Nurseries :

Stoneleigh Abbey
Backhouse's 318. 615 Stow

69 Beverley

67 Strathfieldsaye 125. 177 Cachot's

. 231
Syon House

475, 615 Canterbury

- 555
Tankersley

. 92 Cheadle

- 631 Taplow Lodge Cirencester - 40. 555

Tidworth

- 582 Clapham Rise 64 Tilney Park

-611 Cliff Vale and Prospect 64

Twickenham Park

- 641 Comely Bank

Walton

• 311 Dartford

61 Walton Hall 20. 122. 180. 185. Dickson's 38. 62. 555

328 Durdham Down - S9 Ware Gifford Epsom

92. 617 Whitley Hall Exeter 35. 500, 501. 616 Windsor Castle.

- 587 Exotic, King's Road 62. Winslade House

.242 269. 446 Witton

- 639 Fulham 62. 503. 513. 553. Woburn 633 Woodbine Cottage

- 126 Ghent . • 621 Wood Hall

320. 556 Hammersmith 268. 507 Worcester Park 315. 614 Handsworth

Wormleybury . 65

Writtle Park . 680

- 153

• 154

405

. 117 . 638

- 666 - 666

. 86

. 666

556

- 66

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Anon. A Catalogue of Fruits in the Garden of Anon. Hints to the Landlords and Tenants of the Horticultural Society of London, 80.

England, 313. Anon. Horticultural Essays, 279.

Anon, Hortus Collinsonianus, 312,

Anon. The British Almanack and Companion, | Link, Klotzsch, and Otto's Icones Plantarum Ra. 81.

riorum, 78. Anon. The Builder, 81.

Loudon's Arboretum Britannicum, 35. 125. 673. Anon. The Country House, 271.

Loudon's Catalogue of the Derby Arboretum, Anon. The Farmer's Calendar, 81.

124. Anon. Three Prize Essays on Agriculture, 80. Loudon's Remarks on the Laying out of CemeAnon. The Zoologist, 374.

teries, 184. 314. Anon. Report on Health of Towns, 97.

Low's Elements of Practical Agriculture, 614. Anon. Reports of Special Assistant Poor Law Lyons on the Management of Orchidaceous

Commissioners on the Employment of Women Plants, 310. and Children in Agriculture, 374.

Manetti's Catalogus Plantarum Cæsarei Regii Anon. Restoration of the Church of St. Mary, Horti prope Modiciam ad Annum 1842, 643. Redcliffe, Bristol, 314.

Martin's Thames and Metropolis Improvement Antoine's Coniferæ, 80.

Plan, 283. Babington's Manual of British Botany, 377. Mearns's Treatise on the Culture of the Vine in Backhouse's Visit to the Australian Colonies, 182. Pots, 643. Bainbridge's Guide to the Conservatory, 643. Mott's Flora Odorata, 643. Baxter's British Flowering Plants, 80. 503. Parsons and Co's. Catalogue of Trees, Shrubs, &c. Booth's London Nuisances, 184.

313. Buist's Catalogue of Plants, 282.

Paul and Son's Catalogue of Roses, 643. Butler's Emigrant's Hand-Book of Facts, 281. Paxton's Magazine of Botany, 445. 499. 614. Curtis's Botanical Magazine, 445. 499. 614. Pfeiffer and Otto's Figures and Descriptions of Curtis's Catalogue of Plants, 282

Cacti in Flower, 79. DeCandolle's Prodromus, 284.

Prince's Annual Catalogue of Plants, &c., 80. Dieffenbach's New Zealand and New Zealanders, Pugin's Present State of Ecclesiastical Archi. 126.

tecture in England, 134. Dieffenbach's Travels in New Zealand, 126 Rendle's Catalogue of Plants, &c., SIS. Dubring's Art of Living, 376.

Rendle's Treatise on the Tank System of Heating Edwards's Botanical Register, 445. 499. 614.

Hothouses, 309. Forbes's Inaugural Lecture on Botany, 377. Roberts's Treatise on the Culture of the Vine Fraser's Scientific Wanderings, 184.

under Glass, 643. Freese's Latin Governess, 314.

Smith on the Management and Cultivation of Glover's History and Directory of the Borough of Forest and Fruit Trees, 284. Derby, 314.

Smith's Treatise on the Peach Tree, 310. Gutch's Literary and Scientific Register, 81. Smith's Treatise on the Management and CultiGuteh's Quarterly Journal of Meteorology and vation of Forest Trees, 642. Physical Science, 293.

Solly's Rural Chemistry, 282. Hamerton's Paper on Arboriculture, 643. Sopwith's Account of the Museum of Economic Hay's Natural Principles and Analogy of the Geology and Mining Records Office, 504. Harmony of Form, 130.

Sowerby's English Botany, 79. Henslow's Letters to the Farmers of Suffolk, 313. Speede's Indian Handbook of Gardening, 281. Hogg's Catalogue of Sicilian Plants, $12.

Stephens's Book of the Farm, 80. Hosking's Lecture on the Principles and Practice Sutton's Culture of the Grape Vine in Australia of Architecture, 133.

and New Zealand, 644. Hunter's Deanery of Doncaster, 91.

Thomas's Monuments and Chimney-Pieces, 134. Jameson's Journal, 284.

Thorburn's Catalogue of Plants, &c., 313. Jones's Designs for Mosaic Pavements, 134. Van Voorst's Naturalist's Pocket Almanack, 81. Jopling's Sketch of Furnace and Cartmel, 501. Whitley and Osborn's Catalogue of Hardy Trees Kittoe's Illustrations of Indian Architecture, 645. and Shrubs, 503. Liebig's Animal Chemistry, 81.

Yarrell's History of British Birds, 574.

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS.

A. B., 315. A. F., 178. Aliquis, 419. Armstrong, Johnson, John, 125. 177. Jones, Thomas, 662.

John, 42. A. S. M., 315. Ayres, W. P., 70. J. P., 263. J. R., 69. J. S. S., 39. J. W. B., 261. 636.

125. J. W. G. G., 327. B., 269. Barnes, James, 20. 45. 111. 164. 185.234. Lamb, John, 116. Lawrence, G., 86. Lawson & 301. 367. 419. 127. 434. 460. 495. 539. 601. 605. Son, 68. Lindsay, J. M., 266. Leeds, T. W., 652, 653. Blair, John, 136. Booth, W. B., 35. 650. Lymburn, R., 1. 189. 334. 381. 461. 508. 509. Branden, A., 416. Bray, Thomas, 606. Brooks, 557.

J. T., 641. Brown, John, 65. Buist, R., 125. Mackenzie, Andrew, 642. Mackenzie, Peter, Caie, Mr., 172. Call, James, 261. Cameron, D., 106. 380. 413. 578. Manetti, Giuseppe, 84. 140. 65. Chandler and Son, Messrs., 373. Chap- 187. 324. 331. May, W., 67. Mease, James, man, George, 668. Conductor, 34. 55. 75. 83. 665. M'Nab, James, 268. 85. 88. 90. 99, 93. 124. 134. 136. 141. 166. 181. Newcome, Thomas, 672 N. M. F., 369. 188. 215. 238.250. 258. 285. 292: 306. 316. $21. Osborn, Robert, 586. 326. 332. 353. 371. 379. 400. 439. 442. 452. 455. P. J. M., 86. Prince, W. R., and Co., 325. 459. 475. 497. 507. 512. 547. 553. 589. 634. 646, Pringle, J., 174. 647. 649. 650. 652. 667. 680. Cormack and R., 52. Rivers, T., jun., 224. R. L., 140.

Oliver, 65._Cruickshank, James, 546. 581. Saul, M., 40. 86. 91. 135. 184. 187.327. Saunders, D. B., 85. D. M., 69. Druinmond, James, 75. B., 68. S. T., 91. 159.

584. Drummond, Messrs., 308. Dunlop, John, T. M., 44. T.' N., 669. Tongue, Richard, 49. 315, 613.

U., 325. Easton, James, S26. E. B., 44. Errington, R., Varden, R., 607. Vilmorin, M., 124. 113. 118. 670. E. W., 322. 325.

W., 139. Walker, P., 86. Waterton, Charles, Forsyth, Alexander, 397. 47). Frost, Philip, 18. 119. 179. 328. W. B., 67. W. C. T., 916. 172

W. D. S., 84. Westwood, J. 0., 411. 460, 652. G. C., 183. G. G., 61. Gordon, G., 62. Gray, Whiting, J. B., 65. Wighton, J., 90. 115. 117. Samuel, 657. Gullett, John, 126.

188. 409. Williams, Jane, 86. Wilson, N., H., 137, 329. H. A. M., 329. 380. Henderson, 78. Wilson, Thomas, 92. 534. Winship, J.,

William, 452. Herbert, w., 316. H. I., 90. and F., 43. J. B., 84. 86. J. D., 124, 556. J. M., 85.328. Y., 63.

OF

THE CHARACTERS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND INDICATIONS

USED IN BOTANICAL AND FLORICULTURAL NOTICES.

Su

ing.

Habil.

tive coun- P poisonous. Spot spotted. Umb umber

try. Deciduous tree.

St pr pretty.

striped.

coloured. cu curious. rk for rock Str straw.co- V Evergreen tree.

violet. cul culinary.

work.

loured. Palm tree.

Va variede delicate. ro robust.

sulphur. Deciduous shrub.

gated. dy dyeing spl splendid.

Tan tan-co. Evergreen shrub.

Ve vermiplant. tm timber tree. ** Deciduous under-shrub.

Joured.

lion, * Evergreen under-shrub. ec economical. un uninterest. Taw tawny.

Vy veiny. el elegant.

Test testace

white. * Deciduous twiner, ligneous

esc esculent. or herbaceous.

W weed, abun

Ous. Wsh whitish, fr fruit tree.

dant & Evergreen twiner, ligneous fra fragrant.

in Tran transpa- Y yellow. cultivated

rent. Ysh yellowish or herbaceous. I Deciduous climber, ligneous

soils in its
gr grotesque.
m medicinal.

native

Native Country. or herbaceous.

or ornamental, country. Evergreen climber, ligneous

C. G. H. Cape of Good Hope.

E. Ind. or herbaceous.

East Indies. month Deciduous trailer, ligneous

Height.

N. Amer. North America. or herbaceous. fit foating.

N. Eur. North of Europe.

N. Holl. New Holland. h Evergreen trailer, ligneous

N. S. W. or her baceous. Colour of Flower.

New South Wales.

S. Amer. South America. * Deciduous creeper, ligneous Ap apetal- G

green. S. Eur. South of Europe.

ous. G glaucous. V. Di. L. Van Diemen's Land, for Evergreen creeper, ligneous Ærug ærugi. Go golden or herbaceous.

W. Ind. West Indies.

nous. Gsh greenish. Deciduous herbaceous plant. B blue. Gygrey.

Propagation. E Evergreen herbaceous plant.

Bd blood.

Hoa hoary. bitke Grass.

B by budding.
Bh blush. L

light. Bulbous plant.

с

cuttings. Bk black. La lake. * Fusiform-rooted plant.

D division of the plant.
Bksh blackish. Ld livid.
Tuberous-rooted plant.

G
Br

grafting.

brown. Lem lemon-coAquatic.

inarching Bri brick-co

loured.

L E Epiphyte.

layers. loured. Li

lilac.

Ls

leaves. Duration and Habitation.

Brsh brown- Lu lurid. 0 offsets.
ish.

0

orange. R division of the root. Perennial. Bsh bluish Och ochrace

S seeds. Biennial

Bt bright.

ous. Sk suckers. Annual.

с crimson. 01 olive. Bark, or moist, stove. Cæs cæsious. Oliva olivace

Soil. Dry stove.

Ch chestnut.

ous. aq. watery places. Greenhouse.

Ci citron. P

purple.

co.

common garden soil. Frame.

Cin cinereous Pa pale. c.p. common peat or bog.
Bark-stove perennial. Cop copper- Pk pink, or h. heavy rich clay.
Dry-stove perennial.

coloured.

rose.

h.1. heavy loam. a Greenhouse perennial. Crea cream- PI pellucid.L. loam. A Frame perennial.

coloured. R

1.p loam and peat, most loam. O Bark-stove biennial. D dark. Ro rosy.

light vegetable soil. O Dry-stove biennial.

Din dingy. Rsh reddish. It.1 light loam. O Greenhouse biennial.

DI dull. Ru rufous. m.s. moist soil. O Frame biennial

Dp deep. Rus russet. P. peat. O Bark-stove annual.

F flesh. Rust rusty-co- p.L. peat and loam, most peat. O Dry-stove annual.

Fer ferrugi.

loured. r.

rich garden soil. OJ Greenhouse annual.

nous, S scarlet. r.m.

rich mould Frame annual.

Fi fiery. Saf saffron. ru. rubbish.
Fla flame- Sil

silvery.

8. sand. Popular Character.

coloured. Smo smoky

8.1.

sandy loam. ag agricultural. | clt cultivated Ful fulvid.

asb-co- s.p. sandy peat. ci clothing. in its na. Fus fuscous.

lour. s.p.l. sand, peat, and loam.

red.

It.

The systematic names of plants are accented as in the Hortus Britannicus. The derivations of the genera are given, and the specific systematic names literally translated, any explanatory words accompanying such translation being printed in Italic. Those names, whether of genera or species, which are commemorative, as Banksia in honour of Sir Joseph Banks, are distinguished by having the subjoined letters in Italic where the rest of the word is in Roman, and in Roman where the rest of the word is in Italic, as Banksia; those which have been applied to plants by the classic writers of antiquity are distinguished by having the initial letter in Italic, as Pyrus, where the rest of the word is in Roman, and in Roman where the rest of the word is in Italic, as Pyrus. All words, generic or specific, of unknown derivation, or aboriginal names, are wholly in Italic or wholly in Roman, according to the letter in which the preceding or following matter may be printed, as Pædèria Lingun Boj., or Padèria Língun Boj.

THE

GARDENER'S MAGAZINE,

JANUARY, 1843.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

ART. I. On the Theory of Manures. By R. LYMBURN. The year 1842 has been distinguished by a vast variety of efforts to elucidate the subject of manures; and the many tables published, opinions given, and experiments recorded, have added immensely to the bulk of information from which rules for practice must ultimately be deduced. That much disappointment and many unaccountable results have been produced should not damp our endeavours. The difference of soils has a great effect in producing these: they vary so much in their physical properties, both naturally and artificially, that experiments will require to be often and carefully repeated on different soils, in different seasons, and on a large scale, before they can enable us to form rules for our guidance in practice. Å soil naturally porous will produce very opposite results from a sodden stiff soil, and will require very different treatment; if this be neglected, or interfered with by accident, the result may differ very much from expectation. If the season is likely to be wet and cold, the porosity should be encouraged; if dry and warm, the ground should be rolled and compressed; this may be omitted, or the weather may be so very dry that the crop may fail even although this is attended to. If the soil is cold and wet, it may be much improved by cultivation. The skilful cultivator will take advantage of tids of weather, and may make frost, drought, and even wet, assist in pulverising and producing that great requisite, a plentiful supply of moisture to the roots, absorbed from the small pieces of the soil, without an overdose to gorge up the channels of communication between the air and soil. Dry hot manures, strawy and turfy, suit wet soils generally best; and cold wet manures the dry soils. But seasons may reverse this order. In cold wet summers, dry hot manures may do best even in dry soils; while heavy wet land, if worked wet in spring, and a dry summer succeed, may be so coarse in the pieces, so open and porous, as to be benefited most by cold wet manures, It makes no odds how much, and how usually

3d Ser.- 1843. I.

B

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