« 上一頁繼續 »
Fig. 9. A Cottage of Two Rooms made the most of. 1, kitchen, where a press bedstead might be put if there were any children; c, pantry; d, wood; e, privy; f, ashes; g, coals; and h is the parlour, in which is the recess for the bed (i) with a tasteful curtain in front. This recess is well aired by an opening through to the kitchen, close to the ceiling. To give some idea of the comfort of the room, I would just observe, that in the bottom of the new window there is a large covered box which serves as a wash-hand stand for the wife when there is any one in the kitchen, and for the husband on a Sunday while the wife is engaged in the other room with her culinary matters; it also serves to hold brushes, combs, &c., to prevent the room having the appearance of a bed-room, while the top, at other times, answers the purpose of a work-table. The sofa is placed at l, the clock in case at m, a chest of drawers at n, and tables at o. The closet (P) was made for holding clothes, linen, &c., and any thing that would, if left in the parlour, make it look like a bed-room.
We have recently converted an old barn into a comfortable little two-storied cottage; the outline happened to be of a form that was easily convertible into a neat simple old English cot. Shall I send it to you? [We shall feel very much obliged for it. Such communications are the more desirable, after what our correspondent T. M. has stated respecting the converting of old stables and outhouses into human habitations, and large cottages into small ones, &c., in p. 44.]
Derbyshire, July 13. 1842.
Art. IV. Report on rare or select Articles in certain British Nur
series and private Gardens. Drawn up from personal inspection, or from communications received. By the ConducTOR.
(Continued from p. 40. and concluded.)
HERTFORDSHIRE. Tue Sawbridgeworth Nursery; T. Rivers, jun. — We visited this nursery Oct. 20. 1842, and were much gratified by the extent of the collection, the excellence of the soil, and the great vigour of the plants. So many curious things we have scarcely ever found in any nursery.
Mr. Rivers makes an extensive tour among the Continental nurserymen every year; and, as these are continually straining every nerve to procure new varieties, he seldom returns without something new. Notwithstanding this, there are still a number of things in the Jardin des Plantes, particularly acers and Polygonàceæ, which are not in British nurseries, but which Mr. Rivers might procure through M. Camuzet. (See Gard. Mag. 1840, p. 394.) We do not give the names in the following list as entirely new, though some of them are 80; we give them simply as those of articles which we thought at the time were noticeable from the vigour of their growth, comparative rarity, or from the large stock in hand. If we had more leisure and room, we should notice some of Mr. Rivers's propagating-houses, as being of very judicious and economical construction, in which he has applied Arnott's stove, and the British sheet glass, in a very economical and satisfactory manner. We have taken no notice of Mr. Rivers's collection of roses, because every body knows it to be one of the most comprehensive and select in this country. They are all named with zinc labels written on with prepared ink, which Mr. Rivers finds to remain quite clear after having been in use upwards of ten years. The ink used is not that invented by M. Teichmacher, and sold by Thompson and Gordon, Fenchurch Street; but one composed as follows: Nitrate of copper, 1 drachm; hydrochlorate of ammonia, 2 drachms; lampblack, 2 scruples; and water, 4 oz. This ink is very black and legible, and not so liable to produce a white crust as that of M. Teichmacher. After being written upon, the labels require drying in a hot sun, or on a stove, for two or three days; for, unless they are well dried, they contract a white crust, which soon covers the letters, and ends in obliterating them. Whenever this white crust appears, it should be rubbed off with linseed oil and flannel.
The writing on these labels, Mr. Rivers observes, seems as if it would last for ever, for rain, frost, and sunshine seem to have no effect upon it. A cheaper label, either for a private or public garden, cannot well be.
Ranunculàcee Clematideæ. - Clématis Viticélla major. A variety with very large blue flowers; a beautiful climber.
Clématis macropétala, Atrágene macropétala Ledebour. Has not yet bloomed here. Habit distinct. Belgium.
Berberàceæ.–Bérberis petiolaris Wallich. H. S. “ This is a very distinct species, with the largest leaves of any of the simple-leaved berberries yet in. troduced. It is from the North of India, and quite hardy. It was first raised in the gardens of the Society from seed received from Dr. Royle.” – G. G.
Bérberis vulgaris spathulata. A slender-twigged variety, very distinct.
B. vulgaris foliis purpùreis, Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 1111. The purple-leaved Berberry. Its leaves and spines, in early summer, are of a deep purple colour, and the calyx of the flowers of a dark brown. A very elegant shrub. Belgium.
Bérberis vulgaris Fischèrii. Has long slender shoots ; deciduous. Belgium.
Mahònia fascicularis hýbrida, M. rèpens fasciculàris, Encyc. of Trces and Shrubs, p. 53. Of fastigiate robust growth, the foliage very large, and the plant quite hardy. A fine variety.
Cistàcea.- Cístus. A species from Mexico; a curious trailing plant; has not yet bloomed.
“ It is the Heliánthemum glomeràtum of Sweet." — G. G. Tiliàceæ,— Tilia europæ'a macrophylla. A magnificent variety, with robust shoots, and leaves of enormous size. Plants of the common lime raised from seed of the Dutch lime imported from France, are of a habit much more robust and fastigiate than those of the common lime when raised from layers, as it commonly is in this country. The leaves of seedlings also remain on the trees from a fortnight to three weeks later than they do in plants raised from layers.
Ternströmiàceæ. - Thèa Bohèa major. Seeiningly a hybrid between T. Bohèa and T. víridis. Habit robust and distinct. Belgium.
Acerâceæ. — A`cer palmàtum H. S. Quite hardy in this nursery. Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 90.
Æsculàceæ. - Æsculus Hippocastanum spectábile, with very large leaves. Has not yet flowered. France.
Æ'sculus Hippocastanum flòre pleno Baumann. Forms a long spike of imbricated flowers. Has bloomed at Angers. It flowers were described by M. Leroy of Angers as much like those of Chionánthus virgínica, the fringe tree.
Staphyleàccæ.-Staphylèa Emodi Dr. Royle.
Euonymus rèpens. A hardy evergreen species of horizontal growth, from Belgium.
Euonymus europeus péndulus. A curious weeping variety.
Aquifoliacea. - I'lex madeirénsis nigréscens. À dark-leaved variety raised from seed here, seemingly much more hardy than the species. I'lex madeirensis fòl. variegatis. A partially variegated variety from France. I'ler vomitòria. I'lex castaneæfölin and I. ligustrifolia. Apparently varieties of I'lex Cassine. I'lcx opaca recúrva. Leaves recurved. l'ler cestivalis (Prinos).
Rhamnacea. Paliùrus Pallasii. Belgium. “ Probably the same as Rhámnus Pallàsü, a species nearly related to the curious Ř. Erythróxylon, and seems intermediate between R. Erythróxylon and R. lycioìdes." — G. G.
Ceanothus hybridus cærùleus. A hardy elegant shrub with blue flowers, between C. americànus and C. azureus.
Ceanothus hybridus flòre cárneo. From the same source, with flesh-coloured flowers.
Leguminàceæ Lòtea. — Spártium radiàtum, grafted on the laburnum. The double furze has also flourished from four to five years on this stock. It was killed in the winter of 1837-8. The white Portugal broom and the common English broom, grafted on the laburnum, make singular plants.
Genísta pilòsa, grafted on the laburnum. Also a singular pendulous plant.
Cýlisus sessilifolius var. stríctus. A free-growing upright variety from France. Forms fine standards.
Robinia Pseud-Àcàcia péndula. Trained up, or grafted standard high, from a dwarf bush it forms a graceful semni-pendulous tree.
Robínia Gondouiniana. A curious dwarf variety with very large leaves.
Robinia hispida major. Forms a fine drooping tree when grafted standard high. It requires its shoots to be shortened twice in summer, to prevent damage from wind. If the points of the shoots are pinched out with the finger and thumb in June, the plant will bloom again in September. A beautiful tree.
Leguminàceæ Cassièæ. Cércis Siliquastrum flòre cárneo. Has pale fleshcoloured flowers.
Cércis Siliquástrum flòre álbo. Has flowers nearly white.
Rosàceæ Amygdaleæ. - Amygdalus communis grandiflora. Has very long leaves and large flowers.
Amygdalus Pérsica péndula, the pendulous-branched Peach. Handsome.
Amygdalus incana, the hoary-leaved dwarf almond. A pretty shrub, not uncommon.
Amygdalus Pérsica nana, the dwarf Orleans Peach. Grows but two inches in a season, and bears fruit in pots.
Amygdalus nana flòre álbo, the white-flowering dwarf Almond. A handsome shrub.
Amygdalus ispahana flòre plèno, the double Ispahan Peach. With very narrow leaves and slender shoots.
Armeniaca vulgàris incisa, the cut-leaved Apricot. France.
Cérasus Padus heterophylla variegata. A pretty variegated small tree, from France.
Cérasus Padus aucubæfòlia. Has large spotted leaves, like the aucuba. France.
Cérasus Pàdus rùbra, the Cornwall Bird-cherry.
Cérasus Laurocérasus var. stricta. Raised from seed in Wilson's Nursery, Derby.
Cérasus Laurocérasus colchica. A variety of the common laurel, with slender shoots, rather pendulous. Booth of Hamburg.
Cherries are in this nursery grafted on Cérasus Mahalcb, for dwarf trees and for potting.
Rosacea Spiræèa .-Spiræ'a Reevesiàna and S. arctica. Dwarf shrubs, with white flowers. “ Spiræ'a Reevesiana Hort. is the Spiræ'a lanceolata Poir., Bot. Reg., and Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 1114., a handsome nearly evergreen species, with rather large corymbs of white flowers. It appears to be quite hardy." — G. G.
Rosàcee Ròsea. — Rósa Bánksiæ spinósa álba. A very robust-growing variety ; its vigorous shoots have numerous recurved spines.
Rosacea Pòmee.- Cotoneaster denticulata and C. marginata. Very pretty evergreen species. The latter has around its leaves a bright silvery margin, in which only it seems to differ from the former. “ Cotoneaster denticulata is very distinct from C. marginàta. The latter is nearly related to C. buxifolia, but differing in having larger and more marginate leaves, and is from the North of India; while the former has leaves nearly as large, resembling those of C. nummulària, and is from Mexico.” — G.G.
Méspilus germánica var. Neflier monstruèuse. A large variety of the Nottingham medlar, which grows well grafted on the common thorn.
Pyrus Sorbus var. Sorbier de Neuilly. Apparently a variety of Pyrus Sórbus with very large pinnated leaves.
Pyrus nivea. A variety of P. A'ria resembling P.vestìta, but very hardy and robust.
Pyrus Aria latifolia, Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 434. Pyrus lanuginosa Ibid. p. 438. Pyrus edulis, Ibid. p. 433. All these grafted on Pyrus Aria make fine ornamental trees; the last is rather a rare variety, and the fruit is good to eat.
Pears grafted on Pýrus A'ria unite well and grow freely, but they have not yet fruited at Sawbridgeworth, Pyrus spectábilis Riversii
. A variety obtained here from seed, in an attempt to fertilise the species with Pyrus japonica. Flowers larger and deeper in colour than the species; habit more robust ; leaves more rugose.
Granatàceæ.-Pùnica Granatum plenum màjus, the Grenadier Royale of France, with very large flowers, and robust habit. A splendid variety. France.
Pùnica Granàlum álbo plèno. A double variety with “ large double white flowers.” France.
Punica Granatum nanum álbo pleno, the dwarf double white Pomegranate. France. Philadelphàcea.-Philadelphus mericanus. A pretty very dwarf species.
Nitrariácea.—Nitraria Schóberi. In sandy loam, salt occasionally applied. Killed in most nurseries in 1837-8.
Grossulàceæ.-Ribes Menzièsii. A beautiful species, not common.
Ribes hybridum. A hybrid between R. aureum and R. sanguíneum. Raised by D. Beaton. Pretty and distinct.
Caprifoliàceæ. - Lonicera sempervirens supérba. A large-flowering variety.
Lonicera sempervirens serótina. A vigorous-growing variety ; blooms till November. From Mr. Young of Taunton, in which neighbourhood it was originated in 1837, or before.
Lonicera occidentalis. Glaucous leaves, and orange-coloured flowers ; very hardy and robust.
Lonicera Góldii. A variety of the above. “Lonicera (Caprifolium) Góldi, if correct, is the same as Lonicera (Caprifolium) pubescens, and not like Caprifolium occidentàle of Douglas." – G. G.
Lonicera aúrea. Quite distinct from L. fàva ; grows more freely, with pale yellow flowers. Belgium.
Ericàcece Ericee.-A'rbutus. From the Crimea; belongs to the A. Andráchne family, with deep red petioles. Has not yet flowered here.
A'rbutus magnífica, A. prunifòlia, and A. magnoliæfòlia, are hybrids from A. Andráchne.
A’rbutus Millèrii. A red-flowering hybrid, with the habit of A. Andráchne hýbrida. Bristol Nursery. See Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 575.
Ericàcea Rhodòreæ.-Rhododendron lüteum. With rugose evergreen leaves. Said to be a hybrid between R. caucásicum and Azalea póntica. Habit dwarf and bushy.
Rhododendron Adansonii Baumann. A new species; probably a hybrid of the R. azaleoides family. A pretty dwarf evergreen bush.
Rhododendron azaleoides álbum. Flowers white. Belgium.
Rhododendron Wilsonii. A pretty dwarf hybrid, with some apparent affinity to R. myrtifolium.
Pernettya floribúnda. A dwarf and pretty hardy evergreen shrub.
Olcàceæ Fraxineæ. — Fraxinus sp. From Kamaon. Dr. Royle, “ This is the Oʻrnus floribundus of Dr. Wallich." — G. G.
Fráxinus excélsior glomerata. Forms curious pendulous shoots. Found on a tree of the common ash at Stanstead Bury, Herts. When grafted on the common ash, it becomes a stiff glomerated dwarf tree.
Olea excélsa. Grafted on the common privet.
Ligustrum angustifolium. Apparently a variety of L. vulgàris, with very long leaves. Belgium. ' Ligustrum angustifolium is not L. nepalense, but is the Phillyrea robústa of Wallich, which was raised by Messrs. Loddiges. L. nepalénse is the same as L. vestìtum of Wallich, a plant with large broad pubescent leaves, resembling those of the common lilac.” - G. G.
Ligústrum vulgare buxifòlium. A very distinct and pretty compact variety; decidedly evergreen. From Mr. Smith' of Worcester.
Ligustrum grandiflorum. Evergreen, with pubescent foliage, seemingly halfhardy.
Oleaceae Syringeæ.-Syringa vulgaris grandiflora. A very strong-growing variety ; the flowers are not er than those of the species, but the spikes are very large-shouldered, like the bunches of some varieties of grapes: much like Lilac Charles X., but more robust. It forms a fine standard.
Lilac Prince Notger. A new variety from the Continent, with long pointed leaves ; has not yet flowered here.