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Art. I. Retrospective Criticism. OUR Notes on Highclere. (Vol. X. p. 258.) -- My dear Sir, I have wondered very much why you, in your account of Highclere, should state so many untruths, which may be so easily detected. You say that Lord Caernarvon has not laid out more than 201. on nursery plants during the last twenty years. The fact is, Lord Caernarvon has paid me for nursery plants, in the last fourteen years, more than 1601. The next charge you make is, that more has been charged for American plants by nurserymen than many gentlemen can afford to give. How or where you conceived such an idea, it is difficult to imagine. Now, my dear Sir, it was easy for you to know that American plants are raised in immense quantities in this country from one end of it to the other, at very low prices, less than half what Mr. Carr of Philadelphia, and other American nurserymen, charge for them. You know also that so many are raised, and by so many people, that it is impossible to sustain an exorbitant price. So much for that. [These statements were made on the authority of Robert Gowan, Esq. We did not publish them during Mr. Malcolm's lifetime, lest it might have led to something unpleasant ; but as Mr. Malcolm made the statements generally known among the trade, we have always intended the paragraph for publication in our own justification.]

Now, the third and last statement which you make is equally devoid of truth ; viz. that nurserymen have multiplied tenfold during the last thirty years. This I deny; and can prove that a decrease of more than one half has taken place in that time. It is capable of proof that more than 1000 acres of nursery land have been cleared in the tiine alluded to, from several of the proprietors being in insolvent circumstances ; and certainly in all the country not 500 acres have been taken into cultivation as nursery ground instead.

Nursery Land cleared about London during the last Thirty Years. Harrison and Co., nearly 40 acres ; insolvent. Coleman, 30 acres ; insolvent. Brooks, 30 acres; insolvent. Lee, Hounslow, 40 acres. Malcolm, Stock, 40 acres ; Gray, 15 acres ; Whitley, Brompton, 20 acres. Besides Drivers, Mitchelson, Middlemust, North, Hay, Townley, and Townley, Watson, and Co.

In the Country. George Lindley, Northwich, 50 acres; insolvent. Smith, Manchester, 60 acres; insolvent. Philipson, Cottingham, 50 acres ; insolvent. Hunter, Birmingham, 40 acres ; insolvent. Ordoyne, Newark, 35 acres ; insolvent. Tindall, Beverley, 30 acres ; insolvent. Elliott, Newcastle, 30 acres ; insolvent. Latham, 40 acres ; insolvent. Talla has 50 acres less. Pontefract, 40 acres. Besides Swallow, Cree, Clark, Keswick, &c. &c.

Now, what new grounds are laid down as nurseries? Knight and Dennis, King's Road; some acres at Woking, Godalming, Southampton, Plymouth, and Chester : but all these, together, will not muster half the number of acres that are thrown out of cultivation. Scotland is retrograding also. The 100 acres of Hawick are much reduced; so are Aberdeen and Edinburgh. So much for prosperity !- William Malcolm. Kensington, June 6. 1831.

Errata.- Delete Beatònia atràta Herb., and the description, in p. 624.

In p. 581., line 24. from bottom, for “ Cumberland,” read “Westmoreland."

See also p. 89., p. 90., and p. 459.


cones, 85.

AGRICULTURAL improvement on the estates of Botanical, Floricultural, and Arboricultural no.
the Marquess of Waterford, 89.

tices, 445. 499. 614.
Agriculture, the stimulus of competition in, 157. Bowood, notice of the scenery at, 680.
Air, to dry moist, 647.

Bread, an imperishable sort, 648.
America, state of, commented upon, 324.

Broccoli, culture of, 543.
American aloe, notice of one going to flower, Burying grounds, thoughts on modern, 90.

American plants, Waterer's exhibition of, in the Cabbage, culture of, 540.
King's Road, 378.

Camellias, their hardiness supposed to be in.
Ammonia, use of sulphate of, in agriculture, 82. creased by raising them from seed in the open
Araucària Cunninghami, notice of one bearing

air, 322.

Carrot, culture of, 545.
Arboricultural notices, 269. 442. 474. 637. 668. Caterpillar, mode of destroying the gooseberry,
Asparagus, culture of, 429.

Caterpillar, description of a curious one, 652.

Caulifowers, culture of, 433.
Beans, culture of, 544.

Celery, culture of, 431.
Bees, reason of their sometimes dying while they Cemeteries and churchyards, criticism on the
have plenty of food, 187.

articles in the Magazine, relative to, 329. 379
Besoms, method of making, for gardens, 178. Cemeteries, criticism on, 185.
Bicton Gardens, their culture and management; Cemeteries, uses of, 93 ; laying out, building,

-Letter IV. House for New Holland plants, and planting of, 142; working and management
and list of plants it contains, 21 ;-Leiter V. of, 215; innovations suggested relative to the
Orange and camellia house, 23; list of camel. selection of ground for, and mode of perform-
lias grown at Bicton, 26; the back sheds,

ing funerals, 292; design for one of moderate
vineries, and pineries, 27 ;-Letter VI. Culture extent on level ground, 353; design for one on
of chrysanthemums, manure-water, properties hilly ground, 400; present state of those in
of charcoal, 28 ;-Letter VII. The conserva- London, considered chiefly as cemetery gar.
tories, 29 ; list of plants in conservatories, 30; dens, 400; the present state and means of
orchideous houses and stoves, 30; list of stove improving country churchyards, 475; list of
and orchidaceous plants at Bicton, 31;-Letter trees, shrubs, and perennial herbaceous plants
VIII. Brooms used in the flower-garden, 46; adapted for cemeteries and churchyards, 512;
hardy trees and shrubs growing there, 47 ;- appendix, 534 ; principal ones in the neigh-
Letter IX. Importance of cleanliness, 49; ma- bourhood of Philadelphia, 645.
nure-water, charcoal, 51;-Letter X. The Charcoal and charcoal dust, first discovery of its
Rockery and American garden, 111;-Letter action on vegetation, 140.
XI. Dimensions of a few trees in the Park, Charcoal, its use in the culture of plants, 185.
113 ;-Letter XII. Reasons for following the Chiswick Villa, notice of the grounds, 453.
business of a market-gardener, 164 ;-Letter Chrysanthemums, a list of the best sorts adapted
X111. Growing mushrooms, 234 ; -Letter XIV. for cultivation in the colder parts of the coun-
Growing, training, and general management of

try, S73.
ericas, 301 ;-Lelter XV. On the rust in Chrysanthemums, culture of, £8.
grapes, 267 ;-Letter XVI. Culture of the Cicer arietinum, an excellent vegetable, 316.
potato, 419; mismanagement it is subject to, Clématis azurea grandifdra, one of the best
and cause of curl and dry rot, 424;-Letter hardy climbers, 42.
XVII, System of kitchen-gardening, 427 ; cul Clématis Vitálba, notice of one, 669.
ture of the strawberry, 429; culture of aspara- Clover, notice of the Bokhara, 187.
gus, 429; culture of sea-kale, 430; culture of Conservatory climbers, 679.
celery, 431; culture of cauliflowers, 433; - Contributors. See p. xv.
Letter XVIII. Mode of destroying the goose- Coltage, how to make the most of one having
berry caterpillar, 434;-Letter XIX. Crane-

only two rooms, 52.
necked short-handled hoes described and Criticism on the study of bees, chemistry, and
figured, 495,- Letter XX. Objections to the vegetable physiology. 508.
crane-necked hoes answered, 539; notice of Cucumbers, culture of, 653.
Musa Cavendishii, Dácca, and sapiéntum, Cucumbers, culture of, in cottage gardens, 86.
540 ;-Letter XXI. Culture of the cabbage, Cýtisus Adàmi, notice of, S15.
540 ; culture of broccoli, 543; culture of peas,
513 culture of beans and onions, 544; culture Dalvey, the seat of Norman M'Leod, Esq., notice
of carrots, 545; culture of parsneps, spinach, of, 416.
and lettuce, 546;-Letter XXI. The principal Dámmara orientalis found to succeed when
causes of canker in peaches, nectarines, and grafted on the Araucária imbricata, 184.
apricots, 601;-Letter XXII. Notes on the Dinbur Castle, its gardens and its gardeners,
one-shift system of potting, and on charcoal, 106. 413. 579.
605;-Letter XXIV. System of cucumber. Disbudding shoots with the leaves on, 648.
growing, 653; - Letter XXV. Cultivation of Doryanthes excélsa, notice of one in flower, 85.
the parsley, 692 ; - Letter XXVI. Method of Draining and fencing on the lands of the Duke
cultivating the pine-apple, 695.

of Hamilton, 327.
Bicton Gardens, notice of a visit to, 546.

Draining, price of, with tiles, in Northampton-
Bicton, pine-apples noticed there by Thomas shire, 327.
Bray, when on a visit, 606.

Draining-pipes made by a machine, 675.
Birds, advantages of attending to habits of, 613. Drains, mode of making turl, 134.
Books reviewed or noticed. See p. .

Duvaủa longifolia, notice of, 669.

East Hampstead Park, 690.

Kensington Gardens and Hyde Park, hints for
Edging of Seyssel asphalte noticed, 507.

the improveinent of, 285.
Elm leaves, their nutritive properties, 332. Kensington Gardens, criticism on the improve.
Engravings. See p. vii.

ments in, 650.
Ericas, culture of, 301.

Kensington Gardens, the naming of trees and
Errata, 89. 90. 459. 721.

shrubs in, 649.
Exhibitions, on horticultural, 45.

Kent, the Landscape Gardener, answer to query
Exhibitions, remarks on the London Horticultu- respecting, 91.
ral Society's, 222.

Kew Gardens, notice of the improvements there,

Flower-garden, list of plants for, 172. 260. 373. Kitchen-Gardens, rotation of crops in, 670.
Flower-garden on gravel, remarks on a design
for a, 70.

Labels, best mode of writing, on parchment, 646.
Flower-garden, shrubbery, and lawn, on laying Lake House at Moor End, Cheltenham, 705.

out and planting the, 166. 258. 306. 371. 442. Landscape composition, scenery intended to point
497.547. 684. 636. 667. 704.

out the errors frequently committed by persons
Flower-gardens, forms of beds adapted for, 707. who have little knowledge of, 6.
Flower pots, remarks on double, 187.

Landscape-gardening, application of the principle
Flower-pots with hollow sides, 135.

of the balloon to, 646
Flower-pots, Saul's fountain, 136.

Larch, an evergreen one discovered, 92.
Flower-pots, Stephens's plant-protecting, 136. Larch may be propagated by cutting, 92.
Flues, Welch's bricks for forming circular, 134. Larch, plantations at Linley, enquiry respecting,
Fruits. See p. xiii.

Fruits, on the preservation of, 330.

Larch, uses of the, 668.
Fruit trees, on protecting those against walls, 369. Lawn, shrubbery, and flower-garden, on laying
Fruit trees, principal causes of canker in, 601. out and planting the, 166. 258. 306. 371. 442.
Fungi, influence of, on trees, 708.

497. 547. 634. 636. 667.701.
Furnace, Juckes's smoke-consuming, 314.

Lettuce, culture of, 516.

Literary Notices, 133. 184. 284. 673.
Gardener, how a young one should travel by rail. Lock, Baillie's rounded enamelled case, recom-
road, 616.

mended, 453.
Gardening tour in the North of England and Lonicera diversifolia, notice of, 670.
part of Scotland, 250.

Loudon, J. C., notice of the death of, 679.
Garden engine, Johnston's improved portable, Lymburn, Mr. Robert, notice of the death of, 677.

Garden-pots, notice of improvements in, 316. Manners all over the world, approaching simi-
Garden-pots, Hunt's improved, 317.

larity of, 647
Garden walks, materials recommended by the Manures, on the theory of, 1.
ancients for making them, 331.

Manures, Professor Henslow's Lectures on, 139.
Garden, a classical one, 586.

Melon, Gregson's green flesh, recommended, 84.
Garden, a corered one, proposed to be established Melons grown in leaves, 86; on a mode of grow.
in Paris, 647.

ing late, 269
Gardens. See Table of Contents, p. xiv.

Metropolitan Model Institution for improving
Gardens, the new Royal, at Frogmore, 138. 688. the Dwellings of the Industrious Classes, 85.
Gardens, Bicton, notice of, 138.

Mice, to destroy, 184
Gardens, Royal, at Windsor, 688.

Milne, Mr. John, Nurseryman, his death no.
Gardens and scenery around Stirling, descriptive ticed, 380.
notice of some of the, 584.

Mistletoe, notice of, growing on the oak, 86.
Geraniums, description of an insect which attacks Monument, Sir Walter Scott's, 649.
them, 460.

Monza, notice of the royal gardens there, 322.
Gilpin, William Sawrey, Esq., Landscape-Gar- Mountain ash, a remarkable one, 329.
dener, notice of the death of, '332.

Mushrooms, abundant in 1842,86 ; culture of, 234.
Gladiolus cardinalis, result of an experiment Mutual Instruction Society, notice of the meet.

made in endeavouring to propagate it, 642. ing of the Botanical section of the Tower Street,
Glasgow Cathedral saved by a gardener, 680.

Grafting and budding the rhododendron, 647.
Grapes, Cato's method of preserving, 331. Neill, Dr., notice of a subscription for a bust
Grapes, on the preservation of, 186.

of, 87; testimonial presented to him, 455.
Grapes, on the probable cause of the rust in, 449. Nelumbíum tibetianum, an account of one in
Green fly destroyed by the tree-creeper (Cérthia flower, 84.
familiaris), 315.

New Zealand Horticultural Society, notice of,
Grecnhouses, superiority of span-roofed, 268.
Ground, the most economical mode of dividing a Notices of Gardens and Country Seats in Somer-
square plot of, 321.

setshire, Devonshire, and part of Cornwall, 238.
Guide-posts, on the best material for, 88.

Nurseries. See Table of Contents, p. xiv.

Nuts with a bony shell will germinate the first
Heat, on bottom, 113.

year, if the shell be broken, 181.
Heating, apparatus for, in the gardens of His
Grace the Duke of Wellington, 177.

Oak, notice of a large one, 86; the Hatfield, 668 ;
Heating, Rendle's tank system described, 505. use of the American white, and its introduce
Holly, its use for shelter, 119.

tion into England, 123.
Hornet, its character and habits, 409.

Onions, culture of, 544.
Horticultural Society's Garden, notice of the ex. Oropholithe, a composition used as a substitute
hibitions in, 453.

for zinc, lead, &c., 8).
Horticultural Society, Chislehurst, 139.

Oven, Palmer's improved economical American,
Horticultural Society, Lane End, 139.

recommended, 507.
Horticultural Society of London, the first show
at Chiswick Gardens noticed, 378.

Parks and pleasure-grounds, on grouping trees
Horticultural Society of New Zealand, notice of, in, 118.

Parsley, culture of, 692.
Horticultural Society of Wellington, noticed, 325. Parsneps, culture of, 546.
Hothouse furnaces, mode of consuming the sinoke Paulownia imperialis, notice of one in flower,
of, 451.

Houses, wooden ones ready made for sale, 647. Pea, on the culture of, 75. 543. ; in pots, 77.
Hyacinths, on forcing, so as to bloom at Christ. Pears, best time for eating, 649.
mas, 678.

Penn, John, Esq., civil engineer, his death no-

ticed, 380.
Implements, agricultural, 82.

Phrenology for gardeners and their patrons, 662.


Physiology, comparative: preliminary remarks, Seeds, result of an experiment to show the proper

191 ; on organised structures in general, 191 depth of covering for grass and clover, S08.
on the elementary structure of vegetables, 195 ; Shepherdia argentea recommended as a fruit.
a general view of the vegetable kingdom, 199; tree, 42.
on the symmetry of organised structures, 207; Shetland, foreign trees which thrive in, 88.
on the nature and causes of vital action, 209, Shrubbery, lawn, and flower-garden, on laying-
on vital stimuli, 333; on heat as a vital stimu- out and planting, 166. 258. 306. 311. 442. 197.
lus, 336; on the evolution of heat, 337; on 547. 634. 686. 667. 704.
light as a vital stimulus, 344 ; on the develope. Smoke, the nuisance of, from the chimneys of
ment of light in plants, 345; on electricity as a manufacturing establishments, 327.
vital stimulus, 347 ; on the laws of organic Snow-plough for walks and footpaths, 116.
developement, 381 ; on the general view of the Soil, on pulverising, 115.
functions of animated beings, and their mutual Southampton, hints for the improvement of the
relations, 391 ; on ingestion and absorption of town of, 589.
aliment in general, 46!. 509; on absorption in Spinach, culture of, 546.
vegetables, 557 ; on the circulation of the nu- Spiræas, North American oaks, Abiétinæ, and
tritive fuid, 565; on circulation in vegetables, Cupréssinæ, notice of a collection made by the
567 ; on interstitial absorption, 577; on nutrition Conductor in the spring of 1843, 439.
and formation of tissues, 682.

Squirrel, on the habits of, 117. 179.
Pine-apple, culture of, 695,

Steamer, Palmer's universal, recommended, 507.
Pine cones, a valuable fuel, 328.

Strawberry, culture of, 429.
Pipes, Scott's patent improvements in cast-iron, Street paving, an association for the promotion
wrought-iron, and soft-metal, 321.

of improved, 327.
Plant.case, ladies' pocket, 134.

Suburban dwellings, design for five, with their
Plants, food of, and its transformation, 397. 471 ; gardens, 607.

report ,on new or rare ones in British nur.
series, and private gardens, 34. 55; new and Tiles for paving walks, new material for, 507.
rare, viii.; on the new method of potting, or Tour in Brittany and Normandy. By J. Rivers,
the one-shift system, 318.

jun. Dinan, 224; Rennes, 226; Nantes, 997;
Plant-houses, yellow glass suggested for them, Angers, 228; Le Mans, 231 ; Lisieux, 232 ;

Honfleur, 233.
Pleasure-grounds, shrubberies, and ornamental Tour, Notes made during a horticultural, from

plantations, hints to proprietors who intend Lowther Castle in Westmoreland to Exeter in

planting, 553.
Plough, new one for raising potatoes, 137.

Devonshire, 581. 688.

Trees, dimensions of, in the grounds of Flitwick
Poor, comfortable habitations for them, with House, 641.
gardens attached, recommended, 44.

Trees, on disbarking, to increase the durability of
Poplar, notice of several kinds of balsam, 181.

the timber, 181.
Potato, culture of, 419; mode of planting early Trees, on raising American, from seeds, 181.

ones with a new planting machine, 40; planter, Trees, grouping of, in parks and pleasure-grounds,
Saul's, 91.

Primrose, on the culture of the Chinese, 126. Trees, large ones at Strath fieldsaye, 125.
Propagating-house, description of, heated by hot-Trees' introduced from America in 1769, 669.;
water circulated in brick troughs, 266.

many indigenous to North America not yet

introduced, 324.
Raspberries, notice of some plants growing to a Trees, growth of, 668. ; growth of, at Barton

gigantic size at Walton Hall, 328.
Raspberry, some account of the insects which Trees, roots and tops of, 890.

attack it, 411.
Remarks on one of the designs in the article, Turnip, history of the introduction of the Swedish,

Trees, on transplanting large ones, 43.
“ On Laying-out and Planting the Lawn, into Britain, 672.

Shrubbery, and Flower-garden," 636.
Reviews. See p. v.
Rhododendron, list of species and varieties of,

U'lmus fúlva, medical properties of, 84.
cultivated at Dysart House, 436; on grafting
and budding it, 647.

Vegetables. See

P. xiii.
Rhubarb, the Victoria, best for culinary pur-Verbena Melindres and Tweedieàna, hardy in
poses, 328.

some situations, 86.
Robison, Sir John, K.H., his death, 188.

Verbenas and petunias, number of sorts of, 649.
Rockwork in the Walton Nursery, Liverpool, 452. Vine, grafting it, becoming general in France, 322.
Roller, an account of a bird so called, 18.

Vine, on manuring, 619.
Roses, notice of two new American ones, 125.

Vineyard at Shirley, notice of, 599.
Royal Agricultural Society of England, notice of
the annual meeting of, 455.

Walks made of asphalte recommended, 452.
Royal Botanic Society of London, its first exhibi. Warping lands on the Thames, 326.

tion in the gardens, Kegent's Park, noticed, 578. Wasps, on destroying, 42.
second exhibition in the Regent's Park, 454. Wirework, its use in gardening and agriculture
Rule, and the reason, the principle of the, 647. 83.

Wire-worm, a trap for, 646.
Scotch pine, a substitute for candle, 137 ; oil of Wire-worm destroyed by the mole, 315.

turpentine distilled from its roots, 137. Worms, lime-water for killing, 90.
Sea-kale, culture of, 430.
Sea-water, distribution of, all over the country,675. | Yucca gloridsa, notice of one in flower, 556.


London : Printed by A. SPOTTISWOODE, New-Street-Square.

ART. II. Domestic Notices.

ENGLAND. Bowood, in Wiltshire, the seat of the Marquess of Lansdowne. To all who are fond of garden scenes, in the great style of Brown's finest works, Bowood will afford considerable amusement. The water scenes form the finest features of the place. For one idea, the imitation of a vast river, Blenheim is superior; but as a lake, this has, I think, the advantage ; the expanse of water is more varied ; the accompaniment of hanging woods, varied groves, and cultivated slopes, far richer and more animated. Some scenes are truly Elysian, and present such an assemblage of the richest features of picturesque ground, that I know no place where they may be studied to more advantage. (Young's Annals of Agriculture, vol. viii. p. 79.)

SCOTLAND. Glasgow Cathedral saved by a Gardener.— When the fanatics, in the year 1567, came to pull down the cathedral of Glasgow, a gardener who stood by said: “

My friends, cannot you make it a house for serving your God in your own way? For it would cost your country a great deal to build such another.” The fanatics desisted ; and it is the only cathedral in Scotland that remains entire, and fit for service. (Earl of Buchan's Life of Andrew Fletcher, p. 41.)

ART. III. Obituary. Died, at King Street, Kilmarnock, Mr. Robert Lymburn, Nurseryman there, who has for some time back been a valuable contributor to this Magazine. When a very young lad, he was for a considerable time an assistant in Mr. Henderson's academy, Kilmarnock. For two years afterwards he was an assistant in an attorney's office; he was then employed for several years as a clerk in Kilmarnock bank, which he had to leave on account of bad health, much against the wish of the managers, who offered to double his salary if he would remain. He then worked for two years in Mr. Gemmel's nursery, Kilmarnock ; afterwards for some time in that of Messrs. Dykes and Gentles there ; then for a short time in Eagle and Henderson's, Edinburgh ; he then went to Mr. Malcolm's, London. Some time after this his father entered into partnership with Mr. Foulds, under the firm of Messrs. Foulds and Lymburn, when he was called home to take charge of the nursery department of the business ; at his father's death he withdrew his share, and became sole manager for Mr. Foulds, where he continued till the beginning of May last. On the 23d of October he entered into partnership with Mr. Dreghorn, who had been shopman with Mr. Foulds for fourteen years. The following notice of his death appeared in the Kilmarnock Journal; the same Paper containing an advertisement of his entering into business. The writer of this notice is not aware who inserted it ; but, in his opinion, it gives a fair and impartial estimate of Mr. Lymburn's character

“Mr. Lymburn had been subject to palpitation of the heart for some time past, but had gone to bed in his usual health, and he was found on the morning of the 31st of October, by his friends, dead, but still warm ; all attempts at resuscitation proving completely useless. Mr. Lymburn, who was about fifty years of age, was a man of extensive acquirements in anatomical and physiological botany, and in the principles of chemistry, as applicable to horticulture and agriculture. He was a frequent contributor to Loudon's Gardener's Magazine, the Gardener's Chronicle, and the Journal of Agricultural Chemistry, to which he sent many valuable communications. For many years past he devoted himself to experiments in practical agricul

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