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Fig. 126. Ground Plan of a Garden, for the Purpose of illustrating

Fig. 127. is a view taken from the point A, in which the objects composing it are placed in very ludicrous positions one over another. For example, the lady in the central walk appears to support on her head a circular bed of flowers, with à rustic basket containing flowers and a forest tree. The lady seated in the garden-chair a little to the left, and in the fore

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ground supports, first a pedestal and vase, next a lady, chair, cow, and tree; and so on with the rest.

To the eye of taste, this arrangement of scenery is quite as offensive as discord is to the ear of a musician. of detecting similar errors is by reflecting the landscape from the principal points of view in a small convex mirror; by which

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Fig. 127. The Perspective Elevation of 'lg. 126., as seen Prom a Point of Sight (A. in ag. 126.) too high

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Fig. 128. Perspective Elevation of the Plan (fig. 126.) taken from a .ower Point of Sight.

means it will be brought within the compass of the eye, seen as a painted landscape in a frame, and any errors in its composition detected.

Fig. 128. shows the same landscape viewed from a lower point of sight, in which every object takes its proper place.

In laying out a piece of ground with a view to produce the best effect, care should be taken to bring forward all the most prominent objects with a background by no means complex, but produced either by objects in shadow or by broad and flat masses of foliage. Small parts, such as stems of trees, or any objects producing sharp or straight lines, always confuse and cut into the form of the design.

5. Brecknock Crescent, Camden New Town, 1840.

ART. III. Phrenology for Gardeners and their Patrons. By

THOMAS Jones, I ENTIRELY agree with you(p.552.)“that young gardeners ought to be phrenologists to a certain extent,” to assist them in estimating the character of one another, as well as of those they have to deal with. I have, therefore, drawn up for you a short article on the subject, which I have illustrated with engravings; and, as I have had these made at my own expense, I hope you will find room for the article in your December Number, though I admit that it is not altogether suited to a Gardener's Magazine. You have very wisely stated (Vol. III. p. 432.) that it is by bringing other arts and sciences to bear upon the art or science which we wish to cultivate, that the greatest progress is to be made; allow me therefore to recommend phrenology to gardeners, as a science that will aid them in their choice of apprentices, journeymen, and labourers; and to masters, as an assistance in the choice of gardeners. The science of phrenology is neither more nor less than doing that from the knowledge of certain principles which we all do involuntarily; that is, form an opinion of every individual at first sight, from his personal appearance. For the principles of this science, I must refer you to the works of Mr. Combe, and to the Phrenological Journal; and, to give you confidence in my opinion, that it is destined, at no distant period, to effect most important changes in the system of education, and in the choice of all servants, whether public or private, and let me add, also in the choice of husbands or wives, and friends, I will refer you to the progress this science is making throughout Europe, and especially in Germany. I shall commence by recommending gardeners to endeavour to ascertain the defects of their own temperaments and organic conformation. Having arrived at this knowledge, they will be enabled, to a

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