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state of the trees, they appeared to have borne an excellent crop.
There is a house built here, of the most extraordinary dimensions, for the purpose for which it was built, that I have ever seen. It covers a quarter of an acre and eight square yards of ground; 303 ft. long by 23 ft. wide, with a span roof, glass ends, and front sashes nearly to the level of the ground, and it contains 14,978 ft. of glass. There are large folding-doors at each end. There is a gravel walk down the centre of this house, wide enough for a lady to drive her carriage and turn round at each end of the house without going out of it, or in the centre, as may be convenient. The house is heated by hot water, and fitted up with stages sloping from each side ; a trelliswork is fitted up all round the front and ends, and an immense quantity of peas and strawberries are forced in it with the greatest success; as Mr. Smith told me he had green peas every day, if he wanted them, from the middle of December until they came in out of doors, and strawberries from the middle of February until they were fit to gather in the open air. The stages are filled with small greenhouse plants, geraniums, cinerarias, bulbs, and other winter-flowering plants ; and below the stages are grown seakale, rhubarb, asparagus, and salads of various descriptions, which afford an ample supply for the table. There are also trees budded at certain heights to suit the stages, such as cherries, plums, and apricots, the trees being planted in a border below the stage; but, as the roof is a fixture, they found they could not give the trees that rest which nature requires. I was glad to hear from Mr. Saunders that Mr. Smith is building a house 90 ft. long for forcing cherries, &c.; and that all the trees are about to be removed from the large house, which, in my opinion, will much improve it.
The stables, as might be expected, are good ; each horse has an enclosed box by himself, as Mr. Smith allows none to be tied up.
There is also here one of the largest rides I have ever seen, for exercising horses in bad weather, covered in and kept in first-rate order.
The dog-kennels are good, and as clean as any place of the kind can be. The water which supplies these kennels, the house, and the gardens, is raised from a deep well on the top of the hill, by an engine of several horse-power. While looking at the kennels, I could not but contrast in my mind the splendid lodgings appropriated for Mr. Smith's dogs, and the miserable damp hovels, in back sheds, generally set apart for under-gardeners. But, in my opinion, the gardeners are much more to blame than their employers. I speak from experience when I state, I never had any difficulty in the situations I have held, on having the thing properly explained to my employers, of having proper places built for that purpose. When I came here, between five and six years ago, His Lordship was kind enough to allow me to build proper places for the young men here, and at Whitehaven. Men in such situations have a right to expect protection and comfort from their masters. I am glad when I see men in a clean place, comfortable and happy; it is a great inducement to them to stop at home and study their business. I have been induced to say this much, having suffered from having to live in such miserable places as I never wish to see any young man in.
I was glad to see the spirited manner in which every department is carried on at Tidworth : there seems to be no want of help there. -- Lowther Castle Gardens, Oct. 16. 1843.
Art. IV. Descriptive Notice of some of the Gardens and Scenery
around Stirling, the Strath of Monteith, and Strathearn. By James DRUMMOND, Gardener at Blair-Drummond.
INTRODUCTION, WHEN Mrs. Loudon and you were in Scotland, in 1841, you visited some of the noblemen's and gentlemen's seats in the neighbourhood of Stirling; but, as your time was very limited, and the weather very wet, you regretted that you could not do justice to your tour in that quarter,
as you had to pass some of the places you wished to see, and others you only got a glimpse of.
I believe, some time ago, I promised to give you a descriptive notice of the gardens at Keir, the seat of Archibald Stirling, Esq., of which you gave but a very short notice in your interesting periodical, the Gardener's Magazine.
As there are a great many fine gardens and forest trees around Stirling, the Strath of Monteith, and Strathearn, I intend (if time and health permit me) to give you a short description of some of them, in the following order.
Keir Gardens, new pinetum, park, and some of the large trees. Kippinross Garden, a drawing of the brass plate on the large sycamore, measurement of other large trees, &c. Dunblane, the old cathedral, and other buildings. Holm Hill, Anchorfield, and Mr. Barty's select collection of plants. Returning down the left bank of the river Allan, by Kippenret Glen, I shall take notice of some rare plants to be found there, then pass on to Airthrey mineral wells. From the wells to Stirling Castle hill, taking notice of some of the plants to be found on the hill; leaving the Messrs. Drummond's nursery, and some of the gardens to the south-east of Stirling, till another opportunity.
Leaving the Castle hill, I will proceed south-west along the Touch and Campsie hills, having in this route, between the hills on the left hand and the river Forth on the right, Touch House, the fine cedar of Lebanon, Oriental plane, and other trees; Gar
gunnock House, garden, and large Spanish chestnut trees; Leckie House, garden, and fine Scotch fir trees; Bouquhan House, garden, and trees; Kippin village and churchyard ; Arngomery House, the large yew tree and others.
After passing Arngomery, I will cross to the north side of the Forth by Cardros Bridge, take notice of the fine park, large trees, and beautiful grassy lawns and gardens at Cardros House; port of Monteith; the Loch islands, and religious building, now in ruins, also the fine large old Spanish chestnut, and other trees in the islands: then turning eastward, between the Forth on the right and the Teith on the left, take notice of the garden, the ponds, the fine park, and large transplanted trees at Rednock House; Lendrick Castle and parks; Deanston garden, and fine collection of showy border plants, and new greenhouse.
Taking a very short notice of Blair-Drummond, as you have been kind enough to notice it particularly in a previous Number of the Gardener's Magazine, I will cross the river Teith by the old bridge near Doune, and notice the village, the old castle, Cottage Garden Society, and the garden at Newton, and fine old trees in the vicinity of the old castle of Doune; Kilbride Castle, a little to the north-east, and Doune Lodge, a little to the north-west of Doune. I will then proceed westward, along the north bank of the Teith to Cambusmore, the Gart, and the village of Callander; then, entering the pass of Lenne, up Loch Lubnaig side, giving the girts of some fine large Scotch firs growing at the top of the loch. Then passing through Strathtyre to Loch Earn head, give a description of some of the scenery on both sides of the loch; Edinample Castle ; Ardvorlich House and large thorn tree; St. Fillan's, at the foot of the loch ; the scenery at Dundum, south side of the Earn; Dunira House, gardens, and fine range of hothouses and melon pits, on the north side of the Earn ; Dalchonzie House and little paradise of a garden, on the south side of the Earn; Aberuchill Castle farther on, on the same side, with its straight, wide, and extensive avenues of large old trees.
Crossing the Earn by the bridge of Ross, to Comrie, I will give a short notice of that interesting village; Dunmore Hill, a little above the village, with the stately column of solid granite, erected in memory of Lord Melville, which surmounts it, and the impetuous, roaring, mountain stream which falls into the deep, dark, cauldron or horrible abyss which lurks among the shaggy rocks and coppice wood at its eastern base. Leaving the village of Comrie, I will proceed to Lawers House, and notice the garden, park, extensive avenues of stately trees, &c.; farther on, to Ochtentyre House, fine ponds, large trees, garden, and large laurels. Crossing to the south side of the Earn, I will give a short notice of Strowan House, &c. From Strowan House to Crieff, on the north side of the Earn; from Crieff to Fern
tower; Monzie, and the large larches; Culteque; Abercarney House and gardens; Millearn House, with its gardens and greenhouses ; Gask House, garden, and large Spanish chestnut and other trees; Balgowan House, parks, and large cedar of Lebanon; Methven Castle, garden, &c. ; Lyendoch Cottage garden ; scenery on the river Amond, Bessy Bell's and Mary Gray's graves; Perth nurseries ; Hill of Kinnoul ; Hill of Moncrieff; Moncrieff House and gardens; Duplin Castle, garden, and large trees. After leaving Duplin, I will cross the Earn by the bridge of Forteviot to Invermay; then along the south side of the Earn to Duncrub; Auchterarder House; Strathallan Castle; Culdees Castle, and Drummond Castle ; from Drummond Castle along the Crieff and Stirling road to Ardoch, and then from Ardoch to Stirling, &c. &c.
This route will, of course, occupy a series of letters; but having visited all the places above mentioned, and lived at, and in the neighbourhood of, some of them, and having measurements of a great many of the trees, and other notes regarding all or most of them, I shall, as the evenings are now getting long, have ample leisure and opportunity to engage in this delightful task. If you consider that my letters may be of any benefit to any of your readers, and worthy of a place in the Gardener's Magazine, their insertion will be ample compensation for my labour. I will take notice of the habitats of some of the most interesting of our Scottish plants as I go along. My next, if well, will be a visit to Keir Gardens.
Blair-Drummond Gardens, by Doune, Oct. 19. 1843.
Art. V. A Classical Garden of the Mason School of Design, pre.
valent about the Middle of the last Century, exemplified in the Grounds of Stoke Park, near Windsor, the Seat of John Penn, Esq. Communicated by Robert Osborn.
[The following communication has been in our possession since 1833; see our Vol. for that year, p. 529. We owe many apologies to Mr. Osborn for not having before published it. We have not engraved the very beautifully drawn map which accompanied the MS., because, to reduce it so as to come within our page, would render it of little use. We consider the description of great interest, as showing the style of laying out flower.gardens, and orna. menting them with statues, busts, inscriptions, &c., so strongly approved of by Mason the poet, and exemplified by him at Newnham-Courtnay, near Oxford, between 1770 and 1780. The present possessor of Stoke Park is Granville Penn, Esq., and under his direction the place has undergone some alterations, which are decided improvements. At this time, 1843, it is in escellent keeping.
In compliance with yonr request, I send you a little plan of Stoke Park (drawn by my son William), the seat of I. Penn, Esq., grandson of the celebrated Wm. Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, and original proprietor of that province ; but I am apprehensive that, being upon so small a scale, it will be of little use to you.
The park contains about 300 acres within the paling. It lies nearly due north from Windsor, and is distant from it four miles. To render this park what it is, the skill of artists of the first celebrity (Richmond, Brown, Repton, Wyatt, &c. &c.,) has been called in to aid in beautifying and adorning, and generally, it is allowed, with the happiest success ; the architectural struc. tures, the artificial rivers, and sylvans cenery, forming most picturesque and pleasing combinations.
The house is a large modern building composed of Grecian and Roman architecture, having four fronts. The south one, or garden front, commands a magnificent view of Windsor Castle ; the forest, with St. Leonard's on the right, and the Surrey hills on the left. In this view (and the like may be said of all the rest), the boundary of the park is perfectly concealed, and the grouping of the trees so judiciously contrived, and made to blend so well with the intermediate and distant country, as to give these grounds the effect of indefinite extent.
The view from the east front (though not of that bold character as the former) is a much-admired vista, terminated by a swelling wood of dark pines at a distance of three miles, called Black Park, belonging to R. Harvey, Esq., giving fine relief to the monument erected in memory of Gray, a handsome stone sarcophagus on a lofty pedestal, with inscriptions in the panels of its four sides. ' In three of these are quotations from his works, and in the fourth the following memento :
WAS ERECTED A.D. 1799,
HE DIED JULY 30. 1771,
RECORDED THE INTERMENT OF HIS AUNT
AND LAMENTED MOTHER, This spot is much resorted to by persons of taste, both on account of its beauty, as well as to contemplate those scenes which are supposed to have inspired the muse of Gray to compose some of the most beautiful of his poems. From here may be seen, at the east end of the church, under the window, the gravestone under which the mortal remains of the poet are “for ever laid.” The picturesque chimneys, and a remnant of the old manorhouse, the subject of Gray's “ Long Story,” is also seen a little to the right of the church. When seated on the plinth of this monument, and looking westward, the eye takes in, in beautiful succession, over beds of flowers in the foreground, the noble mansion at a distance; fine forms and masses of wood, producing great variety of light and shade ; the church and churchyard; at a distance, in an opening in the park, a lofty column supporting the statue of Sir E. Coke; and the picturesque old mansion; the harmonising effect of these objects coinposing a finished picture. But to go back to the east front of the house; the bridge is a great ornament to this view, both from its position and its form, which is a small segment of a circle, with balustrades and three semicircular arches, the whole built of stone. The spire of the church, too, is an important object in this view, scen rising out of a mass of wood that “crowns the watery glade.”
The north front, being that of approach, has but little to recommend it to notice, the whole space on this side the pales being very flat; and, although it is well wooded, yet there are a heaviness and formal squareness in the outlines ill adapted, in my opinion, to gratify the eye accustomed to view these things with taste and discrimination. The monotony, however, is somewhat relieved by a high wood at a distance, and also by the lofty Doric column (before noticed) supporting the statue of that great lawyer Sir Edward Coke, who died, at an advanced age, in the old manor house.