« 上一頁繼續 »
Juniperus communis hibérnica, the Irish Juniper. A beautiful fastigiate variety, distinct from the Swedish juniper, which is also fastigiate, and grows on soils unfavourable to the genus.
Juniperus virginiana nàna. Original plant ten years old, and but i ft. high ; from seed here.
Juniperus virginiana horizontális. Of remarkable horizontal growth; from seed here.
Juniperus virginiana péndula. A beautiful pendulous variety. Original tree at Parndon, Essex. A tree at Levesun Gower's, Esq., Clapham Common, approaches to this in babit.
Juniperus Oxýcedrus Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 1083.
Thuja filiformis, grafted on Thùja orientalis. The most remarkable of the Cupréssinæ, and not to be forgotten by any one who has ever seen the parent plant in the arboretum at Kew. Quite unique and quite hardy.
Thuja hýbrida. This has been in the nurseries of Mr. Pearson of Chilwell, Nottingham, for forty years, under the name of the Sweet-scented Arbor Vitæ, received also from France.
Coníferæ Abiétinæ.- Pinus Pináster Lemoniànus, Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 963. This variety is occasionally, in this nursery, selected from seedlings raised here of the pinaster.
Abies ercélsa nigra. A large tree at Burleigh bears numerous cones, and forms a fine object.
Picea Pinsàpo. A large stock of plants of this species, and also of P.cephalónica,
Picea pectinata stricta. Seedlings from a remarkable fastigiate tree near Beccles, Suffolk, retaining the habit of the parent, which was destroyed in 1839 by wind.
Perforated earthenware covers to seed-pans facilitate vegetation in seeds. Peat-earth seeds are raised in pans and boxes on the shady side of hedges and other screens, supported from the ground on boards to prevent the entrance of worms, and to facilitate protection in severe weather by mats suspended from the hedge, and reaching over the pots and pans on the shelf, like a cloak.
KENT. Dartford Nursery ; J. D. Parks. — Cytisus alpinus intermèdius. Intermediate between the weeping and the common alpine or Scotch laburnum; a vigorous grower with a pendent habit ; Aowers' deep yellow; racemes very long, sometimes 15 inches. A well-marked variety, deserving general cul. tivation. A new white and a new purple cineraria have been raised by Mr. Parks, which he has not yet “ given out.”
MIDDLESEX. Horticultural Society's Garden. Berberàccæ. — Berberis umbellàta Wallich. Bot. Reg., 1842, Monthly Chron., No. 42. “ A specimen of this new hardy shrub bas fowered in the garden of W. Wells, Esq., of Redleal, where it has been raised from Nepal seeds. It is something like B. aristàta, but has much narrower leaves, very decidedly glaucous underneath. From B. Coriària it differs in the same character, and in the flowers being much smaller, and in long-stalked clusters. The branches and spines are remarkably slender. The leaves are narrow, cbovate, mucronate, slightly toothed, with very distant veins on a glaucous ground upon the under surface.” (Bot. Reg., 1872, Monthly Chron., No. 42.) – G. G.
Leguminosa.- Indigofera Dósua Dec., and Don's Miller. A straggling bush, a native of Nepal, with bright deep rose-coloured blossoms, highly ornamental. Raised in the Hort. Soc. Garden, where it flowered in May, 1840. “ It appears to be a shrub sufficiently hardy to stand an ordinary winter in the open border, and growing vigorously in any good rich garden soil. It flowers
3d Ser.—1843. II.
freely during the months of July and August in the open border, but earlier if kept in the greenhouse. It is easily increased from cuttings of the young wood, treated in the ordinary way, or by seeds.” (Bot. Reg., 1842, t. 57.) – G. G.
Amaranthàceæ. Deeringia indica Spr., syn. Celòsia baccàta Retz. - G. Gordon. September 17. 1842.
On walking through this garden on the 31st of December, we were much gratified by the state in which we found the following trees and shrubs : — Bigg's Everlasting Crab, laden with fruit, which remains on all the winter, a truly splendid sight ; Hippophae Rhamnoides fæ'mina, also covered with its orange-coloured berries, which change towards spring to a dark straw colour (there is a still more splendid specimen of this tree, covered with fruit, in the Abney Park Cemetery); Symphòria glomeràta, covered with its fine purple fruit, and forming a highly ornamental bush ; Cutoneaster frigida and affinis, both covered with fruit, but much less so in the Hort. Soc. Garden than in the Abney Park Cemetery; Elæágnus argentea (syn. Shepherdia argéntea), Córnus màs, and Hamamelis virgínica, in full flower, the Glastonbury thorn coming into flower,
The Abney Park Cemetery at Stoke Newington contains 31 acres, and a named arboretum has been planted in it by Messrs. Loddiges, which contains every hardy tree and shrub, varie:ies as well as species, that was in their collection a year ago. The names are on brick, the same as in the Hackney arboretum, and they are unfortunately already scaling off; but there will be no great expense incurred in naming them on cast iron, or on wood with castiron shanks, as in the conservatory of the Hort. Soc. Garden.
The Fulham Nursery, Fulham; Messrs. Whitley and Osborn. — As usual, a number of new kinds have been added to the catalogue. Among these is a very curious variety of the common yew, with the leaves quite adpressed to the shoots. was found in a bed of seedlings in the Chester Nursery by Messrs. Dickson, the proprietors of that establishment. The Dovaston variety of the common yew, of which a portrait is given in our Arboretum Britannicum, has also been added. There is a very handsome small plant of this variety in the Hort. Soc. Garden.
Exotic Nursery, King's Road, Chelsea ; Joseph Knight. - The following names have been sent us, of the spelling of some of which we are doubtful, never having heard of them before. Abies, sp. from New Holland
Pæònia Moútan arbórea Newmànü Cupressus Moray Sombay
papaveracea Jacquiniana sp. from Swan River
Pinus, three new and distinct sp. Fothergilla
from Alta California Cratæ gus spicata
one new and distinct sp. from Cárpinus Bétulus variegata
China Euonymus angustifolius
one new and distinct sp. from nepalensis
New Zealand Fraxinus excélsior salicifolia nova Cérasus Pàdus aucubæfòlia Fagus sylvatica grandidentàta
variegata latifolia nàna
Ptèlea trifoliàta variegata I'lex latifolia
Paulownia imperialis crassifolia
Quercus heterophylla cucullàta Jùglans règia laciniata
macrophýlla Juniperus neoboriensis
nepalensis Mahònia Knightä
Several apparently new kinds Mòrus nigra cucullata
from mountains in the northPỳrus Màlus maculata
cast of Portugal. sempervirens
Several new sps. from the Himaflòre pleno
Rh. rubeldris acerifolium
ferrugineum álbum Rhamnus cucullatus
Salix péndula nova (? S. americana Rhús copallina
péndula, p. 59.) Rhododendron pyramidàle
Tília argentea péndula [? T. europæ'a Hartoppi
péndula alba, p. 00.] òrum rubécula
macrophylla [? p. 56.] translucens
U'lmus chinensis cóncolor
pyramidalis Chélsoni punctatum
péndula nova revolùtum
NORFOLK. Great Yarmouth Nursery; Youell and Co. – Araucària imbricàta in large quantities has stood within 500 or 600 yards of the sea, and fully exposed to the cutting winds from the north-east, for two years, without the slightest injury.— Y. & Co.
SOMERSETSHIRE, Taunton Nursery ; J. Young, We visited this nursery on October ). 1842, and found it very well laid out, with an excellent dwelling-house in the form of an old English cottage, built of solid blocks of stone, and thatched, combining every comfort expected in such a dwelling, and much of elegance and refinement. There is a veranda which has an excellent effect; and this, and also one of the living-rooms, open into a handsome conservatory. We do not recollect any nurseryman's house in England that can be placed on a par with this dwelling, except the house of Mr. Veitch, sen., in the Mount Radford Nursery, Exeter. Mr. Veitch and Mr. Young are unquestionably at the head of their profession, as far as commodious and tasteful dwellings are concerned. We could refer to one or two nurserymen's houses about London, for example, the late Mr. Wilmott's house at Lewisham, where there are commodious enough rooms within, perhaps as much so as those of the houses we have mentioned ; but they form part of streets, or in some way or other are so circumstanced that they do not exhibit a single particle of taste without ; houses, in short, that no man of taste would live in, if he could possibly help it. Along the walks in the Taunton Nursery there is a tolerable arboretum, exhibiting numerous fine specimens of the more rare trees and shrubs ; and we were agreeably surprised to find the genus Cratæ gus, with only one or two exceptions, correctly named. There are remarkably fine specimens of Cratæ gus trilobata and C. virgínica, covered with fruit. In a bed of seedlings of Sophòra japonica a plant has appeared with pendent shoots, exactly like the old S. japónica péndula ; but we do not think it worth keeping distinct, any more than are the numerous plants of Quercus pedunculàta heterophylla,or Acer platanoides laciniàta, which frequently come up among seedlings of the species. There is an excellent stock of many articles, and particularly of Tilia europæ'a álba péndula, the weeping Hungarian lime, budded on the top of stems 12 ft. high. This splendid variety of lime deserves to be far more frequent than it is on lawns among curious or odd trees. We saw a new yellow Portugal broom; a new and valuable hardy variety of Lonicera sempervirens serótina ; and Lonicera Góldü, which Mr. Young considers distinct from L. occidentalis ; Arbutus procèra budded on the common species in May last, and already producing shoots above a foot in length ; Bignònia radicans supérba, quite a bush; besides a number of other articles. In the lawn, which embraces the house on three sides, and contains some pretty pieces of rockwork, enclosing bright little basins of living water, there are many fine plants. We noticed particularly Bouvárdia triphýlla spléndens, forming a bush 24 ft. high; and a group of heaths, which Mr. Reed, the foreman, has planted out in a circular
bed 54 ft. in diameter, with the intention of keeping them there through the winter. Mr. Reed recommends the surface of the bed to be 2 or 3 inches below the level of the adjoining ground, which, he says, is a protection from the frost. He suggests the idea of a large wicker basket shaped like a beehive, the top to come off, with handles on the outside to lift both top and sides on and off at pleasure, and with a canvass cover to be put over the top during heavy rains. The species planted in this bed are as follows:- Erica Hartnelli, E. assúrgens, E. echiiflòra, E. cerinthöides supérba, E. mirábilis, E. ventricòsa, E. incarnàta, E. picta, E. intermèdia, E. linnæoides, E. Wilmoreàna, E. hýbrida, E. blánda, E. trossula, E. Bowieàna, E. vérnix coccinea, E. cruénta, E. mammòsa, and E. verticillata.
STAFFORDSHIRE. Cliff Vale and Prospect Nurseries, near Leek; F. For.— Quércus pedunculàta aúrea. A new gold-striped-leaved oak, raised last year from seed.
U'lmus montàna crispa. A new curled-leaved elm, raised last year.
Fagus sylvática atro-rubens. A new variety of the purple beech; leaves more indented than those of the common purple, and the plant keeps its leaves in winter more like the common beech.
Pyrus aucuparia aúrea. A mountain ash with golden leaves, the stronger it grows the more golden the leaves appear ; raised here some years ago.
Spiræa Fóxii. A dwarf shrub, growing from 1 to 14 ft. high ; free bloomer ; colour white; raised from s. trilobàta impregnated by S. corymbosa. Flowering in June and July; with the habit of corymbosa, but a clear white, and a more compact and bardier plant.
Táxus baccàta nàna. Raised seventeen years ago from seed; and, at the present time, not more than 12 in. high.
Taxus baccata argentea. A new silver-striped yew, raised seven years ago from seed of the T. hibérnica; height, at the present time, 4 in.
I'lex Aquifolium salicifolium. A new variety of holly, with very narrow leaves.
I'lex Aquifolium serratum. Leaves deeply serrated.
Azalea póntica nàna álba Fóxii. A new white azalea, the dwarfest and best bloomer Mr. Fox has ever seen.
Erica Tétralix aúrea. Shoots of a golden yellow. Erica vulgaris nàna Fóxii. A new dwarf heath; being much smaller than E. v. dumosa.
Ribes nigrum laciniatum. Leaves cut like those of the eagle's claw. Dodecàtheon Meádia pállida. A new pale-flowered American cowslip; raised from seed of the white, with much of the habit of that yariety.
Anemone horténsis. Fifty varieties raised here from seed.
Pæònia officinalis aúrea. The common pæony, with yellow-blotched leaves. Specimen sent.
Tart Rhubarb. A new variety, raised from the red Tartarian, impregnated with R. palmatum ; large and vigorous. Leaves cut in the way of those of R. palmatum.
Nr. Fox's printed catalogue exhibits a respectable collection of forest trees seedling and transplanted, fruit trees, ornamental trees and flowering shrubs, evergreens, climbers, &c.
Clapham Rise Nursery; Henry Groom. — Mussendock. A plant from the North of India; said to be used to repel the flies from the melons.
Echites Carrássa, Poinciana règia, Abutilon bedfordiensis, Dasylírion filisórme, Francíscea Lockhártii, Manéttia spléndens, Bignònia speciosa, Æschynánthus Horsfállü, Gesnera digitális, Zièria lavigàta, Clerodendron laurifolium.
Twelve varieties of hardy lilies, between Lílium atrosanguineum and L. bulbiferum: rather dwarf, with very large umbels and beautiful rich-coloured flowers ; some of them spotted and marked with a darker colour.
Agapánthus márimus. ' Fine blue, tall, with a very large head.
Euonymus fimbriatus. This promises to be a first-rate evergreen shrub. I have not yet tried if it is hardy in this climate. : Euonymus tingens. I have only one plant of this, therefore do not know much of it. · Tetranthèra japonica. A beautiful evergreen shrub; and, if hardy, will be a most desirable addition to the British arboretum.
Gaultheria cordàta. This, I should think, is quite hardy.
sp. From India. New Cross Nursery; Cormack and Oliver. — Cormack's Prince Albert Pea. The earliest and best sort we have ever seen. A quantity was put into the ground on the 14th of March last, and the produce was fit for the table on the 25th of April following, being only forty-two days from the day of sowing to the date of gathering ; and, we think, if it were sown about the present time (Nov. 14.) it would come in earlier in the season.
The British Queen Pea; syn. the St. Helier's Pea, Lauson. See Saunders's Nursery, under Jersey; and Lawson's Nursery, under Edinburghshire.
The Incomparable Cos Lettuce. Peculiarly crisp and juicy : perfectly. hardy as a winter lettuce, not apt to run in summer, and requiring no tying. Cormack and Oliver. Nov. 14. 1842.
The Deepdene, near Dorking ; H.T. Hope, Esq., M.P. - An unnamed species of Arbutus from Mexico'flowered here and at other places last autumn, for the first time in England. — J. B. Whiting. Jan. 16. 1843.
Birmingham Botanic Garden. - Coníferæ : Pines, Firs, fc.- Pinus Hartwègü, P. Pseudo-Stròbus, P. Llaveana, P. Teocòle, and Abies religiosa, remained in the Birmingham Botanic Garden, in a rather unfavourable soil, uninjured, without the slightest protection. P. Devoniàna and P. Russelliana perished more, I believe, from continued wet, and from being in a naturally springy soil, than from the severity of the winter. Cupressus thurifera stood well. — D. Cameron. Oct. 24. 1842.
Onagraceæ. - Fuchsia macrostèmon discolor Lindl.; Hort. Brit., p. 636. This plant is a shy flowerer in pots, but it proves so hardy that none of its most tender shoots were injured last winter, while other species were killed back to near the surface. It flowered freely, and ripened plenty of seed. From the form of the berries, Mr. Cameron, of the Birmingham Botanic Garden, thinks it is entitled to be raised to the rank of a species. — Idem.
Ranunculaceæ Clematideæ. Clématis Sieboldti and C. azùrea grundiflòra have stood the winter well, and the latter has ripened seeds. - Idem.
Stoneleigh Abbey, near Coventry. - A new Pine-apple raised from seed of the old Queen. The leaf is of a dark chocolate colour, the plant has the habit of the Queen, but the shape of the fruit resembles that of the Enville. Raised in March, 1834, and fruited in October, 1840. Likely to prove a valuable variety. — John Brown, Gardener. Stoneleigh Abbey, Nov. 16. 18+2.
YORKSHIRE. Hope Nursery, Leeming Lane, Bedale ; W. May. Quercus álba, nìgra, and rúbra do no good in this part of Yorkshire, either as useful or ornamental trees,
A'rbutus Unedo var, stricta. A compact upright-growing plant, very different from anything Mr. May has seen. Raised from seed.