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blade, I find very useful for moving the 98 in
soil round the rims of the pots, to clear
out any obstruction that is likely to pre-s
vent a free diffusion of water.

I well know it is an idea many people
have, that it is loss of time to hoe 6
before they have a crop of weeds; and
they have encouraged their growth for
a considerable time, as if they were in

1 some fear of losing the stock of them. In good cultivation a weed ought never to be seen. I do not agree

with those that tell us one good weeding is worth two hoeings: I say, never weed any crop Fig. 110. Crane-necked Hoes of the in which a hoe can be got between the plants; not so much for the sake of destroying weeds and vermin, which must necessarily be the case, if hoeing is well done, as for increasing the porosity of the soil, to allow the water and air to penetrate freely through it. I am well convinced, by long and close practice, that oftentimes there is more benefit derived by crops from keeping them well hoed, than there is from the manure applied. By keeping the surface of the earth clean, open, and healthy, nature supplies herself: it is not only the means of eradicating weeds and vermin, but through it (stirring the soil) vegetables profit in every way; they are clean, healthy, and of a finer flavour. Had not our country produced weeds, I am apt to think, we should never have thought of using the hoe, or any other fertilising tool. My rule is to hoe, fork, and stir the surface, at every opportunity, when it is in a proper state for performing these operations. Weeds or no weeds, still I keep stirring the soil; well knowing, from practice, the very beneficial effect which it has. It is attended with little trouble, and only requires to be adopted as a system. Raking the surface fine I have almost wholly dispensed with, in every department, as I have plainly seen the ill effects of it many times; and this is a season it must be much felt, particularly on all kinds of heavy soils : the heavy rains will run the surface together, and bind it so as to become caked, “livery," and "steely.” [See p. 429.) By hoeing with judgement and foresight, the surface can be left even, wholesome, and porous ;

and three hoeings can be accomplished to one hoeing and raking. Much injury is done by raking the surface so very much, in more ways than one. It is not only the means of binding and caking the surface, but it clears the stones off as well. The earth in its natural state has stones, decayed roots, and vegetation, to keep it open and porous, and, by their decomposition, gradually to add to the earths of the soil.

It also contains naturally numerous insects, worms, and moles. If the earth is sufficiently drained, either naturally or otherwise, and the surface kept open, there is no fear of suffering either from drought or moisture; and it is healthy for the animal as well as the vegetable kingdom.

Bicton Gardens, June 6. 1843.

ART. VI. On Laying out and Planting the Lawn, Shrubbery, and

Flower-Garden. By the CONDUCTOR.

(Continued from p. 445.) The design, fig. 111., is for the distribution of a collection of herbaceous plants according to the natural system. It has been carried into execution in the Vice-Regal Gardens at Monza, near Milan, by Signor Giuseppe Manetti, the director of these gardens. To this distinguished honour M. Manetti, who has been our correspondent for many years, has been recently elevated; and the appointment appears to us to do equal honour to him and to his royal master.

The ground possesses no advantages in point of form or surface, and is rather limited. If the area had been of greater extent, M. Manetti observes, the genera would have been separated from each other by a line of differentcoloured plants, such as Armèria vulgàris ; but there was no room for any thing of this kind. The plants included in this collection are chiefly such as are not common in Italy. The arrangement is as follows; the spaces between the beds being turf, and the main walks gravel ; the whole surrounded by a wall, except at the west end. A. THALAMIFLO'RÆ. 9. Umbelliferæ.

D. MONOCHLAMY'DEÆ, 1. Ranunculaceæ. 10. Araliàceæ.

1. Plantagineæ. 2. Berberideæ. 11. Rubiaceæ.

2. Nyctagineæ. 3. Podophyllaceæ. 12. Valeriànece.

3. Polygoneæ. 4. Papaveraceæ. 13. Dipsàceæ.

4. Euphorbiacea. 5. Fumariàceæ. 14. Compositæ.

5. Urticeæ. 6. Crucíferæ. 15. Lobeliàcee.

6. Resedaceæ. 7. Cistineæ. 16. Campanulàceæ.

7. Piperàceæ. 8. Violarièæ. 9. Caryophylleæ. C. COROLLIFLO'RE.

E. ENDO'GENÆ. 10. Lineæ.

1. Orchideæ, 11. Malvaceæ.

1. Apocyneæ.

2. Irideæ. 12. Hypericínea. 2. Asclepiadea.

3. Amaryllideæ. 13. Geraniàceæ. 3. Gentiàncæ.

4. Hemerocallideæ. 14. Zygophylleæ. 4. Bignoniace.

5. Smilàceæ. 15. Rutaceæ.

5. Convolvulàceæ. 6. Asphodèleæ.

6. Polemoniàceæ. 7. Tulipàceæ. B. CALYCIFLO'RÆ. 7. Boragineæ.

8. Melanthàceæ. 1. Leguminòsæ. 8. Solàneæ.

9. Aröideæ. 2. Rosàceæ.

9. Scrophulariaceæ. 10. Júnceæ. 3. Onagràriæ. 10. Labiatæ.

11. Cyperacea. 4. Lythrariàceæ. 11. Verbenaceæ.

12. Gramíneæ. 5. Melastomàceæ. 12. Acanthàceæ. 6. Passiflòreæ. 13. Primulàceæ.

P. ACRO'GENE. 7. Crassulaceæ. 14. Globulàriæ.

1. Filices. 8. Saxifràgeæ.

15. Plumbagíneæ. 2. Equisetàceæ.

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Fig. 1). Natural Arrangement of Herbaceous Plants in the Vice-Regal Gardens at Monss.

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Jasminum heterophyllum, Erythrina Crísta-gálli, Poinciana Gillièsü, Pittósporum Tobira, Siphocampylos bícolor, Raphiolepis salicifolia, Diospyros Kaki

, Cliánthus puniceus, Edwardsia microphylla, E. grandiflora, Bupleurum coriàceum, B. fruticosum, Passiflora cærulea, P. cærulea cæruleo-racemosa, Escallònia montevidensis, E. rubra, E. floribunda, Fuchsia venusta, F. fúlgens, F. corymbiflora, Hovènia dulcis, Azalea indica, Callistèmon lanceolatus, Illícium floridànum, Grabówskia boerhaaviæfòlia, Laurus Borbònia, Serissa fæ'tida, Elæágnus argentea, Búddlea globosa, Cytisus nubígenus, Arbutus Andráchne, A. Andráchne serratifolia, Genísta thyrsiflòra, Ligústrum lùcidum, L. nepalénse, Ceanothus cæruleus, Benthàmia acuminata, B. fragífera, O'lea fràgrans, O. fràgrans longifolia, Pernéttia mucronata, Camellia japonica, Cneòrum bícolor, Duvaua dependens, Podocarpus macrophýllus, &c.

Monza, near Milan, July 10. 1843.

( To be continued.)

Art. VII. Botanical, Floricultural, and Arboricultural Notices of

the kinds of Plants newly introduced into British Gardens and Plantations, or which have been originated in them; together with additional Information respecting Plants (whether old or new) already in Cultivation : the whole intended to serve as a perpetual Supplement to the Encyclopædia of Plants,the Hortus Britannicus,the Hortus Lignosus," and the Arboretum et Fruti

cetum Britannicum.Curtis's Botanical Magazine ; in monthly numbers, each containing

seven plates ; 38. 6d. coloured, 3s. plain. Edited by Sir William Jackson Hooker, LL.D., &c., Director of the Royal Botanic Garden,

Kew. Edwards's Botanical Register; in monthly numbers, new series,

each containing six plates ; 38. 6d. coloured, 3s. plain. Edited by

Dr. Lindley, Professor of Botany in the University College, London. Paxton's Magazine of Botany, and Register of Flowering Plants ;

in monthly numbers ; large 8vo; 28. 6d. each.

su

R

Swan River

Leguminosa. 3673. ZI'CHYA villosa Lindl. hairy Lu or 3

1841. Bot. reg. 1842, 68. A very pretty free-growing species of this genus, which succeeds best in a mixture of loam and peat not broken fine, and with the pots well drained. " It is easily increased by cuttings, or by seeds which are produced freely when

the plants get large.(Bot. Reg., Dec. 1842.) 1976. AMICIA 17668 zygómeris Bot. Mag. 4008. 2136. LA'THYRUS nervosus Lam. Bu pr South Brazil

Bot. mag. 3987, A greenhouse plant with blue flowers and glaucous leaves. It may be planted out in summer, when it will flower in the open border. (Bot. Mag., Dec. 1842.)

(3996. pubéscens Hook el Arn. downy supr 3 my P.B South Brazil 1840. D co Bot. mag.

A hardy greenhouse plant, with_trailing stems of 2 or 3 feet long, and clusters of purplish blue flowers. The whole plant is covered with a soft silky down. (Bot. Mag., Feb. 1843.)

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2837. SCA'CIA 24617 bifòra Paxt. Mag. Bot. vol. ix. p. 221.

spectábilis Benth. A beautiful species with glaucous leaves, and erect racemes of deep yellow balls of flowers. Introduced from the Swan River by Messrs. Lucombe, Pince, and Co. of Exeter. (Bot. Reg., May, 1843, Misc.)

(reg. 1913. 14. stachyodes Lindl. long-spiked or 6 s L.C North-east of India 1839. crm Bot.

The seeds of this plant were collected at Bhotan, in the north-east of India, 4000 feet above the level of the sea. It forms a handsome greenhouse shrub, flowering nearly all the summer, and it is increased by cuttings of the young wood. (Bot, Reg., March, 1843.)

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Nepal

с г Bot. reg. 1842, 57 This is a very pretty species of Indigófera, with abundance of deep rosecoloured flowers mingled with the leaves. It appears almost hardy enough to stand in the open border, and there is no doubt that in Devonshire and Cornwall it would be quite hardy and very ornamental. It grows best in a rich soil. (Bot. Reg., Oct. 1842.)

Rosacea. Spiræa fissa Lindl. This hardy shrub, which was supposed to be new, flowered in November, 1841, and proves to be the same as the Spiræa argéntea of Mr. Bentham. As, however, there is another Spiræ'a argentea, this plant will probably retain its specific name of físsa, which alludes to the appearance of the leaves when young, as they seem to be split up into numerous coarse teeth. (Bot. Reg., Jan. 1842, Misc.)

Sievérsia elàta Royle. A hardy herbaceous plant from Nepal. The flowers are large and handsome, and they are produced in panicles of three or four Howers each. (Bot. Reg., July, 1842, Misc.)

Combrctàceæ.
1203. COMBRE'TUM 10200 grandilldrum Paxt. Mag. Bot. vol. ix. p. 169.

Onagracea.
alpéstris Gard.
Bu

Cl.p

Bot, mag. 3 This very distinct and elegant species of Fuchsia was found by Mr. Gardner, during his last visit to the Organ Mountains. The flowers are of the same shape as those of F. coccínea, but they are smaller, and the sepals are of a bright rose colour, with dark purple petals. The leaves are very handsome, being entire, with a long point, and densely pubescent ; the margins are slightly revolute ; and, in the old leaves, the margin, midriffs, and large veins are dark red. (Bot. Mag., Feb. 1843). spléndens Zucc. splendid or

Bot. reg. 1942,67. The flowers of this species bear considerable resemblance to those of F. fúlgens, but they have much shorter tubes; and the stamens, which project a good way beyond the mouth of the corolla, have large pale yellow anthers. “When very young, the foliage and lengthening branches are quite hoary with down. It is a native of Mexico, where it was found 10,000 feet above the level of the sea ; so that it is probable it will prove the hardiest of its race.” (Bot. Reg., Dec. 1842.) GODE'TIA

[01 grandiflora Lindl. large-flowered O or 2 j.au Pk California 1838. sco Bot. reg. 181.

This is a very handsome annual, with very large flowers of a peculiarly delicate texture, which bear some resemblance to those of G, ròsea-álba, but are much handsomer. The plant formed a bush of about 2 ft. high, and is well deserving of cultivation ; but, unfortunately, no seeds were saved of it. (Bot. Reg., Nov. 1842.)

Melaslomàcce.

1188. FU'CHSIA

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1360. PLERO'MA.

Benthamidnum Gard. Mr. Bentham's

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P Brazil 1841. Cp. Bot. mag.

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